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J. W. Vance, 96th Ohio, and Lt.-Col. , spectator, and saw plainly every thing that Webb, 77th Illinois, killed. Repeat- vigorously. The musketry firing was ‘loud

took place. The battle was progressing ed attempts to rëform our disheart and continuous; and, having recovered ened men, so as to present a fresh froin the danger experienced by Ransom's barrier to the enemy's victorious ad- division, we felt secure of the position. I

was slowly riding along the edge of a vance, proved of no avail. The wood, conversing with a friend, who had Press (Philadelphia) had a corre

just ridden up, about the events and pros

pects of the day. We had drawn into spondent watching the fight, who thus the side of the

wood to allow an ammunireports its melancholy finale: tion wagon to pass; and, although many

were observed going to the rear, some on " The reader will understand that our foot and some on horseback, we regarded it forces were in an open space-a pine-wood as an occurrence familiar to every battle, clearing—that our line of advance was one and it occasioned nothing but a passing resingle, narrow road; and that, having made mark. the attack ourselves, we found the enemy “I noticed that most of those thus wildly superior, and were compelled to make a de- riding to the rear were negroes, hangers-on, fensive fight. There were other troubles. and serving-men; for, now that we have The country was so formed that artillery gone so deeply into this slaveholding counwas almost useless. We could not place a try, every non-commissioned officer has a battery without exposing it in a manner servant, and every servant a mule. These that suggested madness; and yet we had people were the first to show any panic; the guns, and were compelled to fight them. but their scamper along the road only gave A further disadvantage was to be found in amusement to the soldiers

, who pelted them the long trains that followed the different with stones and whipped their fiying anidivisions. The cavalry had the advance; mals with sticks to increase their speed. immediately behind, came the baggage- Suddenly, there was a rush,

shout, the wagons, moving in a slow, cumbersome crashing of trees, the breaking down of rails, manner, and retarding the movements of the rush and scamper of men. It was as the infantry. This made it impossible for sudden as though a thunder-bolt had fallen us to have our divisions in supporting dis- among us and set the pines on fire. What tance; and, when the time came for that caused it, or when it commenced, no one support, it could not be rendered. Gen. knew. I turned to my companion to inBanks perceived this at once; but it was quire the reason of this extraordinary protoo late to remedy it, and he was compelled ceeding; but, before he had a chance to to fight the battle in the best manner pos- reply, we found ourselves swallowed up, as sible. Ransom's division had been engaged it were, in a hissing, seething, bubbling and routed. Cameron's division was in the whirlpool of agitated men. We could not thickest of the fight. Gen. Franklin had avoid the current; we could not stem it; arrived on the field, and a division of his and, if we hoped to live in that mad commagnificent corps, under Gen. Emory, was pany, we must ride with the rest of them. pushing along rapidly. Gen. Banks person- Our line of battle had given way. Gen. ally directed the fight. Every thing that | Banks took off his hat and implored his men man could do he did. Occupying a position to remain ; his staff-officers did the same: so exposed that nearly every horse ridden but it was of no avail. Then the General by bis staff was wounded, and many killed, drew his saber and endeavored to rally his he constantly disregarded the entreaties of men ; but they would not listen. Behind those around, who begged that he would | him, the Rebels were shouting and advancretire to some less exposed position. Gen. | ing. Their musket-balls filled the air with Stone, his chief of staff

, with his sad, earnest that strange, file-rasping sound that war has face, that seemed to wear an unusual ex made familiar to our fighting men.

The pression, was constantly at the front, and teams were abandoned by the drivers, the by his reckless bravery did much to encour traces cut, and the animals ridden off by age the men. And so the fight raged. The the frightened men. Bareheaded riders enery were pushing a temporary advan- rode with agony in their faces; and, for at tage. Our army was merely forming into least ten minutes, it seemed as if we were position to make a sure battle.

going to destruction together. It was my “ Then came one of those unaccountable fortune to see the first battle of Bull Ran, events that no genius or courage can con and to be among those who made that celetrol. I find it impossible to describe a brated midnight retreat toward Washingscene so sudden and bewildering, although ton. The retreat of the 4th division was I was present; partly an actor, partly a as much a rout as that of the first Federal

EMORY STOPS THE REBELS AT PLEASANT GROVE.

541

army, with the exception that fewer men | the 2d, Gen. McMillen, in reserve; wero engaged, and our men fought here the 161st N. York, Lt.-Col. Kinsey, with a valor that was not shown on that serious, sad, mock-heroic day in July." 12 being thrown out in advance as skir

Gen. Emory, advancing behind mishers; Lee's and Franklin's flying Franklin, had been early advised columns being allowed to pass that matters were dubious at the through and form (if they would) front, and directed to take a position behind the living rampart thus erectwherein to stop the mischief. Ad ed. vancing four miles farther, he halted Hardly was Emory's formation his division at PLEASANT GROVE, completed when the flushed Rebels three miles behind Sabine Cross- came headlong on, driving in our roads, and disposed it for the emer- skirmishers pell-mell, and charging gency. It held the western edge of up the slope as though there were a wood, with an open field in front, only the routed fugitives from the sloping toward Mansfield; and here Cross-roads before them. Their left Gen. Dwight formed his (1st) bri- overlapping our right, Gen. McMil. gade across the road, with the 3d, len was thrown forward on that Col. Lewis Benedict," on his left; wing, and our fire reserved until

" A grumbling private of the 83d Ohio thus triangle, leaving the base open, anıl at tlie apex sums up his view of this affair:

planting their artillery. Our advance marched “The battle was shockingly managed. It directly into the triangie, having the two wings

of the Rebel forces on either side of them. was, no doubt, a surprise on the General commanding. lle endeavored to charge the enemy

These wings were speedily connected, compel. with a baggage-train, but it did n't work. * * * ling our forces to retreat or surrender. The batGens, Banks and Franklin did n't believe there

teries above mentioned, consisting of 20 pieces was any force in our front but a few skirmish- in all, were now captured, together with nearly ers, and, by their incredulity, lost the day.”

all their officers and men. The Chicago Mercan

tile battery was capturel entire, and I am in. A letter to The Missouri Republican has the formed that all her officers and men sell into the following:

hands of the enemy. The 4th division, 13th About 3 P. M., when within two miles of corps, 2,800 men, unter Gen. Rinsom, and Gen. Mansfield, the advance, consisting of cavalry,

Lee's cavalry, about 3,000 strong, and the batartillery, and the 4th division, 13th army corps,

teries above mentioned, were the forces in adwhile marching through a dense pine forest, vance of tho wagon-train. These forces fought there being a thick undergrowth of pines on desperately for a while, hut gave way to the cither side of the road, were attacked by the Re-i superior numbers of the Rebels, and retreated bels in great force, on buth blanks and in front. in great precipitation. The scene of this retreat The engagement soon became general: the Re. i beggars all description. Gen. Franklin said of bels suddenly opening with artillery and mus

it, that ‘Bull Run was not a circumstauce in ketry, charging our surprised and panic-stricken comparison.' Gen. Ransom was wounded in columns with terrific yells, evincing a daring the knee, but rode of the field before he was and determination worthy of a better cause. compelled, by loss of blood, to dismount. Capt. Gen. Banks and Gen. Franklin hurried to the Dickey, of Gen. Ransom's staff, was shot through front, and were in the thichest of tho fight. the head and killed instantly Ilis body The artillery was specilily put in position at the

was left on the field. The position of the wagextremo front, and, for a while, did excellent on-train in the narrow road was the great blunservice. Finding the front rather tov dangerous der of the affair. The rear was completely for Major-Generals, Banks and Franklin return blocked up, rendering the retreat very dițicult, ed to the rear of the wagon-train, just in time to and, in fact, alınost impossible. Cavalry horses savo themselves from capture, as the Rebels were dashing at full speed through the rouls, pressed upon both sides of our army with endangering infantry and other pedestrians more crushing effect. A ball passed through Gen. | than Rebel musketry: the retreat having beBanks's hat. Every thing was soon in the come so precipitate that all attempts to make a wildest confusion; the wagon-train, hring in the stand, for a while, seemed impossible. rear and in the narrow road, attempted to turn “The immense baggage and supply train of round to fall back, and completely blocked up | Gen. Lee's caralry, consisting of 269 wagons, the way, cutting off the advance both from a nearly all fell into the hands of the enemy, toway of retreat and from reenforcements. The gether with the mules attached thereto." Robels had formed in the shape of an isosceles 1s Of Albany, N, Y.

they were close upon our line; when retreat, after burying his dead and a deadly volley swept them down caring for his wounded, and only like grass; Gen. Mouton being reaching our new position at 83 among the killed.

But, though A. M." somewhat astonished, they were not Thus far, we had fought against dismayed; their superiority in num- fearful odds-odds that need not, bers more than counterbalancing our therefore, should not, have been enadvantage of position. For an hour countered. At Pleasant Hill, the and a half, the fighting continued at case was somewhat altered. Gen. close quarters, till darkness arrested Smith had arrived and halted here it—all the enemy's impetuous charges at night, as had Col. Dickey's Black having been repelled by the steady brigade; swelling Banks's forces to valor of our men ; their losses being fully 15,000 men. But for yesterday's at least double ours. Emory's divi- disasters, it might have been nearly sion had saved our army, and prob- 20,000. Our line of battle was formably our fleet also."

ed with Franklin's three brigades in Smith's veterans were still behind. front, supported by Smith's, whereTo remain on the ground watered of the 2d, composed of the 14th, 27th, with the blood of both armies was to and 32d Iowa, and the 24th Missouri, fight again at daylight with half our under Col. Wm. T. Shaw, 14th Iowa, force against every fighting Rebel were formed directly across the main between Shreveport and the Missis- road to Shreveport, whereon the Resippi. To retreat would enable the bels must advance, along the thinly worsted foe to claim a second victory. wooded brow of a slight acclivity, Banks preferred the substance to the half a mile west of the gentle emishadow, and fell back unmolested nence and petty village of Pleasant during the night 15 miles, to PLEAS-IIill; though the bulk of our army ANT IIill: Gen. Emory covering the was formed, and most of the

14 The Chicago Tribune's correspondent says: we emerged into a more open piece of woods, we

“ About a half a mile from the field, the 3d came upon Emory's division, of the 19th corps, division, 13th corps, under Gen. Cameron, came forming in magnificent order in line of battle up and forined in line of battle; and here two across the road. guns of the Mercantile battery were put in posi Opening their ranks to permit the retreating tion and opened with good effect upon the ene forces to pass through, each regiment of this my. For a short time, it seemed as if a success fine division, closing up on the double-quick, fus rally would be made at this point; but the quietly awaited the approach of the Rebels; effort was in vain. The entire strength of the and, within less than five minutes, on they came, 3d division on the field was only 1,600 men, and, screaming and firing as they advanced, but still after a short and courageous resistance, the line in good order and with closed ranks. All at gave way. A chieck, liowever, had been given once, from that firm line of gallant soldiers that to the panic, and many of the troops formed into now stood so bravely between us and our pursquads and continued the retreat in better order. suing foes, there came forth a course of rever. Efficient aid was also rendered by Col. Robinson, berating thunders that rolled from flank to flank commanding a cavalry brigade detailed to guard in one continuous peal, sending a storm of leadthe trains. wlio, hearing the rapidly approaching en hail into the Rebel ranks that swept them firing, hastened with a large portion of his com back in dismay, and left the ground covered mand to the front, and, wheeling into line in with their killed and wounded. In vain the Reperfect order, delivered a most destructivo vol- bels strove to rally against this terrific fire. At ley into the Rebels, who were swarming in the every effort, they were repulsed; and, after a road, and then fell back in good order. For full short contest, they fell back, evidently most ter, a mile from the place where Cameron's division ribly punished. "It was now quite dark, and had met us, the retreat was continued; the Re- each party bivouacked on the field.” bels following closely upon our heels, and keeping up a continuous fire, when, all at once, as April 9.

66

15

TIE REBELS BEATEN AT PLEASANT HILL.

543

row.

fighting took place, on the right gade. It could hardly have found of the road: our left being refused, one more able or willing to meet · with strong reserves posted upon it." and around Pleasant IIill, to be At 4 P. M., the Rebel skirmish-fire used as circumstances should dic- had seemed suddenly to increase and tate.

become general; but it soon died The Rebels had followed our re- away almost wholly, as if the courage treating column from Pleasant Grove, to attack had failed. But a few mibut not sharply; and they, from about nutes elapsed, however, till our skir11 A. M., cautiously skirmished and mishers were driven in by two chargfelt of our lines, to find a weak point, ing columns, advancing obliquely while their forces were coming up against our left center, and striking and getting into position, till about 4 heavily Emory's 3d brigade, Col. P. M., before making a serious attack. Lewis Benedict, which, after fighting Meantime, Banks had dispatched his desperately, gave way, and was slowtrains and heavy artillery, guarded ly pushed back on our reserves : but by most of our cavalry, with the not till Col. Benedict had been Black troops and the remains of Ran-wounded. Emory's 1st and 2d brisom's pulverized division, on the road gades were soon enveloped on three to Grand Ecore; thus weakening our sides in overwhelming force and force at the front, in the belief that crowded back; the enemy now passthey would not attack till the mor- ing our right and center in eager

Our remaining brigade of cav- pursuit, and pressing on nearly to alry, Col. O. P. Gooding, had been | Gen. Smitli's position in reserve ; sent out to reconnoiter a mile or two when, after an exchange of several on the road to Shreveport, and had vollers, he was charged in turn by been roughly handled. But now, a Smith's Western veterans, led by Rebel battery opened, and their in- Gen. Mower, and by Emory's divifantry advanced; when, their inten- sion, now formed on their right, and tion of turning our right becoming fairly routed ; part of the foe being manifest, Emory's 3d brigade, Col. driven two miles: the 49th Illinois, Benedict, inoved to the support of Maj. Morgan, rushing upon one of his 1st on that flank, and Shaw's their batteries, taking two of its guns, brigade of Smith's corps aforesaid and 100 prisoners. The 58th Illinois, moved forward and took its position brigaded with the 89th Indiana and in our front; so that, when the ene- 119th Illinois, striking the enemy in my charged in carnest, the brunt flank, rötook one of our lost batteries, of the fight fell on this gallant bri- and captured 400 prisoners, with 6

16 A newspaper correspondent on the field i tryman had selected his vietin, anıl, waiting writes:

till the three or four hundred were within "Col. W. T. Shaw, commanding the 2d bri- about forty yards, the 11th Iowa emptied gade, zu division, 16th corps, deserves great nearly every saddle as quickly as though the credit for the able manner in which he suppresses order had been given to dismount. Rebel cavalry charges. Col. Sweitzer of the * Out of this Rebel caralry regiment, not Texas cavalry, undertook to break Col Shaw's more than ten men escaped; and the whole lines by a charge. Orders were given to 'Re movement was done with that terrible deathserve your fire, boys, until he gets within alacrity which the science of war teaches, and thirty yards, and then give it to him! As the awful reality of which the eye alone can dethe cavalry dashed on at a gallop, each infan- 'scribe to the soul."

war.

caissons and their horses." Gen. M. | manding,” though Kirby Smith was
M. Parsons, of Mo., was among the commander of the department, and
Rebel killed. The fall of the brave probably not so far off as Shreveport
Col. Benedict-wounded a second -after claiming 21 guns, 2,500 pris-
time, and now mortally, as he charg- oners, 250 wagons, and many stands
ed at the head of his brigade, with a of colors, as trophies of the preced-
shout of triumph on his lips—was ing day's triumph, is only able to
part of the cost of this undeniable say this of the battle of Pleasant
victory.

Hill :
That the battle of Pleasant Hill

“The gallant divisions from Missouri and was bravely fought against odds in Arkansas, unfortunately absent on the 8th

instant, marched 45 miles in two days, to numbers and dearly won by our share the glories of Pleasant Hill. This was soldiers, is not fairly disputable; emphatically the soldiers' victory. In spite though the fact that Gen. Banks de- of the strength of the enemy's position, held

by fresh troops of the 16th corps, your valor cided to follow, before morning, that and devotion triumphed over all. Darkness considerable portion of his army

closed one of the hottest fights of the which, before it commenced, he had dawned upon a flying foe, with our cav

The morning of the 10th instant started, guarding his trains, on the alry in pursuit, capturing prisoners at every road to Grand Ecore, has thrown step.” some haze over the result. But Pol

No prisoners [we took at least lard—who always claims a Rebel 500]; no guns [we took several]; no victory where it is possible to do so colors; no trophies of any kind

-makes no victory out of this; while nothing but the fact that Banks reDick Taylor—who addresses the Re- treated after the battle, is cited to bel army as “Major-General com- give color to a Rebel claim of tri17 The New York Herald's correspondent says:

struction. Hundreds fell dead and dying before

that awful fire. “At twenty minutes past 5, the enemy ap “Scarcely had the scething lead left the guns peared on the plain at tho edge of the woods, when the word · Charge l' was given, and 7,000 and the battle commenced: our batteries open- brave mon precipitated themselves upon the ng upon him with case-shell as ho marched at shattered ranks of the enemy. Emory's dividouble-quick across the field to the attack. sion, which had only yielded to superior num

“Our left, Col. Benedict's brigado, camo into bers, and remained unbroken, now rushed foraction first; and our right and center were en ward and joined the 16th corps, driving the Regaged soon after. The battle now raged fiercely: bels rapidly down the hill to the woods, where the air was full of lead and iron, and the roar they broke and fled in the greatest confusion of musketry and artillery incessant. The car and dismay. nage on both sides was fearful: the men lighting “ Col. Benedict, whilo gallantly leading his almost hand to hand, and with great despera- brigade in the charge, fell dead, pierced by five tion.

balls. “Nothing could exceed the determined brave “The battle was fought, and the victory won. ry of our troops; but it was ovident Emory's Our troops followed the Rebels until night put division was fighting the whole Rebel army. an end to the pursuit. Pressed at all points by overwhelming numbers, “In the last charge, wo rëcaptured Taylor's our line fell back up the hill to the 16th corps, battery, which had beon lost in the earlier part which was concealed just behind the crest. of the action, and rëtook two guns of Nim's Taylor's battery for a time fell into the hands battery, which had been lost in the battle of the

preceding day. The 10-pounder Parrott gun, “General Smith made all preparations to re which the Rebels captured last fall at Carrion ceive the advancing foe; and, as the human tide Crow, was also retaken. came rolling up the hill, he looked quietly on “Five hundred prisoners, all the dead and until the enemy were almost up to the muzzles wounded, three battle-standards, and a large of his guns; when a sheet of flame flashed along number of small arms, fell into our hands. his lines, and, with the crash of ten thousand “Our victorious army slept upon the battlethunders, musket-balls, mingled with grape and field, which was one of the bloodiest of the canister, swept the plain like a besom of de war."

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