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torches. It consists of a series of cham- , pleasures, he passed the rest of his days bers opening into one another -- some in penance and prayer; and, devoting high, others low, some shaped like a his fortune to the church, acquired such syphon upright or inverted; in places a degree of sanctity as to work miracles, it contains some fine stalactites. The not merely by his hands, but by his garfirst hall or chamber is lighted by the ments; so that even a shred of his reflection cast from the surface of the mantle possessed virtue enough to cure water up to the roof. The effect is very hydrophobia, if placed on the patient's brilliant at 8 or 9 o'clock in the morn- head! The body of St. Hubert was ing, when the sun is opposite to the deposited the abbey, 825, but is supentrance. It takes about 2 hours to posed to have been burnt in the confiaexplore the cave: there is a poor ca- gration caused by the French Calvinists, baret near it.

who set fire to both church and monasFrom Nieupont the distance is about tery, 1568. In ancient times, the abbot 12 m., by a cross road, through Hans of St. Hubert paid an annual tribute sur Lesse, to Rochefort (Inn, l'Etoile, of 3 couple of hounds to the King of a neat homely inn, and good cuisine ; France, to be allowed to collect contri. charges for bed, dinner, and supper, bution for the monastery in his kingonly 3 fr.), on the Homme, surmounted dom. by an old castle, commanding a fine There are cross-roads from St. Huview. The scenery of the valley of bert to Champlon and Marche ; post l'Homme above this is very fine, es- stations on the high road from Namur pecially near Grupont, where the castle to Luxemburg (Route 29.), to Bouillon, of Mirwart, one of the best preserved and by Neufchâteau to Arlon, on the feudal strongholds in Belgiuin, which way to Luxemburg. belonged once to the de la Marcks, is a A good road has been constructed striking object. Mirwart is about 6 m. from Dinant to Beauraing, and is about from St. Hubert.

to be continued (it is said) to Bouillon : A cross-road leads from Han sur the entire distance is calculated at 8 L., by Wavrulle, Grupont, and Bure, posts, about 40 miles. a distance of 12 or 15 miles, to

Boull.lon, once capital of the duchy St. Hubert (Inn, H. des Pays-Bas), of the same name, was pawned by a miserable little town of 1842 inhab., Godfrey of Bouillon to the Bishop occupying a clearance in the midst of of Liége, to raise funds for the First the forest of St. Hubert, which has a Crusade. In after times the bishops circumference of 40 m. The Abbey refused to allow it to be redeemed, Church is a fine Gothic edifice inter which gave rise to a long series of nally, adorned with precious marbles, feuds and fights between them and and contrasting strangely with the Godfrey's descendants, so that the terhumble buildings about it. The W. ritory of Bouillon became truly debatefront with the 2 towers are Italian. able ground. At length Louis XIV. Its founder, St. Hubert, the patron of directed Maréchal Crequi to take poshunters and sportsmen, was originally session of the town, “not," says his a dissolute prince, who, among other published declaration, “for the purpose profane acts, was guilty of that of of prejudicing the Bishops of Liége, hunting on Sundays. He even did not but for the protection of France, which hold sacred the holy festival of Good is not sufficiently fortified in that Friday; but, while engaged in his fa- quarter.” Louis, having thus realised vourite diversion on that day, a stag the fable of the Oyster, protested, before suddenly presented itself to him, bear- the Congress of Nimwegen, that he ing a cross growing between its horns. was prepared to resign the province as The apparition, which he believed to be

soon as the umpires had decided to miraculous, and to be sent from heaven, which of the contending parties it ought recalled him from his evil mode of life.

to belong. The dispute, however, was Renouncing equally his vices and his never settled, and the House of Li


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Tour d'Auvergne assumed the sove- the Netherlands. It is of marble, in reignty and title of Dukes of Bouillon, the best style of the renaissance, sculpwith the consent of Louis (1696). The tured apparently by Italian artists. town was ceded to the Netherlands by Below is the depository for the Host : the treaty of Vienna. Bouillon is a on the r.ext stage is St. Martin dividing town of 2500 inhab. : it is situated in his cloak: the 2 lower rows of basa deep ravine, and surrounded by hills. , reliefs represent the 7 Sacraments, adThe extensive Castle of Bouillon, re- mirable as works of art; the whole is paired and restored since 1827, and surmounted by the pelican. converted into a military prison, oc- In the octagon baptistery attached cupies the summit of a rock elevated to the ch. is the gorgeous font of brass, high above the town, and washed by covered by a spire studded with stathe river Semoi. No part of the ori- tuettes and groups in high-relief, of ginal castle remains except, perhaps, the Baptism of Christ, St. Martin, &c. the dungeons hewn out of the rock. It was cast at Tournay, 1467, by an

artist named Lefebvre.

5 Tubise St. A tunnel precedes

11 Braine le Compte Stat. A town ROUTE 32.

of 4400 inhab., named after Count Baldwin, who bought it from the monks of St. Waudru, at Mons, 1158.

The district around furnishes some

of the finest flax which is anywhere 93 kilomètres 583 miles.

produced : it is employed in the manuTerminus at Brussels, Station du facture of Brussels lace. A few miles Midi, near the S. Boulevard.

to the N.W. is Steenkerke, where Wil. On quitting the station, the Boule- liam III. was defeated by the Duke of vard is crossed, the Porte de Hal is Luxemburg, in 1692, with a loss of seen on the l., and the river Senne is 7000 men. passed near Forêt. Good view of A railway is carried hence to Charles Bruxelles.

roi and Namur, 38 m. (Route 28.) 6 Ruysbroeck St.

6 Soignies St. This town, of 6500 The railway runs side by side with inhab., has a Ch. of St. Vincent, and a the Canal de Charleroi, whose bed is convent (perhaps the oldest in Belin some places higher than it. There gium) founded in the 7th cent. There are many cuttings on this line.

are tombstones of the 13th and 14th 3 Loth St.

centuries in its churchyard. Soignies 5 Hal Stat. (Inn: H. des Pays-Bas.) has given its name to the vast forest Hal is a town of 5000 inhab. on the which reaches to Waterloo. The railSenne and the Canal de Charleroi. way makes an abrupt bend W. 'to The Church of St. Martin, a pure Gothic reach edifice, contains a chapel resorted to by : 13 Jurbize St. About 5 m. W. lies pilgrims on account of a miracle-work- Beloeil. (Route 15.) Here a railway ing image of the Virgin, of wood, 2 branches off to Ath and Tournay. (See ft. high, which has acquired enormous Route 15.) To reach the wealth from the offerings of pious de- Mons Station, the fortifications are votees, including gold plate given by cut through to admit the passage of Charles V., Maximilian I., Pope Ju- the railway. lius II., &c. In a side chapel, near one 12 Mons. (BERGEN in Germ. and of the doors, railed off, are 33 cannon Flemish. ) -—- Inns : Couronne, best : balls, which, having been aimed at the Aigle Noir, good. Mons, the capital church during the bombardment, were of the province of Hainault (German, caught by the Virgin in her robe spread Hennegau; Flemish, Hennegouw), is over the town to protect it! The High a fortified town, of 23,500 inhab., owing Altar of this church is unequalled in its origin to a castle built here by


Julius Cæsar during his campaign | altogether, and to enter the Schelde against the Gauls. After the siege in lower down, at a point where both 1680, the King of Spain, to whom the banks of that river belong to Belgium. town belonged, rewarded the citizens About 10 m. $. from Mons, within the for their courageous resistance, by con- French frontier, was fought the bloody ferring a peerage on every member of battle of Malplaquet, 1709, where the the corporation. The fortifications were Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eurazed by the Emperor Joseph II., but gene beat the French, though with a have been renewed and strengthened loss of 20,000 men. since 1818. The facilities for laying the country round the town completely under water, by admitting the river A branch railway opens a direct Trouille, add greatly to its defensive communication between Mons and Ma. capabilities. The east side is protected nage, on the Brussels and Charleroi by two large ponds or lakes.

railway, avoiding the detour to Braine Mons derives great advantages from le Comte. Its length is 24 kilomètres, the numerous and productive Coal or 15} Eng. miles nearly. The stations Mines by which it is surrounded ; a great many steam-engines are employed 93 kilom. Havré Stat. to pump up the water and extract the 94 La Louvière Stat. Here a branch coal, which is exported in large quan- turns off on the right to Bascoup. Its tities to Paris, by the long line of inland length is 8 kilom., or 5 Eng. miles. navigation connecting these mines with 51 Manage Stat. (See Route 28.) the French metropolis. In 1840, 26,000 persons were employed in 376 coal-pits of the coal-field of Mons. There are

The Railway, on quitting Mons, also in the neighbourhood extensive crosses the river Trouille, and runs bleaching grounds. The principal build- not very far from the Canal de Condé, ings are the Church of St. Waudru ( Wal- and the sluices of St. Ghislain, by trudis), a handsome Gothic edifice, means of which the whole country begun in 1460, but not completed till around might be inundated. 1580. The interior is well worth no. 4 Jemappes St. This village is tice; the elegant and lofty reeded piers' celebrated for the victory gained by the without capitals send forth a network French, under Gen. Dumouriez and the of ribs over the roof. The high altar Duke de Chartres, late King Louisis decorated with curious marble bas- Philippe, 6th Nov. 1792, over the reliefs from the New Testament, cut Austrians. Three coal-pits were filled by an Italian artist, 1556, which were

with dead bodies of men and horses sadly mutilated at the French revo

after the battle. The result of this lution. Here is also a curious Taber- victory was to make the French masnacle.

ters of Belgium. A stone has been The Castle, a high tower or beffroi, set up close to the post-road to mark was built in 1662, on the site of Cæsar's the scene of the battle. Castrum, as is reported. The Gothic

5 Saint-Ghislain St. Near this is Town Hall was begun in 1458; the a populous and increasing colony, altower is a later addition, and the whole ready numbering 3750 inhab., though ranks far below other municipal edi. of. recent origin, having been estafices of Belgium.

blished by the late M. Legrand. It Mons was the native place of Or- is composed principally of miners and lando Lassus, the celebrated musician iron-forgers, who are maintained by the

Steamof the 16th century. A communica- mines of coal and iron here. tion is opened between Mons and the engines are manufactured to a conSchelde by the Canal de Condé ; a new

siderable extent here. The village is branch, called Canal d'Antoing, has built with straight streets on a uniform been cut to avoid the French territory plan, the houses being of the same

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height. This country resembles much 4 Thulin St. the neighbourhood of Manchester and 4 Quiévrain is the station of the Bolton: the roads are black with coal. Belgian custom-house. About a mile dust, which in windy weather begrimes further on, the small .river Aunelle the face and garments of the traveller, marks the boundary of France. and the dwellings partake of the same Blanc Misseron St, hue. Every cottage seems as populous 1} VALENCIENNES (Rte. 15.).

For as a hive.

the railway hence to Paris, see HAND 2 Boussu St.




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28. Passports. – 29. Inns and Expenses. 30. Beds. 31. Valets-de-Place,

32. Custom-House League, Zoll-Verein. 33. Distances, Travelling Maps. 34. Modes of Travelling, Posting, Laufzettel. 35. Diligences, or Eilwägen. - 36. Voiturier, or Lohnkutscher. 37. Railroads. - 38. Baggage. 39. Succinct Account of Germany. — 40. Some Peculiarities of German Manners, Titles, Salutations, Recreations, Public Gardens, Kirmes, The Turnpikemen, Travelling Journeymen.—41. Music. 42. German Watering Places. — 43. German Towns, Firewatch, Woodcutters. — 44. Clubs. — 45. Burial Grounds.

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(N.B. — The information contained in this Section is of a general character,

and applicable to the whole of Germany. The details peculiar to different

states of Germany will be found respectively under the Heads — Prussia, į Saxony, Bavaria, Austria, &c.]


The strictness of passport regulations is much relaxed in Germany within the last 8 or 10 years, yet no one can travel without a passport, properly countersigned.

On entering a frontier town of Prussia, or any other state of Germany, and in most of the large towns of Austria and Bavaria, the traveller is requested at the gate to produce his passport. If it be a town of some importance, and he intend to sleep there, in all probability the passport must be forwarded to the Police-bureau to be examined and countersigned (visirt), in which case he will receive in exchange a ticket or receipt (schein), enabling him to get his passport back : in minor towns this proceeding may not be necessary, and the passport is merely detained 2 or 3 minutes, till the name be registered, and is then returned to the owner. It generally happens, however, that the traveller is requested to name the inn at which he proposes to take up his residence, in order that the passport may be sent after him : he is glad to avoid unnecessary delay, and the gate-keeper to have an opportunity of receiving a gratuity for his trouble, in taking the passport to the inn. As matters of this sort are totally foreign to English habits, and it is to travellers of this nation that the Hand-book is addressed, we shall dwell on a few particulars, which may be new to them, and useful to know.

“ All innkeepers are compelled to submit to the inspection of the police the daily arrivals and departure of their guests; and not merely the name, surname, and country, but frequently the age, condition, whether married or single, profession, religion, motives for travelling, and other particulars, are required. book (called das Fremden Buch, Strangers' Book), ruled into columns, and methodically classed, is presented to the traveller for him to fill up."-S.


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