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FREIBURG IN BREISGAU TO SCHAFF
peror Sigismund lodged. Constance The Lake of Constance is described belonged to the crown of Austria from in the HANDBOOK FOR SWITZERLAND. 1549 to 1805, when, by the treaty of Presburg, it was transferred to Baden.
ROUTE 109. Since 1802 it has ceased to be a bishopric. The spirit of industry is reviv
HAUSEN BY THE HÖLLENTHAL. ing, and several manufactories of cotton, two of muslin, and one of silk, have re- 11 Germ. m.=51 Eng. m. Eilwa. cently sprung up.
gen daily, one direct in 11 hours; the Petershausen, on the opposite bank other, which makes a detour by Doof the Rhine, was until 1803 a Bene- naueschingen, in 144 hrs. A new road dictine monastery; it is now a château from Freiburg to Schaffhausen has been of the Grand Duke. It is still sur- for some time projected. Although the rounded by its ancient fosse and ram
distance is so small, the stages are so parts. 3 interesting Excursions may very tedious and hilly that at least 13 be made hence; to Reichenau (p. 567.), hours are occupied on the road travMainau, and Heiligenberg. The island elling post, exclusive of all stoppages of Mainau, about 4 m. N. of Con- except the time spent in changing stance, is one of the prettiest private horses. residences in Gerinany. It is well cul. The valley of the Treisam, commonly tivated, yet with no want of trees, known as the Höllenthal, or Valley of forming a nice little estate. The Hell, is at its commencement palace is very
arge; it was once a Freiburg a level and fertile plain of commandery of the Knights of the considerable width, bounded by gently Teutonic Order, and retains a series of sloping wooded hills. As you ascend, their portraits, and so.ne good pictures it gradually contracts, and, about 9 m. of Miss Ellenried. From the balcony from Freiburg, assumes a character of or from the terrace of the garden there romantic beauty and grandeur. Its is a magnificent view over the lake, of charm lies in the rich foliage of the the mountains of the Vorarlberg and woods covering its steep sides, out of Appenzell, among which the Sentis is which project buttresses and pinnacles pre-eminent. Nearer at hand the of bare rock, at the foot of which runs cultivated German shores, with the the Treisam, bordered with turf and towns of Mörsberg, Friedrichshafen, &c. studded with frequent water-mills. complete the picture. Mainau now Even here, its scenery, though wild, belongs to the Countess Langenstein: exhibits none of those horrors which it is approached by a wooden foot its name would seem to imply. It bridge į m. long, connecting it with extends to Steig. Perhaps the most the shore; there is an inn on the island. remarkable spot is that called the
Diligences daily to Zurich, in 8] Hirschsprung. hrs. ; Schaffhausen, in 4}; St. Gall, Burg. Through this valley Mo. in 5; Donaueschingen, in 8; and Frei- reau executed his famous retreat of the burg, in 17.
Black Forest, with an army, in 1796, Steamers daily between Constance and gained by it as high a reputation and the different ports of the lake. for military talent, as he would have
They correspond with the diligences acquired by a victory. The French to Milan, at Rorschach; with the Eil. Marshal Villars declined attempting wagen for Stuttgard at Friedrichshafen, this pass in 1702, saying he was “not and with that to Augsburg and Munich devil enough.” at Lindau:- thus maintaining a daily À Steig. - Inn, Post or Stern (Star); communication between Constance and clean accommodation and good fare, these cities.
including capital trout, at a cheap rate. A steamer also to Schaffhausen in 3 Immediately beyond the Star, the road hours, returning in 6, every day from begins to ascend' a steep slope, which April to October
carries it out of the Höllenthal, leaving
behind it the finest scenery. 1 fl. 12 kr. | good). A town of 1500 inhab., on the is paid for an extra horse up the Höl- Wutach. Here and in the neighbourlensteig. The country which opens hood are manufactured numbers of the out beyond is called (Himmelreich) wooden clocks for which the Black Kingdom of Heaven; but has no Forest is famous. The inhabitants, an claim to the name except its elevation industrious race, employ themselves in contradistinction to the Höllenthal also in polishing garnets and crystals : below. At the top the road divides as well as in rearing singing birds. A into 2 branches; that on the left goes very excellent cheese, sold as Swiss, is to Donaueschingen: we continue to produced in this district. follow the shortest and most direct. 14 post. - Löppingen; - thence by A small lake, called Titi See (Inn, 1 Donaueschingen (Route 108.) to Rössle), is passed on the right, and Schaffhausen., another equally steep hill succeeds, which must be surmounted before
ROUTE 110. reaching 13 Lenzkirch. Inns : Post, de
HEIDELBERG TO WÜRZBURG, cent; Cheval Blanc, good. Here many 181 Germ. miles=83 Eng, miles. wooden clocks, for which the Black Eilwagen daily, in about 15 hours. Forest is famed, are made : one may The road is very well kept, but hilly be bought for 4 fi.
and badly engineered. It may be 2 Bondorf. This village was burnt posted in a day and a half. A Lohndown in 1827. [About 18 m. from kutscher requires nearly two days, and this, and the same from Stühlingen, lies charges (at Würzburg) 20 to 22 guildthe magnificent Benedictine Abbey of ers, besides trinkgeld. Unfortunately St. Blaize, now sequestrated, and turned there is no good sleeping-place half into a factory, where spinning-jennies way. Mosbach is the best, but the and fire-arms are made. The Church, distance thence to Würzburg is too built by Ixnard 1768–80, is a rotunda great for a single day's journey with of somewhat larger dimensions than the the same horses, except in the height Pantheov at Rome. On the dissolution of summer. There is nothing of of the monastery, the monks removed particular interest on the way except into Carinthia, taking with them the the scenery within a few stages of bones of some ancestors of the house of Heidelberg. It is a charming drive Habsburg, who had been buried in along the Neckar to Neckar Gemund, their abbey.]
where the road crosses the river and At the summit of the ascent which ascends to the road makes in this stage, the Lake 2 Wiesbach. of Constance may be descried in clear 2 Aglasterhausen. weather. Near the end of this stage is 2 Mosbach (several Inns which ap. the castle of Hohen Lupfen, belonging pear respectable). The most considerto Prince Fürstenberg, but inhabited able town on the road, prettily situated only by a peasant. It occupies a most on a tributary of the Neckar. Here is commanding position on the brow of a a fine large church. hill, at whose foot lies
2 Ober-Schefflenz.-- Inn, Post; bad. 2 Stühlingen. Inns : Post and 2 Buchen. Hirsch. A little further on the Wu- 2 Hardheim. Inn, zum Ochsen. tach, a small stream, is crossed, which 2} Bischofsheim.-Inn, Badenscher forms the boundary of Switzerland. Hof. “ The Bavarian frontier ($ 76.)
24 Schaffhausen. Inn, Couronne, is crossed within about 6 m. of WürzWeber's Inn at the falls 2 m. from the burg. A fine view is obtained of the town. (In the HANDBOOK FOR SWITZER- town in approaching it. It bears some LAND.)
resemblance to Prague, though very The left-hand road, leading out of inferior.” - Pr. F. the Höllenthal, conducts from Steig to 4 WÜRZBURG, in HANDBOOK FOR
Neustadt (Inn, Post; | South GERMANY. (Route 167.)
* In order to facilitate reference to the Routes, most of them are inserted in the Index
* to Hamburg Such reversed Routes are mixed in the Index with an asterisk * to
Arnhem to Cologne, 241.;
AMSTERDAM to Utrecht and
to Groningen and Fre.
to Bremen, 82.
- of St. Jacques, 149. ; St.
Paul, 150. ; St. Andrew, 150.;
151. Museum of pictures,
by Liège 151-155. Docks, 155. Cita-
del and siege, 156. Hotel
siege by the Duke of
-* to London, 120.
to Rotterdam, by land, 90.
by water, 92.
to Brussels, 159.
* Ghent, 143.
to Turnhout, 158.
Ardennes, the forest of, 200.
Arminius, colossal statue of,
Churches, 54. Picture Gal. ARMOURIES:
* to Texel and Helder, Arnhem, 75.
*to Utrecht, 75. :-
554. Beauties of situation,
to Wildbad, 561.
to Strasburg, 561.
Batas - continued.
* Bremen to Hamburg and
* to Amsterdam, 82
BRESLAU, 42h Churches, 425.
University, 423. Commerce,
wool fairs, 425.
* to Dresden, +96.
to the Riesengeberge, 497.
to Glatz and Prague, St.
to Schweidnitz and Land-
* to Berlin, 423. 1
BINGEN, 295. St. Roch's to Cracow, 436.
to Vienna, 437.
excursions from, 295. Brieg, 436.
to Mayence up
the Brilon, 377.
Brockedon's Advice to Tra.
Brocken, ascent of, 401. Spec-
tre of the, 401. Witches,
* to Coblenz, 296.
401. View from - seldom
Brohl, trass mills of, 275.
--, valley of, 275, 306.
BLACK Forest at Baden, 559. Bromberg, 421.
- the Kinzig, 565.
to Dantzig and Berlin,
Broom girls, 386.
BRUGES, 126. Les Halles, 131.
Hemling at, 128. 150. Hotel
de Ville, 129. Academy,
to Courtrai, 1+2.
to Ghent, 132.
Brunnen of Nassau, 493–505.
BRUNSWICK, 370. New Palace,
371. Museum, 371. Albert
Durer's St. John in the
371. Black Brunswickers,
to Berlin, by Magdeburg,
King's Palace, 163. Palace
of the Prince of Orange, 108
Chambers, 163. Museum,
164. Library, 164. Hotel
de Ville, 165. Broodhuis,
165. Cathedral of St. Gu-
dule, 165. Notre Dame de
Chapelle, 166. Shops, 169.
Lace, 168. Theatre, cafés,
post-office, diligences, 167,
168. Promenades and en-
Waterloo, 169.; to Tervu-
*io Calais, by Lille, 107-
* to Malines and Ant
werp, by railroad, 159.
to Waterloo, Namur,
to Liège, by Louvain,
coinmerce, 383. Bleikeller, to Aix-la-Chapelle, by
to Mons and Valen-
to Dusseldorf, 381.
“ Bubbles," utility of the, 497. Coblenz, 279–284. Fortifica. Custom-houses abroad, xxviii. ;
tions of, 279. Good head- in England, xxix.
of Prussia, 237.
Řhine, 281. Church of St. Custrin, 415.
Castor, and fountain, 280. Cuxhaven, 330.
Courts of justice, 281. Plea-
sant excursions from, 282. Dahn, 536.
to Mayence, up the Danube, source of the, 566.
DANZIG, 416. Granaries, ca.
to Munster-Mayfeld, and thedrals, ,416. Picture by
Van Eyck, 417. Arthus Hof,
up the Mo-
to Marienburg and Kö-
to Frankfurt, by the --- *to Berlin, 415."
* to Eisenach, 484.
Darmstadt, 537. Catholic
* to Gotha and Göttingen, Church, palace, pictures,
537. Fossils, 537. Theatre,
* to Leipzig by Rudol- Exercier Haus, 538. Gar-
dens, Casino, wild boars,
-- to Heidelberg and Carls-
COLOGNE, 253. Cathedral, 256. *to Frankfurt, 536.
Shrine of the three kings, Daun, 327.
257. Dom-bild, 257. Church Delft, 29.
of St. Peter, and Rubens' Dendermonde or Termonde
Crucifixion, 258. Church railroad, 142.
of St. Ursula and 11.000 Vir- Dennewitz, 364.
St. Gereon, 260. Museum Detmold, 385.
of pictures, 261. Eau de Deutz, 262. Good inn, 253.
Deux Ponts, 536.
to Altenberg Abbey, 262. Diebelich, 321.
* to Aix-la-Chapelle, 251. Diepholz, 383. ;
to Bonn and Covlenz, up Diez, 514.
to Givet, 200.
to Berlin, by Elberfeld, to Hans-sur-Lesse, Bouil.
to Brunswick, 379.
* to Nymegen and Rot- Dobberan, 359.
Dollars, Prussian, 237 ; Saxon,
Constance - described, 567. * Donaueschingen, source of
council of, 568.
to Schaffhausen, 566.
*to Schaffhausen, 569.
*to Offenburg, 565.
Continent, landing on the, to Freiburg, 569.
Dort, or Dordrecht, 86.
Copernicus at Frauenberg, Synod of, 86.
Dreiser Weiher, $26.
DRESDEN, 451. Post-office,
451. Elbe bridge, 451.
Churches and church music,
459. Terrace of Brubi, 452.
Cracow, 437., and S. Germ. Palace, 452. Collections
mode of obtaining admis.
454. Picture gallery, 456.
Plaster casts, 460. Zwinger,
460. Rustkammer, or ar-