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strengthen and confirm our faith in him., bly signed and sealed: faith is confirmed,

There are two Sacraments ordained and grace increased by virtue of prayer of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is ioluoto God. The Baptism of young chilsay, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord. dren is in any wise to be retained in the

Those five commonly called Sacra- Church as most agreeable with the instiments, that is to say, Confirmation, Pe- tution of Christ. nance, Orders, Matrimoiy, and Extreme Art. XXVIII. Of th Lord's Supper. Unction, are not to be counted for Sa- The Supper of the Lord is not only a craments of the Gospel, being such as sign of the Love that Christians ought bave grown, partly of the corrupt fol- to have among themselves one to anolowing of the Apostles, partly are states ther ; but rather it is a Sacrament of our of life allowed by the Scriptures; but Redemption by Christ's death : inson yet have not like nature of sacraments much that to such as rightly, worthily, with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, and with faith receive the same, the for that they have not any visible Sign Bread which we break is a partaking of or ceremony ordained of God.

the Body of Christ; and likewise the The Sacraments were not ordained of Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carri- Blood of Christ. ed about, but that we should duly use Transubstantiation (or the change of them. And in such only as worthily re- the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the ceive the same, they have a wholesome Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved effect or operation : but they that re. by Holy Writ; but it is repugnani to the ceive them unworthils, purchase to plain words of Scripture, overthroweth themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith. the nature of a Sacrament, and hath Art. XXVI. Of the unworthiness of the given occasion to many superstitions.

Ministers, which hinders not the effect of The Body of Christ is given, taken, the Sacraments.

and eaten in the Supper, only after an Although in the visible Church the heavenly and spiritual manner. And the evil be ever mingled with the good, and mean whereby the Body of Christ is ree sometime the evil have chief authority ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. in the ministration of the Word and Sa- 'The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper craments: yet, forasmuch as they do was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, not the same in their own name, but in carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Christ's, and do minister by his Com- Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not mission and Authority, we may use their of the body of Christ in the Use of the Ministy, both in hearing the Word of God, and in receiving the Sacraments. The wicked, and such as be void of a Neither is the effect of Christ's Ordi- lively faith, although they do carnally vance taken away by their wickedness, and visibly press with their teeth (as St. nor the grace of God's gifts diminished Augustine saitli) the Sacrament of the from such, as by faith, and rightly, do Body and Biood of Christ ; yet in no receive the Sacraments ninistered unto wise are they partakers of Christ; but them, which be effectual, because of rather to their condemnation do eat and Christ's institution and promise, al- drink the Sign or Sacrament of so great though they be ministered by evil men. Ja thing.

Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Art. XXX. Of both Kinds. Discipline of the Church, that inqui- The Cup of the Lord is not to be derý be made of evil ministers, and nied to the Lay-People : for both the that they be accused by those that have parts of the Lord's Sacrament by knowledge of their offences: and finally (Christ's Ordinance and Commandment, being found guilty, by just judgment, ought to be ministered to all Christian be deposed.

Art. XXVII. Of Baptism. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblution of Baptism is not only a sign of profes- Christ finished upon the cross. sion, and mark of difference, whereby The offering of Christ once made, is Christian men are discerned from others that perfect redemption, propitiation, that be not christened: but it is also a and satisfaction for all the sins of the sign of Regeneration, or new Birth, whole world, both original and actual ; whereby, as by an in tr.ment, they that and there is none other satisfaction for receive Baptism rightly are grafted into sin, but that alone. Wherefore the Sa. the Church : the promises of the forgive-crifice of Masses, in which it was conaness of sin, and of our adoption to be the monly said, that the Priest did ofiter sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visi-'Christ for the quick and the dead, te

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bave remission of pain or guilt, were 2. Against peril of Idolatry. blasphemous fables, and dangerous de- 3 of repairing and keeping clean of oeits.

Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. 4. Of good Works: first of Fasting.

Bishops, priests, and deacons, are not 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkennesk. commanded by God's Law, either to 6. Against Excess of Apparel. vow the estate of single life, or to abstain

7. Of Prayerfrom Marriage: therefore it is lawful 8. Of the place and Time of Prayer. for thein, as for all other Christian men, 9. That Common Prayers and Sacra to marry at their own discretion, as ments ought to be ministered in a they shall judge the same to serve bet- known Tongue. ter to godliness.

10. Of the reverent Estimation of Art. XXXIIL Of excommunicate Per God's Word. sons, how they are to be avoided. .

11. Of Alms-doing. That person which by open denuncia- 12. Of the Nativity of Christ. tion of the Church, is rightly cut off from 13 of the Passion of Christ. the Unity of the Church, and excommu- 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. nicated, ought to be taken of the whole 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Samultitude of the faithful, as an Hea- crament of the Body and Blood of then and Publican, until he be openly Christ. reconciled by penance, and received in- 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Gbost. to the Church by a Judge that hath au- 17. For the Rogation-days. thority thereunto.

18. Of the State of Matrimony. Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the 19. Of Repentance, Church.

20. Against Idleness. U is not necessary that Traditions and 21. Against Rebellion. Ceremonies be in all places one, or ut

(This Article is received in this terly like; for at all times they have Church, so far as it declares the books been divers, and may be changed ac- of Homilies to be an explication of cording to the diversity of countries, Christian doctrine, and instructive in times, and men's manners, so that no- piety and morals. But all references to thing be ordained against God's word. the constitution and laws of England Whosoever, through his private judg. are considered as inapplicable to the cirment, willingly and purposely doth cumstances of this Church, which also openly break the Traditions and Cere suspends the order for the reading of monies of the Church, which be not re- said Homilies in Churches until a repugnant to the word of God, and be provision of them may be conveniently dained and approved by common autho- made, for the clearing of them, as well rity, ought to be rebuked openly (that from obsolete words and pbrases, other may fear to do the like) as he that from local references.) offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth The Authority of Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bithe Magistrate, and woundeth the con

skor: and Ministers.

The Book of Consecration of Bishops, kiences of the weak Brethren.

Every particular or National Church and ordering of Priests and Deacons, hath Authority to ordain, change, and as set forth by the General Convention abolish Ceremonies or Rites of the of this Church in 1792, doth contain all Church, ordained only by man's autho- things necessary to such consecration mity, so that all things be done to edifying. that, of itzeli, s superstitious and ungod

neither hath it any thing The second Book of Homilies, the seve-fly: and, therefore, whosvever are conral titles whereof we have joined, under secrated or ordered according to said this Article, doth contain a godly and form, we decree all such to be rightly

, wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for orderly, and lawfully consecrated and these Times, as doth the former Book ordered. of Homilies, which were set forth in the Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil time of Edward the Sixth ; and there

Magistrates. Core we judge them to be read in Church- The power of the Civil Magistrate er. es by the Ministers diligently and dis- tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Lajtinctly, that they may be understanded ty, in all things t'mporal ; but hath no of the people.

authority in things purely spiritual. of the Names of the Homilies. And we hold it to be the duty of all med 1 of the right Use of the Church. who are professors of the Gospel, to pay

respectful obedience to the civil autho-Jalms to the poor, according to his ability, rity, regularly and legitimately consti- Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Orth. tuted.

As we contess that vain and rash Art. XXXVIII. of Christian men's

swearing is forbidden Christian men by Goods, which are not common.

our Lord Jesus Christ, and James his

Apostle : so we judge that Christian ReThe Riches and Goods of Christians ligion doth not prohibit, but that a man are not common, as touching the right, may swear when the Magistrate requirtitle, and possession of the same, as cer- eth, in a cause of Faith and Charity, so tain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Not- it be done according to the Prophets withstanding, every man ought of such teaching in Justice, Judgment, and things as he possesseth, liberally to give Truth.



MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING, AND CONSECRATING BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS, According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the

United States of America, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, in General Convention, in the wonth of September, A. D. 1792.

THE PREFACE. I is evident unto all men, diligently reading boly Scripture and ancient Author,

that from the Apostles' time there bave been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which offices were evermore had in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of dhem, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with Imposition of Hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted there anto, according to the Form hereafter following, or bath had Episcopal Con

secration or Ordination. And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except be be of the age

which the Canon in that case provided may require. And the Bishop, knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any Per

son to be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the boly Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may, at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit bin

Deacon, in such danner and Form as followeth.

The Form and Manner of making Deacons. When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitied Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of

Christ, and also how the Pecple ought to exteem them in their Office. TA Priest shall present unto the Bishop,

$ The Bishop: ble, such as desire to be ordained Dea- TAKE

heed that the persons cons, each of them being decently ha- whom ye present unto us, be bitev, saying these words:

apt and meet for their learning REVEREND Father in God, and godly conversation, to exer:

I present unto you these per-cise their Ministry, duly to the sons present, to be admitted Doa-honour of God, and the edifying cons.

of bis Church

found clear of that Crime.

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The Priest shall answer:

The Epistle. 1 Tim. iä. 8. I Have inquired concerning LIKEWISE must the Deacons

them, and also examined them, And think them so to be.

be grave, not double-tongued,

not given to much wine, not $ Then the Bishop shall say unto the greedy of filthy lucre ; holding People :

the mystery of the faith in a pure BRETHREN, if there be any conscience. And let these also

of you, who knoweth any im- first be proved; then let thene pediment, or notable crime in any use the Office of a Deacon, being of these persons presented to be found blameless. Even so musi ordered Deacons, for the which their wives be grave, not slanderhe ought not to be admitted to ers, sober, faithful in all things. that office, let him come forth in Let the Deacons be the husbands the name of God, and show what of one wise, ruling their Children the crime or impediment is. and their own Houses well. For And if any great Criine or Impediment they that have used the Office of be objecten, the Bishop shall cease a Deacon well, purchase to them. from Ordering

that Person, until such selves a good degree, and great time as the Party accused shall be boldness in the faith which is in $ Then the Bishop (cummending such as Christ Jesus. shall be found meet to be Ordered, to " Or else this, out of the sixth Chaplo the Prayers of the Congregation) shall, of the Acts of the Apostles. with the Clergy and People present,

Acts, yi. 2. say the Litany. 1 Then shall be said the Service for the THEN the Twelve called the Communion, with the Collect, Epistle,

multitude of the disciples unand Gospel, as followeth.

to them, and said, It is not reason The Collect.

that we should leave the word of ALMIGHTY God, who by thy God, and serve tables. Where

Divine Providence hast ap-fore, brethren, look ye out among pointed divers Orders of Minis- yon seven men of honest report, iers in thy Church, and didst in- full of the Holy Ghost and wiss spire thine Apostles to choose dom, whom we may appoint over into the Order of Deacons the this business. But we will give first Martyr Saint Stepben, with ourselves continually to prayer, others; mercifully behold these and to the ministry of the Word. thy servants now called to the like And the saying pleased the whole Office and Administration ; so re- multitude. And they chose Ste plenish them with the truth of phen, a man full of faith and of thy. Doctrine, and adorn them the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and with innocency of life. that both Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Tiby word and good example they mon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas may faithfully serve thee ir, this a proselyte of Antioch: whom Office, to the glory of thy name, they set before the Apostles; and and the edification of thy Church, when they had prayed, they laid through the merits of our Saviour their hands on them. And the Jesus Christ, who liveth and word of God increased, and the reigneth with thee and the Holy number of the disciples multiplied Ghost, now and for ever. Amen. in Jerusalem greatly, and a great

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