Defence of usury: shewing the impolicy of the present legal restraints on the terms of pecuniary bargains. To which is added, a letter to Adam Smith, on the discouragements opposed by the above restraints to the progress of inventive industry
T. Payne, and Son, 1787 - 206 頁
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able advantage afford againſt allow already amount bargain becauſe better body borrower buſineſs called caſe cauſe cent circumſtance claſs common courſe deal effect efficacy equal extraordinary fact favour firſt fixing former give given ground hand himſelf hope horſes individual inſtance itſelf judge juſt land leaſt lend lender leſs liberty look loſs matter means miſchief moſt muſt natural neceſſary never obſerve occaſion opinion ordinary particular parties perhaps perſons poſition practice preſent pretty prodigality projectors projects proof proper purchaſe purpoſe queſtion rate of intereſt reaſon receive regard reſtraints ſame ſay ſecurity ſee ſelling ſhall ſhould Smith ſome ſort ſtand ſtate ſtill ſubject ſuch ſupport ſuppoſe taken theſe thing thoſe tion trade uſe uſury whoſe worth
第 131 頁 - If the legal rate of interest in Great Britain, for example, was fixed so high as eight or ten per cent, the greater part of the money which was to be lent would be lent to prodigals and projectors, who alone would be willing to give this high interest.
第 164 頁 - The statesman, who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself...
第 15 頁 - For him who takes as much as he can get for the use of any other sort of thing, a house for instance, there is no particular appellation, nor any mark of disrepute : nobody is ashamed of doing so, nor is it usual so much as to profess to do otherwise. Why a man who takes as much as he can get, be it six, or seven, or eight, or ten per cent, for...
第 38 頁 - But the fact is, he cannot get it at that lower rate. At a higher rate, however, he could get it: and at that rate, though higher, it would be worth his while to get it: so he judges, who has nothing to hinder him from judging right; who has every motive and every means for forming a right judgment; who has every motive and every means for informing himself of the circumstances, upon which rectitude of judgment, in the case in question, depends.
第 4 頁 - I have been accustomed to lay down to myself on this subject is the following one, viz. that no man of ripe years and of sound mind, acting freely, and with his eyes open, ought to be hindered, with a view to his advantage, from making such bargain, in the way of obtaining money, as he thinks fit: nor, (what is a necessary consequence) anybody hindered from supplying him, upon any terms he thinks proper to accede to.
第 96 頁 - ... the objections to getting money in general, were pretty well overruled: but still this Jewish way of getting it, was too odious to be endured. Christians were too intent upon plaguing Jews, to listen to the suggestion of doing as Jews did, even though money were to be got by it. Indeed the easier method, and a method pretty much in vogue, was, to let the Jews get the money any how they could, and then squeeze it out of them as it was wanted.
第 132 頁 - Where the legal rate of interest, on the contrary, is fixed but a very little above the lowest market rate, sober people are universally preferred, as borrowers, to prodigals and projectors. The person who lends money gets nearly as much interest from the former as he dares to take from the latter, and his money is much safer in the hands of the one set of people, than in those of the other. A great part of the capital of the country is thus thrown into the hands in which it is most likely to be...
第 98 頁 - ... and notwithstanding the uncommon pains he had bestowed on the subject of generation, had never been able to discover, in any one piece of money, any organs for generating any other such piece.
第 15 頁 - Why a man, who takes as much as he can get, be it six, or seven, or eight, or ten per cent for the use of a sum of money, should be called usurer...