網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

alienable right to Liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” I therefore believe it to be a great crime to deprive any innocent human being of an “inalienable right;" and a sin against God of no ordinary magnitude to turn the “temple of the Holy Ghost” into an article of merchandise, or, in the nervous language of Whittier,

“To herd with lower natures the awful form of God.”

I also acknowledge that, in these days, when a cowardly, shortsighted, unprincipled expediency too often usurps the place of truth and duty, I wished all, especially the youth of my country, to see that the founders of our Republic—Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and others—were always and earnestly on the side of Freedom as opposed to Slavery; and that most of our wisest and best men and ablest writers—poets, essayists, historians, divines—down to the present day, have taken the same high Christian ground. I acknowledge, too, that I love, as I humbly hope, truth and honesty, and hate all shams, whether in politics, morals, or religion; and that, in the preparation of my book, I felt it to be my duty to represent my authors fairly; to set forth what has chiefly characterized their writings; to let them speak out the deep feelings of their heart. To do this in many cases, I could not, simply as an honest man, but bring into view their anti-slavery opinions and principles as shown in their writings and actions. I say this not apologetically; for I trust that I shall never be given over to do a deed or say a word to conciliate the favor of the slaveholder, or of his more guilty Northern apologist. I know very well that there are some books that pretend to give a full and fair view of American authors, but from which are very scrupulously excluded every anti-slavery sentiment from the writings of those most known as anti-slavery men. But could I be so dishonest as well as mean as to act thus, to keep out of view the most warmly“herished sentiments of my authors as well as my own, in the hope of greater pecuniary gain, or to secure favor and commendation from the friends and champions, lay or clerical, of our “pecu. liar institution,”—no one could despise me half so much as I should despise myself.

1 1 Cor. vi. 19.

I was also blamed by some for not introducing more Southern authors into my book. But, in the preparation of the work, I never thought or cared what was the latitude of the writer's birth, but only what were his merits. In my second edition, having sixty new names, I introduced a few more Southern writers, numerically, but not more in proportion; for if seven-eighths of our most eminent poets, historians, essayists, and theologians would be born in the free States, I see not how I could help it; and, having had nothing to do with the arrangement, I do not see exactly how I am to be blamed for it."

In this third edition no additional matter, of course, has been introduced, as the work is stereotyped; but a few typographical errors have been corrected, and the Index has been carefully and thoroughly revised and reset.

In conclusion, I would make my most grateful acknowledgments to those—and they are many—who made various friendly suggestions for the improvement of my humble volume. They will see that in most cases their views were partially if not wholly adopted; and if I did not avail myself of their hints in all cases, it was simply because I could not do so consistently with my own taste and judgment. But I do not the less appreciate their true kindness, and the interest they manifested in my book; and I am sure that, knowing the many difficulties that beset one, on every side, engaged in such a work,+the diversities of taste, the dif ferences of judgment, the mass of material to be selected from, the various considerations to be taken into account in admitting or rejecting both writers and selections,—they will look upon the result of my labor now completed, with kindliness, if not with

commendation. CHARLES D. CLEVELAND. Phil Adelphi A, August 18, 1859.

Of the one hundred and sixty-eight authors in my book, forty-eigl t were born in Massachusetts; twenty-five in New York; twenty-three in Connecticut; seventeen in Pennsylvania; eleven in Maine; six in New Hampshire; six in Virginia; five in Maryland; four in New Jersey; four in South Carolina; three in Vermont; three in Rhode Island; three in Scotland; two in Ohio; one in Delaware; one in Louisiana; one in Michigan; one in Africa; one in Bermuda; one in Ireland; one in South America; and one in the West Indies.

CONTENTS.

Jon AthAn edwards: Paas Francis Hopkinson : Paan

Biographical Sketch.......... ----------------. 25 | Biographical sketch.......................... 59

His Religious Feelings....................... . 25 Specimen of a Collegiate Examination. 60

His Resolutions........------------------------. 26 On White-Washing......... ------------------- so

The Freedom of the Will.................... 31 Mistake rersus Blunder...................... 65

The Permission not tho Production of The Battle of the Kegs........ ------- ....... 66

Evil........ -------------------------......... 32

JAMES WILSON:

- Brex.JAMIN FRANKLIN: Biographical Sketch........................... 68

William B. Tappan's Lines on.............. 33 | The Excellence of our Constitution...... 69

Biographical Sketch........................... 33 The People the Source of all Power..... 69

First Entrance into Philadelphia......... 33 The Anti-Slavery Character of the Con-

On the Return of Peace..................... 38 stitution...................... -------------. 71

The Way to Wealth.............-------------- 38

The Whistle....... --------- --------- -------- ... 41 || Thiovi AS JEFFERSON:

A Parable against Persecution............ 42 Biographical Sketch...... --------------------- 72

Turning the Grindstone............ -------. 43| The Rights of Man............................ 7

Memorial to Congress on Slavery......... 4 Passage of the Potomac through the

- Blue Ridge................................. 75

Jolix witherspoon : Influence of Slavery........................... 76

Biographical Sketch............. ------------ ... 45 A Decal gue of Canons for Practical

The Pernicious Example of the Stage. '46 Life........................................... 77

- Character of Theatrical Representations 47 His Dying Council............................. 77

character of Actors......................... 47

Principles Regulating Money.............. 48 || BEN.JAMIN RUSii:

Biographical Sketch........ ------------------- 7

george W.AsiiiNGTON: Female Education.............................. 79

Biographical Sketch.......................... . 49 The Use of Tobacco........................... 81

Waledictory Counsels of Washington.... 50 | The Bible as a School-Book................ 82

The Brotherhood of Man.................... 52

Providence ruling the Affairs of Na- LINDLEY MURRAY:

tions............. --------------------------- ... 52 Biographical Sketch........................... 84

Pleasures of Private Life.......... --------- . 53 Moderation in One's Desires.............. . 85

Slavery................ ---------------------....... 53 Employment Essential to Health......... Rio

Virtue and Happiness............... --------. 54 The Blessings of Affliction.................. 80

Agriculture................---------------------- 54

War.............................----------------- . 55 dAvid RAMSEY:

Biographical Sketch........................... 87

Jolix ADAMS: Washington resiguing his Commission 88

Biographical Sketch........................... 55

Mrs. Adams's Letter to her Husband JOHN TRUMBULI, :

(note)....... .........---------------------- 56 Biographical Sketch..........-----------...... 89

Meditates the Choice of Hercules......... 57 | The Fop's Decline..............“...... 90

The Fourth of July. ....................... ... 38 The Belle.......................“..... ... 91
John Tru Mibu i.i.: Paos A Lex ANDER II A Milton : Pags

An Appeal for the Union.................... 100
N0A II WropSTER:

ST. GEORGE TUCKER: Biographical Sketch........................... 139

Biographical Sketch........................... 101 The Hartford Convention................... 141

Days of my Youth............................. 101 Origin of Language........................... 142

TIMOTIiy DWIGHT: ALEXANDER WILSON:

Biographical Sketch........................... 102 Biographical Sketch........................... 144

Duelling.......................................... 10:2 Pleasures in contemplating Nature...... 145

The Notch of the White Mountains..... 104 The Bald Eagle................................. 146

The Goodness of God as manifested in Tho Mocking-Bird.............................. 148

Creation.................................... 105

Goffe, the Regicide............................ 106 || JOHN QUINCY ADAMS:

Evening after a Battle........................ 107 Biographical Sketch.................. --------- 149

I Love thy Kingdom, Lord.................. 107 The Gospel a Gospel of Liberty and

Peace......................................... 152

Phili, IP FRENEAU: . The Value of the Bible............... ------- 155

Biographical Sketch........................... 108 The Hour-Glass................................. 156

The Dying Indian.............................. 109

The Wild Honeysuckle...................... Ill JOSEPH DENNIE:

The Prospect of Peace........................ 111 Iłiographical Sketch........................... 157 -

May to April.................................... 112 Account of the “Portfolio” (note)........ 157

Night.............................................. 108

PhilliS Wii EAT LEY PETERS: Jack and Gill: a Criticism.................. 160

Biographical Sketch........................... 113

Lines on the Death of Dr. Sewall......... 114 JOHN M. MASON:

On the Death of an Infant.................. 115 Biographical Sketch........................... 164

A Farewell to America....................... 115 Hamilton's Death.............................. 165

Politics and Religion.......................... lim

JOEL BARLOW : Character of Hamilton....................... 168

Biographical Sketch........................... 117 Gospel for the Poor............................ 1to

The Hasty Pudding........................... 118

To Freedom...................................... 119 JOSEPH IIOPKINSON:

Biographical Sketch........................... 17

John M.Arsii Ai, l, : Ilail, Columbia................................. 170

Biographical Sketch........................... 120

Character of Washington................... 121 | CHARI.ES BROCKDEN BROWN:

Biographical Sketch........................... 17.2

ALEXANDER IIA MII.TON: The Pestilence of 1798........................ 172
Biographical Sketch........................... 123 Perilous Encounter with a Panther..... 1:5

« 上一頁繼續 »