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almost perpendicular precipices, so that view in consequence. The road usually it is accessible only on one side by taken leads by Seidorf, 1 hour 10 a drawbridge. The view from it is minutes walk, where guides may be very extensive. In ancient times the found, and chairs, asses, and mules are daughter of a lord of this castle, named kept for hire. — Thence to the Brod Cunigunda, who was as cold and hard- Baude 1 hour 5 minutes; thence to hearted as she was beautiful, made a the Brückenberg 15 minutes (see the vow to accept no one, as a lover, who Norwegian Church); and from it in 1 should not previously ride round the hour 10 minutes to the Hampelsbaude, castle on the top of the outer wall. a humble inn or chalet, (where very She had many suitors, but upon this tolerable refreshment may be had), only announcement the greater number re- 20 minutes' walk from the summit. tired : a few made the attempt, and Those who choose to pass the night on were dashed to pieces in the frightful" the mountain, for the sake of seeing the abyss. The lady showed no signs of sun rise, will find better accommodacompunction or pity; she desired to tion in the Grenzbaude (called also remain single, and was glad to be re- Böhmische baude). The top of the lieved from the importunities of so mountain is crowned by a small chapel, many lovers, all of whom were equally now converted into an inn, standing on indifferent to her. At last, a knight the frontier line of Austria and Prussia. presented himself to try the perilous The prospect is extensive when the adventure, whose manly beauty and state of the weather allows it to be engaging manners interested her so visible. On the side of Silesia the slope much, that she repented of her vow, is most abrupt, but the scenery is rich and beheld him with fear and trembling and populous ; on the S. towards Bomount the wall upon his steed. To hemia, it is wild, and descends more her great joy he performed the exploit gradually in a series of terraces interin safety ; but to her surprise, when sected by the rugged glen of the Riesen she advanced to throw herself into his or Aupengrund, 2000 feet below. Bresarms as her destined bridegroom, in- lau, 45 m. off, is sometimes seen from stead of a kiss he gave her a box on the hence, it is said. The want of water, ear and a smart reproof; and then however, is a great drawback in the leaping on his steed, left her in shame landscape. In descending, the traveller and amazement. It was the Land- may vary his walk by proceeding from grave Albert of Thuringia, a married the Hampelsbaude across the Rübezahl's man, who, wishing to avenge the death (Number Nip's) skittle-ground, in 1} of a younger brother, had previously hour, to the Gräber Steine; 5 minutes practised his steed in this dangerous walk from St. Anne's Chapel, where exercise.

the forester's house affords good reThe Schneekoppe (snow-head), or freshment, and return thence to WarmRiesenkoppe, the highest summit of the brunn in i hour. Riesengebirge, 4983 feet above the The sources of the Elbe are situated sea-level, may easily be ascended in under the S. roots of the Schneekoppe, 5 or 6 hours from Wambrunn. The which lies right S. from Hirschberg, ascent, however, from Schmiedeberg is The Weisswasser is regarded as the shorter than from Warmbrunn, and proper source of the Elbe, and its the road is good. The traveller who fountain head is a strong spring, which makes the ascent should be prepared, never fails, rising close to the Wiesenif he intend to pass the night on the baude, 4380 feet above the sea in the mountain, to sleep on hay, and he Weisse Wiese. Another stream from will act wisely in taking provisions the valley called the Nawarer Wiese with him, as the accommodation of unites with it in the Elbegrund. These the baude is far from good. He are troublesome to reach, surrounded should also be prepared for mist, rains, by marshy ground; but the vale of the and the probability of not seeing the Elbe is very picturesque. The pedes.


trian has the choice of descending from tensive iron furnaces, mines, &c., with the Schneekoppe into Bohemia, and a market place surrounded by an arproceeding at once to Adersbach, and cade. The road hence to Landeshut is its wonderful rocks - S. E. by Klein the highest in Prussia practicable for Aupa to Schatzlar (about 4 hours), carriages, rising 2233 feet. It passes where the Burgomaster's inn is good – through a delightful country, and there and near which the Bober rises from a are very fine views from near the sumwell in the forest. Thence to Adersbach mit, towards Schmiedeberg and the is a walk of 6 hours, a beautiful and gra- Schneckoppe on one side, and towards tifying excursion. Or if he prefer it, Landeshut on the other.

At the sumthere are paths direct from the Schnee- mit, to the northward, and within a koppe to Schmiedeberg; the time oc- quarter of an hour's walk from the cupied in walking thither is about five road, is the Friesenstein, a group of hours.

rocks 2888 ft. above the sea level. The The post-road from Hirschberg thi- view is magnificent. ther passes near the mine of felspar, 24 Landeshut. — Inns : Schwartzer which supplies material for the Berlin Rabe, good; Goldener Löwe. Roman. china.

Half way between Hirschberg tically situated at the foot of the Rieand Schmiedeberg lies Erdmannsdorf, sengebirge, on the Bober ; has 3500 (Inn. das Schweitze Haus, close to the inhab., considerable bleaching-grounds, Schloss and Church), seat of the late and manufactures of linen. The convent General Gneisenau, now the property of of Grüssau, with its ancient church and the King of Prussia, who has recently chapel, are worth seeing. given an asylum, and allotted land here The Rock Labyrinth of Adersbach is. to about 400 Tyrolese Protestants, who situated within the frontier of Bohemia, were driven out of their native valley, about 19 m. from Landeshut, 17 from the Zillerthal, on account of their faith, Waldenberg, and 12 from Trautenau. by the intolerance of the Romish priest- The Prussian Custom-house, on the hood. The houses forming the colony road to it, is at Liebau ; the Austrian, are built by the Tyrolese themselves, in at Königshain. The road from Liebau their own peculiar and picturesque is very bad, and only narrow axles can architecture. Persons visiting Erd- traverse it at all. mannsdorf - and it is well worth visit- Adersbach. Inn, Traiteur Haus; ing-will do well to do so from Warm- good and clean, but small; delicious brunn, and not from Hirschberg. The mountain trout may be had here. The distance is nearly the same both ways-- Rocks of Adersbuch are a most wondera walk of ) } hour— but the former road ful assemblage of masses of sandstone, is very agreeable, passing through the extending in all directions over a space pretty village of Stohnsdorf, while the 3 m. broad and 6 or 8 long, separated latter is a dead fat, and rather unin- into fragments of various sizes by openteresting.

ings, gulfs, and fissures."

They resemFischbach is the beautiful seat of the ble those of the Heuscheuer (p. 435.). Prince Wm. of Prussia, in a charming and Saxon Switzerland, but far surpass situation, about 4 miles E. of Erdmanns- them in size and number. You walk, dorf. Upon the neighbouring Ma- as it were, in a narrow street, with imrianne's rock is a colossal lion (cross), mense smooth walls on each side of of cast iron. Further on, near Schmeide- you, opening here and there into berg, about 1 mile to the right of the squares, whence is obtained a view of road, is the Ruheberg, a country-house the countless number of giant rocks of Prince Radzevil.

which surround you on all sides. This 2 Schmiedeberg.— Inns : Schwartzes | locality does not present the extraorRoss, good; Goldene Sterne; Deutsches dinary natural figures existing at the Haus. A manufacturing town, in a Heuscheuer : the wonder of Adersbach pleasant situation, with 3500 inhab., consists in the vast size and number of owing its prosperity chiefly to its ex- | rocks here clustered together; and it

is very annoying to have the attention with a branch to Schweidnitz. Trains diverted every moment from the con- to Freiburg and Schweidnitz in 2 hrs. templation of them, by the pertinacity A Schnell post daily from Freiburg. with which the guide is determined The road is macadamised. to acquaint you with the names of 14 m. from Breslau, and a few miles various rocks, none of which bear the to the rt. of the road, is Krieblowitz, least resemblance to the objects after where Marshal Blücher lived and died which they are called, except, perhaps, (1819). He is buried in the open the · Burgomaster,' which is curious.” air by the roadside, under the shade -T. E. R. Among the rocks there of 3 lime trees. A huge block of is a remarkably fine waterfall

, seen from granite was dislodged from the top the recesses of a grotto, affording pic of the Zobten to serve as a monument. turesque effects of light and shade. Kanth Stat. Beyond this to the By moonlight the aspect of the rocks E. is seen the Zobtenberg, an isolated is highly romantic. In number the mountain, rising out of the plain, and rocks amount to many thousands; and commanding a wide prospect over Sioften rise to a height of more than 200 lesia. ft., the highest being 280 ft.

So nu

Ingramsdorf Stat. merous and intricate are the passages Königszelt Stat.

Here is the juncamong them, that they form a complete tion of the branch railway which labyrinth, among which there is danger runs to of losing one's way without a guide. Schweidnitz. - Inns : Krone ; ScepThere can be little doubt that the ter.

A beautifully situated town on whole was at one time a continuous the Weistritz, with 10,000 inhab. It and solid stratum of sandstone, and was formerly a strong fortress; but the that it owes its present form to the greater part of its works were de. passage over it of floods or currents of molished by the French in 1806. The running water, which, having found parish ch., a Gothic building (date their way into the crevices and clefts, 1930), is surmounted by a tower, 320 ft. have gradually worn down the softer high. The Castle, formerly the residence parts into gutters and channels. The of the Piast Dukes, has now become a rocks, like those of the Saxon Switzer- poorhouse. The town itself is dull, land, belong to the formation called by but the traveller will find good cause to the Germans Quadersandstein, corre- tarry until he has explored its beausponding with the Green Sand of Eng- tiful environs. The most pleasing er. land. Adersbach is certainly a curi- cursion is that to the Castle of Fürstenosity without parallel in Europe, and stein, a modern edifice, perched on the well deserves to be visited. The whole summit of a wooded hill. It was built is imperial property, and the guide, about 40 years ago, on the site of an who is to be found at the inn, at the older castle, and in imitation of a feu. entrance to the rocks, is entitled to a dal residence of the middle ages, by fee of 3 groschen.

the Count of Hochberg, but has been Landeshut is in the road between Bres- recently purchased by the King of lau and Prague, described in Rte. 84. Prussia. It has an armoury, in which

is preserved the camp bed of Frederick

the Great; and a few family portraits ROUTE 84.

decorate its walls, Its towers command an admirable panorama of the

surrounding country. Directly oppoBRESLAU TO SCHWEIDNITZ, LANDESHUT,

site rises another Castle, which, though called New, is as old as the 13th century, and has stood sieges from Hus.

sites and Swedes. It is now converted A Railroad, 73 Germ. m. long, is into a dwelling, and surrounded with opened between Breslau and Freiburg; I terraced gardens. The valley which



separates the two castles is exceedingly 1601, in the small town of Neu Benabeautiful. tek, not far from

Freiburg.-Inn, Rother Hirsch. A town of 2000 inhab., under the Fürstenstein.

The battle of Striegau, 9 miles to the northward, gained by Frederick the Great, in 1745, was fought near this; in the vicinity was his fortified camp of Bunzelwitz.

5 m. from Freiburg are the Baths of Salzbrunn (Inn, Preussische Krone), a dull village, scarcely worth stopping at; and 6 m. S. of Freiberg is Waldenberg, a good station for visiting the rocks of Adersbach, about 17 m. distant. (See p. 431.) Eilwagen to Hirschberg, by Bolkenhain, 6 Germ. m., once daily by Landeshut, 7 Germ. m., twice daily, in summer. The road from Freiburg to Landeshut is hilly. Reichenau.


2 Landeshut, p. 431. The Austrian and Prussian frontier is crossed beyond Liebau, where the Prussian customhouse stands. The Austrian customhouse is at Königshain.

4 Trautenau. Inn, Weisses Ross, best, but not very good. The first town in the Austrian territory; popu. 2400. It was the birthplace (1360) of John Zisca, the Hussite leader, "Captain in the hope of God," as he called himself. Much linen is made here. Adersbach is about 12 m. off, in a direct line (p. 431.).

2 Arnau (or Nieder Oels) has 2300 inhab., chiefly weavers. It lies on the Elbe, which takes its rise about 25 m. N. of this (p. 430.), among the roots of the Schneekoppe. A pleasant excursion may be made to the source, following its banks, and passing the pretty town of Hohenelbe (Inn, Schwartzer Adler, middling), and the cascades of Elbfall and Weisswasser.

2 Neu Paka; the Post. 2 Gitschin. Inn, Goldener Löwe. The castle was built by Wallenstein,


2 Sobotka.

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The railroad from Dresden to Breslau (Route 82.) is followed as far as


Löbau Stat. (p. 426), where branch railroad, 32 Germ. m. long, strikes off S. to Herrnhut and Zittau.

Herrnhut (Inn, Gemeinlogie; very good) is the mother colony of the sect of Moravians, or Herrnhuters. It was established by fugitives, driven from Austria in consequence of the persecution of the Jesuits, 1721-25. They were received by Count Zinzendorf, a Saxon nobleman, who granted them an asylum and lands on this spot; and is considered as their founder. Near the highway, in the midst of a wood intersected by pleasant walks, a monument marks the place where he caused the first tree to be felled in 1722, to clear ground for the settlement, the country being then a vast forest. The community derives its name of "Herrnhuter," i. e. "the Lord's watch," from a passage in the 84th Psalm, "Den Thur huten in meines Gottes Hause," -"to watch the door in the house of my God." It is now a flourishing little formal town, of 1400 inhab., distinguished by the order, stillness, and cleanliness which prevail in it; situated in the midst of a somewhat tame country of undulating hills, now nearly cleared of wood. It is the seat of a



bishop, and the central point of the the Bohemian frontier it enjoys a con. government and commerce of the sect, siderable traffic with that country. The which, in 1832, numbered 42 settle- mountains which here form the Saxon ments in different parts of the world. boundary rise to a commanding height, The Moravians profess the doctrines of and, although 25 m. distant, are a prothe Confession of Augsburg ; but, ex- minent object in the view from the cepting their love for music and tolera- Saxon Switzerland. In the town itself tion of dancing, they bear some resem- the most attractive object is the Church blance to the Quakers, especially in the of St. John, in the Byzantine style.” plaimness of their dress. The female -J. E. T. costume is distinguished by variously South of Zittau, on the road to coloured ribbons. The girls wear deep Gabel, are the ruins of the extensive red; unmarried women pink; married, monastery of Oybin, situated on a hill blue ; and widows, grey or white. above Zittau. Here is a beautiful The meeting-house, the sale-rooms for chapel in the best pointed style, partly the articles manufactured here, and the cut in the rock; but now a ruin. It Cemetery of the community on the stands in a cave or recess in the face of Hutberg, all deserve to be visited. The the cliff, and commands an extensive Cemetery is a very interesting spot, com- view over forest and valley. The ruins manding a lovely prospect.

It is sur

are easily found, as they are visible from rounded by a tall hedge of hornbeam, Zittau, and may be reached by a fair and intersected by avenues of the same, walker in about 2 hours. between which are laid the flat grave- From Zittau excursions may be made stones, quite plain, and bearing merely to Wallenstein's castle Friedland (p. the name, and dates of birth and death. 427.), and to the Baths of Liebwerda. Those of the Zinzendorf family, in the Higher up the valley of the Neisse, centre, alone are distinguished from the within Bohemia, lies rest by their larger dimensions. That 3} Reichenberg (Inn, Goldener Löwe; of the founder bears an inscription com- middling), the most rising manufacturmemorating his bounty. Above the ing town in Bohemia, second to Prague Friedhof rises the Hutberg, or watch- alone in population, having 12,000 in. hill, a sort of cliff or group of rocks, hab. Its manufacture of linen is very surmounted by a temple or look-out flourishing and of great importance. house, commanding a fine panorama, This town is on the high road be -a wide prospect over the town, the tween Görlitz and Prague, and is 7 estate bequeathed by Count Zinzendorf Germ. m. distant from Jung Buntzlau, to the colony, Berchtoldsdorf, contain- on the road from Breslau to Prague, ing the house where he died, and in the described in Rte. 84.

The stages distance the hill called the Saxon Crown. are, 2 Liebenau, 3 Münchengrätz, 2

The Museum of natural history, col. Jung-Bunzlau. lected by Moravian missionaries in the most distant corners of the earth, is interesting The Herrnhuters are an

ROUTE 85. industrious community: the linen manufacture of Saxony may be said to owe its development to them.

Zittau. -- Inns : Sonne, good; Säx- 27 Pruss. miles=1253 Eng. miles ischer Hof. “ A fine and prosperous to the Pardubitz station on the Prague manufacturing town of 8000 inhab., and Vienna railway. Schnellpost daily, situated on the river Neisse. It is the in 12 hrs. to Glatz, and in 32 to Prague. centre of the linen trade of Saxony; and by railway from Pardubitz. in its immediate vicinity cotton and N. B. – An Austrian signature of woollen manufactures are extensively the traveller's passport is indispensable carried on. A splendid new Rathhaus before he can enter Bohemia. has been built. From its proximity to 2 Domslau. The country is pretty



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