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Of famous Arcardy ye are, and sprung
00) Of that renowned food, so often sung,
I will bring you where she sits,
Such a rural queen
Nymphs and shepherds, dance no more
By sandy Ladon's lilied banks ; To further this night's glad solemnity;
On old Lycæas, or Cyllene hoar, And lead ye, where ye may more near behold 40 Trip no inore in twilight ranks ;
Though Erymanth your loss deplore, 100 What shallow-searching Fame hath left untold;
A better soil shall give ye
thanks. Which I full oft, amidst these shades alone, Have sat to wonder at, and gaze upon:
From the stony Mænalus For know, by lot from Jove I am the power
Bring your flocks, and live with us ; Of this fair wood, and live in oaken bower,
Here ye shall have greater grace, To nurse the sapplings tall, and curl the grove
To serve the lady of this place. With ringlets quaint, and wanton windings wove.
Though Syrinx your Pan's mistress were,
Yet Syrinx well might wait on her. And all my plants I save from nightly ill
Such a rural queen
All Arcadia hath not seen.
ORIGINAL VARIOUS RCADINGS OF ARCADES,
From Milton's MS, in his own hand.
Ver. 10. Now seems guiltie of abuse
And detraction from her praise, Number my ranks, and visit every sprout
Lesse than halfe she hath exprest : With puissant words, and murmurs made to
Envie bid her hide the rest. bless.
Here her hide is erased, and conceale written over it. But else in deep of night, when drowsiness 61 Ver. 18. Seated like a goddess bright. Hath lock'd up mortal sense, then listen I But sealed is also expunged, and sitting supplied. To the celestial Syrens' harmony,
Ver. 23. Ceres dares not give her odds : That sit upon the nine infolded spheres,
Who would have thought, &c. And sing to those that hold the vital shears,
Both these readings are erased, and Juno and And turn the adamantine spindle round,
had, as the printed copies now read, are written On which the fate of gods and men is wound.
over them. Such sweet compulsion doth in music lie,
Ver. 41. Those virtues which dull Fame, &c. To lull the daughters of Necessity,
This likewise is expunged, and What shallow is And keep unsteady Nature to her law, 70 substituted. And the low world in measur'd motion draw
Ver. 44. For know, by lot from Jove I have After the heavenly tune, which none can hear, Of human mould, with gross unpurged ear; Here again the pen is drawn through have, and And yet such music worthiest were to blaze am is written over it. The peerless height of her immortal praise,
Ver. 47. In ringlets quaint. Whose lustre leads us, and for her most fit, But With is placed over In expunged. If my inferior hand or voice could hit
Ver. 49. of noisome winds, or blasting vac Inimitable sounds: yet, as we go,
pours chill. Whate'er the skill of lesser gods can show,
Ver. 50. And from the leaves brush off, &c. I will assay, her worth to celebrate, 80 So it was at first. But the pen is drawn througla And so attend ye toward her glittering state ; leaves, and bowes supplied. Where ye may all, that are of noble stem,
Ver. 52. Or what the crosse, &c. Approach, and kiss her sacred vesture's hem. It was at first And, as in the printed copies;
but that is erased, and Or substituted.
Ver. 59. And number all my ranks, and II, SONG,
Here And and all are expunged with the pen, O'er the smooth enamell'd green
and visit, as in the printed copies, completes the
Ver. 62. ' Hath chain'd mortalitie.
This also is erased, and lockt up mortal sense writo
ten over it.
Ver. 81. And so attend you toward & Co
I will bring ye where she sits:
stowed upon me here the first taste of your acCOMUS
quaintance, though no longer then to make me
know that I wanted more time to value it, and A MASK,
to enjoy it rightly ; and in truth, if I could then
have imagined your farther stay in these parts, PRESENTED AT LUDLOW CASTLE, 1634, BEFORE
which I understood afterwards by Mr. H.,' I JOHN EARL OF BRIDGEWATER, THEN PRE$I
would have been bold, in our vulgar phrase, DENT OF Wales.
to mend my draught (for you left me with an exTo the right honourable
treme thirst) and to have begged your conver* John lord viscount Bracey son and heir ap- sation again, joyntly with your said learned
parent to the earl of BridgeWATER, &c. friend, at a poor meal or two, that we might have MY LORD,
banded together som goud authors of the an
cient time: among which, I observed you to Turs poem, which received its first occasion of have been familiar. birth from yourself and others of your noble Since your going, you have charged me with family, and much honour from your own person new obligations, both for a very kinde letter from in the performance, now returns again to make
you dated the sixth of this month, and for a a final dedication of itself to you. Although not dainty peece of entertainment which came theropenly acknowledged by the author3, yet it with. Wherin I should much commend the is a legitimate off-spring, so lovely, and so much tragical part, if the lyrical did not ravish me desired, that the often copying of it hath tired with a certain Dorique delicacy in your songs my pen to give my severall friends satisfaction, and odes ; whereunto I must plainly confess to and brought me to a necessity of producing it to have seen yet nothing parallel in our language : the publike view; and now to offer it up in all ipsa mollities. But I must not omit to tell you rightful devotion to those fair hopes, and rare that I now onely owe you thanks for intimating endowments of your much promising youth, anto me (bow modestly soever) the true artificer. which give a full assurance to all that know you, For the work itself I had ricwed som good while of a future excellence, Live, sweet lord, to be before with singular delight, having received it the honour of your name, and receive this from our common friend Mr. R.? in the very as your own, from the hands of him, who hath close of the late R.s Poems, printed at Oxford, by many favours been long obliged to your whereunto it is added (as I now suppose) that the most honoured parents, and as in this represen- accessary might help out the principal, according tation your attendant Thyrsis, so now in all reall
to the art of stationers, and to leave the reader expression
con la bocca dolce. Your faithfull and most bumble servant, Now, sir, concerning your travels wherin I
may chalenge a little more privilege of discours
with you; I suppose you will not blanch Paris The copy of a Letter written by sir Henry in your way; therefore I have been bold to trouWootton, to the Author, upon the following ble you with a few lines to Mr. M. B.& whoin Poem.
shall easily find attending the young lord From the Colledge, this 13 of April, 16385.
6. Mr. H.] Mr. Warton in his first edition of SIR,
Comus says, that Mr. H. was “ perhaps Milton's It was a special favour, when you lately be friend, Samuel Hartlih, whom I have seen men
tioned in some of the pamphlets of this period, • This is the dedication to Lawes's edition of as well acquainted with sir Henry Wotton :" the Mask, 1637, to which the following motto but this is omitted in his second edition. Mr. was prefixed, from Virgil's second Eclogue, Warton perhaps doubted his conjecture of the
Eheu! quid volui misero mihi ! foribus person. I venture to state from a copy of the austrum
Reliquiæ Wottonianæ in my possession, in which Perditus
a few notes are written (probably soon after the This motto is omitted by Milton himself in the publication of the book, 3d edit. in 1672) that editions of 1645, and 1673. WARTON. the person intended was the “ ever-memorable"
• The First Brother in the Mask. WARTON. John Hales. This information will be supported
• It never appeared under Milton's name, till by the reader's recollecting sir Henry's intimacy the year 1645. WARTON.
with Mr. Hales; of whom sir Henry says, in This dedication does not appear in the edi. one of his letters, that he gave to his learned tion of Milton's Poems, printed under his own friend the title of Bibliotheca ambulans, the walkinspection, 1673, when lord Brackley, under the ing Library. Sce Relig. Vi otton. 3d edit. p. 475. title of earl Bridgwater, was still living. Milton
TODD. was perhaps unwilling to own his early connec- ? Mr. R.) Ibelieve “ Mr. R.” to be John Rouse, tions with a family, conspicuous for its unshaken Bodley's librarian. “ The late R.” is unquesboyalty, and now highly patronised by king tionably Thomas Randolph, the poet. WAKTON. Charles the Second. WARTON,
8 Mr. M. B.) Mr. Michael Branthwait, as I s April, 1638.) Milton had communicated to suppose ; of whom sir Henry thus speaks in one sir Henry his design of seeing foreign countries, of his Letters, Relig. Wotton. 3d edit. p. 546. and had sent him his Mask. He set out on “Mr. Michael Branthwait, heretofore his maa his travels soon after the receipt of this letter. jestie's agent in Venice, a gentleman of ap
TODD. proved confidence and siucerity," TODD. S.9 as his governour ; and you may surely re- more obscure and early annals of the castle; to ceive from him good directions for the shaping of which therefore I will briefly refer, trusting that your farther journey into Italy, where he did re- the methodical account of an edifice, more parside by my choice som time for the king, after ticularly ennobled by the representation of Comus mine own recess from Venice.
within its walls, may not be improper, or uninI should think that your best line will be teresting. thorow the whole length of France to Marseilles, It was built by Roger de Montgomery, who and thence by sea to Genoa, whence the passage was related to William the Conqueror. The date into Tuscany is as diurnal as a Gravesend barge: of its erection is fixed by Mr. Warton in the year I hasten, as you do, to Florence, or Siena, the 1112. By others it is said to have been erected rather to tell you a sbort story from the interest before the Conquest, and its founder to have you have given me in your safety.
been Edric Sylvaticus, carl of Shrewsbury, whom At Siena I was tabled in the house of one Al Roger de Montgomery was sent by the Conqueberto Scipioni, an old Roman courtier in dan- ror into the marshes of Wales to subdue, and gerous times, having bin steward to the duca di with those estates in Salop he was afterwards Pagliano, who with all his family were strangled, rewarded. But the testimonies of various writers save this onely man that escaped by foresight of assign the foundation of this structure to Roger the tempest: with him I had often much chat de Montgomery, soon after the Conquest. of those affairs; into which he took pleasure to The son of this nobleman did not long enjoy it, Jook back from his native harbour ; and at my
as he died in the prime of life. The grandson, departure toward Rome (which had been the Robert de Belesme, earl of Shrewsbury, forfeited center of his experience) I had wonn confidence it to Henry I. by having joined the party of Roenough to beg his advice, how I might carry my- bert duke of Normandy against that king. It self securely there, without offence to others, or became now a princely residence, and was guardof mine own conscience. Signor Arrigo mio, ed by a numerous garrison. Soon after the ac(sayes he) I pensieri stretti, et il viso sciolto, will cession of Stephen, however, the governor bego safely over the whole world ; Of which Del-trayed his trust, in joining the empress Maud. phian oracle (for so I have found it) your judge- Stephen besieged it; in which endeavour to rement doth need no commentary; and therefore gain the possession of his fortress some writers (sir) I will commit you with it to the best of all assert that he succeeded, others that he failed. securities, God's dear love, remaining
The most generally received opinion is, that the Your friend as much at command governor, repenting of his baseness, and wishing as any of longer date
to obtain the king's forgiveness, proposed a caHENRY WOOTTON. pitulation advantageous to the garrison, to which
Stephen, despairing of winning the castle by POSTSCRIPT.
arms, readily acceded. Henry II. presented SIB, I have expressly sent this my foot-boy to pre- to whom succeeded Joccas de Dinan; between
it to his favourite, Fulk Fitz-Warine,or de Dinan, vent your departure without som acknowledge. whom and Hugh de Mortimer lord of Wigmore ment from me of the receipt of your obliging such dissensions arose, as at length occasioned letter, having myself through som business, I know the seizure of Mortimer, and his confinement in not how, neglected the ordinary conveyance. In any part where I shall understand you fixed, 1 is called Mortimer's Tower; from which he
one of the towers of the castle, which to this day shall be glad, and diligent, to entertain you with home-novelties; even for some fomentation
was not liberated, till he had paid an immense
This tower is now inhabited, and used of our friendship, too soon interrupted in the
as a fives-court. cradle.
It was again belonging to the crown in the Sth year of king John, who bestowed it on Philip de Al. bani, from whom it descended to the Lacies of Ire
land, the last of which family, Walter de Lacy, dyCOMUS.
ing withoutissue male, left the castle to his grand
daughter Maud, the wife of Peter de Geneva, or LUDLOW CASTLE.
Jeneville, a Poicterin, of the house of Lorrain, By Mr. Todd.
from whose posterity it passed by a daughter to
the Mortimers, and from them hereditarily to SOME idea of this venerable and magnificent the crown. In the reign of Henry III. it was pile, in which Comus was played with great splen- taken by Simon de Montfort earl of Leicester, the dour, at a period when masks were the most
ambitious leader of the confederate barons, who, fashionable entertainment of our nobility, will | about the year 1263 are said to have taken posprobably gratify those, who read Milton with session of all the royal castles and fortresses. Of that curiosity which results from taste and ima- Ludlow Castle in almost two succeeding centuries gination. Mr. Warion, the learned author of nothing is recorded. this elegant remark, declines entering into the In the thirteenth year of Henry VI. it was in
the possession of Richard duke of York, who there 9 Lord S.] The son of lord viscount Scudamore, drew up his declaration of affected allegiance to then the Fnglish ambassador at Paris, by whose the king, pretending that the army of ten thounotice Milton was bonoured, and by whom he sand men, which he had raised in the marshes of was introduced to Grotius, then residing at
Wales, was “ for the public weale of the Paris, also as the minister of Sweden, TODI, realme.” The event of this commotion between
the Royalists and Yorkists, the defeatof Richard's a chimney excellently wrought in the best cham perfidious attempt, is well known. The castle ber, is St. Andrewes Crosse joyned to prince of Ludlow, says Hall," vas spoyled." The Arthurs armes in the hall windowe.” The poet king's troops seized on whatever was valuable in also notices the “Chappell most trim and costly it, and, according to the same chronicler, hither sure:” about which “are armes in colours of * the king sent the dutchess of Yorke with her sondrie kings, but chiefly noblemen.” He then two younger sons to be kept in ward, with the specifics in prose," " that sir Harry Sidney being dutchess of Buckingham her sister, where she lord president, buylt twelve roumes in the sayd continued a certain space.”
castle, which goodly buildings doth shewe a The castle was soon afterwards put into the great beaulie to the same. He made also 'a possession of Edward duke of York, afterwards goodly wardrobe underneath the new parlor, and king Edward IV., who at that time resided in repayrd an old tower, called Mortymer's Tower, the reighbɔuring castle of Wigmore, and who, to keepe the auncient records in the same; and in order to revenge the death of his father, had he repayred a fayre rou:ne under the court collected some troops in the Marches, and had house, to the same entent and purpose, and attached the garrison to his cause. On his ac- made a great wall about the woodyard, and built cession to the throne the castle was repaired by a most brave condit within the inner court : and him, and a few years after was made the court of all the newe buildings over the gate sir Harry his son, the prince of Wales; who was sent hither Sidney (in his daies and government there) by him, as Hall relates, “ for justice to be doen made and set out to the honour of the queene, in the Marches of Wales, to the end that by the and glorie of the castle. There are in a goodly authoritie of bis presence, the wild Welshmeme or stately place set out my lord earle of Warwicks and evill disposed personnes should refraine from armes, the earle of Darbie, the earle of Worces: their accustomed murthers and outrages.” Sir ter, the earle of Pembroke, and sir Harry SidHenry Sidney, some years afterwards, observed, neys armes in like maner : al these stand on the that, since the establishment of the lord presi- left hand of the chamber. On the other side dent and council, the whole country of Wales are the arms of Northwales and Southwales, have been brought from their disobedient and two red lyons and two golden lyons, prince barbarous incivility, to a civil and obedient con- Arthurs, At the end of the dyning chamber, dition; and the bordering English counties had there is a pretie device how the hedgehog brake been freed from those spoils and felonies, with the chayne, and came from Ireland to Ludloe.” which the Welsh, before this institution, had an. The device is probably an allusion to sir Henry's noyed them. See Sidney State-Papers, vol. i. armorial bearings, of which two porcupines were p. 1. On the death of Edward, his eldest son the crest. Sir Henry Sidney caused also many was here first proclaimed king by the name of salutary regulations to be made in the court. Edward V.
See Sidney State Papers, vol. i. p. 143 and på In the reign of Henry VII. his eldest son, 170, in which are stated the great sums of money. Arthur, prince of Wales, inhabited the castle ; he had expended, and the indefatigable diligence in which great festivity was observed upon his he had exerted in the discharge of his office. marriage with Catherine of Arragon; an event IM 1616, the creation of prince Charles (afterthat was soon followed, within the same walls, by wards king Charles I.) to the principality of the untimely and lamented death of that accom- Wales, and earldom of Chester, was celebrated plished prince.
here with uncommon magnificence. It became The castle had now long been the palace of the next distinguished by “one of the most memoprince of Wales annexed to the principality, and rable and honourable circumstances in the was the habitation appointed for his deputies the course of its history," THE REPRESENTATION OF lords presidents of Wales, who held in it the Comus in 1634, when the earl of Bridgewater court of the Marches. It would therefore hardly was lord president, and inhabited it. A scene in have been supposed, that its external splendour the Mask presented both the castle and the town should have suffered neglect, if Powel, the Welsh of Ludlow. Afterwards, as I have been informed, historian, had not related, that“sir Henry Sidney, Charles the first, going to pay a visit at Powis who was made lord president in 1564, repaired castle, was here splendidly received and enterthe castle of Ludlowe which is the cheefest house tained, on his journey. Put “pomp, and feast, within the Marches, being in great decaie, as the and revelry, with mask, and antique pageantry," chapell, the court-house, and a faire fountaine." were soon succeeded in Ludlow castle by the din See Mr. Warton's second edit. p. 124, where he
During the unhappy civil war it was quotes D. Powell's Hist. of Cambria, edit. garrisoned for the king ; who, in his flight from 1580. 410. p. 401. Sir H. Sidney, however, was Wales, staid a night it. See Iter Carolinum in made lord president in the second year of Eli- Gutch's Collect. Cur. vol. ii. 443.
“ Wednesday zaveth, which was in 1559. See Sidney State- Aug.8 6.5h 1645, at Old Radnor, supper, a yeoPapers, vol. i. Memoirs prefixed, p. 86. Sir man's house; the court dispersed. Thursday the Henry's munificence to this stately fabric is 7.th to Ludlow Castle, no dinner, Col. Wodemore particularly recorded by T. Churchyard, house. Friday the 8.th to Bridgnorth, &c.” in his poem called, The Worthines of Wales, The castle was at length delivered up to the pare 4to. Lond. 1578. The chapter is entitled the liament in June 1646. Castle of Ludloe,” in which it is related, that A few years after this event, the goods of the - Sir Harry built many things here worthic castle were inventoried and sold. The rev. Mr praise and memorie.” From the same informa- Ayscough, of the British Museum, has obligtion we learn the following particulars. “Over ingly directed me to a priced cainiogue of the VOL. VII,
furniture, with the names of the purchasers, in | Buck's Antiquities, published in 1774, which must Harl. MSS. No. 4898, and No. 7352: from have been written many years before, it is said which I select a few curious articles.
“ Many of the royal apartments are yet entire; “ In the Princes Chamber. One standing bedd- and the sword, with the velvet hangings, and stead, covered with watchet damaske, with all some of the furniture are still preserved." And the furniture suitable thereunto belonging, &c. Grose in his Antiquities, published about the Sold Mr Bass ye 11.th of March 1650 for same time, extracting from the Tour through 36 £ 10s.
Great Britain what he pronounces a very just “ One suit of old tapistry hangings cont.s in and accurate account of this castle, represents
the chapel having abundance of coats of arms all 120 ells at 2 per ell; Sold M* Cleam. ye
upon the pannels, and the hall decorated with 18.th January 1650 for 15£. “In the Governour's Quarter. Two pictures, ye
the same ornaments, together with lances,
spears, firelocks, and old armour. Of these cuone of the late king, and the other of his queen, rious appendages to the grandeur of both, little io. Sold to MBass.
perhaps is now known. Of the chapel, a circular
building within the inner court is now all that re“One large old Bible, .. Sold to M° Bass.
mains. Over several of the stable doors, how“One old surplice of holland, š. Sold to ever, are still the arms of queen Elizabeth, and
the earl of Pembroke. Over the inner gate of Mr Bass. “ One dammaske table-cloth in length tenn
the castle, are also some remajas of the arms
of the Sidney family, with an inscription yards, 2. Sold to M' Rog.' Humphrey. denoting the date of the queen's reign, and of “ A cupp & cover of plate, weighing 35 03. sir Henry Sidney's residence, in 1581, together
with the following words, Hominibus ingratis loat 5 per 03. 8. 15. Sold to M' Brown.
quimini lapides. No reason has been assigned for “A pulpitt cloth & a carpett of old crimson this remarkable address. Perhaps sir Henry velvett & 7 old cushions, val.« at ổ. Sold to Sidney might intend it as an allusion to his preMr Brown.
decessors, who had suffered the stately fabric “ In the Shovell-board Room. Nine peeces of to decay; as a memorial also, which no succesgreen kersey bangings paned wh gilt leather, 8
sor might behold without determining to avoid window curtaines, 5 window peeces, a chimney its application: Nonne ipsAM DOMUM metuet, peece, and curtaine rodds, and three other small ne quam vocem ELICIAT,nonne PARIETES CONCIOS" peeces in a presse in ye wardrobe val. togeather who visited the castle in 1768, has acquainted
Mr. Dovaston, ofthe Nursery, near Oswestry, 25£. With ye PROTECTOR.
“ In yo Hall. Two long tables, two square me, that the floors of the great council chamtables with formes, one fire-grate, one side ta
ber were then pretty entire, as was the stair-case, ble, a court cuppboard, two wooden figures of The covered steps leading to the chapel were beasts, 3 candlesticks, & racks for armour, 1. remaining, but the covering of the chapel was Sold to Mr Bass."
fallen : yet the arms of some of the lords presiNo other remarkable circumstances distinguish dents, painted on the walls, were visible. In the history of this castle, till the court of the the great council chamber was inscribed on the Marches was abolished, and the lords presidents wall a sentence from 1 Sam. xii. 3. All of which were discontinued, in 1688. From that period are now wholly gone. The person, who showed its decay commenced. It has since been gradu- this gentleman the castle, informed bim that, by ally stript of its curious and valuable ornaments. tradition, the Mask of Comus was performed in No longer inbabited by its noble guardians, it the council chamber. Among the valuable colhas fallen into neglect; and neglect has encou
lections of the same gentleman is an extensive taged plunder. « It will be no wonder that this account of Ludlow town and castle from the most Doble castle is in the very perfection of decay, early times, to the first year of William and Ma. when we acquaint our readers, that the present ry, copied by him from a MS. of the rev. Rich. inhabitants live upon the sale of the materials. Podmore, A. B. rector of Coppenhall in Co. All the fine courts, the royal apartments, balls, Pal. of Chester, and curate of Cundover, Salop, and rooms of state, lie open and abandoned, and collected with great care from ancient and ausome of them falling down." Tour through thentic books. From this interesting compilaGreat Britain, quoted by Grose, art. Ludlow tion I have been informed that the court of the Castle. See also two remarkable instances re.
Marches was erected by Edward IV. in honvur Jated by Mr. Hodges in his Account of the Castle, of the earls of March, from whom he was des. p. 39. "The appointment of a governor, or stew- cended, as the court of the duchy of Lancaster had ard of the castle, is also at present discontinued. been before by Henry IV. in honour of the house Butler enjoyed the stewardship, which was a lu- of Lancaster: that the household of Ludlow cascrative as well as an honourable post, while tl.. tle was numerous and splendid, and that the principality court existed. And, in an apartment ord president lived in great state. The chaplain over the gateway of the castle, he is said to have had the yearly fee of 2.50 with diet for himself written his inunitable Hudibras. The poet had and one servant. The other officers of the court been secretary to the earl of Carbery, who was
bad fees and salaries suitable to their several lord president of Wales; and who, in the great
ranks. See also Sidney State Papers, vol. i.p. rebellion, had afforded an asylum to the excel 5, 6. where the “ Fees annually allowed to the lent Jeremy Taylor.
In the accjunt of Ludlow castle, prefixed to · Cicero pro Cælio. sect. 25.