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PAGE ROUTE 56. London to Hamburg


berfeld, Casgel, Eisleben, and 57. Hamburg to Lübeck and Tra


375 vemünde

335 68. Cologne to Brunswick,, by 58. Hamburg to Stralsund, and


Rügen, by Schwerin, Dob- 69. Düsseldorf to Bremen, by
beran, and Rostock


381 59. Hamburg to Hanover, Bruns- 69 a. Paderborn to Hanover 384

wick, or Hildesheim, Rail. 340 70. Frankfort-A.-M. to Cassel 386 60. Hamburg to Bremen and 71. Cassel to Hanover,, by PyrOldenburg


390 61. Hamburg to Berlin, Rail.

341 72. Cassel to Hanover, by Göt62. Berlin to Magdeburg, by


391 Potzdum and Brandenburg,

72 a. Hanover to Bremen, Rail. 896 RAIL.

359 73. The Hartz. — Göttingen to 63. Berlin to Leipzig, by Witten

Clausthal; Goslar, the Brocburg, Köthen, Halle, Worlitz,

ken, the Rosstrappe, the and Dessau, Rail.


Valley of the Bode, and 64. Magdeburg to Leipzig by Kö


396 then, Rail.

368 74. THE HARTZ. Nordhausen 65. Berlin to Dresden, RAIL. 368

to Magdeburg

404 66. Cologne to Berlin, by Min- 74 a. Descent of the Weser. den, Hanover, Brunswick,

Cassel to Bremen

406 and Magdeburg, Rall. 368 74 b. Wittenberge to Magdeburg, 67 Düsseldorf to Berlin, by El



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(ROUTE 56.

of Hertha (Earth), the goddess worshipped by the ancient Saxons, which stood on it. It was ceded to Great

Britain in 1807, and some fortifications STEAM-BOATS start from London and are raised on it. Its population amounts from Hamburg, Wednesday and Sa- to 3,000. At the time when Napoleon turday mornings: they set off so early had excluded England from the conin the morning that it is advisable tinent, it was important as a war-stato sleep on board the night before. tion; and from its situation near the The average passage is about 52 mouths of the rivers Elbe and Weser, hours, though it sometimes takes 60 it then became a considerable smugor 70.

gling depôt. Its male inhabitants are About 25 miles from the mouth of chiefly fishermen, sailors, and pilots. the Elbe lies the island of Heligoland The destruction of its shores by the

It (Holyland), so named from the Temple sea has been much exaggerated.

has been recently shown that the well- prosperity, perhaps to the prejudice of known map of Heligoland, by Meyer, its neighbour, so that the Hamburghers according to which the island contained say that its name agrees with its situa9 parishes, is entirely a work of ima- tion, as it is All-zu-nah (All too near). gination. On comparing a map made in commercial respects it is a perfectly in 1793 by the Danish engineer, Wes- free town, -no duties being levied, and sel, with the measurements of M. the custom-house line for Holstein runs Wiebel, recently made, it appeared outside of it. It is the most commerthat “the co-efficient of destruction in cial and populous town in Denmark a century, for the whole circumference, next to Copenhagen, having 27,000 was not more than 3 feet.” It appears inhab. A Railroad runs from Altona also that in the time of Adam of Bre- to Kiel on the Baltic. (See Handmen, whose description is extant, and BOOK for N. EUROPE, DENMARK, &c.) of Charlemagne, the island was only a A handsome new Quay has been little larger than at present. See Geol. constructed at Hamburg along the Journal, vol. iv. pt. 2. p. 32.

Elbe, and the harbour has been deep1. At the mouth of the Elbe stand ened, but passengers by sea-going the lighthouse and town of Cuxhaven, steamers usually embark and disembark on a small angle of territory belonging in boats to and from the vessel. to Hamburg. Vessels lie at anchor off rt. HAMBURG.- - Inns: Streit's hotel, this place waiting for favourable winds. very comfortable, the best ; the landIt is a watering place frequented by | lady is English; Hotel St. Petersburg, the inhabitants of Hamburg for sea- well situated at the corner of the Jungbathing. In winter, when the Elbe is fernstieg and the Alster Arcades. frozen over, it is necessary to proceed | Hotel de Russie; Kronprinz; Victoria from Hamburg by land to meet the Hotel; Alster Hotel, Hotel de l' steamers at Cuxhaven, a tedious and Europe. These are on the old and expensive journey, crossing the Elbe to new Jungfernstieg and the Alsterdamm. Haarburg, and descending its l. bank. Charges : bed and dinner 24 sch. each,

Beyond Cuxhaven, the left bank of breakfast 12 sch., 1 a bottle of wine the Elbe belongs to Hanover. Op- | 16 sch. posite to Stade, an Hanoverian sloop Hamburg is situated about 80 m. of war is stationed to enforce the toll from the mouth of the Elbe, at the levied by Hanover in virtue of an junction of a small stream called the ancient imperial grant on vessels and Alster, with the Elbe. Being a Free cargoes passing up the Elbe.

Town, the duties levied are so small The land on the rt. bank is the that travellers are not bothered with territory of the Duchy of Holstein, any Custom-house examination belonging to Denmark; it rises in landing; but passports are sometimes gentle slopes, covered, for some dis- demanded. Its population is reckoned tance below Hamburg, with wood, at 145,000. There are about 10,000 interspersed with handsome villas and Jews. gardens belonging to opulent merchants. The Current Coins are On this side lies the small town of

English. Pruss. Glückstadt, with 6000 inhab., now

Sgr. connected with Altona by Railway. The Mark Courant -1 2 = 12} Higher up the little fishing village of Double Mark Blankenese, with its houses scattered Pieces of 8 Schillings = 0.7 along the slope and among the trees

4 Sch.

0 33 one above another, is passed; and above

1 Sch. (copper) nearly

=01 it, the town of

Rix dollar (specie)

=47 rt. Altona, which joins Hamburg, Mark Banco (imaginary)=1 5 = 15 and from the river seems to form a part Most of these coins are so much worn, of it, though within the Danish terri

that care is required in taking them : tory. • It has risen to great mercantile even the natives are sometimes puzzled


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to know what they are. Many of | Alster Basin, levelling almost all the them are valueless out of Hamburg. buildings, public and private, over an The landlords at the hotels will gener- area of many acres, nearly in the form ally change English money. The of a triangle, sweeping down 1749 regular money-changers are very ex- houses, 61 streets, besides courts and tortionate. The English sovereign alleys, and even crossing the broad usually realises 17 marks 4 sch., and is canal of the Alster. The attempts sometimes taken in payment for 17 m. made to arrest the flames when the en8 sch.

gines had proved useless, were, first, to Money accounts are kept in marks pull down the houses, but in unroofing and schillings; there are 16 schillings them the timbers and rafters were laid in a mark. The marc banco and rix open, and more readily caught fire from dollar banco are imaginary coins. The the sparks lodging in them. Artillery mark banco is to the current mark as was next employed to batter them down, 20 to 16. The piece of į dollar Kas- but the balls only made holes in the sengeld is the most common, and is walls, and passed through. Finally, the worth 31 schillings currency. There plan of blowing them up with gunare also pieces of 2 schillings, sch. powder was resorted to; and this use(called a Sechsling), 4 sch (Dreising). ful but dangerous task was executed by The Pruss. dollar goes for 40 sch. the English engineer Lindley, who, for1 Danish mark 5 schillings. Piece tunately for the town, was present at of 8 Rigsbank skillings = 24 sch. the time, and understood the proper

Hamburg is one of the four remain. mode of proceeding. The first check ing Free towns, and is chiefly remark- was given to the fire by blowing up the able as the first trading sea-port of Rathhaus and Bank, in whose cellars Germany. It is intersected by canals, were deposited a vast treasure in silver called Fleethen (Fleet ditches ?), and bars. The churches of St. Nicholas, St. in this respect, in the antiquated ap- | Peter, and St. Gertrude were speedily pearance of its houses, and in the trees consumed; the New Exchange, though growing in its streets, bears a resem- surrounded by the flames, escaped almost blance, in the old part of the town, to by a miracle uninjured. The sympathy the towns of Holland. During the caused by this event in all parts of the last 4 years, on an average 4000 vessels globe was proved by the voluntary entered. The Elbe is navigable thus subscriptions raised for the sufferers, far for ships of considerable burden, amounting to near 400,0001., of which which can enter the harbour and trans- England contributed 41,000l. Besides fer their cargoes in barges to the mer- this immense sums were raised by loan, chants' doors, whose warehouses and so that Hamburg has now the largest dwellings generally adjoin. There are national debt, in proportion to its pono docks. Much banking and funding pulation, of any continental state, and business is done here; besides which is in this respect nearly on a par with it is the depôt for a large part of the Great Britain. exports and imports of the North of Hamburg has profited to a certain Europe. The sugar refineries have extent by the calamity in the improvediminished of late.

ments introduced in laying out the new By the dreadful fire of 1842 Ham- buildings, the widening of streets, the burg sustained a calamity unequalled in construction of sewers, and the filling extent except by the fire of London. up of some of the stagnant fleeths or The conflagration broke out in the ditches. These improvements were Deichstrasse, near the Elbe, on Thurs- planned and conducted by Mr. Lindley. day, May 5., from what cause is un- A new and handsome Rathhaus is to be known, and raged until the following built on one side of a new square frontSunday in spite of all efforts to oppose ing the Börse. The finest of the new it; widening as it advanced until it had buildings are near the Alster. Many involved in destruction 2 sides of the of them are of vast extent, and have

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