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Earl of Marlborough, December 14, DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.
1702; and the honour and manor of HILE vice, like a torrent, Woodstock, with the hundred of W , in vated station, and dissipated manners, vested in his Grace and his heirs for are too generally esteemed fynoni- ever; rendering to Queen Anne, her mous terms, it is with peculiar plea- heirs, and fucceffors, every year, for sure we feel ourselves enabled to de- ever, at the Castle, of Windfor, on lineate the character of his Grace the the ad of August, one standard or Duke of Marlborough; who, though colours, with three fleurs de lis painted equal in rank and opulence to any thereon, for all manner of rents, and subject, and of course as well quali- services. The Palace of Blenheim fied to obtain the fullest gratification was built at the public expence; and of every wish, seems to copy the ami- five thousand pounds a year, to be able precedent of royalty, and to re- paid out of the Post Office, were fettain the freedom of a man, and the tled by Act of Parliament, to keep native independence of a British peer, it in perpetual repair. untainted by example, and unawed By his dutchess, Sarah, daughter of by fashion, amidst an age of folly, le- Richard Jennings, Efq. of Sandridge, vity, and corruption.
in the county of Hertford, John His Grace is paternally descended, Duke of Marlborough had one son, from a race of ancestors whose names and four daughters. are sacred to patriotism and their In 1706, the manor and honour of country; and, by the maternal line, of Woodstock, with the Palace of from the great and glorious John Blenheim, were annexed by Ac of Churchill, first Duke of Marlbo- Parliament to the inheritors of his rough; whofe amazing victories raised Grace's honours and titles; which, as the British name to such an eminence, his son had died in the preceding that Envy, can never tarnish the lay- year, consequently went to his eldest rels he won, or Time consign them daughter, Henrietta, Lady of Lord to oblivion.
Godolphin, and the heirs male of In consequence of the victory of her body; and then to all the other. Blenheim, and a train of succeflies daughters successively, according to unparalleled in history, the title of priority of birth, and their respective Duke was conferred on the then heirs male,
Lady Godolphin dying without on his travels; and how much his naifiue, the title devolved on the fon tural taste and genius were improved of the second daughter,
Charles Spen- by feeing foreign countries, may cer, the fifth Earl of Sunderland, easily be judged, from that just judgwith eight thousand pounds a year of ment, elegance of taste, and love of the fort duke's estate ; and, on the' science, which the Duke of Marlbodemise of his grandmother, Sarah, rough has constantly displayed. At Dutchess Dowager of Marlborough, he time of the late duke's death, he on whom the Palace of Blenheim and attended on him in quality of aid-du. Manor of Woodstock had been settled camp; and, a few years after, was apin jointure, he gained a vast accession pointed a captain in the 20th regiof fortune.
ment of foot, on his return from his His Grace, who was diftinguished travels, but afterwards resigned. as a man of courage, humanity, and In April 1760, his Grace was apevery social virtue, was, on the 25th of pointed Lord Lieutenant and Cuftos July 1758, appointed commander in Rotulorum of Oxfordshire; and he chief of all the British forces intend was continued in those offices by his ed to serve in Germany under Prince present Majesty, at whose coronation Ferdinand of Brunswick; and, in the he carried the sceptre with the cross, following Auguft, conftituted Gene In 1762, the Duke of Marlborough ral over all and fingular the foot was appointed Lord Chamberlain of forces employed, or to be employed, the Houshold; and, next year, Lord in his Majesty's service. But his Privy Seal. But these places he foon Grace did not long enjoy these distin- resigned. Naturally fond of a doguished honours; dying on the oth of meitic and regular life, his disposition October, at Munster, in Westphalia, ill agreed with the bustle and inconfrom whence his corpfe was brought venience of office. Born to indepento England, and buried at Woodstock. dence, and warmly attached to the
By his Dutchess, Elizabeth, daugh- happiest gifts she can confer, he terof Thomas Lord Trevor, his Grace fought not for gratification from the had iffae three sons and two daughters. idle display of pomp, the objects of
George, the eldest, and present ambition, or the prostituted breath Duke of Marlborough, (being the of popular applause. The honours twenty-fifth in paternal descent from which have been conferred on him by kis anceftor Robert Despencer,' who the favour of his sovereign, or delecame to England with William the gated by different communities, deConqueror) and the third who has rive luftre from their noble poffeffor. borne that title, Marquis of Bland Connected with many of the first famig ford, Earl of Sunderland and Marl. lies in the kingdom, and supported borough, Baron Spencer of Worm- by immense and princely revenues, leighton, and Baron Churchill of were his Graçe fond of the charms of Sandridge, a Lord of the Privy Coun ambition, and the trappings of state, cil, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Ro we have reason to believe that he tulorum of Oxford hire, a Governor might long since have poffefsed the of the Charter House, High Steward most important office which a Briof Oxford and Woodstock, President tish subject can enjoy; and every sin. of the Ratcliffe Infirmary at Oxford, cere lover of his country will probaRanger of Whichwood Foreft,Knight bly join us in the with, that those of the most noble Order of the Gar- , virtues and acquisitions which so ter, and LL.D. was born on the eminently adorn the private noble26th of January 1739, and succeeded man, had been displayed in a station to the honours and titles of the fa- where they must have enfured the mily on the demise of his father in highest credit to his Grace, and conthe year 1758.
fequently have proved of the greatest Having received a finished, though public utility. private education, his Grace set out But if we wave the confideration
of public advantage, and attend to employ numbers who would others the wiser determination of his Grace, wife, se deititute of support; and who will not congratulate hiin on his fickness or age in his service is sure choice! who would not wish to imi. to be comfortably provided for. tate his conduet!
The Duke of Marlborough’s doThough no statesman, his Grace nations to charitable or public uses is nevertheless a warm lover of his
are too well known to need the rea country: being firmly attached to his cord of our pen; in the borough of fovereign; an enemy of faction; and Woodítock, in particular, they will infinitely above the meaniness of un- be gratefully reinembered by the ren due influence, either to humour a moteit posterity! And his privale beparty, or gratify designing ambition. nefactions are such as do honour to
In private life, his Grace of Marl, the goodness of his heart; and fully borough's character is so truly
amia. convince us, that if indigent merir ble, that it is difficult to say in has ever fuffered the
of what he is most excellen't. He is an neglect, or the flings of oppression, affectionate father; a tender hus- in the Duke of Marlborough’s neighband; an indulgent master; and a bourhood, it can by no means be ima ģenerous patron of merit, industry, puted to his Grace. and science. His conftant regard to It is often difficult for the beams the profperity of the neighbouring of truth to penetrate the manfions of aniversity, and his noble benefac- power; but we may safety affert, tions, suficiently prove his Grace's that no single instance was ever yet love of literature. In several of the known, where his Grace did not itep fublimest studies, the Duke of Marl- forth to relieve the distress with which borough has distinguihed reputation. he was properly made acquainted. The elevating science of altronomy If half the fum expended by this in him finds a munificent patron, and nobleman in real charity; without an able judge. His Grace has erected parade or oftentation, were difpenfed and fitted up an elegant observatory, by the hands of those who wish to on the top of Blenheim; where he be feen of men, they might procure the devotes great part of those hours shouts of the rabble, and the echo of which are with too many of our no the public; but would they expebility so shamefully diffipated, in con rience the smallest degree of that satemplating the works of Him who tisfaction which pervades the bofom tells the number of the stars, and calleth of him who feels a consciousnefs of them all by their names.
doing good from the innate love of · The just taste of his Grace needs virtue! When charity, like the waters no eulogium: let the most frigid ob- of the Nile, fructifies and enriches, ferver visit his delightful pleasure. without discovering it's fource, we grounds, park, and canal, at Blen. may juftly pronounce it genuine. heim, and he will be compelled to These are the qualities which truly feel an admiration, the acknowledg: ennoble. The fplendid roll of an ment of which it will be dificult for ceftry, and the founding titles of amhim to fupprefs; while every refined' bition, are frequently the gifts of and susceptible foul, on contem- chance; but those of rectitude of plating these beautiful scenes, must heart are the more elevated honours" be lost in astonishment at viewing the which Heaven alone can bestow, chastity of design, and elegance of Rank and dignity, unsullied, juftly execution, so apparent in all those claim our respect: but'if his Grace of improvements which have been made Marlborough did not possess either, under his Grace's patronage and in-, his amiable character would still en fpection.
title him to our warmest regard. The poor regard him as a father; His Grace married Lady Caroline his vast and continual improvements Rüfiell, daughter of John late Duke
of Bedford, on the 23d of August at the fiege of Gibraltar in the year 1762, by whom he has iffue, three 1734. In this truly good man were fons and four daughters.
united the brave soldier, the fincere George, Marquis of Blandford, Christian, and the true gentleman: was born the 3d of March 1766, and beloved and revered while living, feems to be a very promising young his memory is still dear to many per. nobleman.
fons of high rank and diftinguilhed
worth! After the fiege, Colonel
Ramsay sent for his lady; their fami-
a a letter written about twentyfon and daughter, being left in Engyears fince, to Mr. Millar, the book land for their education. Mrs. Rama feller of the lady with whose memoirs say was sister to the Reverend Dr. we are now enabled to gratify our
Tisdale of Ireland, the friend and readers, and full of eulogiums on her companion of the celebrated Dean very great abilities, has the follow. Swift, who has mentioned him with ing significant phrase— Nothing is much respect and kindness in several more public than her writings, no
of his Letters. In Gibraltar, she thing more concealed than her per
had three children, two of whom <fon. As this observation ftill died; and the youngest, the subject maintains great part of it's original of these memoirs, was still an infant, force, we have met with no small when the regiment in which her fadifficulty in obtaining that genuine ther served being reduced, he came and satisfactory information, without over to England, where he procured which we are resolved nothing shall a lieutenancy in the guards, and induce us to undertake the delinea some time after obtained the rank of tion of any character, however popu- colonel, on being appointed to the lar, and of course however greedily command of a company. In this stafought after by those superficial rea
tion he continued several years; but ders who are indifferent as to the finding it difficult to support the apfacts, provided they receive a tempo- pearance which his situation required, rary gratification of their curiosity and at the same time make a proper We write, it is true, for the amuse- provision for his children, (though ment of our readers, but their in the son was already provided for by formation is our primary object : a genteel legacy from his uncle) he about the former we are solicitous, accepted an advantageous post at but we are determined as to the latter. New York, where he was second in
Mrs. Charlotte Lenox is the daugh: 'military command to the governor. ter of Colonel James Ramsay, who And here, if he had lived a few years, was lineally descended from the no he might have left his family in the ble and ancient house of Dalhousie circumstances he fo ardently wished'; in Scotland. Colonel Ramsay's fa- but, unfortunately, this worthy pather, besides the command of a troop
rent died in less than two
after of horse, enjoyed a very honourable his departure from England. poft in Ireland; and his mother, Mrs. Ramsay,who was a most affec, whose maiden name was Lumley, tionate wife,could by no means be prewas of the Scarborough family. His vailed on to quit the melancholy Ipod father died young, leaving three sons; where the ashes of her husband were the eldest of whom was Chaplain deposited: but her fitter, Mrs. Luck General and Judge Advocate of the ing, of Melling Hall, the widow of a Fleet, in the reign of King William; gentleman of an honourable family the second was captain of a man of and good fortune in Essex, earnestly war; and the youngest, the father of requesting to have the care of Mifs Mrs. Lenox, commanded a company Charlotte, then about fourteen; the
BRITISH MAGAZINE AND REVIEW. was sent over accompanied by a fe- fair author wént earnestly to work; male relation.
and, in the beginning of 1752, pubThe first news the young lady lished the Female Quixote, which at beard, on her arrival in England, önce put the indelible seal on her liwas the death of her aunt. The only terary reputation. The celebrity of son of that lady, who was heir to a this work was so great, that the first: title and large eitate, having met with impression went off in a few weeks; a fatal accident, the unhappy mo and one of the most distinguished wris ther, on receiving the melancholy ters the world ever saw, with a canintelligence, immediately lost her dour and generosity which add lustre senses, and soon after her life. . to his character, has acknowledged,
The friends of Miss Charlotte were in the Covent Garden Journal of the now preparing to send her back to 24th of March 1752, that in many America, as soon as a proper oppor- instances this copy of Cervantes even tunity should occur: in the mean, excels the great original. It is, time, some of her little compositions indeed,' says Mr. Fielding, a being handed about, they drew upon
I work of true humour, and cannot her the notice of several persons 'of, fail of giving a rational, as well as distinction.
very pleasing amusement, to a sen-, Lady Isabella Firch, in particular, fible reader, who will at once be first Lady of the Bedchamber to the ' instructed and highly diverted.' Princess Amelia, took Miss Charlotte After the Female Quixote, Mrs. under her protection; declaring her Lendx produced her Shakespeare. Ilintention of placing the young lady lustrated, in 3. vols. A Translation about the person of that princess as of the Life of Madame de Maintenon, soon as she was a little older, being in 5 vols. and The Countess of Ber. then under fifteen.
ci, an Heroic Romance, taken from · Miss Charlotte was now constantly the French, in 2 vols. with her lady ship, or the late, Dowa She next undertook a Translation ger Marchionefs of Rockingham, of the Duke of Sully's Memoirs, in Ulter of Lady Isabella : and he was. 3 vols. quarto, which was published actually preparing to go with the in the year 1756. This celebrated marchioners into the country, when work was dedicated to the late Duke this connection was dissolved by her of Newcastle, who received it with: marriage with Mr. Lenox; a young every mark of respect and confideragentleman of good family, and gen- tion; not only making Mrs. Lenox teel education, but whose fortune, a most liberal present, but kindly like that of the object of his regards, observing that her birth and merit confifted wholly in hopes and ex entitled her to Royal notice, declared pectations.
that he would recommend her to the In this situation, they must, un, king as a person who well deserved questionably, foon have been reduced. a pension. This, however, Mrs.: to great difficulties, if a friend of the; Lenox very politely, declined, in faus young lady had not fortunately re- vour of her husband; for whom the minded her of the possibility of mak- folicited a place, which the duke ing some substantial advantages of promised to procure him the firft op that genius with which Heaven had portunity. so liberally blessed her. A bookseller The constitution of Mrs. Lenox, was accordingly found, who agreed which was never very strong, became to purchase her firft novel: this was: now considerably impaired by her Harriet Stewart, published in De-, early and continual application to cember 1750, which met with a very her pen; but the duke's promise not favourable reception.
immediately taking effect, she was Thus encouraged to proceed, our obliged to engage in a new and la.. VOL. III.