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and fertile. The Zobtenberg is con- Baron Trenck escaped from its dunspicuous on the right; it is about 10 geons by jumping from the ramparts. miles distant from

15 m. S. E. of Glatz are the baths 3 Jordansmühle.

of Landeck, in a picturesque country, 2; Nimptsch. Inns : Schwartzer with an excellent trout stream running Bär; Weisser Schwann. A prettily throught it. Inns: Weisser Löwe; situated town of 1600 inhab. The old Schlössel; Goldene Krone. castle is seen on the right in entering. ters are tepid, sulphurous. The town Many bloody contests took place here is a mile distant from the Baths; it is during the Hussite wars. Beyond a good station for visiting the Sudetic Zützendorf the road passes the neigh- mountains. 36 m. beyond Landeck, bourhood of the Chrysoprase Mines through Jawornik (a bad road), is the of Kosemitz (now disused), and of Water-Cure Establishment of Vincent Schrebsdorf. Near Protzen there is a Priessnitz at Gräfenburg, a village in mine of opal.

the Austrian territory, 18 m. from 2 Frankenstein. - Inns : Deutsches Neisse. Haus; Schwartzer Adler. A town of 3 Reinerz. - Inns : Goldene Krone; 6000 inhab. 7 m. W. is the mountain Schwartzer Bär. A small town of fortress of Silberberg ; it may be called 2100 inhab., surrounded by mountains. the Gibraltar of Prussia, in so far as its About a mile off, in a secluded valley, defences, bastions, casemates, &c., are are some mineral Baths, much frealmost entirely hewn out of the solid quented in summer. A few miles N. rock. They were constructed by Fre- of Reinerz rises the Heuscheuer, or derick the Great, to guard the passage Heuscheune (Hay.barn, so called from from Bohemia, at an expense of 4. its shape). A vast assemblage of demillions of Prussian dollars.

tached masses of rock, many of them The Catholic Church, in the market. formed into the most curious shapes, place of the little town of Wartha from the sculpturing of nature, and (through which the road passes), con- named after various objects, to which tains a miracle-working statue of the they bear a very exact resemblance. Virgin, to whose shrine, in some years, The most perfect likenesses are those 40,000 pilgrims repair to offer up their of a “bear,' a .camel,' a 'seal' (Seevows and prayers. A steep road, hund), a • Moor's head, and a “ laugh. marked by chapels, leads up to the ing profile,'-. all natural productions.” chapel on the Wartberg, at a height of -J. E. R. The highest point is the 1772 feet above the sea ; the view from Grossvaters

(Grandfather's thence is fine. The banks of the river Chair )-2800 feet above the sea: from Neisse are very picturesque; near the it the Carpathians are visible. The town it forces a passage through the key of this very curious mountain is rocky gorge called Warthapass. After kept at Carlsberg, a little village on a steep ascent and descent, the road the W. side of it. enters Glatz over a wooden bridge, be- Not far from this is the village of tween the ancient and modern fortress. Alberndorf, remarkable for containing A fine view over the basin-shaped val- a much frequented Pilgrimage Church, ley forming the county of Glatz, and with several minor chapels and staof Eohemian mountains beyond. tions, ornamented with figures of saints,

31 Glatz. · Inns : Weisses Ross; and rude paintings representing the hisKrone; both in the suburb. A strong tory of Christ. In the printed defortress on the Neisse, having about scriptions of this town it is called a 9000 inhab., garrison included. A per- second Jerusalem ; and in order to make mission from the commandant is ne- out a resemblance to the real Jerusalem cessary to view the works. The statue it has twelve gates; while a stream of St. John Nepomuk was placed upon running through it is called Brook the donjon, by order of Frederick the Kedron; and the pool of Bethesda, the Great, after he liad taken the fortress. house of St. Anne, and the palace of the

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High Priest, all have their representa- 11 Cattern Stat. tives within the walls. The traveller 11 Leisewitz Stat. puts up or is taken in at the Judg- Ohlau Stat. Inn, Goldene Krone. ment-hall of Pilate !

On the ). bank of the Oder, has a The last Prussian village is Lewin; palace and a picture gallery. beyond it is the Austrian custom-house. 24 Brieg. Inn, Goldenes Kreutz. About 4 m. from Lewin, off the road, On the l. bank of the Oder, with lies Cudowa, whose mineral springs | 12,000 inhab. The palace here was furnish a chalybeate, very strongly im- formerly the residence of the Dukes of pregnated with carbonic acid gas. Brieg. A little to the westward is There are 2 lodging-houses and an as- the battle-field of Mollwitz, where sembly-room on the spot. The in- | Frederick the Great defeated the Aushabitants of the village are chiefly de- trians, 10 Apr. 1741. scendants of Bohemian Hussites.

From Brieg a branch railway runs 3 Nachod. - Inn, Lamm. The first to the town of Neisse, a distance of 6 town in Bohemia; it has 2200 inhab., | Germ. m. The stations are 3 Grottchiefly weavers. Its Castle is said by kau, 3. Neisse. 4 Germ. m. south of some to be the birth-place of the re- this on the post road is Freiwaldau. nowned Wallenstein ; it belonged to Inn, Silber Krone, near which is the his brother-in-law, Terzki, and at their celebrated Water-Cure Establishment death was confiscated, and bestowed of Gräfenburg, under Priessnitz. upon the traitor Piccolomini. It com

11 Lossen Stat. mands a fine view of the whole range 1 Löwen Stat. After leaving this of the Riesengebirge.

Nachod is a the railroad crosses the Neisse and the good starting point to explore these Oder, just before reaching mountains.

3 Oppeln Stat. Inns: Schwartzer Ad2. Jaromierz, on the Elbe. Near ler, good ; Sächsischer Hof. The capithis, on the left bank of the river, stands tal of Upper Silesia, with 6800 inhab. ; the fortress of Josephstadt. - Inn, bey formerly the residence of the Dukes of Wesseley, very good.

Silesia. 24 Königgrätz.- Inn, Das Goldene

24 Gogolin Stat. About 1 Germ. Lamm. Another frontier fortress, with in. beyond this station, and at about large barracks for a garrison, and 7500 the same distance from the railroad, is inhab.; lies on the Elbe. The Ca- the Annaberg, on the summit of which thedral, and the Church and Convent, stands a building formerly a Franciscan which formerly belonged to the Jesuits, convent, containing a miraculous image. are the most remarkable buildings. It is a greatly frequented place of pilMuch cloth is inade here.

grimage, especially on St. Anna's Day. Königgrätz is only 31 Germ, m. dis. The railroad crosses the river Klod. tant from the Pardubitz station on the nitz and its canal to Prague and Vienna Railway, whence 2 Kandrzin Stat. On the opposite trains run in 4 hours to

bank of the Oder, which is crossed by PRAGUE. HANDBOOK S. GERMANY. a wooden bridge, lies the town and

fortress of Kosel, 2900 inhab. At

this station the railway which connects ROUTE 85 a.

the Upper Silesian Railway with the Prague and Vienna Railway turns off

southwards to Ratibor. (See Route 34] Germ. m. 160 Eng. m. Trains 85 b.) The railway to Cracow runs east. in about 9 hrs.

ward up the valley of the Klodnitz to This railway, as far as the Prussian 2 Rudzienietz Stat. and Austrian frontier, is called the 2 Gleiwitz Stat. A town of 9000 Upper Silesian Railway (Ober- inhab. on the Klodnitz, in the mining schlesische Eisenbahn).

district of Upper Silesia. There are Breslau. Route 81.

considerable iron works in the town

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BRESLAU TO CRACOW.--RAILWAY

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and in the neighbourhood, also many the Kandrzin or Kosel Stat. (16 Germ. iron mines.

m. 44 brs.), as in Route 85 a. At The railway passes on the 1. Za. Kandrzin a railway, which between this brze to

and the Austrian frontier is called the 2 Königshütte (King's foundry) Wilhelm's Bahn, branches off to the S. Stat.: at both which places there are Its length is 74 Germ. m., which is large iron works. The steel-iron works traversed in 1} hr. Those parts of at Königshütte are celebrated as one Silesia and Moravia which are traversed of the best arranged in Germany, for by the railway are very pretty. smelting iron ore by means of coke. 2 (Germ. m, from Kandrzin) Ham

3 Myslowitz Stat. Beyond this the mer Stat. railway crosses the river Schwarze 2 Ratibor Stat. Inn, Prinz von Przemsa, which was the boundary of Preussen. A town of 6000 inhab., Silesia and the territory of the republic on the Oder, which here becomes of Cracow, and now divides Silesia navigable. Persons wishing to divide from the Austrian dominions.

the journey between Breslau and 8} Cracow. Inns : Hotel de Russie ; Vienna, will do well to make Ratibor H. de la Rose; König v. Ungarn; their sleeping quarters. The Prince of 37,000 inhab. Since 1846 this has been Prussia there is a very comfortable an Austrian city belonging to the pro- hotel. From Breslau to Ratibor will vince of Galicia. Up to that time it was occupy about 6 hours, from Ratibor to a free town, and the last remnant of the Vienna 12 or 13. once great kingdom of Poland. (See, 3} Oderberg Stat. Here is the for description of Cracow, HANDBOOK Austrian frontier. The railway, called OF SOUTH GERMANY.)

the Kaiser- Ferdinand's-Nordbahn, connects this with Vienna. The distance

is 37 Germ. m., and the time occupied ROUTE 85 b.

in the journey 10 hrs. At Prerau this

line joins that froin Prague by Olmütz BRESLAU TO VIENNA, RAILWAY,

to Vienna. (See, for the rest of this Proceed by the Upper Silesian Rail- Route, HANDBOOK of South Gerway (Oberschlesische Bahn) as far as many.)

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SECTION VII.

SAXONY.

INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION.

52. Money.-53. Posting.

ROUTE

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PAGE 86. Frankfurt on the Main to

Leipzig, by Fulda, Eise-
nach, Gotha, Erfurt, and
Weimar

439 87. Leipzig to Dresden, Railway 449 88. The Saxon SwITZERLAND(A),

Dresden to Pillnitz. The
Bastei, Schandau, Kuhstall,
Prebisch Thor

471 89. The Saxon SwitzerLAND(B),

Descent of the Elbe-Schan-
dau to Dresden by König-
stein

477 90. Dresden by Freiberg, Chem

nitz, and Zwickau, to Hof. 478 91. Leipzig to Hof, Railway 482 91 a. Leipzig to Carlsbad, 483

92. Cassel to Eisenach, Railwa y,484

Meiningen, and Coburg
93. Göttingen to Gotha, Coburg,

and Bamberg, through the
Thuringian Forest, with
excursions to the Baths of
Liebenstein, and to Schmal-
kald

487 94. Leipzig to Coburg by Jena,

Rudolstadt, and Sonnenbery, with excursions to Paulinzell, &c. in the Thuringian Forest

488 94 a. Weimar to Carlsbad, by

Jena, Gera, and Altenbury 489 94 b. Erfurt to Coburg

490

52. MONEY.

Saxony has now adopted the same currency as Prussia, and the other States of the Zollverein (§ 48.), of which the dollar is the unit. See § 48.

Accounts must be kept in Neugroschen=silver groschen of Prussia, of which 30 make a thaler ; but in private transactions, especially in inns and shops, the old mode of reckoning by gute groschen (24 to the dollar) is still in use, though prohibited by law.

thaler (4 mark silver) Silver Coins 1 do. (1 do.)

See § 48. p. 237. 3-1- of a dollar Kassen Scheine. - Notes of Saxony are in use as well as those of Prussia. The Leipzig and Dresden Railroad Company has also been allowed to issue paper money, but it is not taken at the public offices, nor at theatres.

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The posting tariff is now the same as in Prussia (§ 49. p. 237.). 124 Neu. groschen per horse each German mile, and 15 N. gr. for a courier's horsé.

The long miles of Saxony are also abandoned for the Prussian mile.

FRANKFURT ON THE MAIN

AND WEIMAR.

=

ROUTE 86.

residence by the Emp. Frederick Bar

barossa. The ruins of his Palace,

TO LEIPZIG, built about 1144, still exist on an BY FULDA, EISENACH, GOTHA, ERFURT, island in the Kinzig, in the lower part

of the town, but are fast going to de

cay. The style of its architecture is Post road from Frankfurt to Eisenach, that called by the Germans Byzantine, 23 Germ. m.=107} Eng. m.

and shows, indeed, traces of an Eastern Railway from Eisenach to Leipzig, origin. The walls are of the most by Halle, Eisenach to Halle 25 Germ. massive masonry. The chapel and the m.=116Eng. m.

Imperiul Hall (Reichssaal) where Bar. Between Frankfurt and Leipzig the barossa administered justice, deserve road passes through the territories of 7 particular notice. On one side is a different states. About_4 m. from range of small round arches, supported Frankfurt it enters the Electorate of by short pillars with foliated capitals; Hesse Cassel.

on the other is the throne of BarbaThe Elector has a château near rossa, with singular bracketed columns, Hanau, called Phillipsruhe, on the and ornaments resembling basket-work banks of the Main, about a mile to the on the wall, right of the road. The Baths of Wil- The Cathedral also is interesting in helmsbad, occupying a deserted château an architectural point of view, as it in the midst of neglected gardens, lie was built 1210—1220, and shows the at nearly the same distance on the left. transition from the round into the They are resorted to by the Frank- pointed style of Gothic, and proves the furters; their chief attractions are the late introduction into Germany of the walks in the wood. A railway is pointed style. It has many peculiarbeing constructed between Frankfurt ities, as — a twisted spire, a cupola, a and Hanau.

mixture of round and pointed arches, 2 Hanau. Inns : Post; Riese, wood-work, and old triptychs, a stone comfortable though small, but dear. screen, with altar towards the nave. This is the most considerable town of The doorways and capitals of the coHesse after Cassel, having 14,800 in- lumns are richly ornamented, and the hab.; it is situated near the junction windows are filled with fine stained of the Kinzig with the Main. It was glass. The remains of St. Peter's Church defended by Ramsay, a Scotchman, for present an early example of the round 9 months, against the Imperialists in arched style. the 30 Years' War. On quitting the The greater part of the next stage town, the road passes the battle-field lies through a corner of Bavaria. of October 30 and 31. 1813, where 21 Saalmünster. Inn : Post. Dol.' Napoleon, retreating from Leipzig with lars and groschen here take the place of the wreck of his army, cut his way forins and kreutzers ($ 55.), and the through the Bavarians and Austrians. posting is paid for in them. The loss of the allies exceeded that of 2 Schlüchtern. - Inn : Zur Goldene the French; it would have been greater, Sonne. but for the manæuvre of a miller, who, (14 miles to the E., lie the Baths of observing the German infantry hard Brückenau, a much frequented waterpressed by a body of French cavalry, ing-place. (See HANDBOOK, SOUTH suddenly let the water into his mill- Germany. Route 169.) The road stream, between the two parties, and thus thither is improved, but is very hilly: secured the retreat of his own friends. The stage of 3 Germ. m. takes 3}

3 Gelnhausen (Inns : Hirsch ; hours; or 11 hours from Frankfurt.] Grüner Baum ; Sonne, a clean country 2 Neuhof. inn,) stands on the Kinzig, and has 13 Fulda. Inns : Kurfürst (Elec3700 inhab. It was once an Imperial tor), very fair; Post, a neat and city of note, having been chosen as a comfortable little inn, kept by obliging

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