« 上一頁繼續 »
with the sentence; who, when he ac- pangs of death: the whole fury is di. knowledges the justice of the intendo rected againft the corse; warm indeed ed punishment, sends a cloth to put with the remains of life, but past the over the delinquent's head, together fenfation of pain. I have found a with a large dish of salt and lemons. difference of opinion in regard to The unhappy object, whether priso. their eating the bodies of their ene. ner of war, or malefactor, is then tied mies sain in battle. Some persons to a stake; the people assembled throw long resident there, and acquainted their lances at him from a certain dis with their proceedings, assert that it tance, and when mortally wounded, is not customary; but as one or two they run up to him, as if in a trans- particular instances have been given port of paflion; cat pieces from the by other people, it is just to conbody with their knives; dip them in clude, that it sometimes take place, the dish of salt and lemon-juice; though not generally. It was fupslightly broil them over a fire pre- posed to be with this intent that Raja pared for the purpose; and swallow Neabin maintained a long conflia for the morsels, with a degree of favage the body of Mr. Nairne, a moft reenthusiasm. Sometimes (I presume spectable gentleman, and valuable according to the degree of their ani. servant of the India Company, who mosity and resentment) the whole is fell in an attack upon the campong of devoured; and instances have been that chief, in the year 1775*.' known, where with barbarity ftill ag. There is a peculiar diffidence in gravated, they tear the flesh from the Mr. Marsden's manner, which enticarcase with their mouths. To such tles him not only to our candour, a depth of depravity may man be (which is the due of every one) but plunged, when neither religion nor to our moft cordial esteem; and we philosophy enlighten his steps! All certainly give him full credit for that can be said in extenuation of the every, positive assertion he has pubhorror of this diabolical ceremony, lished.
lished. Many judicious obfervations is, that no view appears to be enter- occur in the course of the work, which tained of torturing the sufferers; of it is impossible for us particularly to encreasing or lengthening out the notice: but we think great national
6* I find that some persons ftill doubt the reality of the fact, that human flesh is any where eaten by mankind, and think that the proofs hitherto adduced are insufficient to establith a point of so much moment in the history of the species. It is ubjected to me, that I never was an eye-witness of a Batra feast of this nature, and that my authority for it is considerably weakened by coming through a second or perhaps a third hand. I am sensible of the weight of this reasoning, and am not anxious to force any man's belief, much less to deceive him by pretences to the highest degree of certainty, when my relation can only lay claim to the next degree. I can only say, that I thoroughly believe the fact myself, and that my conviction has arisen from the following circumstances, some of less, some of more, authority. It is, in the first place, a matter of general and uncontroverted notoriety in the iland; I have talked on the subject with natives of the country, who acknowledge the practice, and become ashamed of it when they have resided among more humanized people: it has been my chance to have had no less than three brothers, chiefs of the settlements of Natal and Tappanooly, where their intercourse with the Battas is daily, and who all affare me of the truth of it. The same account I bave had from other gentlemen who had equal or fuperior opportunities of knowing the cuftoms of the people; and all their relations agree in every material point: a resident of Tapparooly (Mr. Bradley) fined a raja a few years since, for having a pisoner eaten too close to the company's settlement; Mr. Alexander Hall, made a charge in his public accounts of a sum pasu to a raja in the country, to induce him to spare a man whom Mr. Hall had seen preparing for a victim: Mr. Charles Miller, in the Journal before quoted, says, "' In the foppeou, or house where the raja receives frangers, we faw a man's skull hanging up, which the raja told us was placed there as a trophy, it being the skull of an enemy they had taken prisoner, whose body (according to the custom of the Bartas) they had eaten'about two months before.” Thus the experience of later days is found to agree with the uniform teftimony of old writers; and though I am aware that each and every of these proofs, taken singly, may admit of some cavil, yet in the aggregate I think they amount to satisfactory evidence, and such as may induce any persons not very incredulous, io admit it as a fa&t, that human flesh is eaten by inhabitants of Sumatra, as we have positive authority it is by inhabitants of New Zealandi'
advantage might lie derived from a ing by Leo X. the invention of print,
mation in England, with it's effect
their old religion; and the flourishing ART. II, The Progress of Refinement. itate of the arts in this kingdom durP m. In Three Paris
. By Henry ing the reign of Elizabeth. Mr. Pye James Pye, Esq: 4to. 35. Dodfley.
now represents the arts, as. checked
by the civil war, but patronized by
consider the obvious and important defign the great injury which tafte received of this production, or the masterly in England from the profligate reign execution of a plan to truly laudable; of Charles II. the philanthropy of the sentiments, or
( At length, Britannia's suns with transport view the ease and elegance of the di&ion; we are alikecharmed with this delight. Once more the prize in Arts and Arms obtain,
Another Queen their ancient fame renew; ful performance, which is certainly
. And see Eliza's days revived ip. Anna’s reign. one of the most compleat poems in our
They were, however, again neglected language
by the first princes of the house of . In his first part, the ingenious au. thor, after a beautiful Introduction, his present Majesty, who has yetover
Brunswick; but are encouraged by tre's min from a state of nature, looked our poet's favourite art. This through the first fcenes of his emerg: gives rise to a moft beautiful addrefs ing from barbarism; and, represent to the King: after which he takes ir paboral description and astrono,
a general view of the present state of my, as the earlieit attempts of his
the several Euro. mind, proceeds to mark the progress of the various arts, through the se. pean nationa; laments the increafing
influence of French manners; and, veral polished nations of antiquity; adverting to the rapid progress of ciWhere Opulence and Refinement, vilization in Ruflia, glances at Asia, producing Luxury and Corruption, Africa, and America, and concludes the irruptions of barbarous nations this part with the newly discovered asain plunge him into rudeness and
islands, and European colonies. ignorance.
In his third and last part, our In the second part, Mr. Pye gives poet enters into a comparison of anvs
cient and modern manners, and rerians, with the establisment of the marks the peculiar softness of the latfeudal system, from whence he very ter; ascribing cur humanity. in war, properly derives the origin of chivan; then adverting to the supersti- the purity of the Chriftian religion,
as well as our genuine politeness, to tion which parcaion of christianity, he mentions and the remaining effects of chival:
He contrasts the behaviour of the Crusades as the cause of the en- Edward the Black Prince, after the frarchilement of vassals, the enlarge battle of Poictiers, with a Roman meni of commerce, and the origin triumph; shews the tendency of fire, of romance, the Muse's infant dream; arms to abate the ferocity of war; rethough the remains of science, confin marks on the prevalence of love in ed to monasteries, and in an unknown poetical compositions, with the softlanguage, till conceal coy Reafon's Kefs of the modern drama; and most golden beam; till, at length, on the re- judiciously observes, that Shakespeare covery of the Roman jurisprudences is admired, but not imitated. The • Wisdom upseais charmid Reason's drowsy eyes, diffusion of superficial knowledge is And once again Astrea leaves the skies.'
then animadverted on; with the preHe then traces the revival of the arts valence of gaming in every state of in Italy, the encouragement of learn. mankind; the peculiar effect of the
universal influence of cards on 'mo- poem, we shall present our readers dern times; luxury in general, with with the conclufion. the reason why it does not threaten Europe now, with the fatal confe- 'Ah, Buitain! while, with radiance all divine, quences it brought on ancient Rome; While thy bold sons with steady eye pervade
On thee the unfullied rays of freedom fhine! advantages derived from a free inter- Ezel form by ancient error facred made, , course with the fair-sex, who dislike The haughty noble's titled boaft deride, effeminate men; the martial spirit of And treat with scorn hereditary pride, European nations preserved by their Despise fantastic Honor's Madowy name, frequent wars; point of honour; here- Dread, in my bolom, even thofe virtues raise, ditary nobility; and peculiar ftua- Anxiwus I view, and tremble while I praife. tion of Britain. After which, Mr. Tho' Rank, in other climes, may chance to tread Pye laments the effects of commerce, Insulting o'er indignant Merit’s head, when carried to excess; defcribes the The aspiring Nave of plunder and of gold.
Yet curü'd its visionary fetters hold danger of money's becoming the sole Custom will oft, where Prudence yields, prevail distinction; warmly and pathetically And Prejudice may fave, it' Wisdom fail. addreffes men of ancient and noble fa- Should e'er Corruption's dark, insidious wave, milies; politely hints to the ladies Sap the firm barriers ancient Freedom gave; the decline of their infuence, which should patrict glory fly the ill-fated land,
And sordid wealth the fole distinction stand; he considers as a fure fore-runner of what could repel, with slutary force, selfish luxury; recapitulates his plan; Increafing Luxury's unbridled course: and concludes one of the very best Thy recreant fons may then la ment, too late,
The happier errors of each neighbouring state; poems we ever read. As it is impossible for us fufficient- Wish Honor's fainter semblance in its stead.
And Virtue's pure etherial substance fled, ly to gratify. our inclinations, in Tho'Commerce wide hergeneral blessings shower, making extracts from this excellent When Moderation bounus her restless power; production, we must content our- Tho'on our fhores she spread, with liberal hand, felves with the assurance, that every And richer harvests, from our cultured fields,
The fair productions of each diftant land; reader of taste will be tempted, by the Rough Induftry, by her encouraged, yields; samples we shall produce, to become Feeds both the toiling hive, and lazy drones, pofleffed of the whole.
The Hind that labors, and th Lord that owns: The opening of the poem furnishes Yet when, forsaking every manlier thought, a beautiful general idea of the Progress Each firm refou.ce with native vig i fraught,
A feedle itate, with abject hope, relies, of Refinement.
But on the uncertain aid her force supplies; • As when the stream, by casual fountains fed,
From imposts laid on vice fubfiitence draws, First gushes from the cavern's moffy bed,
And lavish waste encourages by laws; Dashing from rock to rock, the scanty rill,
Disdains each notler call that charm'd of old, With no luxuriant herbage cloaths the hill;
And rates perfection by the test of gola; Yet, when increased, the ampler current flows,
Soon sha! corruption, with inbounded tide, Each bordering mead with deeper verdure glows, In sweeping fūty o'er the region ride; It's lingering waves thro' painted vallies glide,
While crouding woe: the wreiched einpire wait, And Health and Plenty deck its fertile lide;
That vairly tried by Luxury to be great; Till, fwelrd by wintry forms, and sweeping rains, Gave her on strength and inbor: worth away, If chance its rising deluge drown the plains,
For the fair.t phantom of conrercial sway; The stagnate waters choak the red y soil,
Proud to exte da vast, precarious reign, And the fond hopes of future harvests foil.
On folly founded, and which cimes maintaine So first, Refinement, in its infant hour,
• Sure, or the scene a gloomy aípe&t wears, She 's o'er the savage tribe an useless powers
View'd thro' the medium f pripheric fears; Nor can its feeble energy impart
Or now, e'en now, he cuid contagion f_reads,
And dire effects on British man zers sheds. Or grace or softness to the human heart; But, when in Reason's moderate bounds confind, • The race, who draw their wo: th from wealth Its plenteous streams invigorate the mind, The rising arts their genial influence share,
Nor other rank, nor other merit own, And all the social: Virtues iourish there;
Iti high eteem by atject flattery placed, Till Luxury's polluting torrents roll
D base our marais, ani corrupt our taste: A Acod destructive o'er the enervate soul,
The dread infction flies from fire to lon, And, to the flowers of generous worth, succeeds And Folly diffipates what Avarice won. The baneful progeny of Vice's weeds.
Exrence the place of elegance sup lies,
And halidemouth'd Beauty's empire lies. Having thus given a specimen of The brèäft that Education never form', the beginning of Mr. Pye's delightful Bright Science train’d, or íportive Fancy warm’d,
Knows not with mirth untinged by scorn to please, And you, ye fair! forgive the honest lay,
Mark'd with the symptoms of your fading power, Applaud ceglare by laviin Ignora ce shewn, And mourn that all those arts which life refine, And give liftincti ws chance may make their own Raised by your sway, shail with your tway decline.
Yencientlords of Britain's sair domain! Oft by the neglected now ye stand, 'Tis yours to vindicate Refinement's reign; Nor meet Attention's fond, afliduous hand:
Tho' Wifd m's eye diidain the titled lave O be it yours to creck, with just disdain, Stain ng the honors which his fathers gave, This preluce sure of Luxury's selfish reign; Yet with a brighter hue hali virtues shine, Ah! leave that thirst of riot's endless joy, That add new luftre to a nuble line.
Whole constant round your empi'e muft destroy: "Say, is the pride of birth concent ed all
Beauties from icene to scene that restless fly, In the old trophi, and the banner'd hall ? Lose all their force, and fate the public eye; Yours be the fairer boast, in docile youth, The midnight reve) early age o'ertakes,
To catch from Learning's voice the lore of Truth: And the wan cheek the native rose forsakes;
For Live's ! for Virrue's sake! ah, lay. af de In every vice with every fool to vie,
The undaunted forehead, and the martial (tride! Each fair advantage fortune gives forego, Again the garb of female foftness wear, To wage unequal confict with the foe;
And quit the fierceness of the grenadier! Say, can h: 8 zing crowd be justly blamed, For can the ornaments your cares combine, Who pay to wealth the deference honor ciaim'd, When all the toilet's rich materials shine, When fickly fully caints that genercus worth Match blushing Modesty's transparent red Which heighten'd grangeur and ennobied birth ? O'er the warm cheek in fweet Suffufion spread;
• Your happie furpose be it to rektore Or like the down-cast eye's mild luftre move, The fame that waitej Britain's lords of yore, Whose lid veils Meekness, and whose glance is Ere true Nobility's unblemish'd shape
Love? Was changed for mannens every knave ca!ape; In fabled times, by Ida's lofty wood, Yours be ii Freedom's empire to support When rival goddesfes contending stood, No faction's slaves, no flutterers of a court. Tho' Juno, conscious of her awful mein, Watch with keen eye the encro.chments of the March u with the state of Jove's imperious queen;
Tho' Pallas deck'd her Amazonian charms But guard it's rights, for they protect your own. In the refulgent glare of radiant arms, Fly not, discharged each due of public care, Yet Love prevald in Cytherea's eyes, To breathe soft Diffipation's summer air; And smiling Beauty gain’d the golden prize." Where Pleasuie's mand prepares the poppied • From Albion far mayHeaven's benign decrees 'araught,
Avert the storms my anxious mind foresees! To drown reflection, and to deaden thought. Still day she thine with pure Refinement's grace, Nó! racher j'y the shouting train to meet, Secure on Virtue's adamantine bare ! Who hail the lord of each paternal seat; Prosperous awhile, tho' private Vice may stand, Where your wide fo:eits spread parental shade, No miracle can fave a vicious land: View the gay scenes of rural taste display'd; In life's calm paths tho’ fortune oft dispense Let'Hospitality's wa'm hard await,
Success to guilt, and pain to innocence; To court the strange to the friendly gate; Whence Faith, with strengthen'd eye, beyond the Enforce with itea 'y zeal your country's laws,
tomb To justice trw®, ani firm in Virtue's cause; Sees the dread hour of Justice yet to come, Cuib Vice I çevious in her mad career,
On public crimes must early vengeance wait, And teach oppressive Arrogance to fear; And speedy ruin wrap an impious state; Redress wre injured Merit beaves the figh, Since, from the offence the ture correction springs, And ipe the tear from pale Amiction's And her own scourge abandon'd Folly brings. So shall y. ur iame with purer honor live,
But let not man attempt, with bounded skill, Than wealth, han faction, or than rank can give; To search the depth of Heaven's eternal will; While these best titles on each name attend, Inspect the rolls of fate with fruitless care, The bad man's terror, and the poor man's friend. And read the future doom of empires there.
" Long may ye muck, in this secure defence, Enough, her eye as cool Reflection throws The vain attempts of bloated infolence !
O'er all the scenes these lengchen'd lays disclose; No myie shall sense by ruderers be debased, To mark each prospect as they move along, Or Fortune's lavish minions vitiate taste; And draw these moral maxims from the song Her stores profuse no more thall Commerce Aling, That, tho' Refinement know with temperate ray But brood o'er industry with foitering wing; To wake each bloom of Merit into day; While your examples teach her wiser train Urged to excess; her heightend powers destroy To use with prudence, what by care they gain. The expanding bud, and blaft each promised joys
As storms and fultry gleams o'ercome the flower long course of practice, and a great
says Cicero, 'overthrows the illusions Most cherish inborn Glory's generous aim,
of opinion, but establihes the deci. The source of rising worth, and future fame
< fions of nature.? A wie man will That, above all, on each ingenuous breast therefore be very cautious in trusting Be with trong force this facred Truth impressid;
to a NEW WYPOTHESIS; which, in a No polith'd Manners rival Virtue's price, No savage Ignorance disgusts like Vice.'
course of years, may disappear, like " the baseless fabric of a vision.'
Here ine, ine.
a very mo.
Art. III. De Morbis quibufdam Com-' ART. IV. The Man in the Moon; or,
S the Editor of these Lunar [ Reviewed by a Correspondent. ]
deft and not unfavourable account of bis THE learned author of these own abilities, estimated by the Man
mentaries is not one of those in the Moon, (who previously prospeculative writers, who employ them- nounces Dr. Samuel Johnson, Dr. felves in forming new and fanciful Gibbon, Mr. Burke, Mr. M'Phertheories, and adapt their prescriptions son, the Bishop of London, Dr. Price, to their preconceived hypotheses, but Dr. Priestley, and several other equalappears to be, in the highest sense of ly illiterate gentlemen, unqualified to the word, a rational physician, who has pen this sublime narrative) he cannot minutely and accurately attended to be displeased if we recommend his the operations of nature, the fymptoms eulogium to the attention of our reaof diseases, the indications of cure, ders, though professedly that of a and the efficacy of medicines.
Lunatic. His work is divided into four hun. • Mr. Student, you shall be my dred and nineteen aphorisms, or short editor yourself. You have a candour observations on almost every disease, in your nature, which disposes you founded on the experience of forty to tell the truth, and nothing but the years. In the discrimination of dif. truth. Your imagination is vigorous, eases, and the detection of certain er. and you express things as you feel rors, which have been committed both themYou never sacrifice sense to in physics and forgery, the author found; and though your ftyle is not Thews a discernment which indicates always either harmonious or elegant, the judicious physician and the true yet you have the talent of fitting the philosopher.
turn of your language to every subIt may perhaps be objected by some ject, and of expressing the sentiment modern theorists, that he has too fre- and hitting the point in question; quently adopted the doctrines of the and this, in my mind, is the true cri. Boerhaavian school. But on this ac- terion of writing.' count, we apprehend, it would be the "height of temerity to censure the excellent author of these Commentaries: Arr. V. Piftures of the Heart, fena for who can pretend to say, that his timentally delineated in the Danger of own speculations will stand the test of the Pasions, an Allegorical Tale; the time, and fubvert those principles
Adventures of a Friend of Trutb, ax which Boerhaave established on an in- Oriental History, in Two Parts; the timate knowledge of the Materia Me- Embarralments of Love, a Novel; dica and the nature of diseases; on a and the Double Disguise, a Drama,