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the triumphant entry of Suwarrow into the Polish capital, and the insult offered to human nature, by the blasphemous
thanks offered up to Heaven, for victories obtained over men fighting in the sacred cause of liberty, by murderers
and oppressors, are events generally known.
NOTE k, p. 40.
The shrill horn blew.
The negroes in the West Indies are summoned to their
morning work by a shell or horn.
NOTE 1, p. 41.
How long was Timour's iron scepre sway'd ? To elucidate this passage, I shall subjoin a quotation from the preface to Letters from a Hindoo Rajah, a work of elegance and celebrity.
“ The impostor of Mecca had established, as one of the
principles of his doctrine, the merit of extending it “ either by persuasion, or the sword, to all parts of the “ earth. How steadily this injunction was adhered to by “his followers, and with what success it was pursued, is
« well known to all who are in the least conversant in his
“ The same overwhelming torrent which had inundated “the greater part of Africa, burst its way into the very “ heart of Europe, and covered many kingdoms of Asia
6 with unbounded desolation, directed its baneful course to
“ the flourishing provinces of Hindostan. Here these “ fierce and hardy adventurers, whose only improvement « had been in the science of destruction, who added the
“ fury of fanaticism to the ravages of war, found the great “ end of their conquests opposed, by objects which neither “ the ardour of their persevering zeal, nor savage bar« barity, could surmount. Multitudes were sacrificed by the cruel hand of religious persecution, and whole coun
6 tries were deluged in blood, in the vain hope, that by
« the destruction of a part, the remainder might be per
“ suaded, or terrified, into the profession of Mahomedism;
" but all these sanguinary effects were ineffectual; and at
“ length, being fully convinced, that though they might 5 extirpate, they could never hope to convert, any number “ of the Hindoos, they relinquished the impracticable idea
“ with which they had entered upon their career of con
See the description of the Cape of Good Hope, trans
lated from CAMOENS, by MICKLE.
NOTE n, p. 43.
While famish'd nations died along the shore. The following account of British conduct, and its consequences, in Bengal, will afford a sufficient idea of the fact
alluded to in this passage.
After describing the monopoly of salt, betel nut, and tobacco, the historian proceeds thus : Money in this cur
rent came but by drops; it could not quench the thirst " of those who waited in India to receive it. An expedi
ent, such as it was, remained to quicken its pace. The
“ natives could live with little salt, but could not want
“ food. Some of the agents saw themselves well situated
“ for collecting the rice into stores ; they did so. They “ knew the Gentoos would rather die than violate the prin“ ciples of their religion by eating flesh. The alternative “ would therefore be between giving what they had, or
dying. The inhabitants sunk ;-they that cultivated the “ land, and saw the harvest at the disposal of others,
planted in doubt scarcity ensued. Then the monopoly
was easier managed-sickness ensued. In some districts “ the languid living left the bodies of their numerous dead « unburied.” -Short History of the English Transac,
tions in the East Indies, page 145.
NOTE 0, p. 44.
Nine times have Brama's wheels of lightning hurld
Among the sublime fictions of the Hindoo mythology, it is one article of belief, that the Deity Brama has descend
ed nine tiines upon the world in various forms, and that he
is yet to appear a tenth time, in the figure of a warrior upon a white horse, to cut off all incorrigible offenders. Avatar is the word used to express his descent.