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borious work, the Tranflation of volume of Poems very early in life, Father Brumoy's Greek Theatre, in of which we have never been able 3 vols. quarto.
The late Earl of to procure a copy: but if we may. Corke' and Orrery, and some other judge from the fingle specimen we eminent persons, favoured her with have feen, (the Art of Coquetry, in translations of several pieces in this Mr. Harrison's Collection, Vol. IV. work, which are pointed out and ac- p. 303) as well as from the several knowledgea in an advertisement pre- distinguished friends these juvenile fixed; and that bright far of litera. productions appear to have obtained ture, Dr. Samuel Johnson, fuffered her, they certainly poffefs very extrahis great name to appear to a transla- ordinary merit. tion of one of the articles. This - The character of this lady cannot work was dedicated to his present be better illustrated, than by the obMajesty, then Prince of Wales, who servations of two great men: that of had before honoured Mrs. Lenox with the late Bishop of Gloucelter, menhis notice; and who, in consequence tioned in the beginning of these me. of the generous representations of the moirs; and a remark of the univerEarl of Bute, made her a munificent sally celebrated Dr. Johnson, who present. To the earl's amiable lady observes, in his pointed way, that The has likewife been often heard" Mrs. Lenox writes as well as if the to acknowledge herself moft highly could do nothing else, and does obliged.
every thing else as well as if the Mrs. Lienox, after this, wrote Hen- 6 could not write.". rietta, a novel, in two volumes, After the eulogiums of these eles which was given to the public in 1758. vated characters, it might appear as
The Ladies Museum, published presumptuous, as it is certainly un. monthly, then came out under-Mrs. neceffary, for us to add that teftimony Lenox's name; .co which her friends which we should proudly contribute largely contributed, whose favours to the distinguished merits of this are all feparately acknowledged. In sprightly, humorous, satirical, and this work Mrs. Lenox's novel of sensible writer; whose novelty and geHarriet and Sophia first appeared, nius as an original author, and whore which has since been reprinted under eleganoe and fidelity as a translator, the title of Sophia.
have not often been exceeded. Mrs. Lenox dedicated the fecond It is with real pain we feel our. edition of Henrietta to the Dutchess" felves obliged to add, that this lady's of Newcaftle, who had always ho. ill state of health forbids us to exnoured her with her friendship and peét many future productions from her esteem. Her Grace procured the elegant pen; though we have, at long promised place for Mr. Lenox; the same time, some reason to hope, and, fome years after, did Mrs. Le-. that he will yet favour the world nox the honour of standing godmother with at least one or two other perto her daughter.
formances which she has long had in · After this period we do not find contemplation. amy work published by Mrs. Lenox, Mrs. Lenox has had three children; except Eliza, a novel, in two small two sons, and a daughter. Miss volumes; and the Life of. Madame Harriet, now about fx teen, is the de la Valliere, with a translation of eldeft. One of the fons died in inher Devotions, in a single volumé. fancy; and the other is that most
Mrs. Lenox's dramatic pieces are,' astonishing proof of early and extrathe Sifter, a'comedy; Old City:Man- ordinary genius, Mafer George Lewis ners, 'a comedy, altered from Ben Lenox, who is not yet twelve years Johnson, and Philander, a dramatic of age, and whose elegant productions paftoral. She also published a small enrich the poetical department of
our last and present numbers. The 29 well as remarkably accurate; and number of poems, on various subjects, he has actually compleated at least this young gentleman has written, is one dramatic piece, which is far from truly farprizing t: nor is the uncom- being ill conducted, and contains mon genius of this extraordinary fome lively strokes of genuine wit, youth by any means confined to versi- superior to what we can discover in fication; his familiar letters to his fome of the entertainments lately friends are pregnant with good sense, produced at our Theatres Royal.
DESCRIPTION OF BLENHEIM,
THE SEAT OF HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.
HE palace or castle of Blenheim, strade and ftatués. This is the grand
; magnificent pile of architecture in over a valley, by a most magnificent this kingdom, or perhaps in the whole bridge, the diameter of whole centreworld, is situated within half a mile arch is one hundred and ninety feet, of the borough of Woodstock, being being constructed in the stile of the nearly eight miles distant from the Rialto at Venice. city of Oxford; and was built at the Beyond this, in a direct line, and public expence in the reign of Queen on a considerable eminence, stands a Anne, by whom it was given, toge- stately column, one hundred and ther with the park and manor of thirty feet in height, on the top of Woodstock, to the most illustrious' which is a statue of the immortal John John Duke of Marlborough, and his Churchill, Duke of Marlborough; heirs for ever, as a testimony of royal and, on it's pedestal, his eminent favour and national gratitude, for his atchievements, and the acts of the transcendent service, and the many British parliament in his favour, are fignal victories he had gained over 'fully infcribed. the French and Bavarians; particu- The fouth front is less highly larly near the village of Blenheim, finished, but extremely elegant; and on the banks of the Danube, from commands a delightful view of the which thiş 'noble palace receives it's pleasure-grounds, and plantations,
as well as of the distant village of The architect of this superb, truc- Bladon. ture was Sir John Vanbrugh; who, Over it's entrance, which is supthough he has been perhaps justly ported by Corinthian columns, stands blamed for a heavinefs in his general the Bust of Louis XIy. of France, designs, muft at least fand acquitted adorned with proper military emin this instance, when it is considered blems, taken from the gates of Tourthat ftrength and durability were nay; and, near the eastern angle, the principal objects to be regarded in a present duke is fitting up a commopile tħat was intended to remain a dious and elegant observatory, promonument of British valour, and Bri- perly furnished with the best instrutish generosity, 'till the remotest pe- ments and glasses that can be pro. Tiods of time.
cured, under the direction of that The north front is three hundred eminent astronomer, Dr. Hornsby of and forty-eight' feet from wing, to Oxford. wing, highly ornamented, and the The apartments of this palace are Toof is concealed by a stone balu. finished with princely magnificence ;
See Vol. II. p. 461. and p. 49, of the present Volume.
These productions, which are now collecting, and preparing for the press, by Master Lenox, will jai a short time be published together, by fubfcription, for the young gentleman's emolument.
and the tapestry, paintings, and sta- lotte Spencer, in the character of a
Room, which is adorned with many The common entrance is by the superb paintings; particularly a very east gate, which leads into-a-qua- capital and itrikingly picturesque drangle, consisting of offices: from Bacchanalian piece, the offerings of thence we proceed into the area; the Magi, and Rubens with his Wife and, through a most superb portico, and Child, all by that celebrated maon maffy columns, enter the hall, ster; the last being a present from the which is supported by Corinthian town of Bruslels to John Duke of pillars, in elegance and dimensions Marlborough: alfo a Man's Head, almost unrivalled. The cieling, by Titian ; and a Holy Family, which is the height of the building, esteemed the work of Raphael, given is painted by Sir James Thornhill; to his grace by the town of Ghent. and allegorically represents Victory The Grand Cabinet is filled with crowning John Duke of Marlbo- some of the most capital original rough, as the points to a Plan of the paintings in any collection: among Battle of Blenheim. This room con- which we must not forbear to notice tains a Bust of John Duke of Marl- a Madona standing on a Globe, surborough, a Venus de Medicis and rounded by Angels, by Carlo MarFaun in bronze, from the original in ratti; Christ Blessing the Little Chilthe Grand Duke of Tuscany's Col- dren, by Vandyck; with the Roman lection; several marble Termini, and Charity;, Lot's Departure out of Sotwo beautiful ftatues of a Nymph and dom, a present from the town of AnBacchanal.
twerp; the Flight into Egypt; a PorFrom the Hall, we enter the Bow- trait of Paracelsus; and the Head of window Room, the tapestry of which Rubens himself; all by that great represents the Battle of Blenheim, and master. Pope Gregory in his Robes, other exploits of John Duke of Marl- and a Female Martyr with a palmborough, in the most glowing co. branch, by Titian; a Magdalen of inlours, and most exact proportions. imitable tints by Carlo Dolci; and a Among other elegant paintings of Holy Family by Ludovico Carracci. approved artists, this room is adorned The Blue Drawing Room, likewith a moft cápital original picture of wise, contains sever 1 elegant paintthe Virgin and Child, St. John, and ings; the principal of which are, CáSt. Nicholas, by Raphael; formerly tharine de Medicis, by Rubens; Time belonging to the Cappela degli An- clipping Cupid's Wings, by Vanfidei, at Perugia, and brought over dyck; an Aftronomer and his family, by the Right Honourable Lord Robert by Dobson; two Family Portraits; Spencer, brother of the present duke. and a collection of beautiful Minia
Adjoining to this, is the duke's tures, in one frame, with a curtain Dressing Room; which, besides a va- before them. riety ofother celebrated productions of The tapestry in the adjoining Winthe pencil, contains a very fine Holy ter Drawing Room is of the moć Family by Rubens; Our Saviourin the vivid beauty, and attracts the notice Virgin's Lap, crowning two Female of every spectator of taste. It repre. Mariyrs, by Titian; and an enchant. sents the Four Cardinal Virtues, with ingly beautiful picture by Sir Joshua their proper emblems, and approaches Reynolds, representing Lady Char. nearer to painting than any thing of
the kind we ever remember to have fandro Veronese, with some others seen. Vandyck's pencil has produced of less importance. a very fine portrait of Mary Dutchess From this room we enter the State of Richmond, Lord Stafford and his Bedchamber; the chimney of which Secretary, and two Favourites of is adorned with a Buft of Diana, and King Charles II. which are the only over it is a superb painting by Lucca paintings in this room.
Giordano, representing the Death of We next enter the Dining Room, Seneca. A portrait of Edward VI. which is remarkable for a very capi. by Holbein; the Burning of Troy, tal painting of the present Duke, by Old Frank; and two pieces of Dutchess, and Children, by Sir Joshua Still Life, by Maltese; are the only Reynolds. The figures are as large other paintings which deserve partias life, and afford the most striking cular attention in this apartment. likenesses that were perhaps ever dis. From this stately suit of rooms, played on canvas. This is much where the profufion of splendid obthe largest piece Sir Joshua ever exe- jects is api to dazzle the organs of cuted, and is most deservedly ad- fight, the eye is both charmed and mired. In this room are likewise relieved on entering the Library. elegant paintings by Rubens, of Lot This noble room is one hundred and and his Daughters, and Venus and eighty-three feet long, and thirtyAdonis, both presents from the Em- one feet nine inches wide. peror of Germany. A Bacchanalian
It is imposible to conceive any piece, by Vandyck; and a glowing thing more highly finished, than the landscape, by Claude.
folid columns of marble, which fupFrom the Dining Room we pro- port a rich entablature, the Doric ceed to the Saloon; which is a noble pilasters of the same, the surrounding and highly-finished room, lined in basement of black marble, and the the lower part with marble, several stuccoed compartments of the lofty compartments above containing re
vaulted cieling. presentations of the different nations
This spacious room was originally of the world in their characteristic intended as a Gallery for paintings; dresses and expressions, by La Guerre. but has since been furnithed with a The cieling, which is executed by noble collection of books, comprizthe same artist, emblematically de- ing near twenty-four thousand voscribes John Duke of Marlborough, lumes, in various languages, arts, and in the midst of his victories, arrested sciences. by the hand of Peace, while Time At the upper end of the Library reminds him of the rapidity of his ftands a highly finished ftatue of own flight.
Queen Anne, in her coronation robes, Several of the victories of John by Rysbrack; on the pedestal of which Duke of Marlborough are delineated is this inscriptionin the tapestry of the Drawing Room, To the Memory of Queen ANNE! to the right of the Saloon; and, over
Under whose auspices the chimney, there is a bust of the John Duke of MARLBOROUGH Emperor Adrian. The principal
And to whole munificence paintings are Meleager and Atalanta,
He and his posterity by Rubens; the Adoration of the
With gratitude Shepherds, by Lucca Giordano; and Owe the poffeffion of BLENHEIM. some pieces of Pouffin.
The tapestry of the Middle Draw- At the lower end is a bust of Alexa ing Room, to the right of the Saloon, ander the Great; being a fine piece exhibits more battles of John Duke of Grecian sculpture in good preser. of Marlborough; and contains a capi- vation, dug out of the ruins of Her. tal painting on black marble, by Alef- culaneum, and supported by a mo
dern pedestal designed by Sir Wil. ceptibly along, is certainly one of the liam Chambers.
finest pieces of water in this kingdom. On one side, above the book-cafes, The Park, which, under the au. are several busts, and a number of spices of the present duke, has rewhole-length family portraits; and, ceived every poflible improvement, on the other, large bow-windows, is one continued galaxy of charming the frames of which are exquisitely prospects, and agreeably diversified finished, from whence there scenes, The utmost circumference of Elytian prospect of the beautifully. this delightful park is fourteen miles; covered defcent to the canal, and of round which are the most enchanting the rising groves on the opposite hill. rides, fhaded principally by ever
From the Library we proceed along greens; the roads are disposed to the an open gallery to the Chapel in the greatest advantage, and new plantaweitern wing of the palace; in which tions are continually rising, whereis a stately monument, by Rysbrack, ever they can contribute to the richto the memory of John Duke of Marl: nefs or luxuriance of the view. Indeed, borough and his Dutchess. They are the effect of polished taste, and the surepreiented with their two sons, who blime in design, is no where more died young, as supported by Fame and perceptible than in the boundless History. Beneath, in a basso-relievo, prospects which continually present is the taking of Marhal Tallard. themselves, the walls of the park being The altar-piece represents Christ tak. in general quite concealed, and the ing down from the Crofs, painted by whole furrounding country, varieJordans of Antwerp.
gated with hills and vales, spires, towThus, having cursorily remarked ers, and villas, 'appearing as one widethe most striking beauties in this extended landscape. In this park superb palace, it would be unpar. originally stood a magnificent royal donable to overlook the gardens and palace, which was the favourite repark; which, whether we regard de- treat of several kings of England, lightfulness of fituation, or the most at various periods, till the reign of captivating charms of nature, im: Charles I. when the succeeding inproved by the chastest designs of art, terval of civil diffenfion and anarequally demand our attention and chy laid it almost wholly in ruins. warmest admiration. The pleasure. It was not, however, entirely degrounds and garden occupy about 200 molished, till after the building of acres, and are laid out with astonishing Blenheim; when every trace of the tafte, principally under the inspection ancient edifice was removed, and two of the present duke, whose love of the elm-trees planted on it's scite. fine arts, and of rural and elegant fim. History informs us, that King Eplicity, is every where confpicuous, thelred held a parliament at Wood. The Flower Basket is one of the most ftock Palace; and that Alfred the beautiful wildernesses of sweets, any Great translated, “Boetius de Confowhere to be seen; the intersecting latione Philofophiæ,' at the same walks, as well as the temples, and place. other artificial objects, are at once ele- King Henry I. beautified the palace, gant and neat, and the whole is pre- and surrounded the park with a wall, lerved in a state of the utmost per. which in many places still remains. fection.
And who has not heard of the beautiful The canal, which covers the whole and unfortunate Rofamond, daughter extent of a spacious valley, bordered of Lord Clifford, and favourite of by an artificial declivity, being taught Henry II. with whom that prince to wind according to the designs of long indulged himself in Woodtaste, to fall in broken murmurs over Atock's bowers, where he is said to the rough cafcade, and again to have contrived a labyrinth, by which Imoothe it's bosom, and move imper- her romantic retreat (placed by