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What in the first instance was considered the most cruel murder and rob. bery, in following years was called eonquest, and the spoil a just acquisi. tion; hence the people who viewed the robber Nimrod, on the commencement of his career, with horror and detestation, in following years, viewed the same Nimrod metamorphosed to a monarch, not only with cringing servility, but with sycophantic, adulation ; (I had almost said adoration) such is the servile, abject, hypocritical nature of man, But we need not go to the early ages of the world, to ascertain the origin of monarchy and aristocracy. The case of Bonaparte* presents itself, to prove to a demonstration, the villany of mon. archy, and the servility of man. Like. wise Christophe, the negro emperor of St. Domingo, who has recently been

* Had this mighty man acted the patriotic part George Washington acted, or had he taken the salu. tary advice I gave him, when he was first Consul of France, perhaps there would not be at this time a roy. al tyrant, a right hon. villain, or a right rev. impostor in Europe.

metamorphosed from an obscure subal. tern, to à sable monarch. In order to account for the many bloody and brutal wars, which have been the curse and disgrace of humanity from time im. memorial, we have only to consider, how natural it was for these bands of robbers, who parcelled out the earth among themselves, and called it their individual property, to quarrel with each other about their claims. Hence, the chief robber or king, commanded his creatures, to go and murder and be murdered by those they never saw, and from whom they never received the least injury: when their opponents view their hostile approach, they also “ Cry havoc, and let slip the dogs of war.» Hence, the earth has so often been fattened with whole hecatombs of human beings, to gratify the pride, the ambition, the vanity of a few miscreants.

Although my mind is impressed with far more interesting matter, than that which is merely political, I cannot, ne. vertheless, forego suggesting a few thoughts on that subject, which may be instructive, although I have not the most distant expectation of their being productive of general utility. Were kings to rob their fellow mortals of their property, and spare their lives and liberty, the innovation would not be so great; but, alas! this is not the case. As a punishment to the people for their servility and abject adoration of their cruel kings, and a just re-action of Providence for their usurpation and tyranny, we always find kings torturing kings, armies murdering armies, and robbers robbing robbers, the conqueror considering the conquered his property. Pu. gilists always require only an acknow. ledgment of being vanquished, on the part of the conquered, to restore har. mony: but not so with kings; after they have murdered their thousands, they enslave their tens of thousands, and doom their noble as well as ignoble prisoners to torture or to death. O the perfection of villany! the scenes of borror, the mountains of human carnage this wretched world groans under, which angels blush to behold!

There are many servile and syco. phantic wretches, even in America, who plead the cause of kings, and apologize for their brutality; and even have the impudence to bring forward the Scriptures of truth to consolidate their assertions. But this is only one instance* in millions, where man has become vain in his imagination, and has called sweet bitter, and bitter sweet; put right for wrong, and wrong for right; truth for error, and error for truth. Such men in kingdoms I pity, although I despise their principles; because the prejudice of education is so great, that it is next to impossible to erase it from their minds, even by the worst of ty. ranny. But in republics, such men de.

serve to be cashiered; because they · have not the excuse of ignorance to

• This brings to my recollection the assertion a person made in my presence a few years ago, namely, that the American government was not to be compared with the British; and that taxes in America were far greater than those in Britain. I will not pass a reflection on his principles or expressions, as every free man will indignantly feel, what delicacy forbids me to express.

plead in their favour. Many religionists, profess to be the friends of peace, and yet support with all their power, gov. ernments, or rather monarchs, who for a feather do plunge their fellew worms into all the horrors of war. Surely this inconsistency exhibits a baseness of heart, an bypocrisy of pretension, which reason would shudder at, and religion disown. So effectually has the tyran. ny and antiquity of custom domineered over the minds of even what are called religious men, that it seems almost im. possible to reform their political condi. tion. Most men are afraid to think of, much less vindicate their natural rights : hence we may fairly conclude, that most men in despotic governments, do not think for themselves, and are, there. forė, under the influence of the prejudice of education, and not opinion : and we cannot wonder at it, when we remember that the object of tyrannical gov. ernments, (in order to stretch taxation to excess, and circumvent the mouth of labour) is to plunge nations into all the horrors of war, shackle the press, ex

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