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FREIBURG IN BREISGAU TO SCHAFF

near

peror Sigismund lodged. Constance The Lake of Constance is described belonged to the crown of Austria from in the HANDBOOK FOR SWITZERLAND. 1549 to 1805, when, by the treaty of Presburg, it was transferred to Baden.

ROUTE 109. Since 1802 it has ceased to be a bishopric. The spirit of industry is reviv

HAUSEN BY THE HÖLLENTHAL. ing, and several manufactories of cotton, two of muslin, and one of silk, have re- 11 Germ. m.=51 Eng. m. Eilwa. cently sprung up.

gen daily, one direct in 11 hours; the Petershausen, on the opposite bank other, which makes a detour by Doof the Rhine, was until 1803 a Bene- naueschingen, in 144 hrs. A new road dictine monastery; it is now a château from Freiburg to Schaffhausen has been of the Grand Duke. It is still sur- for some time projected. Although the rounded by its ancient fosse and ram

distance is so small, the stages are so parts. 3 interesting Excursions may very tedious and hilly that at least 13 be made hence; to Reichenau (p. 567.), hours are occupied on the road travMainau, and Heiligenberg. The island elling post, exclusive of all stoppages of Mainau, about 4 m. N. of Con- except the time spent in changing stance, is one of the prettiest private horses. residences in Gerinany. It is well cul. The valley of the Treisam, commonly tivated, yet with no want of trees, known as the Höllenthal, or Valley of forming a nice little estate. The Hell, is at its commencement palace is very

arge; it was once a Freiburg a level and fertile plain of commandery of the Knights of the considerable width, bounded by gently Teutonic Order, and retains a series of sloping wooded hills. As you ascend, their portraits, and so.ne good pictures it gradually contracts, and, about 9 m. of Miss Ellenried. From the balcony from Freiburg, assumes a character of or from the terrace of the garden there romantic beauty and grandeur. Its is a magnificent view over the lake, of charm lies in the rich foliage of the the mountains of the Vorarlberg and woods covering its steep sides, out of Appenzell, among which the Sentis is which project buttresses and pinnacles pre-eminent. Nearer at hand the of bare rock, at the foot of which runs cultivated German shores, with the the Treisam, bordered with turf and towns of Mörsberg, Friedrichshafen, &c. studded with frequent water-mills. complete the picture. Mainau now Even here, its scenery, though wild, belongs to the Countess Langenstein: exhibits none of those horrors which it is approached by a wooden foot its name would seem to imply. It bridge į m. long, connecting it with extends to Steig. Perhaps the most the shore; there is an inn on the island. remarkable spot is that called the

Diligences daily to Zurich, in 8] Hirschsprung. hrs. ; Schaffhausen, in 4}; St. Gall, Burg. Through this valley Mo. in 5; Donaueschingen, in 8; and Frei- reau executed his famous retreat of the burg, in 17.

Black Forest, with an army, in 1796, Steamers daily between Constance and gained by it as high a reputation and the different ports of the lake. for military talent, as he would have

They correspond with the diligences acquired by a victory. The French to Milan, at Rorschach; with the Eil. Marshal Villars declined attempting wagen for Stuttgard at Friedrichshafen, this pass in 1702, saying he was “not and with that to Augsburg and Munich devil enough.” at Lindau:- thus maintaining a daily À Steig. - Inn, Post or Stern (Star); communication between Constance and clean accommodation and good fare, these cities.

including capital trout, at a cheap rate. A steamer also to Schaffhausen in 3 Immediately beyond the Star, the road hours, returning in 6, every day from begins to ascend' a steep slope, which April to October

carries it out of the Höllenthal, leaving

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behind it the finest scenery. 1 fl. 12 kr. | good). A town of 1500 inhab., on the is paid for an extra horse up the Höl- Wutach. Here and in the neighbourlensteig. The country which opens hood are manufactured numbers of the out beyond is called (Himmelreich) wooden clocks for which the Black Kingdom of Heaven; but has no Forest is famous. The inhabitants, an claim to the name except its elevation industrious race, employ themselves in contradistinction to the Höllenthal also in polishing garnets and crystals : below. At the top the road divides as well as in rearing singing birds. A into 2 branches; that on the left goes very excellent cheese, sold as Swiss, is to Donaueschingen: we continue to produced in this district. follow the shortest and most direct. 14 post. - Löppingen; - thence by A small lake, called Titi See (Inn, 1 Donaueschingen (Route 108.) to Rössle), is passed on the right, and Schaffhausen., another equally steep hill succeeds, which must be surmounted before

ROUTE 110. reaching 13 Lenzkirch. Inns : Post, de

HEIDELBERG TO WÜRZBURG, cent; Cheval Blanc, good. Here many 181 Germ. miles=83 Eng, miles. wooden clocks, for which the Black Eilwagen daily, in about 15 hours. Forest is famed, are made : one may The road is very well kept, but hilly be bought for 4 fi.

and badly engineered. It may be 2 Bondorf. This village was burnt posted in a day and a half. A Lohndown in 1827. [About 18 m. from kutscher requires nearly two days, and this, and the same from Stühlingen, lies charges (at Würzburg) 20 to 22 guildthe magnificent Benedictine Abbey of ers, besides trinkgeld. Unfortunately St. Blaize, now sequestrated, and turned there is no good sleeping-place half into a factory, where spinning-jennies way. Mosbach is the best, but the and fire-arms are made. The Church, distance thence to Würzburg is too built by Ixnard 1768–80, is a rotunda great for a single day's journey with of somewhat larger dimensions than the the same horses, except in the height Pantheov at Rome. On the dissolution of summer. There is nothing of of the monastery, the monks removed particular interest on the way except into Carinthia, taking with them the the scenery within a few stages of bones of some ancestors of the house of Heidelberg. It is a charming drive Habsburg, who had been buried in along the Neckar to Neckar Gemund, their abbey.]

where the road crosses the river and At the summit of the ascent which ascends to the road makes in this stage, the Lake 2 Wiesbach. of Constance may be descried in clear 2 Aglasterhausen. weather. Near the end of this stage is 2 Mosbach (several Inns which ap. the castle of Hohen Lupfen, belonging pear respectable). The most considerto Prince Fürstenberg, but inhabited able town on the road, prettily situated only by a peasant. It occupies a most on a tributary of the Neckar. Here is commanding position on the brow of a a fine large church. hill, at whose foot lies

2 Ober-Schefflenz.-- Inn, Post; bad. 2 Stühlingen. Inns : Post and 2 Buchen. Hirsch. A little further on the Wu- 2 Hardheim. Inn, zum Ochsen. tach, a small stream, is crossed, which 2} Bischofsheim.-Inn, Badenscher forms the boundary of Switzerland. Hof. “ The Bavarian frontier ($ 76.)

24 Schaffhausen. Inn, Couronne, is crossed within about 6 m. of WürzWeber's Inn at the falls 2 m. from the burg. A fine view is obtained of the town. (In the HANDBOOK FOR SWITZER- town in approaching it. It bears some LAND.)

resemblance to Prague, though very The left-hand road, leading out of inferior.” - Pr. F. the Höllenthal, conducts from Steig to 4 WÜRZBURG, in HANDBOOK FOR

Neustadt (Inn, Post; | South GERMANY. (Route 167.)

1 post.

INDEX.

* In order to facilitate reference to the Routes, most of them are inserted in the Index
twice; thus the road from HAMBURG to Berlin is also mentioned under the head BERLIN

* to Hamburg Such reversed Routes are mixed in the Index with an asterisk * to
distinguish them.

Arnhem to Cologne, 241.;
Arnsberg, 377.
Arnstadt, 490.
Arnstein Schloss, 515.
Arolsen, 378.
Artaveldt, James and Philip,

van, 138.
Assche, 124.
Assen, 80.
Assmanshausen, 293.
Ath, 115.
Audenarde, 112.
Auerbach, 541.
Auerstadt, 444.

ACHERN, 551.

AMSTERDAM to Utrecht and
Adenau, 306.

Nymegen, 73.
Adersbach, rock labyrinth of, to Arnheim, 75.
431.

to Groningen and Fre.
Aglasterhausen, 571.

deriksoord, 77.
Ahr, river, mouth of, 274.

to Bremen, 82.
- excursion up the valley, Anclam, 412.
304.

Andernach, 275.
Ahrweiler, 305.

Andreasburg, 403.
Abrbleichart wines, 305. Angermünde, 410.
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE, 246. Con-

Annaberg, 436.
gresses of, 247. Hotel de Annweiler - Castle of Trifels,
Ville, 247. Cathedral, 247. 535.
Mineral springs and baths, ANTWERP, 144-158. "Cathe-
219. New Redoute, 250. dral and works of Rubens,
Theatre, Boulevard, 250. 145. Spire, 148. Churches
to Cologne, 251.

- of St. Jacques, 149. ; St.
to Dusseldorf, 263.

Paul, 150. ; St. Andrew, 150.;
* to Brussels, by Maes- Augustins, 150. ; St. Anthony,
tricht and Louvain, 194.

151. Museum of pictures,

by Liège 151-155. Docks, 155. Cita-
and Namur, 185. 190.

del and siege, 156. Hotel
*to Liège, by Battice, 190. de Ville, and Bourse, 157.
to Treves, 322,

Railroad, 158.
Alberndorf, 435.

siege by the Duke of
Alexisbad, 404.

Parma, 123.
Alf, 318.

-* to London, 120.
Alken, 321.

to Rotterdam, by land, 90.
Alkmaar, 69.

by water, 92.
Alost, 124.

to Brussels, 159.
Alphen, 84.

* Ghent, 143.
Alsenz valley, 521.

to Turnhout, 158.
Alt-Breisach, 553.

Apollinarisberg, 273.
Altenahr, 306.

Appeldoorn, 82.
Altenberg on the Lahn, 513. Appenweier, 551.
Altenberg, abbey of, 262. Arbergen, 408.
Altenburg in Saxony, 482. Ardenne, seat of King Leo.
Altenkirchen, 328.

pold, 200.
Altona, 330. 334.

Ardennes, the forest of, 200.
Alzey, 523.

Argenfels, 275.
Amber fishery on the Baltic, 420, Arkona in Rugen, 415.
Amerongen, 89.

Arlon, 197.
Amersfoort, 77.

Arminius, colossal statue of,
AMSTERDAM, 52. Palace, 53. 384.

Churches, 54. Picture Gal. ARMOURIES:
lery, 55, Charitable insti-

Berlin, 354.
tutions, 57. Spin House, Dresden, 461.
58. Felix Meritis, 59. Dock- Erbach, 540.
yard, 60. Water boats, 60. Wartburg, 441.
Manufactures, 62.

Schweidnitz, 432.
to Broek and Saardam, 63. Arnau, 433.

* to Texel and Helder, Arnhem, 75.
71.

*to Utrecht, 75. :-

Bacharach, 290.
Bacon, Lord, on Travel, ix.
Baden, duchy of, 541. 519.
BADEN BADEN, 554. Inns,

554. Beauties of situation,
555. Hot springs, 555. New
Schloss, Secret Tribunal, and
its dungeons, 557. Church,
558. Convent, 559. Con-
versations Haus, 556. Phy-
sicians, Post Office, 558.
Excursions around;

Alt
Schloss, 558. Ebersteinburg,
Lichtenthal, Gernsbach, and
Murgthal, 559.

to Wildbad, 561.
* to Carlsruhe, 554.

to Strasburg, 561.
Badenweiler, 551.
Baggage, 216.
Ballenstadt, 404.
Ban de la Roche, 564.
Barmen, 376.
Basrei, Tue, 173.
Bastogne, 197.
BATHS:

Aix-la-Chapelle, 249.
Alexisbad, 104.
Baden Baden, 554.
Bertrich, 309.
Brückenau, 439.
Dobberan, 339.
Ems, 493.
Hof-Geismar, 391.
Homburg, 518.
Liebenstein, 484.
Liebewerda, 427.
Putbus, 413.

1

Batas - continued.
Bernau, 410.

* Bremen to Hamburg and
Pyrmont, 391.
Bernburg, 366.

Oldenburg, 311.
Reinerz, 435.
Berncastel, 317.

* to Amsterdam, 82
Salzbrunn, 433.
Bertrich baths, 309.

BRESLAU, 42h Churches, 425.
Schandau, 475.
Betuwe, 89.

University, 423. Commerce,
Scheveningen, 39.
Beverungen, 407.

wool fairs, 425.
Schlangenbad, 500. Beverwyk, 69.

* to Dresden, +96.
Schwalbach, 497.
Biberich, 300.

to the Riesengeberge, 497.
Swinemünde, 411.
Bielefeld, 369.

to Glatz and Prague, St.
Warmbrunn, 429.
Biervliet, 122.

to Schweidnitz and Land-
Baumans and Biels-Höhle, Bies Bosch, 86.

shut, 432.
402.
Bingen Loch, 293.

* to Berlin, 423. 1
Bautzen, 426.

BINGEN, 295. St. Roch's to Cracow, 436.
Bavarian (?) broom girls, 386. Chapel, 295.

to Vienna, 437.
Beemster in N. Holland, 72.

excursions from, 295. Brieg, 436.
BELGIUM, 94. Introductory to Mayence, by Ingel- Briegach, 566.
information, 94--107. Ge. heim, 518.

Brielle, 25.
neral view of, 99. Pass-

to Mayence up

the Brilon, 377.
ports, 91. Money, 95. Post. Rhine, 295.

Brockedon's Advice to Tra.
ing, 95.; other modes of to Kreuznach and Saar- vellers, xiii.
travelling, 97. Railroads, 97. brück, 520.

Brocken, ascent of, 401. Spec-
Cities of, and architecture, to Treves, 327.

tre of the, 401. Witches,
101.

* to Coblenz, 296.

401. View from - seldom
Bensheim, 541.
Birkenfeld, 522.

seen, 402
Berg, ancient duchy of, 376. Bischoffsheim, 571.

Broek, 65.
Bergen op Zoom, 92.
Bischofsworda, 426.

Brohl, trass mills of, 275.
Bergen, 415.
Bitburg, 324.

--, valley of, 275, 306.
Bergstrasse, 538_542.

BLACK Forest at Baden, 559. Bromberg, 421.
Bergues, 117.

- the Kinzig, 565.

to Dantzig and Berlin,
BERLIN, 343. Inns, 343. Post- sources of the Danube in, 421.
Office - Droskies, S43. So- 566.

Broom girls, 386.
ciety in, 311. Unter den Blaize, St., abbey of, 570. Brückenau baths, 459.
Linden, 345. Brandenburg Blankenau, 407.

Bruchsal, 548.
gate, 345. Monuments, 345. Blankenburg, 402.

BRUGES, 126. Les Halles, 131.
Churches, 346. Royal Pa. Bleichert wine, meaning of, Churches, 127, Paintings of
lace, 316. Kunst Cabinet, 305.

Hemling at, 128. 150. Hotel
S46. King's private resi- Blouse, use of a, xxvii.

de Ville, 129. Academy,
dence, 318. New Museum, Blücher, 424. His grave. 432. 1:30. Palais de Justice, 130.
vases, and bronzes, 348. Bode, origin of the termina * to Calais, 119.
Sculptures, 319. Pictures,
tion, 403.

to Courtrai, 1+2.
350 - 352. Royal library, Bodenfelde, 406.

to Ghent, 132.
352. University, 353. Mii- Bodenwerder, 407.

Brunnen of Nassau, 493–505.
seum of natural history, 353. Bois le Duc, 92.

BRUNSWICK, 370. New Palace,
Egyptian museum, 353. Ar. Bommel, 88.

371. Museum, 371. Albert
senal, 354. Iron foundery, Bondorf, 570.

Durer's St. John in the
355. The Gewerbe Schule, BONN, 268. University, 268. Wilderness, 371. Cathedral,
35ô. Theatres, 356. Music, Museum, 268. Popplesdorf,

371. Black Brunswickers,
Sing-Academie, 356. Coli- 269. Kreuzberg, 270.

373.
seum, 356. Winter gardens, - to the Valley of the Ahr,

to Berlin, by Magdeburg,
356. Restaurateurs, 357. 304.

368.
Confectioners, 357. Best to the Eifel, and Lake of BRUSSELS, 162–169. Park, 163.
shops, 357. Post Office, 357. Lach, 307.

King's Palace, 163. Palace
Environs, 358. Tegel, 358. Boppart, 286.

of the Prince of Orange, 108
Tivoli and Kreutzberg, 358. Borcette, 250.

Chambers, 163. Museum,
Park, 358. Reviews, 359. Borsdorf apples, 419.

164. Library, 164. Hotel
* to Hamburg, 311.
Bouillon, 201.

de Ville, 165. Broodhuis,
to Potzdam and Leipzig, Boulder stones, 342.

165. Cathedral of St. Gu-
359. 364.
Bouvignes, 199.

dule, 165. Notre Dame de
to Dresden, 368.
Braekel, 380.

Chapelle, 166. Shops, 169.
* to Dusseldorf, by Hesse Braine le Comte, 202.

Lace, 168. Theatre, cafés,
Cassel and Elberfeld, 575.. Brandenburg, 363.

post-office, diligences, 167,
* to Hanover, 368.

Brasses,
engraved monu.

168. Promenades and en-
to Cologne, by Minden, mental, at Bruges, 128. At virons, 169. Excursion to
368.
Lubeck, 337. At Stralsund,

Waterloo, 169.; to Tervu-
by Magde- 413. Nymegen, 76.

eren, 191.
burg, Brunswick, and Pa- Braubach, 285.

*io Calais, by Lille, 107-
derborn, 379.
Brauneberger wine, 317.

109. -
to Stettin and Swine- Braunsberg, 380.

* to Malines and Ant
munde, 410.
Breda, 90.

werp, by railroad, 159.
to Danzig, 415.; and Brederode, 69.

to Waterloo, Namur,
Königsberg, 418.
Brege river, 566.

&c., 169.
to Bromberg, 421.
Breisach, alt, 553.

to Liège, by Louvain,
to Frankfurt on the Oder, BREMEN, 383. Territory and 190.
and Breslau, 423.

coinmerce, 383. Bleikeller, to Aix-la-Chapelle, by
to the Riesengebirge, Rath haus, 383. ' Bremerha- Maestricht, 194.
Hirschberg,
and Warın-
fen, 38t.

to Mons and Valen-
brunn, 427.

to Dusseldorf, 381.

ciennes, 202.

*

487.

“ Bubbles," utility of the, 497. Coblenz, 279–284. Fortifica. Custom-houses abroad, xxviii. ;
Bückeberg, 370.

tions of, 279. Good head- in England, xxix.
Bühi, 551.
quarters for travellers on the

of Prussia, 237.
Bunzlau, 424.

Řhine, 281. Church of St. Custrin, 415.
Burg, 363.

Castor, and fountain, 280. Cuxhaven, 330.
Burtscheid, 250.

Courts of justice, 281. Plea-
Bütgenbach, 323.

sant excursions from, 282. Dahn, 536.
Butzbach, $86.

to Mayence, up the Danube, source of the, 566.
Rhine, 284

DANZIG, 416. Granaries, ca.
Cadsand, 121.

to Munster-Mayfeld, and thedrals, ,416. Picture by
Calais, 107.

Elz, 329.

Van Eyck, 417. Arthus Hof,
to Brussels, by Lille, 107. to Treves, by post-road, fortifications of, 417. Duke
to Courtrai, by Dunkirk,
309.

of, 417.
Ypres, 116.

up the Mo-

to Marienburg and Kö-
to Ostend and Bruges, selle, 315.

nigsberg, 418.
119.

to Frankfurt, by the --- *to Berlin, 415."
to Charleroi and Namur, Brunnen of Nassau, 493.

*by Brom-
195.
Coburg - described, 486.

berg, 421.
Camperdown, 68.

* to Eisenach, 484.

Darmstadt, 537. Catholic
Canals in Holland, 12.

* to Gotha and Göttingen, Church, palace, pictures,
Canal, Great, of North Hol-

537. Fossils, 537. Theatre,
land, 61.

* to Leipzig by Rudol- Exercier Haus, 538. Gar-
Carden, 319.

stadt, 488.

dens, Casino, wild boars,
Carlsberg, 435.
Cochem, 319.

538.
CARLsruhe, 548. Its origin,Coins, tables of foreign, xxxix to the Odenwald, 596.
palace, 548. Bleythurm, 549. - xliii.

-- to Heidelberg and Carls-
Theatre, other buildings, Colberg, 412.

ruhe, 536.
549.

COLOGNE, 253. Cathedral, 256. *to Frankfurt, 536.
to Baden, 554.

Shrine of the three kings, Daun, 327.
to Strasburg, 561.

257. Dom-bild, 257. Church Delft, 29.
to Basle, 551.

of St. Peter, and Rubens' Dendermonde or Termonde
* to Heidelberg

and

Crucifixion, 258. Church railroad, 142.
Frankfurt, 551.

of St. Ursula and 11.000 Vir- Dennewitz, 364.
Carriage Travelling, xxiv. gins, 258. Santa Maria, 259. Dessau, 366.
Carriages, duty on, 107.

St. Gereon, 260. Museum Detmold, 385.
Cassel in France, 117.

of pictures, 261. Eau de Deutz, 262. Good inn, 253.
CASSEL, Hesse, 588. Palace

Cologne, 262.

Deux Ponts, 536.
museum, 388. Pictures, to Frankfurt, hy Siegburg Deventer, 82.
389. Marble bath, 389. and Limburg, 328.

Deynze, 112.
Wilhelmshöhe, 389.

to Altenberg Abbey, 262. Diebelich, 321.
to Berlin, 375.

* to Aix-la-Chapelle, 251. Diepholz, 383. ;
to Hanover, 941. 390.

to Bonn and Covlenz, up Diez, 514.
to Göttingen and the the Rhine, 263.

Linant, 199.
Hartz, 396.
* to Dusseldorf, 263.

to Givet, 200.
*to Dusseldorf, 375.

to Berlin, by Elberfeld, to Hans-sur-Lesse, Bouil.
*to Frankfurt, 386.
375.

lon, 200.
to Eisenach and Mei. to Berlin, by Minden, 568. Dinglingen, 551.
ningen, 484.

to Brunswick, 379.

Dirschau, 416.418.
Castel on the Rhine, 300, to Hanover, 368.

Dixmude, 120.
519.

* to Nymegen and Rot- Dobberan, 359.
Castles on the Rhine, 289. terdam, by the Rhine, 244. Doesborg, 90.
Catsbach, 424.

by land,

Dollars, Prussian, 237 ; Saxon,
Caub, 289.

244.

438.
Caxton, William, 254.
Commissionaire, xxviii.

Dolme, 407.
Celle, 341.

Constance - described, 567. * Donaueschingen, source of
Charlemagne's grave, 246.

Minster, 567.

Danube, 566.
Charlemont, 200.

council of, 568.

to Schaffhausen, 566.
Charleroi, 196.

*to Schaffhausen, 569.

*to Offenburg, 565.
Charles V., 139.

Continent, landing on the, to Freiburg, 569.
Charlottenburg, 358.

xxviii.

Donnersberg, 523.
Chaudfontaine, 185.
Conz, 198.

Dort, or Dordrecht, 86.
Chemnitz, 481.

Copernicus at Frauenberg, Synod of, 86.
Chimes, or carillons, 103.

419.

Dortmund, 369.
Chokier, 188.
Cörlin, 412.

Douai, 111.
CHURCHES, English, abroad, Corneli-Münster, 320.

Drachenfels, 272.
Rotterdam, 28. Amsterdam, Corvey, 380. 407.

Dreiser Weiher, $26.
55. Ghent, 141. Brussels, Cothen, 366.

DRESDEN, 451. Post-office,
168. Baden, 558. Ham-
Couriers, xxi.

451. Elbe bridge, 451.
burg, 331.
- at Calais, 109.

Churches and church music,
Circles of Germany, 219. Courtrai, 118.

459. Terrace of Brubi, 452.
Circular notes, xvi.

Cracow, 437., and S. Germ. Palace, 452. Collections
Clausthal, 398. School of Handbook.

mode of obtaining admis.
Mines, 398. Reservoirs,
Crefeld, 245.

sion, 453.

Green vaults,
smelting-houses, 399.
Cronberg, 510.

454. Picture gallery, 456.
Cleves, 244.
Cudowa, 436.

Plaster casts, 460. Zwinger,
Clothes for travelling, xxvi.
Cus, 317.

460. Rustkammer, or ar-
Cobern, 321.

moury, 461,

Museum of

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