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of the poor contributors in the north. Permit me to tell you an anecdote, which of itself speaks volumes. As I went to Newry this morning, I overtook an old decrepit widow, whose poverty, irreproachable character, and near neighbourhood, have often introduced her to my particular notice.• Good morning, mother Juddy,' said I ; ' you have your basket of eggs, I see, under your arm, and your six hanks of well spun yarn on your back. I hope you will have a good market, and return from the mines of Newry, with silver, if not gold, in your purse, and some tea, sugar, and tobacco in your pocket.'

“ • Troth, your honour,' replied my old Juddy, though the times are a wee bit* better than they war, yet a pure body can hardly keep abone starvation. What wi' county cess, contributing to keep awa’ Rector Davis's prosecution for tithe-rent, and so forth, the house is nearly down upon me; and, to mend a', here we hae the Priest


us for arrears

* It is a fact that many Catholics in the North speak broad Scotch, or intermix many words with their English, from their constant in. tercourse with the descendants of the numerous colonies from Scot. land that settled in and about Newry, and all over the North of Ireland, in the reign of James the First of England.

of Catholic what de ye ca' it ?-devil break the neck othem! Your honour will no tell on me, I ken. Here, I hae a stone of oats, which I am forced to sell, to pay off three months' arrears of this damnable tax, which will gang i’to the poke o' some greedy speechifier.—My yarn, Sir, is worth nathing now.If I spin sixteen cuts i' the day and night, I can barely make twa pence and war it no for the teen * hens, I wad no be able to buy seed praties.'

“ But, in short, I need pot ampliate on Juddy's communication. She was full of wroth against the Catholic-rent committees; and even the sacred Priest of the parish came in for a share of her abuse. This is by no means the only instance in which I have heard this collection of money reprobated by those who pay it. In fact, I believe it is generally disliked by the poor, who have no interest in its objects, and look with suspicion on its appropriation.” My experience,” answered Jack, “

supports your assumption. I know that many, a great many, Catholics regret that ever the association which goes by their name was-instituted. They are sensible



* Three.

that it is not what Ireland wants. It is clear to any man of sound mind, that we require the suppression of all associations that generate party spirit, and, in their practical effect, monopolise the interests which belong to general society, and the subjects of Government * When this is effectedwhen all are equally free-when every religion sup. ports its own clergy–when industry finds a certain reward-when the wealth is extracted by capital from our mountains—and the hurry of labour is heard in our coal mines and cotton manufactories then, and not till then, will the land of saints be united, prosperous, and happy. It is idle to say that emancipation would essentially benefit the poor of Ireland. They enjoy just as much scope as they would if no disqualifying acts of Parliament were on the records of the country. But opinion constitutes happiness. If a man thinks himself aggrieved, he is so; and by ruminating on a fiction, like a madman, he creates a reality, and perhaps cuts his throat, or blows out his brains, to amend his miserable case. You may laugh at my illustration; but such is human nature. Give the Catholics all they ask-you will then give them no more than they have a right to, as British-born subjects—and they can neither ask nor desire more than what Magna Charta, the Bill of Rights, the Treaty of Limerick, and their birth entitle them to enjoy. Then give the man who is willing to work something to do, and reward for his labour ; punish the idle, and the roguish, and you will have made Ireland what England is—the wonder of the world, and the study of philosophy.”

* It can hardly be necessary to remark, that, some time previously to the rejection of the Bill for the relief of the Roman Catholics, an Act had been passed for the suppression of the Catholic Association, and other illegally constituted societies.


“ Your view of things precisely corresponds with mine," answered I: “it is impossible that men can be quiet and peaceable when starving. As well might we suppose that the expectation of summer would warm a naked wretch shivering in winter, as that hope of improvement would satisfy the cravings of nature. Speculation may attribute our national calamities to absenteeism, to bible societies, to want of education, to any one of the numerous causes which a fertile invention may supply; but good sense, and an enlarged view of political economy, will assure mental examination that what

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we want is now in progress; and that is,—the introduction of British capital —a few salutary enactments of the legislature-and the continuation of such an invigorating, impartial government, as that which now places the name of Wellesley as high in the records of Irish history as it stands in the page of Hindostan's happiness.”

Bravo, Charles ! upon my word, Lord Wellesley has a flourishing panegyrist in you,” replied Malony. “However, as I conscientiously subscribe to what you say, I shall not insinuate that his Lordship has encouraged your approbation of his measures by making them contribute to your individual interest." “ You would in that wrong both his Lordship and

In fact, I have to complain of his Lordship's neglect of a letter of mine addressed to him, some years ago, when his smile would have removed a load of woe from my heart. The only answer I ever received was from his secretary, informing me that my letter had been submitted to his Lordship. But, perish the base thought of praise or censure, springing from wounded pride or selfish gratitude ! I am now above his Lord


your friend.

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