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man, not corrupted by political apostacy, to warn his fellow citizens of the danger and deformity of despotism. From this consideration, I enlarge this part of our subject more than I at first contemplated. I have hut one good qualification for the task, and that is sincerity; and I may add, an indepen. dent spirit. I feel the most earnest desire, to exhibit to the indiscriminate inspection of the young people of the United States, the deformity of monarchy; that they may properly appre. ciate the liberty purchased by their fathers, and handed down to them as a most sacred deposit. I wish to vindicate the cause of man, because in so doing I plead the cause of God. I in. tend to enlarge this subject, in a fourth edition, with additions, of my - Charms of Benevolence, and Patriotic Mentor," in a few months, God willing. This work lays near my heart; and although thousands of the good people of America are insensible of its importance, I tremble even to think of the consequences of this insensibility. Most assuredly, this indifference was the radical cause of the annihilation of all the republics in the world, our own solitary one excepted.
The ground, evacuated by the friends of liberty, through lassitude and indifference, is instantly occupied by the votaries of despotism; and thus, by the lassitude of the one party, and the assiduity of the other, the bloody flag of despotism too often surmounts the cap of liberty; and when once an aris, tocratical or monarchical party gets a firm footing in a country, they cannot be conquered, but by the most dreadful struggles. The most resolute courage, unshaken patriotism, and unanimity of principle, can only make victory in such a case even possible. It is a thousand times easier to guard the avenues to the temple of liberty, than to expel the assailants when once they have taken possession of it. Hence, in the above edition, which will contain about
to shew the dan. ger, of the friends of liberty being in. sensible to danger; and that the citadel
of liberty has been already insidiously attacked by the votaries of despotism, in the United States. Witness colonel A. B's conspiracy, and the assurance and temerity of a certain Christian depomination, who even petitioned the legislature to have their church esta. blished by law, in preference to all others, as in England. Witness, finally, the thousands of aristocratical cleri. cal and scholastic teachers, as well as authors, in the bowels of our happy republic. One primary cause I would assign for the many corps of aristocratical young men to be found in our country, is legislative negligence relative to the education of our youth. I beg leave to subjoin a paragraph from my last publication, relative to this subject; utility more than method being my object
“ One thing, I have often thought, would be extremely beneficial to our solitary republic; and that is, for each individual state to establish a public seminary, to be supported at the public expence, where republican principles might be inculcated upon the javenile mind, and where a polite as well as patriotic education might be gained, at a very moderate expence. The most central part of the state should be chosen for such a seminary; and above all, republican teachers should be chosen by the legislature : for it is a lamentable fact, that most of our celebrated scholastic, as well as ecclesiastic teachers are rank tories; and too often, both by precept and example, teach their pupils and congregations to be such. Was such a patriotic institution organized upon an economical plan, our citizens might give their boys a finished education at one hundred dollars per aðnumi, boarding, washing, &c. includ: ed. The famous Lycurgus, the Spartan lawgiver, considered this part of the duty of á patriotic legislature, of the last importance, and it would be well for them to have his plan of public education in their view, when they deliberate upon the importance of the present proposition. In a particular manner; 1 would humably take the lik
erty, with distinguished defèrence, to suggest to his excellency governor Sny. der, the great utility of the
present plan I am emboldened to take this liberty, from the view I have of his recent mes. sage to the legislature of Pennsylvania. The public prints have been, for a long time, teeming with invectives and vul. gar abuse of their patriotic first magistrate ; while slander with her hundred mouths, and a trumpet at each mouth, bas exulted in the degeneracy of disappointed office-hunters, who reprobate even the man of their choice, because he will not be their dupe : however, his late message gave the lie in form, to these political calumniators; and shows in the most distinguished point of view, the ingenuity of his bead, as well as the generosity and patriotism of bis heart. The sentiments of the president of the United States, are in unison with mine on this important subject. I will take the liberty to subjoin a quotation from bis recent message to congress, which will elucidate, as well as give force to the present proposition, viz.