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often been exceeded by the buildings of private an extraordinary), after consent of the other citizens.
That all the professors shall sup together in
the parlour within the hall every night, and shall OF THE PROFESSORS, SCHOLARS, CHAPLAIN, dine there twice a week (to wit, Sundays and AND OTHER OFFICERS,
Thursdays) at two round tables, for the conveni
ence of discourse ; which shall be for the most THAT of the twenty professors four be al- part of such matters as may improve their stuways travelling beyond seas, and sixteen always dies and professions; and to keep them from falresident, unless by permission upon extraordi- ling into loose or unprofitable talk, shall be the nary occasions; and every one so absent, leaving duty of the two arbitri mensarum, who a deputy behind him to supply his duties. wise conimand any of the serrant-scholars to read
That the four professors itinerant be assigned them what he shall think fit, whilst they are at to the four parts of the world, Europe, Asia, table; that it shall belong likewise to the said Africa, and America, there to reside three years arbitri mensarum only, to invite strangers, which at least; and to give a constant account of all they shall rarely do, unless they be men of learnthings that belong to the learning, and especially ing or great parts, and shall not invite above two natural experimental philosophy, of those parts. at a time to one table, nothing being more vain
That the expense of all dispatches, and all and unfruitful than numerous meetings of acbooks, simples, animals, stones, metals, mine- quaintance. rals, &c. and all curiosities whatsoever, natu- That the professors resident shall allow the ral or artificial, sent by them to the college, shall college twenty pounds a year for their diet, be defrayed out of the treasury, and an addition- whether they continue there all the time or not. al allowance (above the 1201.) made to them as That they shall have once a week an assembly, soon as the college's revenue shall be improved. or conference, concerning the affairs of the col
That at their going abroad, they shall take a lege, and the progress of their experimental phisolemn oath, never to write any thing to the col- losophy. lege, but what, after very diligent examination, That, if any one find out any thing which he they shall fully believe to be true, and to confess conceives to be of consequence, he shall commuand recant it as soon as they find themselves in nicate it to the assembly, to be examined, expe. an errour.
rimented, approved, or rejected. That the sixteen professors resident shall be That, if any one be author of an invention that bound to study and teach all sorts of natural may bring in profit, the third part of it shall experimental philosophy, to consist of the ma- belong to the inventor, and the two other to the thematics, mechanics, medicine, anatomy, chy- society; and besides, if the thing be very conmistry, the history of animals, plants, minerals, siderable, his statue or picture, with an elogy elements, &c.; agriculture, architecture, art mili- under it, shall be placed in the gallery, and tary, navigation, gardening : the mysteries of made a denison of that corporation of famous all trades, and improvement of them; the facture of all merchandizes; all natural magic or That all the professors shall be always assigned divination; and brie all things contained in the to some particular inquisition (besides the or. catalogue of natural histories annexed to my dinary course of their studies), of which they shall lord Bacon's Organon.
give an account to the assembly : so that by this That once a day, from Easter till Michae!mas, means there may be every day some operation and twice a week, from Michaelmas to Easter, or other made in all the arts, as chymistry, anaat the hours in the afternoon most convenient for tomy, mechanics, and the like; and that the auditors from London, according to the time of college shall furnish for the charge of the opethe year, there shall be a lecture read in the hall, ration. upon such parts of natural experimental phi- That there shall be kept a register under lock losophy, as the professors shall agree on amoug and key, and not to be seen but by the profesthemselves, and as each of them shall be able sors, of all the experiments that succeed , signto perform usefully and honourably.
ed by the persons who inade the trial. That two of the professors, by daily, weekly, That the popular and received errours in expeor monthly turns, shall teach the public schools, rimental philosophy (with which, lihe weeds in a according to the rules hereafter prescribed. neglected garden, it is now almost all over-grown)
That all the professors shall be equal in all shall be evinced by trial and taken notice of respects (except precedency, choice of lodging, in the public lectures, that they may no lonand such-like privileges, which shall belong to ger abuse the credulous, and beget new ones by seniority in the college); and that all shall be consequence or similitude. masters and treasurers by annual turns ; which That every third year (after the full settletwo officers, for the time being, 'sball take place ment of the foundation, the college shall give an of all the rest, and shall be arbitri duarum account in print, in proper and ancient Tatin of piensarum.
the fruits of their triennial industry. That the master shall command all the offi- That every professor resident shall hare his cers of the college, appoint assemblies or confer- scholar to wait upon him in his chamber and at ences upon occasion, and preside in them with table ; whom he should be obliged to breed up in a double voice; and in his absence the treasurer, natural philosophy, and render an account of his whose business is to receive and disburse all mo- progress to the assembly, from whose election ho pics by the master's order in writing (if it be received him, and therefore is responsible to it,
both for the care of his education and the just schools, employing or rather casting away and civil usage of him.
six or seren years in the learning of words only, That the scholar shall understand Latin very and that too very imperfectly : well, and be moderately initiated in the Greek, That a method be here established, for the before be be capable of being chosen into the ser- infusing knowledge and language at the same vice; and that he shall not remain in it above time into them; and that this may be their seven years.
apprenticeship in natural philosophy. This, That his lodging shall be with the professor we conceive, may be done, by breeding them whom he serves.
up in authors, or pieces of authors, who treat That no professor shall be a maried man, or of some parts of nature, and who may be una divine, or lawyer in practice; only physic he derstood with as much ease and pleasure, as may be allowed to prescribe, because the study those which are commonly taught; such are, of that art is a great part of the duty of his place, in Latin, Varro, Cato, Columella, Pliny, part and the duty of that is so great, that it will not of Ce'sus and of Seneca, Cicero de Divinatione, suffer him to luse much time in mercenary de Naturâ Deorum,and several scattered pieces, practice.
Virgil's Georgics, Grotius, Nemesianus, ManiThat the professors shall, in the college, lius: And the truth is, because we want good poets wear the habit of ordinary masters of art in the (I mean we have but few), who hare purposely universities, or of doctors, if any of them be so. treated of solid and learned, that is, natural
That they shall all keep an inviolable and ex- matters (the most part indulging to the weakemplary friendship with one another; and that ness of the world, and feeding it either with the assembly shall lay a considerable pecuniary the follies of love or with the fables of gods and mulet upon any one who shall be proved to have heroes), we conceive that one book ought to entered so far into a quarrel as to give uncivil be compiled of all the scattered little parcels language to his brother-professor ; and that the among the ancient poets that might serve for perseverance in any enmity shall be punished by the advancement of natural science, and which the governors with expulsion.
would make no small or unuseful or unpleasant That the chaplain shall eat at the master's volume. To this we would have added the table (paying his twenty pounds a year as the morals and rhetorics of Cicero, and the inothers do); and that he shall read prayers once a stitutions of Quinctilian; and for the comedians, day at least, a little before supper-time; that he froin whom almost all that necessary part of shall preach in the chapel every Sunday morn- common discourse, and all the most intimato ing, and catechize in the afternoon the scholars proprieties of the language, are drawn, we conand the school-boys: that he shall every month ceive, the boys may be made masters of them, administer the holy sacrament; that he shall as a part of their recreation, and not of their not trouble himself and his auditors with the task, if once a month, or at least once in twò, controversies of divinity, but only teach God in they act one of Terence's Comedies, and afterhis just commandments, and in his wonderful wards (the most advanced) some of Plautus's ; works.
and this is for many reasons one of the best
exercises they can be enjoined, and most innoTOE SCHOOL.
cent pleasures they can be allowed. As for the
Greek authors, they may study Nicander, OpiTHAT the school may be built so as to coniain anus, (whom Scaliger does not doubt to prefer about two hundred boys.
above Homer himself, and place next to his That it be divided into four classes, not as adored Virgil) Aristotle's history of animals and others are ordinarily into six or seven ; because other parts, Theophrastus and Dioscorides of we suppose that the children sent bither, to be plants, and a colleciion made out of sev ral of initiated in things as well as words, ought to have both poets and other Grecian writers. For the past the wo or three first, and to have attained morals and rhetoric, Aristo-le may suffice, or the age of about thirteen years, being already Hermogenes and Longinus be added for the latwell advanced in the Latin grammar, and some ter. With the history of aniinals they should be authors.
showed anatomy as a divertisement, and made That none, though never so rich, shall pay any to know the figures and natures of those creathing for their teaching; and that, if any pro
tures which are not common among us, disfessor shall be convicted tv have taken any money abusing them at the same time of those errours in consideration o? his pains in the school, he shall which are universally admitted concerning many. be expelled with ignominy by the gorernors ; but | The same method should be used to make them if any persons of great estate and quality, finding acquainted with all plants; and to this must their sons much better proficients in learning be added a little of the ancient and modern here, than boys of the saine age commonly are geography, the understanding of the globes, and at other schools, shall not think fit to receive the principles of geometry and astronomi. They an obligation of so near concernment without should likewise use to declaim in Latin, and returning sone marks of acknowledgment, English, as the Romans did in Grcek and Latin, they may, if they please, (for nothing is to and in all this travail be rather led on by familia. be Jemanded) bestow some little rarity or rity, encouragement, and emulation, than driven curiosity upon the society, in recompense of by severity, punishment, and terrour. l'pon their trouble.
festivals and play-times, they should exercise And, berause it is deplorable to consider the themselves in the fields, by riding, leaping, fence loss which cluildren make of their time at most ing, mustering, and training, afier the manner of soldiers, &c. And, to prevent all dangers and deserves to meet with so few adversaries as this ; all disorder, there should always be two of the for who can without impudent folly oppose the esecholars with them, to be as witnesses and direc- tablishment of twenty well-selected persons in tors of their actions; in foul weather, it would such a condition of life, that their whole business not be amiss for them to learn to dance, that is, and sole profession may be to study the improveto learn just so much (for all beyond is superflu- ment and advantage of all other professions, from ous, if not worse) as may give them a graceful that of the highest general even to the lowest arcomportment of their bodies.
tisan? who shall be obliged to employ their whole Upon Sundays, and all days of devotion, they time, wit, learning, and industry, to these four, are to be a part of the chaplain's province. the most useful that can be imagined, and to no
That, for all these ends, the college so order it, other ends; first, to weigh, examine, and prove, As that there may be some convenient and plea- all things of nature delivered to us by former sant houses thereabouts, kept by religious, dis- ages; to detect, explode, and strike a censure creet, and careful persons, for the lodging and through, all false monies with which the world has boarding of young scholars; that they have a been paid and cheated so long ; and (as I may constant eye over them, to see that they be say) to set the mark of the college upon all true bred up there piously, cleanly, and plentifully, coins, that they may pass hereafter without any according to the proportion of the parents' ex- farther trial : secendly, to recover the lost invenpenses.
tions, and, as it were, drowned lands of the anAnd that the college, when it shall please cients : thirdly, to improve all arts which we now God, either by their own industry and success, or have; and lastly, to discover others which we by the benevolence of patrons, to enrich them so have not : and who shall besides all this (as a befar, as that it may come to their turn and duty to nefit by the by), give the best education in the be charitable to others, shall, at their own world (purely gratis) to as many men's children charges, erect and maintain some house or houses as shall think fit to make use of the obligation ? for the entertainment of such poor men's sons, Neither does it at all check or interfere with any whose good natural parts may promise either use parties in a state or religion ; but is indifferently or ornament to the commonwealth, during the to be embraced by all differences in opinion, and time of their abode at school ; and shall take care can hardly be conceived capable (as many good that it shall he done with the same conveniences institutions have done) even of degeneration into as are enjoyed even by rich men'schildren (though any thing harmful. So that, all things considerthey maintain the fewer for that cause), there ed, I will suppose this Proposition shall encounbeing nothing of eminent and illustrious to be ter with no enemies : the only question is, wheexpected from a low, sordid, and hospital-like ther it will tìnd friends enough to carry it on from educat'on.
discourse and design to reality and effect; the necessary expenses of the beginning (for it will maintain itself well enough afterwards) being so great (though I have set them as low as is possi
ble, in order to so vast a work), that it may seein IF I be not much abused by a natural fondness hopeless to raise such a sum out of those few dead to my own conceptions (that coggs of the Greeks, relics of human charity and public generosity which no other language has a proper word for), which are yet remaining in the world. there was never any project thought upon, which