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6 100 French Cents = to 1 Franc. If more be received for a pound sterling than is expressed on this scale, it will be so much gain by the exchange; if less, it will be so much loss..

(This is not for the use of merchants, but travellers.)

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MONEY OF NASSAU, FRANKFORT, BADEN, WIRTEMBERG,

BAVARIA, &c.

FLORINS (at the Rate of 24 to the Mark of Silver) reduced to the Value at par

of the Money of

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Various Foreign Measures of Length reduced to English Measure.

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The Prussian or Rhineland foot, which is divided into 12 inches =12.356 English inches, or 0.21382 mètre. The Prussian ell is 254 Prussian inches =26.256 English inches, or 0.6669 mètre. The ruthe is 12 Prussian or Rhineland feet=4•118 English yards. A Prussian mile is 2000 ruthen= 7.532 kilomètres.

The Dresden foot=11•24 English inches, or 14 Dresden feet =13 English feet, nearly. 1 Dresden ell=2 Dresden feet =1 ft. 104 inch. English, nearly. 21 Dresden ells=13 English yards. 1 Dresden ruthe=8 Dresden ells=4.996 English yards.

There are two kinds of feet generally used in Holland, viz. the Amsterdam foot and the Rhineland foot. The Amsterdam foot is divided into 11 inches, and each inch is divided into quarters and eighths. This foot=11:147 English inches, or 0.283133 mètres. The value of the Rhineland foot is given above. There are three ells used in Holland, viz. the ell of Amsterdam=27.0797 English inches; the ell of the Hague=27•333 English inches; and the ell of Brabant=27.585 English inches.

In Belgium, since 1820, the French decimal system, founded on the mètre, is generally used. 1 mètre 39.37079 English inches; 1 kilomètre 1093.6331 English yards; 1 myriamètre : =6 miles, 5 furlongs, 176 yards, English measure. 1610 mètres=1 English mile.

FOR

TRAVELLERS ON THE CONTINENT.

SECTION I.

HOLLAND.

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INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION. 1. Passports. — 2. Money. 3. Custom House. — 4. Travelling in Hollund :

Posting, Diligences, Roads, Railroads, Maps. — 5. Travelling by Water, Trekschuit. 6. Water. -- 7. Inns. -8. General View of Holland. 9. Dykes. 10. Canals. 11. Polders. 12. Dunes. 13. Gardens and Summer Houses. — 14. Dutch School of Painting ; Picture Galleries in Holland. 15. Some Peculiarities of Dutch Manners. - 16. Music, Organs. 17. Agriculture.

ROUTES. (In the Table of Contents throughout this book the names of places are printed

in italics only in those Routes where they are described.) ROUTE

PAGE ROUTE 1. London to Rotterdam

25 9. Rotterdam to Utrecht. 2. Rotterdam to Amsterdam by 10. The Hague to Utrecht

Delft, the Hague, Leiden, 11. THE RHINE IN HOLLAND (A)

and Haarlem Railroad 29 (a) Rotterdam to Nymegen 3. Amsterdam to Broek and Saar

by the Waal Branch

84 dam

63 (b) Rotterdam to Arnhem 4. Haarlem to the Helder, and

by the Leck Branch

88 back to Amsterdam

67 12. Arnhem to Kampen by Zut5. Amsterdam to Utrecht and

phen and the Yssel

89 Arnhem - Railroad ; and to 13. Rotterdam to Antwerp by Nymegen

73

Dort and Breda ; or by 6. Amsterdam to Arnhem

77

water, passing Bergen-op7. Amsterdam to Groningen,

Zoom

90 Leeuwarden, Harlingen, and Emden ; visit to the Pauper N.B. The Rhine from Nymegen to

Colonies of Fredericksoord 77 Cologne and Mayence is described 8. Amsterdam to Bremen

82 under the head of Germany.

'1. PASSPORTS. PERSONS going direct to Rotterdam, or any other Dutch port, may obtain a passport from the Dutch consul, 123. Fenchurch Street, who makes a charge of 58. If provided with another passport, they had better, at least, secure a Dutch minister's signature to it. Little strictness is usually observed in Holland regarding passports. After the political events of 1848, however, the police, particularly at Rotterdam and its neighbourhood, became very strict about them.

A Prussian, French, or Belgian passport, properly visé, will answer perfectly well for travelling in Holland.

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