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18tk Congress,

Documents accompanying the President's Message. (Sen. and H. of R. 2d Session. 5 pected vessel to be searched and detained under his ex- IV. Whenever any mercbant vessel, of either nation, clusive authority ; provided, however, that the delay shall be visited, under this convention, on suspicion of required for this purpose be not such, from peculiar such vessel being engaged in the slave trade, no search and unavoidable circumstances, as to enable the sus- shall, in any such case, be made on board the said ves. pected vessel to escape.

sel, except what is necessary for ascertaining, by pogiIt is further agreed, that any such ship or vessel, so tive and sufficient proofs, whether she is, or is not, encaptured, shall either be carried, or sent, by the captur-gaged in that illicit traffic. No person shall be taken fit,ing officer, to some port of the country to which it be out of the vessel so visited, though measures of restraint - longs, and there given up to the competent authorities, and personal coercion, necessary for the detention and * or be delivered up for the same purpose, to any duly safe delivery of the vessel, may be employed against its

commissioned officer of the other party : it being the crew, by the commanding officer of the visiting vessel, *** intention of the high contracting powers, that any ship or under his orders ; nor shall any part of the cargo of 1 or vessel within the purview of this convention, and the visited vessel be taken out of her, till after her deli

seized on that account, shall be tried and adjudged by very to the oflicers or tribunals of her own nation; ex

the tribunals of the captured party, and not by those of cepting only when the immediate removal of all, or a - the captor.

part of the slaves, if any, found on board the visited res. pit? II. In the case of any ship or vessel detained by the sel, shall be necessary either for the preservation of

cruizers of either of the two contracting parties, on sus their lives, or for the safety of the persons charged with spicion of carrying on the slave trade, being found, on the navigation of the srid vessel after her capture. And

due examination by the boarding officer, to be charter- any of the slaves, so removed, shall be duly accounted

ed on account of any of the subjects or citizens of the for to the government of that country to which the visit- other party, although not actually bearing the fag of ed vessel belongs, and shall be disposed of according to

bat party, nor owned by the individuals on whose ac- the laws of the country into which they are carried; the Count she is chartered, or by any other citizens or sub- regular bounty or head money, allowed by law, being, in Sects of the same nation, it is hereby agreed, that, in each instance, secured to the captors, for their use and

uch case also, upon the delivery of the said vessel to benefit, by the receiving governinent. he tribunals of that country to which the persons, on V. Whenever any merchant vessel, of either nation, rhose account she is chartered, belong, the vessel, car- shall be captured, under this convention, it shall be the 'o, and crew, shall be proceeded against in like man- duty of the commander of any ship belonging to the pub, er as any other vessel, cargo, and crew, within the pur- lic service of the other, charged with the instructions of iew of tbis convention, insofar as the general practice his government for carrying into execution the provinder the law of nations will allow.

sions of this convention, on the coast of Africa, of AmeIII. Whenever any naral commander or commission rica, or of the West Indies, at the requisition of the com

officer of either of the two contracting powers shall, mander of the capturing vessel, to receive into his custoin the high seas, or any where not within the exclusive dy the vessel so captured, and to carry or send the same, Irisdiction of either party, board, or cause to be board for trial and adjudication, into some port of his own coun1, any merchant vessel, bearing the flag of the other try. In every such case, at the time of the delivery of

wer, and visit the same as a slave trader, or on suspi- the vessel, an authentic declaration shall be drawn up in -00 of her being concerned in the slave trade, in every triplicate, and signed by the commanders both of the de

ch case, whether the vessel so visited, shall, or shail livering and receiving vessels; one copy, signed by both, -ut, be captured and delivered over, or sent into the to be kept by each of them, stating the circumstances of

sits of her own country, for trial and adjudication, the delivery, the condition of the captured vessel at the Le boarding officer shall deliver to the master or com- time of delivery, including the names of her master or ander of the visited vessel a certificate, in writing, commander, and of every other person, not a slave, on ned by the said boarding officer, and specifying his hoard at that time, and exhibiting the number of the ik in the nary of his country, together with the names slaves, if any, then on board her, and a list of all the pa

the commander by whose orders he is acting, and of pers received or found on board at the time of capture, e national vessel commanded by him; and the said and delivered over with her. The third copy of the said rtificate shall further contain a declaration, purport. declaration shall be left in the captured vessel, with the

that the only object of the visit is to ascertain whe-papers found on board, to be produced before the tribu. er the merchant vessel in question is engaged in the nal charged with the adjudication of the capture. ve trade, or not, and if found to be so engaged, to take And the commander of the capturing vessel shall Adeliver her to the officer or tribunals of her own be authorized to send any one of the officers under untry, being that of one of the two contracting par-his command, and one or two of his crew, with the s, for trial and adjudication.

captured vessel, to appear before the competent tribun all such cases, the commander of the national ves-nal, as witnesses of the facts regarding her detention and

whether belonging to Great Britain or to the United capture ; the reasonable expenses of which witnesses, in tes, shall, when he makes delivery of his capture, proceeding to the place of trial, during their detention er to the officers or to the tribunals of the other pow. there, and for their return to their own country, or to deliver all the papers found on board the captured their station in its service, shall be allowed by the court cel, indicating her national character, and the objects of adjudication, and defrayed, in the event of the vessel er voyage ; and, together with these, a certificate, being condemned, out of the proceeds of its sale. In Dove, of the visit, signed with his name, and speci- case of the acquittal of the vessel, the expenses, as above r his rank in the navy of his country, as well as the specified, of these witnesses, shall be defrayed by the

of the vessel commanded by him, together with government of the capturing officer. name and professional rank of the boarding officer VI. Whenever any capture shall be made under this on the said visit has been made.

convention, by the officers of either of the contracting is certificate shall also contain a list of all the pa- parties, and no national vessel of that country to which received from the master of the vessel detained, the captured vessel belongs is cruising on the same staited, as well as those found on board the said ves- tion where the capture takes place, the commander of It shall, also, contain an exact description of the the capturing vessel shall, in such case, either carry or n which the vessel was found when detained, and send his prize to some convenient port of his own counment of the changes, if any, which have taken try, or of any of its dependencies, where a court of vice in it, and of the number of slaves, if any, found on admiralty has jurisdiction, and there give it up to the at the moment of detention.

I competent authorities, for trial and adjudication. The 18.1. CONGRESS,

{

? 21 SESSION

Documents arrompanying the Presideni's Message. [ Sen. and U. of R. cap.ured vessel snali tuen be libelled according to the any such commanding officer shall be accused, by either practice of the court taking cognizance of the case; and, of the two governments, of having deviated, in any rein case of its being condemned, the proceeds of the sale spect, from the provisions of this convention, and the im. threof, and of its cargo, if also condenined, shall be paid structions of his own government, in conformity thereis: to th commander of the capturing vessel, for the bene- the government to which such complaint shall be address fit of the captors, to be distributed among them, accord.ec,agrees, hereby,'o make inquiry into the circumstances ing to 'he rules of their service respecting prize-money. of the case, and to inflict on the officer complained

VII. The commander and crew of any vessel captured in the event of his appearing to deserve it, a pumshment under this Convention, and sent in for trial, shall be pro adequate to his transgression. ceeded against conformably to the laws of the country X. The high contracting parties declare, that the nigir whereinto thev shall be brought, as pirates engaged in which, in the foregoing articles, they have each recipe the African Slave Trade; and it is further agreed, that cally concedeil, of detaining, visiting, capturing, u. any individual, being a citizen or subject of either of the delivering over for trial, the merchant ressels of the two contracting parties, who shall be found on board er, engaged in the African slave trade, is wholly and a any Vessel not carrying the flag of the other party, nor clusively grounded on the consideration of their baris belonging to the subjects or citizens of either, ut en made that !raffic piracy, by their respective laws; as gaged in the illicit traffic of slaves, and seized or con- further, that the concession of the said right, as guz demned on that account, by the cruisers of the other pared, limited, and regulated, by this convention, is nu ty, under circunstances which, by involving such indi- and understood by them neither to extend to, nor in z vidual in the guilt of slave-trading, would subject him to way to afleci, any other existing or eventual riget: the penalties of piracy, he shall be sent for tria hetore scarch, or of capture at sea ; in like manner as the bir the competent court in the country to which he belongs, of lielivery and adjudication, stipulated in this coses and the reasonable expenses of any witnesses belonging tion, is not intended by them to affect, in any way, to the capturing vessel, in proceeding to the place of ordinary modes of proceeding against vessels Caps. trial, during their detention there, and for their return to on the high seas, under the law of nations; and they doc their own country, or to their station in its service, shall, hereby agree and engage to use their influence, respect iu every such case, be allowed by the court, and defray-ively, with other maritime and civilized powers, t3 ed by the country in which the trial takes place.

end that the African slave trade may be generalls VIII. The right, reciprocally conceded by the two clared to be piracy, under the law of nations. contracting powers, of visiting, capturing, and delivering over for trial, the merchant vessels of the other, engaged (Irith Mr. Rush's No. 2, of March 15th, 1824 in the traffic of slaves, shall be exercised only by such Protocol of the first conference of the American 1.commissioned officers of their respective navies, as shall' tish Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade be furnished with instructions for excuting the laws of the 23d of January, 1824. their respective countries against the slave trade.

PESEST-Mr. Rush, · For every vexatious and abusive excrcise of this right,

Mr. Huskisson, the boarding officer and the commander of the capturing

Mr. Stratford Canning. or searching vessel shall, in each case, be liable, in costs It was agreed, after the communication and escr. and damages, to the master and owners of any merchant of the respective full powers, that the negotiation vessel delivered over, detained, or visited, by them, un- be carried on by conference and protocol, with the!. der the provisions of this convention.

on both sides, of annexing to the protocol any Whatever court of admiralty shall have cognizance of statement, which either party might consider Decks the cause, as regards the captured vessel in each case, as matter eitber of record or of explanation. the same court shall be competent to bear the complaint It was further agreed, that the slave trade stisof the master, or of any person on board, or interested in made the first subject of discussion; and that anri the property of her cargo, at the time of her detention ; on that head, which the parties might agrce ia drar and, on clear, indubitable proof being given to the court, up, should be formed into a separate conventigi of any vexation and abuse having been practised during submitted for ratification to the respective goverait the search or detention of the said vessel, contrary to the immediately on its conclusion, and without reitia provisions and meaning of this convention, to award rea- the state of the negotiation on other matters. sonable costs and damages to the sufferers, to be paid by The British Plenipotentiaries intimated their em the commanding or boarding officer convicted of such tion to receive from dir. Rush, in the first instance, 2 misconduct.

communication of the proposals intended to be born · The government of the party thus cast in damages and forward, successively, by his governinent, un costs, shall cause the amount of the same to be paid, in heads of the several questions, for the adjustpe. each instance, agreeably to the judgment of the court, which the negotiation had been opened!, in coo*** within twelve months from (and) after the date thereof. with the annexed memorandum, previously counc".

In case of any such vexation and abuse occurring in ed by him, (inarked A.) the detention or search of a ve sel detained under this 110 pursuance of this intimation, Mr. Rush, after convention, and not afterwards delivered over for trial, introductory remarks, explanatory of the views of the persons aggrieved, being such as are specified above, vernment upon this subject, communicated, in e or any of them, shall be heard by any court of admiralty the projet of a Convention, for effecting a syster of the country of the captors, before which they make operation between the United States and Great 1: complaint thereof, and the commander and boarding of with a view to the complete suppression of the " ficer of the detaining vessel shall, in each instance, be li-trade. able, as above, in costs and damages, to the complain. The British Plenipotentiaries, in receiving this F ants, according to the judgment of ibe court, and their observed, that they could not be expected to es government shall equally cause payment of the same to any opinion, as to its admissibility, either in whole be made, within twelve months from the time when such part, on a first perusal; to which observation the judgment shall have been pronounced.

can Plenipotentiary asseyted, and it was agteud.. IX Copies of t.is convention, and of the laws of both next conference should take place on Monday countries actually in force, for the prohibition and sup.cond of February. pression of the African slave traile, shall be furnished to

RICHARD RESH. every commander of the national vessels of either party,

W. HUSKISSOX, charged with the execution of those laws; and, in case

STRATFORD CAR

18th CONGRESS, ļ Documents accompanying the President's Message. [Sen. and H. of R.
211 SESSION. S
A.

Alter discussing these alterations in a general way, it
Memorandum referred to in the first conference.

was agreed that a formal consideration of the articles on

this subject, as produced on both sides, should take place 1. Commercial intercourse between the United States at the next correrence, to be fixed at as early a period as and the colonial possessions of Great Britain in America possible, with a view to the conclusion of a convention and the West Indies; and the claim of the United States satisfactory to cacl of the contracting parties. Ad. to the navigation of the river St. Lawrence.

journed. 2. Suppression of the slave trade.

RICHARD ROSU, 3. Boundary line under the fifth article of the treaty

W. TUSKISSON, of Ghent.

STRATFORD CANNING. in 4. Admission of consuls of the United States in the colonial ports of Great Britain.

| Protocol of the fifth conference of the American and British 5. Newfoundland Fishery.

Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, March 6. Ukase of his Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Rus.

92), 1824. musia, of September, 1821, with a view to an adjustment of

PRESENT-Mr. Rush, the boundaries between the United States and Great

Mr. Huskisson, Britain, on the northwest coast of America.

Mr. Stratford Canning. 7. Questions of maritime law, heretofore in discussion

The protocol of the preceding conference was read between the two nations; and, also, that of abolishing

ning over, and signed. privateering as between them.

The discussion which had taken place at the last con

ference, upon the subject of the slave trade, was renew. Protocol of the second conference of the American and Bri

, principally with reference to the first and tenth artilish Plenipotentiaries, assembled at the Board of Trade

cles of the counter-projet of the British Plenipoten. - on the 2d of February, 1824.

tiaries. PRESENT—Mr. Rush,

No satisfactory adjustment of the points at issue being Mr. Huskisson,

arrived at, it was agreed to meet again on the 11th inst. Mr. Stratford Canning.

for their further consideration. The protocol of the preceding conference was read

RICHARD RUSH,
E over, and signed.

W. HUSKISSON,
The British Plenipotentiaries stated that, after mature

STRATFORD CÁNNING. 37 consideration of the projet given in by Mr. Rush, at the

former conference, they were disposed to consent to the | Protocol of the sixth conference of the American and *reneral principle on wirich it rested, but that there were

British Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, Perious difficulties in the mode of carrying that principle oto effect, which they wished to point out and discuss

March 11th, 1824.

PRESENT-Mr. Riish, vith Mr. Rush, in the hope of arriving, with his assist.

Mr. Huskisson, nce, at some solution satisfactory to both parties.

Mr. Stratford Canning. ** The discussion which ensued, with a view to the re-1 The protocol of the preceding conference was read joval or modification of such provisions in the projet as

s over, and signed. were thought likely to render the proposed convention

| The points on the subject of the slave trade, which ore or less ineffectual, terminated in an agreement, on had been left undetermined at the last conference. le part of the American Plenipotentiary, after he had

were again brought under discussion; and, being, at piated his first impressions on the subject, to reconsider,

Jer; length, satisfactorily adjusted, it was determined that, Fiore at leisure, the points of his projet, which appeared at the next meeting, to be held on the 13th instant, the

biectionable to the British Plenipotentiaries; and, on business should be completed, by the signature of the eir part, to ascertain, by reference to the proper law

Convention, as agreed on. ficers, how far it might be practicable to obviate the

RICHARD RUSH, - gal difficulties on their side,

W. HUSKISSUN, - It was agreed to meet again on the 5th instant, and, in

STRATFORD CANNING. se of any further causes of delay arising in the consid. tation of the slave trade projet, to proceed at once with

Protocol of the seventh conference of the American and Cere next subject of negotiation, until these causes should

British Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, s removed.

March 13th, 1824.
RICHARD RUSII,
W. HUSKISSON,

PRESENT--Mr. Rush,

Mr. Huskisson,
STRATFORD CANNING.

Mr. Stratford Canning.

The protocol of the preceding conference was read Lotocol of the fourth conference of the American and Bri- over, and signed.

Plenipotentiaries, held at the Board of Trade, Feb. In pursuance of the agreement entered into at the last 6th, 1824.

conference, the Convention on the subject of the slave PRESEXT-Mr. Rush.

trade was produced ; and, being found, on perusal, to be, Mr. Huskisson,

in all respects, satisfactory to the Plenipotentiaries on Vir. Stratford Canning.

both sides, received their respective signatures. be protocol of the preceding conference was read. The protocol of the present conference was, also, ir, and signed.

read over, and signed. everal points connected with the propositions brolight

RICHARD RUSH, vard by the American Plenipotentiary, in the previous

W. HUSKISSON, ferences, were informally discussed, with a view to

STRATFORD CANNING. lanation, and, if possible, to the removal of difficulon both sides.

IN SENATE. L e British Plenipotentiaries communicated a count !

Friday, April 30, 1824. - Gnarked C.,) comprising the principal altera- Tbc Message, Convention, and Documents, were read. hich iher proposed to introduce into the articles ! Ordered, That they be referred to the Committee on

have trade, presented by Mr. Rush, and annexed Foreign Relations, to consider and report thereon, and de protocol of Drotocol of the first conference.

be printed under an injunction of secrecr. Vol. 1-C.

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18th CONGRESS,

CONGRESS, Documents accompanying the President's Message. [Sen. and H. of R. 2d SESSION. S Message from the President of the United Stors, trans in the act, but merely its consolidation with all the other

mitting additional Documents relative to the Convention slave trade regulations in one general act, which is in with Great Britain for the suppression of the African tended to be brought in before the close of this sessia Slave Trade.

of Parliament, in order that the British officers may be

furnished with one comprehensive code of instrnction of TO THE SEXATE OF THE UNITED STATES :

this subject. I communicate to the Senate copies of additional Do

I have the honor to be, &c. &c. cuments, relating to the Convention for the suppression

GEORGE CANNING. of the African Slave Trade, which have this day been

Henry UNWIN ADDINGTON, Esq. &c. received at the Department of State.

JAMES MONROE. Washington, 7th May, 1824. .

AN ACT for the more effectual suppression of the

African Slave Trade.
LIST OF PAPERS.

March 31,1824 Letter from Mr. Rush to the Secretary of State, 1st

Whereas it is expedient to make further provision fro April, 1824.

1994 suppression of the African slave trade, by enacting that perse: Letter from Mr. Huskisson to Mr. Rush, 1st April, 1824.

cominitting the offences hereinafter specified, shall be deemet Letter from the British Secretary of Foreign Affairs to land adjudged to be guilty of piracy : Be it therefore enter Mr. Addington; communicated by Mr. Addington.

by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the adau Act of Parliament, of 31st March, 1824, declaring the and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Cor African Slave Trade piracy.

mons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the sot

rity of the same, That, if any subject or subjects of his Mayer Mr. Rush to Mr. Adams.

or any person or persons residing or bemg with any of the do

minions, forts, settlements, factories, or territories, 109 | London, 1st April, 1824. | hereafter belonging to his Majesty, or being in his Wojny | Sin: I have now the honor to transmit. In the shape ocenpation or possession, or under the government of the le in which it has received the royal assent, a copy of the

ed Company of Merchants of England trading to the East ! British act of Parliament making the slave trade piracy. L in force permitted, after the first day of January, ove these

dies, shall, except in such cases as are, in and by the lani It was sent to me to-day by Mr. Huskisson, with a note, I eight hundred and twenty-five, upon the high seas, or te of which a copy is enclosed. It passed the House of haven, river, creek, or place, where the admiral has just Lords the day before yesterday, by an unanimous vote. tion, knowingly and wilfulls carry away, convey, or remote

In addition to the explanation which Mr. Huskisson af- aid or assist in carrying away, conveying or relDormg, more forded me, of the clause at the end of the act, both him- son or persons as a slave or slaves, or for the purpose & self and Mr. Secretary Canning have since stated to me, her, or their, being imported or brought a3 a slave orien that a further reason fop it was, that a consolidation of into any island, colony, country, territory, or place, tak this act with all the other British slave trade laws and re

er, or for the purpose of his, her, or their, being sold, 1913* gulations, is in contemplation, perhaps in the course of said first

red, used, or dealt with as a slave or slaves; or shall, s

of Januarr. one thousand eiglat hundred and ! the present session of Parliament, with a view to give ty-five, except in such cases as are, in and by the laws *** the British naval officers one comprehensive code of in: I force, permiited, upon the high seas, or within the juran structions under them.

aforesaid, knowingly and wilfully ship, embark, reten: Iliave the honor to be, with very great respect, your tain, or confine, or assist in shipping, embarking, recetas, obedient servant,

RICHARD RUSH. taining, or confining, on board any ship, vessel, or barn llon. J. Q. Adams, Secretary of State.

person or persons, for the purpose of his, her, or ther,"

carried away, conveyed, or removed, as a slave or slaves, Mr. Iluskisson" to Mr. Rush.

the purpose of his, her, or their, being imported or braut,

a slave or slaves, into any is.and, colony, country, tert Board of Trade, April 1st, 1824. place, whatsoever, or for the purpose of his, her, or the M, DEAR SIR: I have the satisfaction to transmit to

ing sold, transferred, used, cr dealt with, as a slave erle you three copies of the bill, which received the Royal

thon, and in every such case, the person or persons to assent yesterday, for declaring slave-trading to be pi

ing, shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of pimey, learn

rading to be pio robbery; and, being convicted thereof, shall suffer door racy. These copies are, the bill as printed for the House of|

out benefit of clergy, and loss of lands, ghouls, and che

pirates, felons, and robbers upon the seas, ought to the Lords, in which shape, as no amendment was made in

shape, as no amendment was made in II. Provided always, and it is hereby further enhet that House, it received the royal assent; but some few declared, That nothing in this act contained, makm, days will elapse before it can be published in the usual

claring the aforesaid offences to be piracies, felonies, soul form, among the laws of the pr sent session.

ries, shall be construed to repeal, annul, or alter, ty I have the honor to be, dear sir, your very faithful

sions and enactments of any other act or acts contact obedient servant,

W. HUSKISJON:

posing forfeitures and penalties, or either of them, ** Richard Rush, &c. &c.

same offences, or to repeal, annul, or alter, the remeira; for the recovery thereof; but that the said provisions

medies shall, in all respects, be deemed and taken to Mr. Canning to Mr. Addington.

remain in full force, as they existed immediately benen Foreign Office, April 2, 1824.

passing of this act: Provided, also, that nothing here Sir: I here with enclose to you several copies of the

tained shall be construed to repeal, apnul, or alter, **! bill which has now passed into a law, affixing to the

cpactments or provisions contained in an act passed in

first year of his late Majesty, intituled " An net for crime of carrying on the slave trade by British subjects, | more eff-ctual an act made in the forty-seventh year the pains and penalties attached to piracy.

jesty's reign, entitled 'An act for the abolition of ! You will lose no time in calling on Mr. Adams, and trarle;" except so

trade;" except so far as such enactments or pror " communicating this act of Parliament to bim, in proof of

tered or varied by this act, but that the said acts the anxiety of his Majesty to carry into early and effec

other respects, remain in full force and effcet. . tual execution the convention lately concluded on this

III. And be it further enacted and icelared, That subject by the United States; and, witi reference to

every the offences, hereinbefore specified, shall an that clause in the act wlich provides for possible altera- the provisions of an act passed in the twenty-eigben

inquired of, either according to the orrlinary equrse a tion in the course of the session, you will explain to the reign of King I{enry the Eightli, intituled "An aer American Minister that this clause has in view no change or according o the provisiods of an aci passed 10

act for

*

1814 CONGRESS, Documents accompanying the Presiaen

[Sen. and H. of R. 2d Session. S year of the reign of his late Majesty King George the Third, whole or part, or navigated for, or in behalf of, any citi. entitled “ An act for the more speedy trial of offences com- zen or citizens of the United States, shall land from any mitled in distant parts upon the high seas.”

such ship or vessel, and on any foreign shore seize, any IV. And be it further enacted, íhat this act may be amend

negro or mulatto, not held to service or labor by the ed, altered, or repealed, by any act or acts to be passed in this

laws of either of the states or territories of the United present session of Parliament.

States, with intent to make such negro or mulatto a

slave, or shall decoy, or forcibly bring, or carry, or shall IN SENATE,

receive, such negro or mulatto, on board any such ship

Saturday, May 8, 1824. lor vessel, with intent as aforesaid, such citizen or person Mr. Barbour, from the Committee on Foreign Rela- shall be adjudged a pirate, and on conviction thereof, tions, to whom was referred, on the 30th April, the Mes before the circuit court of the United States for the dissage of the President of the United States of that daie, trict wherein lie may be brought or found, shall sufler together with the Convention with Great Britain, report- | death. ed the same without amendment. The said Convention “Sec. 5. And he it farther enacted, That, if any citi. was read the second time.

zen of the United States, being of the crew or ship's Wednesday, May 12. 1824. company of any foreign ship or vessel, engaged in the The Senate proceeded to consider, as in committee of slave trade, or any person whatever, being of the crew the whole, the Convention with Great Britain, concluded or ship's company of any ship or vessel, owned wholly at London, the 13th March. 1824: and Ordered. That it or in part, or navigated for, or in behalf of, any citizen or lie on the table.

citizens of the United States, shall forcibly confine or Thursday, May 13, 1824. detain, or aid and abet in forcibly confining or detaining, The Senate resumed, as in committee of the whole, on board such ship or vessel, any negro or mulutto, not the consideration of the Convention between the United

nsideration of the Convention between the United held to service by the laws of either of the States or Ter. States and Great Britain, and Mr. Barbour proposed the ritories of the United States, with intent to make such following amendment thereto, which was read:

negro or mulatto a slave, or shall, on board any such “ Art. XI. This Convention shall continue in force ship or vessel, offer or attempt to sell, as a slave, any until one of the parties shall bave declared its intention / negro or mulatto, not held to service as aforesaid, or to renounce it ; which declaration shall be made at least

shall, on the high seas, or any where on tide water, six months beforehand.”

transfer or deliver over, to any other ship or vessel, any Monday, May 17, 1824. negro or mulatto, not held to service, as aforesaid, with The Senate resumed, as in committee of the whole, intent to make such negro or mulatto a slave, or shall the consideration of the Convention with Great Britain. 7 land, or deliver on shore from on boarel any such ship or together with the amendment proposed on the 13th in- / vessel, any such negro or mulatto, with intent to make

stant; and, on motion, Ordered, That the further consi- / sale of, or having previously sold, such negro or mulatto I deration thereof be postponed to, and made the order of as a slave, such citizen or person shall be adjudged a the day for, Wednesday nexi.

pirate ; and, on conviction thereof, before the Circuit

Court of the United States for the district wherein he IN SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

may be brought or found, shall suffer death.” May 21, 1824.

And on the 28tb February, 1823, the House of Repre. Message from the President of the United States.

sentatives, by a majority of 131 to 9, passed a resolution

to the following effect : " TO THE SENATE OF THE U. STATES :

Resolved, That the President of the United States Apprehending, from the delay in the decision, that be requested to enter upon, and prosecute, from time w some difficulty exists with the Senate, respecting the to time, such negotiations with the several maritime

ratification of the Convention lately concluded with the powers of Europe and America, as he may deem expeBritish Government for the suppression of the slavedient, for the ellectual abolition of the African slave trade, by making it piratical, I deem it proper to comtrade, and its ultimate denunciation as Piracy under the municate, for your consideration, such views as appear law of nations, by the consent of the civilized world." to me to merit attention. Charged, as the Executive is, By the act of Congress above referred to, whereby and I bave long been, with maintaining the political re the most effectual means that could be devised were

Jations between the United States and other nations, 1 adopted, for the extirpation of the slave trade, the wish to consider it my duty, in submitting for your advice and of the United States was explicitly declared, that all e consent, as to the ratification, any treaty or convention nations might concur in a similar policy. It could only

wnich has been agreed on with another power, to ex-be by such concurrence that the great object could be la plain, when the occasion requires it, all the reasons accomplished; and it was by negotiation and treaty, mbe which induced the measure. It is by such full and frank alone, that such concurrence could be obtained, comhere and explanation, only, that the Senate can be enabled to mencing with one power, and extending it to others. se discharge the high trust reposed in them with advantage The course, therefore, which the Executive, who had

to their country. Having the instrument before them, I concurred in the act, bad to pursue, was distinctly markwith the views which guided the Executive in forming ed out for it. Had there, however, been any doubt reit, the Senate will possess all the light necessary to a specting it, the resolution of the House of Representasound decision.

tives, the branch which might, with strict propriety, exBy an act of Congress of 15th May, 1820, the slave | press its opinion, could not fail to have removed it. trade, as described by that act, was made piratical, and l By the Tenth article of the treaty of peace between all such of our citizens as might be found engaged in the United States and Great Britain, concluded at Ghent, that trade, were subjected, on conviction thereof, by the it was stipulated that both parties should use their best circuit courts of the United States, to capital punish- endeavors to accomplish the abolition of the African ment. To communicate more distinctly the import of slave trade. This object has been, accordingly, pursued that act, I refer to its fourth and fifth sections, which are by both Governments, with great earnestness, by scpain the following words :

rate acts of legislation, and by negotiation, almost unin. “Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, if any citi.terrupted, with the purpose of establishing a concert be. zen of the United States, being of the crew or ship's tweeii them, in some measure, which miglit secure its company of any foreign ship or vessel, engaged in the accomplishment. slave trade, or any person whatever, being of the crew Great Britain, in her negotiations with other powers, or ship's company of any ship or vessel, owned in the had concluded treatics with Spain, Poriugal, and the

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