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whelming strength from all our forces with Kinney's battery-were seriousin that part of Kentucky, resolved to ly engaged; but the 12th Kentucky, anticipate it;' and, at midnight after and two or three Tennessee regiments, the next day,' advanced with his en- reached the field just as the day was tire available force, consisting of six won by a charge of the 9th Ohio on Tennessee, one Alabama, and one our left ilank with fixed bayonets, Mississippi regiments of infantry, six supported by a galling fire from the cannon, and two battalions of cav- | 2d Minnesota in front, under which alry, to strike and surprise the three the Rebels gave way and fled, or four Union regiments which he scarcely halting until they reached was assured were alone posted be their intrenched camp by the river; tween him and Somerset. He struck leaving one gun on the battle-field them as he had expected, but did not and another by the way. surprise them; Gen. Thomas having In the heat of the battle, when taken the precaution to send out the combatants were scarcely sepastrong pickets of infantry on the rated by an open space, Gen. Zolliroads leading toward the enemy, coffer was shot by Col. Fry, and fell with a picket of cavalry still farther dead on the field, where his body in advance. These were encountered was left by his followers.

Col. Fry's by Crittenden's vanguard before day- horse was shot dead directly afterlight; but, after firing, retired slowly ward. Col. Robert L. McCook, 9th and in good order, and reported to Ohio, was wounded in the leg, and Col. M. C. Manson, commanding the also had his horse shot. The Rebels advance brigade, who in ten minutes lost 192 killed, 62 wounded and had his two regiments—10th Indiana captured, besides those carried off and 4th Kentucky, Col. S. S. Fry- by them, and 89 taken unhurt. Our in readiness; and the Rebels, in that loss was 39 killed, and 207 wounded. hour of darkness, necessarily pro It rained, as usual, and the roads ceeded with caution, doubling them were horrible ; but the victors, conselves as they advanced. Thomas siderably röenforced, were, before 4 was of course at the front, having or P. M., in front of the intrenchments dered up his remaining regiments, at Camp Beech Grove, within which within ten minutes afterward. the flying Rebels had taken refuge

The charge of the Rebels was des- an hour or two before. Shelling perate, and the battle raged with was immediately commenced on our great fury for nearly two hours, side, feebly responded to on the during which the muskets of the other; and this continued until 7 at combatants were often fired through night, when our soldiers desisted and the same fence. Barely five Union lay down to rest. Gen. Schoepf's regiments in all—the 10th Indiana, brigade came up that night, and 2d Minnesota, 9th Ohio, 4th Ken- were so disposed by Gen. Thomas tucky, and 1st Kentucky cavalry, as to make sure of the capture of

* A Rebel letter to the Louisville (Nashville) that Fishing creek could not be crossed; and so Courier, says:

the Somerset force of several thousand could not “The enemy in front occupied Somerset with join the force from Columbia before the 20th." several regiments, and Columbia with an equal force. On the 17th and 18th, it rained so much

? Jan. 18-19.

Sunday, Jan. 19.


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the enemy.

At daylight, their little little boat, they had silently escaped steamer was seen lying in the river, across the river during the night, and was quickly set on fire by our leaving 10 more guns, with caissons, shells ; cutting off, as was fondly cal- and many small arms, 1,200 or 1,500 culated, all chance of farther Rebel horses and mules, with tents, blankets, retreat. Fire was then opened on and all the material of an army, betheir intrenchments, but there was hind them. no response ; and it was soon discovered that, taking advantage of their The Rebel engineers had con

A Rebel letter to the Memphis Avalanche, says 11 guns were spiked and thrown into the river.


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structed-mainly by slave labor— with his gunboats, proceeded cau-
at a point some 80 or 90 miles up tiously up the river, shelling the
the Tennessee and Cumberland, woods on either side to discover any
where those rivers first approach masked batteries that might there be
within 10 or 12 miles of each planted. Having pushed this recon-
other, a few miles south of the noissance far enough to receive a 32-
Kentucky line, and north of the pound ball through the unprotected
Louisville and Memphis Railroad, side of one of his boats, Gen. Grant
two strong and spacious works; decided that the proper landing-place
Fort HENRY, commanding the Ten- for the troops was about four miles
nessee from its eastern bank, and below the fort, where he and they
FORT DONELSON, controlling the pas- were debarked "' accordingly. The
sage of the Cumberland from the next day was spent in preparations,
west, a little below the Tennessee and the next appointed for the at-
village of Dover. A dirt road con- tack: Gen. Grant directing the main
nected he two forts, whereof the body of his forces, under Gen. John
garrisons were expected to support A. McClernand, to move diagonally
each other if assailed. Fort Henry, across the country and seize the road
situated on a point or bend of the leading from the fort to Donelson
river, and scarcely above its surface and Dover, while Gen. C. F. Smith,
when in flood, menaced the approach with his brigade, advanced along the
by water for a mile on either hand, west bank of the river, and Com.
but was overlooked by three points 0 Foote, with his gunboats, moved
within cannon-shot on either bank of slowly up and attacked the fort from
the river. It covered two or three the water.
acres of ground, mounted 17 large Com. Foote formed his vessels in
guns, 11 of them bearing upon any two lines: the iron-clads Cincinnati
vessels approaching from below, with (flag-ship), Essex, Carondelet, and St.
a spacious intrenched camp in its Louis, in front, while the old wooden
rear, and a wide abatis encircling Conestoga, Tyler, and Lexington,
all. It was defended by Gen. Lloyd formed a second line some distance
Tilghman, of Kentucky, with 2,600 astern, and out of the range of the

enemy's fire, throwing shell over the
To Brig.-Gen. U. S. Grant, of Illi-iron-clads into and about the fort.
nois, was assigned the task of its Thus advancing slowly and firing
reduction, with the powerful aid of deliberately, the iron-clads steadily
Commodore A. H. Foote and his neared the fort, using only their bow-
fleet of seven gunboats, four of them guns, because unwilling to expose
partially iron-clad. Leaving Cairo" their weak, unsheltered sides to the
with some 15,000 men on steam heavy guns of the fort, one of them
transports, he moved up the Ohio to having a caliber of 128 and another
the mouth of the Tennessee, then as- of 60 pounds, and but 12 of ours in
cended that stream to within ten all of our front line being available.
miles of Fort Henry, where his trans- For a moment only was there hesita-
ports halted," while Com. Foote, tion in the attack; when, after an

So says Gen. Tilghman's official report. 11 Feb. 2. 1862. 12 Feb. 1-5.

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13 Feb. 4.

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hour's mutual cannonade, a 24-pound his way through the miry woods and shot from the fort pierced the Essex over the difficult trails he was obliged at an unguarded spot, and, tearing to traverse in order to reach and through her thick oak planking as occupy the main road from Henry though it had been cheese, penetrated to Donelson. Had he been directed her starboard boiler, instantly filling to start at 6 instead of 11 that her from stem to stern with burning morning, he would probably have steam, killing both her pilots at their intercepted and captured Tilghman's post of duty, and severely scalding entire force. As it was, the latter Capt. W. D. Porter and nearly 40 of says he ordered all but the hundred his gunners and crew. Thus com- or so inside the fort, and employed pletely disabled, the Essex drifted in working its guns, to take the road out of the action, to the great joy of to Donelson, under Col. Heiman, his the Rebels, who for a moment second in command; and that order thought the victory their own; but was obeyed with great promptness her consorts kept on firing and near- and celerity. Tilghman remained ing for twenty minutes more, when himself with the handful in the fort; they were within 600 yards of the and, at 1:45 P. M., seeing further deRebel guns, whereof all but four had fense alike impotent and hopeless, by this time been silenced: one hav- and being urged by his officers to ing burst, disabling every man who surrender, he, intending to negotiate served it, while the vent of the great for terms, raised a flag of truce, which, 10-inch columbiad had been closed, being unperceived, amid the dense rendering it useless; while our fire at smoke, had no effect on the fire of the short range grew hotter and hotter. fleet. Five minutes later, by the advice

Gen. McClernand, as Com. Foote of his officers, he, having ceased firing, had apprehended, had not yet worked | lowered his flag, thereby surrender



47 ing at discretion." Our loss in this enforcements to about 15,000 ao inen. conflict, in addition to that on the Most of them were Tennesseans, with Essex, was 1 killed and 9 wounded about 2,000 Mississippians, 1,200 on the Cincinnati; none on our other Virginians, 1,000 Kentuckians, and vessels.

Gen. Tilghman says our a thin regiment each from Alabama, total casualties were reported to him Arkansas, and Texas. The fort was at 73, while his own were 21. Com. commanded by two or three points Foote reports his captures at 60 or farther inland, within cannon-shot; 70 men, besides the General and his the country rolling to the bluffs of staff, and a hospital-ship containing the Tennessee: some of the hills 60 invalids, with barracks, tents, &c., midway having an elevation of about sufficient for 15,000 men.

300 feet. Deep ravines, with steep,

rocky sides, especially near the bluff's FORT DONELSON—two miles below of the Cumberland, separated these Dover, where the Cumberland makes hills, and, with the tall, dense, prima slıort bend westward from its itive forests generally prevailing, afnortherly course—was a much larger forded admirable positions for defenand stronger work than Fort Henry, sive warfare. A heavy and difficult covering a level plateau of nearly a abatis in good part surrounded the hundred

acres, which surmounts the fortress landward, rendering assault steep bluff, 100 feet high, with two at many points all but impracticable. strong water batteries on the bank Gen. Grant, bringing Smith's at its base, of 9 and 3 guns respect- division across the Tennessee, and ively, one of them a 10-inch colum- sending an officer down that river biad, three 64-pounders, and the rest to turn back all vessels ascending it 32-pounders; all protected by very with troops or supplies, crossed from heavy earthworks, and all bearing on Fort Henry” to the neighborhood the approach up the river. The fort of Donelson, gradually extending itself had but 8 heavy guns mounted his lines“ so as to invest the Rebel in addition to the field batteries of stronghold nearly from river to river, its garrison. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow '' by a line some three miles long, and had been in command there " until 100 to 300 rods distant from the the arrival 's of Gen. John B. Floyd,'' Rebel rifle-pits and batteries, which when the number of its defenders formed an irregular crescent, encirhad been swelled by successive re- cling their fort at a distance of one

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Gen. Grant's official dispatch says: “In cavalry, who were easily repulsed, but who a little over one hour, all the batteries were picked up about 20 of his stragglers, while silenced.” Com. Foote says: “The Rebel flag several of his field-guns were lost on the way, was hauled down after a very severe and owing to poor teams and bad roads. closely contested action of one hour and fifteen 10 Of Nashville, Tennessee. 17 Since Jan. 18. minutes." Gen. Tilghman says he surrendered

18 Feb. 13.

19 Of Virginia. "after an engagement of two hours and ten 20 The Richmond Dispatch has a letter from minutes." The time probably seemed longer one of the officers, dated Augusta, Ga., Feb. 22, on that side than on ours.

who says: “Our troops number about 18,000." 5 Tilghman says he surrendered 66 beside The Nashville Patriot, of about Feb. 19, gives his staff(11), and 16 on the hospital-boat; and a list of the regiments present, with the strength adds that his escaping force was overtaken, of each, which foots up 13,829, and is evidently

21 Feb. 12.

22 Feb. 13. some three miles from Fort Henry, by our i incomplete.

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