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The Scriptures, from first to last, prove by the most indubitable testi. mony, that Christ died to redeem (with. out partiality) the whole human race. It is expressly declared, that he died for the ungodly and sinners; as therefore, all are sinners till regenerated by the influence of his holy Spirit, he must most assuredly have died for us all. It may be queried, if he died to enlighten us all, how comes it to pass, so large a majority of the human fami. ly remain in total intellectual darkness? I answer, because they shut their eyes against the light. How absurd it would appear, for any man to assert, that the sun at noon-day gave no light, because there were a number of stubborn individuals, voluntary prisoners in a dungeon, where no light could come, and of course in total dark, ness! The sun does his part by illuminating all persons who do not hide themselves from his golden light: it is exactly so with the Son of Righteous. ness, who is arisen to all, and shines with heavenly lustre upon all but such
supremely ungrateful rebels, who shut themselves out from the light, and ca.: lumniate the holy Spirit by which it is manifested to a guilty, ruined world. If therefore, such rebels are doomed to eternal darkness, the impartiality of Jehovah should not in justice be impeached, but the obduracy and ingratitude of man. All necessary means and measures are abundantly provided, for the temporal and eternal happiness of man, by the boundless mercy of God; if, therefore, he is unhappy, either here or hereafter, it is his obduracy and ingratitude makes him so.
The doctrine of the universality of Christ's death, which Scripture, reason, and even common sense unanimously consolidate, seems to be so obvious to the meanest capacity, that it is almost wasting time to attempt to elucidate it by argument. I would ask, Is it not more reasonable (even leaving Scripture testimonyout of the question) to believe, that “ Christ, by the grace of God, tasted death for every man," as the bible plainly declares, than that
he died only for one in about every thousand of the human family, which predestinarians always virtually, and sometimes positively declare. The simplicity of my argumentation, although as plain as A B C to the humble Christian, will no doubt be hid from the wise and prudent of this world, and their pompous, pedantic, dignified clergymen. However, it is now as it has always been, namely, Christ for the augmentation of the glory of his grace, and that doctors of divinity might not have whereof to boast, manifests his truth to the humble and illiterate, and confounds the wisdom of the wise by their argumentation. Many well disposed, and even learned persons, who abhor the doctrine of unconditional reprobation as impious as well as antiscriptural, are at a loss to conceive, how those who live in remote parts of the world, and never heard of the Saviour's sufferings and resurrection, can participate the merits of his death; which I will endeavour to shew, in the subsequent arguments.
We have already proved, both from Scripture and reason, that Christ tasted death for allmen, of all complexions and countries, and hath given to every man, whether European, Asiatic, African, or American, a certain day of visitation, pouring upon his benighted soul, the light of his spirit; by this means making it possible, both for all kinds of men, and each man of every kind, to partake the fruit of the Savi. our's death. “Christ is the true light, that enlightens every man that cometh into the world;" those who have not heard the gospel, as well as those who have heard it. Christ by his spirit and grace calls, entreats, invites, alarms the unbaptized, as well as the baptized infidel, in order to bring him to a sense. of his misery, and save him therefrom. This spirit, when not resisted, works the salvation of some heathens, and would work the salvation of all. To those who thus resist, Christ becomes a savor of death unto death; but con- . demns none but those who continue to resist his grace and holy Spirit, and to
whom he really made an offer of sálvation. This doctrine, which is the complete antipode of the doctrine of our opponents, greatly exalts the merits and universality of Christ's death; seeing it is applicable to the wants of all men, every where under the sun, and is the source of every good and perfect gift, the radical cause both of the conviction, the conversion, sanctification, and glorification of the poor penitent sinner. It removes the cause of despair, and encourages the vilest sinner to hope in the mercy of God; 6 to cease to do evil, to learn to do well,” that the good spirit may abide with him, and lead him to all truth and righteousness. It is a great means of convincing infidels of the truth and certainty of the Christian religion, as it tallies with their own experience; because, there is not one of them on the face of the earth, but at one time or another has had.visitations from the Spirit of Truth, reproving them for sin, and filling them with hor. ror at the consequences thereof, and promising peace and happiness, on re