Proceedings of the United States Senate, on the Fugitive Slave Bill: The Abolition of the Slave-trade in Th District of Columbia, and the Imprisonment of Free Colored Seamen in the Southern Ports: with the Speeches of Messrs. Davis, Winthrop and Others

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Press of T. R. Marvin, 1850 - 68 頁
 

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第 26 頁 - The moment the incapacity, the disqualification of slavery, was removed, they became persons, and were then either British subjects, or not British subjects, according as they were or were not born within the allegiance of the British King.
第 26 頁 - State are born citizens of the State. The Constitution extended the elective franchise to every freeman who had arrived at the age of twenty-one, and paid a public tax; and it is a matter of universal notoriety, that, under it, free person's, without regard to color, claimed and exercised the franchise, until it was taken from free men of color a few years since by our amended Constitution.
第 4 頁 - Charleston, unless admitted to bail by the said Judge or Recorder; and upon conviction thereof by any Court of competent jurisdiction, shall be sentenced to banishment from the State, and to such fine and imprisonment as may be deemed fitting by the Court which shall have tried such offence.
第 26 頁 - According to the laws of this State," says Judge Gaston, in delivering the opinion of the court, "all human beings within it, who are not slaves, fall within one of two classes. Whatever distinctions may have existed in the Roman laws between citizens and free inhabitants, they are unknown to our institutions. Before our Revolution, all free persons born within the dominions of the King of Great Britain, whatever their color or complexion, were native-born British subjects — those born out of his...
第 27 頁 - The term citizen, as understood in our law, is precisely analogous to the term subject in the common law ; and the change of phrase has entirely resulted from the change of government. The sovereignty has been changed from one man to the collective body of the people, and he who before was a subject of the king is now a citizen of the state :
第 58 頁 - ... pay the expenses of his detention; and, in case of his neglect or refusal so to do, he shall be liable to be indicted, and, on conviction thereof, shall be fined in a sum not less than one thousand dollars and imprisoned not less than two months; and such free negroes or persons of color shall be deemed and taken as absolute slaves, and sold in conformity to the provisions of the act passed on the twentieth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and twenty, aforesaid.
第 4 頁 - Resolved, That the emissary sent by the State of Massachusetts to the State of South Carolina, with the avowed purpose of interfering with her institutions, and disturbing her peace, is to be regarded in the character he has assumed, and to be treated accordingly. Resolved...
第 27 頁 - An act declaring who shall be deemed citizens of the commonwealth, and also all children wheresoever born, whose fathers or mothers are or were citizens at the time of the birth of such children, shall be deemed citizens of this commonwealth...
第 4 頁 - That any person or persons who shall, on his, her, or their own behalf, or under color or in virtue of any commission or authority from any State or public authority of any State in this Union, or of any foreign Power...
第 2 頁 - States declares that the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states...

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