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Tell me, if food were now before thee set, In vain, where no acceptance it can find ?
"That I have also power to give, thou seest; Duty and service, nor to stay till bid,
If of that power I bring thee voluntary But tender all their power? Nor mention I What I might have bestow'd on whom I pleas'd, Meats by the law unclean, or offer'd first And rather opportunely in this place To idols, those young Daniel could refuse; Chose to impart to thy apparent need, Nor proffer'd by an enemy, though who
Why should'st thou not accept it? but I see Would scruple that, with want oppress'd? Behold, What I can do or offer is suspect : Nature asham'd, or, better to express, (vey'd Of these things others quickly will dispose, Troubled, that thou should'st hunger, hath pur- Whose pains have earn'd the far-fet spoil.” With Prom all the elements her choicest store,
that To treat thee, as beseems, and as her Lord, Both table and provision vanish'd quite With honour: only deign to sit and eat."
With sound of harpies' wings and talons heard : He spake no dream; for, as his words had end, Only the importune tempter still remain’d, Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld,
And with these words his temptation pursued. In ample space under the broadest shade,
" By hunger, that each other creature tames, A table richly spread, in regal mode,
Thou art not to be harm’d, therefore not mov'd; With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort Thy temperance invincible besides, And savour; beasts of chase, or fowl of game, For no allurement yields to appetite; In pastry built, or from the spit, or boild, And all thy heart is set on high desigos, Gris-amber-steam'd; all fish, from sea or shore, High actions: but wherewith to be achiev'd ? Freshet or purling brook, of shell or fin,
Great acts require great means of enterprise; And exquisitest name, for which was drain'd Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast. A carpenter thy father known, thyself (Alas, how simply, to these cates compard, Bred up in poverty and straits at home, Was that crude apple that diverted Eve!) Lost in a desert here and hunger-bit : And at a stately side-board, by the wine
Which way, or from what hope, dost thou aspire That fragrant smell diffus'd, in order stood To greatness ? whence authority deriv'st? Tall stripling youths rich clad, of fairer hue What followers, what retinue can’st thou gain, Than Ganymed or Hylas; distant more
Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude, Under the trees now tripp'd, now solemn stood, Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost ? Nymphs of Diana's train, and Najades
Money brings honour, friends, conquest, and With fruits and flowers from Amalthea's horn,
realms : And ladies of the Hesperides, that seem'd What rais'd Antipater the Edomite, Fairer than feign'd of old, or fabled since And his son Herod plac'd on Judah's throne, Of faery damsels, met in forest wide
Thy throne, but gold that got him puissant By knights of Logres, or of Lyones,
friends? Lancelot, or Pelleas, or Pellenore.
Therefore, if at great things thou would'st arrive, And all the while harmoujous airs were heard Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap of chiming strings, or charming pipes; and Not difficult, if thou hearken to me : Of gentlest gale Arabian odours fann'd [winds Riches are mine, fortune is in my hand; From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain, smells.
While virtue, valour, wisdom, sit in want.” Such was the splendour; and the tempter now To whom thus Jesus patiently replied. His invitation earnestly renew'd.
" Yet wealth, without these three, is impotent “What doubts the Son of God to sit and eat? To gain dominion, or to keep it gain'd. These are not fruits forbidd'n; no interdict Witness those ancient empires of the Earth, Defends the touching of these viands pure; In height of all their flowing wealth dissolv'd : Their taste no knowledge works, at least of evil, But men endued with these hve oft attain'd But life preserves, destroys life's enemy, In lowest poverty to highest deeds ; Hunger, with sweet restorative delight. [springs, Gideon, and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad, All these are spirits of air, and woods, and Whose otispring on the throne of Judah sat Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay
So many ages, and swall yet regain
To whom thus Jesus temperately replied.[eat." To me is not unknown what hath been done
For I esteem those names of men so poor,
Riches, though offer'd from the hand of kings. Command a table in this wilderness,
And what in me seems wanting, but that I
Accomplish what they did, perhaps and inore? Wby should'st thou then obtrude this diligence, Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance, if not snare ; more intimating somewhat respecting his own preTo slacken Virtue, and abate her edge, [apt vious sufferings, asks Satan, why he should Than prompt her to do aught may merit praise. be so solicitous for the exaltation of one, What if with like aversion I reject
whose rising was destined to be his fall. Satan Riches and realms ? yet not for that a crown, replies, that his own desperate state, by exa Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns,
cluding all hope, leaves little room for fear; Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless and that, as his own punishment was equally nights,
doomed, he is not interested in preventing the To him who wears the regal diadem,
reign of one, from whose apparent benevoWhen on his shoulders each man's burden lies; lence he might rather hope for some interFor therein stands the office of a king,
ference in his favour.-Satan still pursues his His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise, former incitements; and, supposing that the That for the public all this weight he bears.
seeming reluctance of Jesus to be thus adYet he, who reigns within himself, and rules vånced might arise from his being unacquaintPassions, desires, and fears, is more a king;
ed with the world and its glories, conveys him Which every wise and virtuous man attains; to the summit of a high mountain, and from And who attains not, ill aspires to rule
thence shows him most of the kingdoms of Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes,
Asia, particularly pointing out to his notice Subject himself to anarchy within,
some extraordinary military preparations of Or lawless passions in him, which he serves. the Parthians to resist the incursions of the But to guide nations in the way of truth
Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that By saving doctrine, and from errour lead
he showed him this purposely that he might To know, and knowing worship God aright,
see how necessary military exertions are to Is yet more kingly ; this attracts the soul,
retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as Governs the inner man, the nobler part;
to subdue them at first, and advises him to That other o'er the body only reigns,
consider how impossible it was to maintain And oft by force, which, to a generous mind, Judea against two such powerful neighbours as So reigning, can be no sincere delight.
the Romans and Parthjaus, and how necessary Besides, to give a kingdom hath been thonght it would be to form an alliance with one or Greater and nobler done, and to lay down
other of them. At the same time he recomFar more magnanimous, than to assume.
mends, and engages to secure to him, that of Riches are needless then, both for themselves, the Parthians; and tells him that by this And for thy reason why they should be sought, means his power will be defended from any To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'd.”
thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomplish, what was particularly necessary to make the
throne of Judea really the throne of David, PARADISE REGAINED.
the deliverance and restoration of the ten
tribes, still in a state of captivity. Jesus, barBOOK III.
ing briefly noticed the vanity of military ef
forts and the weakness of the arm of flesh, THE ARGUMENT.
says, that when the time comes for his ascend
ing his allotted throne he shall not be slack : Satan, in a speech of much flattering commenda
he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for tion, endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion
the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he for glory, by particularising various instances
had always showed himself an enemy, and of conquests achieved, and great actions per
declares their servitude to be the consequence formed, by persons at an early period of life.
of their idolatry ; but adds, that at a future Our Lord replies, by showing the vanity of
time it may perhaps please God to recall worldly fame, and the improper means by
them, and restore them to their liberty and
native land, which it is generally attained; and contrasts with it the true glory of religious patience and virtuous wisdon, as exemplified in the cha- So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood racter of Job. Satan justifies the love of glory | A while, as mute, confounded what to say, fruin the example of God himself, who requires What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd it from all his creatures. Jesus detects the Of his weak arguing and fallacious drift; fallacy of this argument, by showing that, as At length, collecting all his serpent wiles, goodness is the true ground on which glory is with soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts. due to the great Creator of all things, sinful “ I see thou know'st what is of use to know, man can have no right whatever to it.-Satan What best to say canst say, to do canst do ; then urges our Lord respecting his claim to Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words the throne of David; be tells him that the To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart kingdom of Judea, being at that time a pro- Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape. vince of Rome, cannot be got possession of Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult, without much personal exertion on his part, Thy counsel would be as the oracle and presses him to lose no time in beginning Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems to reign. Jesus refers him to the time allot- On Aaron's breast ; or tongue of seers old, ted for this, as for all other things; and, after Infallible : or wert thou sought to deeds
That inight require the array of war, thy skill Worshipt with temple, priest, and sacrifice ?
But if there be in glory aught of good,
By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
borne, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, Made famous in a land and times obscure; And dignities and powers all but the highest ? Wło names not now with honour patient Job ? Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) Of Macedonian Philip had ere these
By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
For truth's sake suffering death, unjust, lives At his dispose; young Scipio had brought down The Carthaginian pride ; young Pompey quelld Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. Yet if for fame and glory aught be done, Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Aught suffer'd; if young African for fame Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. His wasted country freed from Punic rage; Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd And loses, though but verbal, his reward. With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late.” Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his
To whom our Saviour calmly thus replied. Who sent me; and thereby witness whence I “Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth
(plied. For empire's sake, nor empire to affect
To whom the tempter murmuring thus reFor glory's sake, by all thy argument.
“Think not so slight of glory; therein least For what is glory but the blaze of fame,
Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd? And for his glory all things made, all things And what the people but a herd confus'd,
Orders and governs ; nor content in Heaven A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
By all his angels glorified, requires Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the Glory from men, from all men, good or bad, praise?
[what, Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption ; They praise, and they admire, they know not Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; Glory he requires, and glory he receives, And what delight to be by such extoll’d, Promiscuous from all nations, Jew or Greek, To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd ; Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise ? From us, his foes pronounc'd, glory he exacts." His lot who dares be singularly good.
To whom our Saviour fervently replied. The intelligent among them and the wise “And reason ; since his word all things produc'd Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais'd. Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, This is true glory and renown, when God, But to show forth bis goodness, and impart Looking on the Earth, with approbation marks His good communicable to every soul The just man, and divulges him through Heaven Freely; of whom what could be less expect To all his angels, who with true applause
Phan glory and benediction, that is, thanks, Recount his praises : thus he did to Job,
The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense When to extend his fame through Heaven and From them who could return him nothing else, Earth,
And, not returning that, would likeliest render As thou to thy reproach may'st well remember, Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ? He ask'd thee, *Hast thou seen my servant Hard recompense, unsuitable return Job ?'
For so much good, so much beneficence ! Famous he was in Heaven, on Earth less known; But why should man seek glory, who of his own Where glory is false glory, attributed
Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs, To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. But condemnation, ignominy, and shame? They err, who count it glorious to subdue Who for so many benefits receiv'd, By conquest far and wide, to over-run
'Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false, Large countries, and in field great battles win, And so of all true good himself despoil'd; Great cities by assault : what do these worthies, Yet, sacrilegious, to himself would take But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave That which to God alone of right belongs : Peaceable nations, neighbouring, or remote,
Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace, Made captive, yet deserving freedom more
That who advance his glory, not their own, Than those their conquerors, who leave behind Them he himself to glory will advance.” Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rove,
So spake the Son of God; and here again And all the flourishing works of peace destroy ;
Satan had not to answer, but stood struck Then swell with pride, and must be titled Gods, With guilt of his own sin ; for he himself, Great Benefactors of mankind, Deliverers, Insatiable of glory, had lost all ;
Yet of another plea bethought him soon.
Willingly could I fly, and nope thy reign, " Of glory, as thou wilt,” said he, “ so deem; From that placid aspéct and meek regard, Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass. Rather than aggravate my evil state, But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd Would stand between me and thy Father's ire, To sit upon thy father David's throne,
(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of Hell,) By mother's side thy father ; though thy right A shelter, and a kind of shading cool Be now in powerful hands, that will not part Interposition, as a summer's cloud. Easily from possession won with arms;
If I then to the worst that can be haste, Judæa now and all the Promis'd Land,
Why move thy feet so slow to what is best, Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,
Happiest, both to thyself and all the world, Obeys Tiberius; nor is always rul'd
That thou, who worthiest art, should'st be their With temperate sway ; oft have they violated
king? The temple, oft the law, with foul affronts, Perhaps thou linger'st, in deep thoughts detain'd Abominations rather, as did once
Of the enterprise so hazardous and high; Antiochus: and think'st thou to regain
No wonder; for, though in thee be united Thy right, by sitting still, or thus retiring? What of perfection can in man be found, So did not Maccabeus: he indeed
Or human nature can receive, consider, Retir'd unto the desert, but with arms;
Thy life hath yet been private, most part spent And o'er a mighty king so oft prevail'd,
At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns, That by strong hand his family obtain'd, And once a year Jerusalem, few days' (observe! Though priests, the crown, and David's throne Short sojourn ; and what thence could'st thou usurpd,
The world thou hadst not seen, much less her With Modin and her suburbs once content.
glory, If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, And duty; and zeal and duty are not slow, Best school of best experience, quickest insight But on occasion's forelock watchful wait :
In all things that to greatest actions lead. They therselves rather are occasion best ; The wisest, unexperienc'd, will be ever Zeal of thy father's house, duty to free
Timorous and loth; with novice modesty, Thy country from her heathen servitude.
(As he who, seeking asses, found a kingdom,) So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify
Irresolute, unhardy, unadventurous: The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign ; But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit The happier reign, the sooner it begins :
Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Reign then ; what canst thou better do the The monarchies of the Earth, their pomp and while ?"
Sufficient introduction to inform [state; To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd. Thee, of thyself so apt, in regal arts, “ All things are best fulfilld in their due time; And regal mysteries; that thou may'st know And time there is for all things, Truth hath said. How their best opposition to withstand.” If of my reign prophetic writ hath told,
With that, (such power was given him then,) That it shall never end, so, when begin,
A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, By tribulations, injuries, insults,
The one winding, the other straight, and left Cintempts, and scorns, and snares, and violence,
between Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,
Fair champaign with less rivers intervela'd, Without distrust or doubt, that he may know Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : What I can suffer, how obey? Who best
Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil, and wine; Can suffer, best can do ; best reign, who first With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks Well hath obey'd; just trial, ere I merit
(seen My exaltation without change or end.
Huge cities and high-tower’d, that well might But what concerns it thee, when I begin
The seats of mightiest monarchs; and so Jarge My everlasting kingdom? Why art thon The prospect was, that here and there was Sulicitous ? What moves thy inquisition ? Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, For barren desert, fountainless and dry. And my promotion will be thy destruction” To this high mountain top the tempter brought
To whom the tempter, inly rack’d, replied. Our Saviour, and new train of words began. “ Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost “Well have we speeded, and o'er bill and Of my reception into grace : what worse?
dale, For where no hope is left, is left no fear:
Forest and field and flood, temples and towers, If there be worse, the expectation more
Cut shorter many a lesgue; here thou behold's! Of worse torments me than the feeling can. Assyria, and her empire's ancient bounds, I would be at the worst: worst is my port, Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on My harbour, and my ultimate repose;
As far as Indus east, Euphrates west, The end I would attain, my final good.
And oft beyond : to south the Persian bay, My errour was my errour, and my crime And, inaccessible, the Arabian drought: My crime; whatever, for itself condemn'd; Here Nineveh, of length within her wall And will alike be punish’d, whether thou Several days journey, built by Ninus old, Hicign, or reign not; though to that gentle brow Of that first golden inonarchy the seat,
And seat of Salmanassar, whose success
At sight whereof the fiend yet more presum’d, Israel in long captivity still mourns;
And to our Saviour thus his words renew'd. There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues,
“ That thou may'st know I seek not to engage As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice
Thy virtue, and pot every way secure Judah and all thy father David's house
On no slight grounds thy safety; hear, and mark, Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste,
To what end I have brought thee hither, and Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis,
shown His city, there thon seest, and Bactra there; All this fair sight: thy kingdom, though foretold Ecbatana her structure vast there shows,
By prophet or by angel, unless thou And Hecatompylos her hundred gates;
Endeavour, as thy father David did, There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
Thou never shalt obtain ; prediction still The drink of none but kings: of later fame, In all things, and all men, supposes means; Built by Emathian or by Parthian hands, Without means us'd, what it predicts revokes. The great Seleucia, Nisibis, and there
But, say thou wert possess’d of David's throne, Artaxata, Teredon, Ctesiphon,
By free consent of all, none opposite,
Between two such enclosing enemies,
Roman and Parthian? Therefore one of tbese From the luxurious kings of Antioch won.
Thou must make sure thy own; the Parthjan first And just in time thou com'st to have a view By my advice, as nearer, and of late Of his great power; for now the Parthian king Found able by invasion to annoy lo Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host
Thy country, and captive lead away her kings, Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild Antigonus and old Hyrcanus, bound, Have wasted Sogdiana; to her aid
Maugre the Roman: it shall be my task He marches now in haste; see, though from far, To render thee the Parthian at dispose, His thousands, in what martial equipage Choose which thou wilt, by conquest or by They issue forth, steel bows and shafts their
By him thou shalt regain, without him not, Of equal dread in flight, or in pursuit ; That which alone can truly re-install thee All horsemen, in which fight they most excel ; In David's royal seat, his true successor, See how in warlike muster they appear, Deliverance of thy brethren, those ten tribes, In rhombs, and wedges, and half-moons, and Whose offspring in his territory yet serve, wings."
In Habor, and among the Medes dispers'd : He look'd, and saw what numbers numberless Ten sons of Jacob, two of Joseph, lost The city gates out-pour'd, light-armed troops, Thus long from Israel, serving, as of old In coats of mail and military pride;
Their fathers in the land of Egypt serv’d, In mail their horses clad, yet fleet and strong, This offer sets before thee to deliver. Prancing their riders bore, the flower and choice These if from servitude thou shalt restore Of many provinces from bound to bound; To their inheritance, then, nor till then, From Arachosia, from Candaor east,
Thou on the throne of David in full glory, And Margiana to the Hyrcanian cliffs
From Egypt to Euphrates, and beyond, Of Caucasus, and dark Iberian dales;
Shalt reigo, and Rome or Cæsar not need fear.” From Atropatia and the neighbouring plains To whom our Saviour answer'd thus, unmov'di Of Adiabene, Media, and the south
" Much ostentation vain of Aeshy arm Of Susiana, to Balsara's haven.
And fragile arms, much instrument of war, He saw them in their forms of battle rang'd, Long in preparing, soon to nothing brought, How quick they wheeld, and flying behind them. Before mine eyes thou hast set; and in my ear shot
Vented much policy, and projects deep Sharp sleet of arrowy showers against the face Of enemies, of aids, battles and leagues, Of their pursuers, and overcame by flight; Plausible to the world, to me worth nought. The field all iron cast a gleaming brown:
Means I must use, thou say'st, prediction else Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn Will unpredict, and fail ine of the throne: Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight,
My time, I told thee, (and that time for thee Chariots, or elephants indors'd with towers Were better farthest off,) is not yet come: Of archers; nor of labouring pioneers
When that comes, think not thou to find me slack A multitude, with spades and axes arm'd On my part aught endeavouring, or to need To lay hills plain, fell woods, or valleys fill, Thy politic maxims, or that cumbersome Or where plain was raise hill, or overlay
Luggage of war there shown me, argument With bridges rivers prond, as with a yoke ; Of human weakness rather than of strength, Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, My brethren, as thou call'st them, those ten tribes Anul waggons, fraught with útensils of war. I must deliver, if I mean to reign Such forces met not, nor so wide a camp,
David's true heir, and bis full sceptre sway When Agrican with all his northern powers To just extent over all Israel's sons. Besieg'd Albracca, as romances tell,
But whence to thee this zeal? Where was it then The city of Gallaphrone, from whence to win For Israel, or for David, or his throne, The fairest of her sex Angelica,
When thou stood'st up his teinpter to the pride His daughter, sought by many prowest knights, Of numbering Israël, which cost the lives Both Paynim, and the pcers of Charlemain. Of threescore and ten thousand Israelites Such and so numerous was their chivalry: By three days pestilence ? Such was thy zcal