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son, whom you and I love very much, and would | Begin, be bold, and venture to be wise ; believe as soon as another man)cum dignitate oti- He who defers this work from day to day, um. This were excellent advice to Joshua, who Does on a river's bank expecting stay, could bid the Sun stay too. But there is no fooling Till the whole stream, which stopt him, should with life, when it is once turned beyond forty. The seeking for a fortune then, is but a desperate That runs, and as it runs, for ever will run on. after-ganie : it is a hundred to one, if a man Aing two sixes and recover all; especially, if his Cæsar (the man of expedition above all others) hand be no luckier than mine.
was so far from this folly, that whensoever, in a There is some help for all the defects of for- journey, he was to cross any river, he never went tune; for, if a man cannot attain to the length of one foot out of his way for a bridge, or a ford, or a his wishes, he may have his remedy by cutting of ferry; but flung himself into it immediately, and them shorter. Epicurus writes a letter to Ido- swam over : and this is the course we ought to meneus (who was then a very powerful, wealthy, imitate, if we meet with any stops in our way to and, it seems, bountiful person) to recommend to happiness. Stay, till the waters are low; stay, him, who had made so many men rich, one Py- till some boats come by to transport you ; stay, thocles, a friend of his, whom he desired might be till a bridge be built for you ; you had even as made a rich man too; “but I entreat you that good stay till the river be quite past. Persius you would not do it just the same way as you have (who, you use to say, you do not know whether done to many less deserving persons, but in the he be a good poet or no, because you cannot unmost gentlemanly manner of obliging him, which derstand him, and whom therefore, 1 say, I know is not to add any thing to his estate, but to take to be not a good poet) has an odd expression of something from his desires.”
these procrastinators, which, methinks, is full of The sum of this is, that, for theuncertain hopes fancy: of some conveniences, we ought not to defer the execution of a work that is necessary; especially, Jam cras hesternum consumpsimus ; ecce aliud when the use of those things, which we would | Egerit hos annos.
[cras stay for, may otherwise be supplied ; but the loss Our yesterday's to morrow now is gone. of time, never recovered: nay, farther yet, though And still a new to morrow does come on ; we were sure to obtain all that we had a mind to, We by to morrows draw up all our store, though we were sure of getting never so much Till the exhausted well can yield no more. by continuing the game, yet, when the light of life is so near going out, and ought to be so And now, I think, I am even with you, for precious, le jeu ne vaut pas la chandelle, the your otium cum dignitate, and festina lente, play is not worth the expense of the candle : and three or four other more of your new Latin after having been long tost in a tempest, if our sentences : if I should draw upon you all my masts be standing, and we have still sail and forces out of Seneca and Plutarch upon this subtackling enough to carry us to our port, it is no ject, I should overwhelm you ; but I leave those, matter for the want of streamers and top-gal- as Triarii, for your next charge. I shall only lants;
give you now a light skirinish out of an epigramutere velis,
matist, your special good friend ; and so, vale. Totos pande sinus-9
A gentleman in our late civil wars, when his quarters were beaten up by the enemy, was taken
MARTIAL, Lib. V. Epigr. lix. prisoner, and lost his life afterwards, only by Cras te victurum, cras dicis, Posthume, semstaying to put on a band, and adjust his periwig: he would escape like a person of quality, or not at all, and died the noble martyr of ceremony and gentility. I think,
TO MORROW you will live, you always cry: your counsel of festina lente is as ill to a man who is flying from the
In what far country does this morrow lie, world, as it would have been to that unfortunate That 'tis so mighty long ere it arrive? well-bred gentleman, who was so cautious as not
Beyond the Indies does this morrow live? to fly undecently from his enemies ; and there
'Tis so far fetch'd this morrow, that I fear fore I prefer Horace's advice before yours,
'Twill be both very old and very dear.
To morrow I will live, the fool does say : -sapere aude,
To day itself's too late ; the wise liv'd yesterday. Incipe Begin; the getting out of doors is the greatest part of the journey. Varrol teaches us that Latin proverb, portain itineri longissimam
Martial, Lib. II. Epigr. xc. esse: but to return to Horace,
Quinctiliane, vagæ moderator summe juven-Sapere aude: Incipe vivendi rectè qui prorogat horam, Rusticus expectat, dum labitur annis : at ille WONDER not, sir, (you who instruct the town Labitur, & labetur in omne volubilis ævu.n?” In the true wisdom of the sacred gown)
That I make haste to live, and cannot hold · Juv, i. 150. Lib. 1. Agric. •1 Ep. ii. 4 ). Patiently out till I grow rich and olda
Life for delays and doubts no time does give, bit of this part, which here set down (if a very
Th' unknown are better than ill known :
Rumour can ope the grave. Pleasures abroad, the sport of Nature yields, Acquaintance I would have, but when't depends Her living fountains, and her smiling fields; Not on the number, but the choice, of friends. And then at home, what pleasure is 't to see A little, cleanly, cheerful, family!
Books should, not business, entertain the light, Which if a chaste wife crown, no less in her And sleep, as undisturb'd as death, the nighi. Than fortune, I the golden mean prefer.
My house a cottage more
My garden painted o'er
Thus would I double my life's fading space ;
For he, that runs it well, twice runs his race.
And in this true delight,
I would not fear, nor wish, my fate ; It is a hard and nice subject for a man to write But boldly say each night, of himself; it grates his own heart to say any To morrow let my sun his beams display, thing of disparagement, and the reader's ears to Orin clouds hide them; I have liv'd to day. hear any thing of praise from him. There is no danger from me of offending him in this kind; You may see by it, I was even theu acquainte neither my mind, nor my body, nor my fortune, ed with the poets (for the conclusion is taken allow me any materials for that vanity. It is out of Horace3); and perhaps it was the immasufficient for my own contentment, that they ture and immoderate love of them, which stampt have preserved me from being scandalous or re- first, or rather engraved, these characters in me: markable on the defective side. But, besides they were like letters cut into the bark of a that, I shall here speak of myself only in rela- young tree, which with the tree still grow protion to the subject of these precedent discourses, portionably. But, how this love came to be and shall be likelier thereby to fall into the produced in me so early, is a hard question: I contempt, than rise up to the estimation, of believe, I can tell the particular little chance most people,
that filled my head first with such chimes of As far as my memory can return back into my verse, as have never since left ringing there : for past life, before I knew, or was capable of guess- I remember, when I began to read, and to take îng, what the world, or the glories or business of some pleasure in it, there was nout to lie in my it, were, the natural affec ions of my soul gave mother's parlour, (I know not by what accident, me a secret bent of aversion from them, as some for she herself never in her life read any book plants are said to turn away from others, by an but of devotion) but there was wont to lie Spen. antipathy imperceptible to themselves, and in-ser's works; this I happened to fall upon, and scrutable to man's understanding. Even when was infinitely delighted with the stories of the I was a very young boy at school, instead of knights, and giants, and monsters, and brave running abort on holy-days and playing with my houses, which I found every where there (though fellows, I was wont to steal from them, and my understanding had litile to do with all this ;) walk into the fields, either alone with a book, or and, by degrees, with the tinkling of the rhyme with some one companion, if I could find any and dance of the numbers; so that, I think, I of the same tempor. I was then, too, so much had read him all over before I was twelve an enemy to all constraint, that iny masters years old, and was thus made a poet as imcould never prevail on me, by any persuasions or mediately as a child is made an eunuch. encouragements, to learn without book the com- With these affections of mind, and my heart inon rules of grammar; in which they dispensed wholly set upon letters, I went to the university, with me alone, because they found I made a but was soon torn from thence by that violent shift to do the usual exercise out of my own read public storm, which would suffer nothing to stand ing and observation. That I was then of the where it did, but rooted up every plant, eren fium same mind as I am now (which, I confess, I won- the princely cedars to me the hyssop. Yet, I had der at myself) may appear by the latter end of as good fortune as could have befallen me in such an ode, which I made when I was but thirteen a tempest; for I was cast by it into the fainily of years old, and which was then printed with many other verses. The beginning of it is boyish ;
3 3 Od, xxix. 41,
one of the best persons, and into the court of one | No matter, Cowley; let proud Fortune see, of the best princesses, of the world. Now, though | That thon canst her despise po less than she does I was here engaged in ways most contrary to
thee, the original design of my life, that is, into inuch Let all her gifts the portion be company, and no small business, and into a dai
Of folly, lust, and Aattery. ly sight of greatness, both militant and trium
Fraud, extortion, calamny, phant (for that was the state then of the English Murder, infidelity, and French courts); vet all this was so far from Rebellion, and hypocrisy. altering my opinion, that it only added the con- Do thou not grieve nor blush to be, firmation of reason to that which was before but As all th' inspired tuneful men, natural inclination. I saw plainly all the paint And all thy great forefathers, were, from Homer of that kind of life, the nearer I came to it; and
down to Ben. that beauty, which I did not fall in love with, when, for aught I knew, it was real, was not like However by the failing of the forces which I to bewitch or entice me, when I saw that it was had expected, I did not quit the design which I adulterate. I met with several great per- had resolved on ; I cast myself into it a corps sons, whom I liked very well ; but could not perdu, without making capitulations, or taking perceive that any part of their greatness was to counsel of Portune. But God laughs at a man, be liked or desired, no more than I would be glad who says to his soul, “ Take thy ease :” I met or content to be in a storm, though I saw many presently not only with many little incumbranships which rid safely and bravely in it; a storm ces and impediments, but with so much sickness would not agree with my stomach, if it did with a new misfortune to me) as would have spoiled my courage. Though I was in a crowd of as the happiness of an emperor as well as mine : good company as could be found any where ; yet I do neither repent, nor alter my course. though I was in business of great and honourable Non ego perfidum dixi sacramentum: nothing trust; though I eat at the best table, and enjoy- shall separate me from a mistress which I have ed the best conveniences for present subsistence loved so long, and have now at last married ; that ought to he desired by a man of my condi- though she neither has brought me a rich portion in banishment and public distresses; yet I tion, nor lived yet so quietly with me as I boped could not abstain from renewing my old school- from her: boy's wish, in a copy of verses to the saine effect:
-Nec vos, dulcissima mundi
Nomina, vos Musæ, libertas, otia, libri,
Hortique, silvæque, animâ remanente, relin-
quam. And I never then proposed to myself any other
Nor by me e'er shall you, advantage from his majesty's happy restoration You, of all names the sweetest and the best, but the getting into some moderately convenient You Muses, buoks, and liberty and rest; retreat in the country; wbich I thought in that You, gardens, fields, and woods, forsaken be, case I might easily have compassed, as well as As long as life itself forsakes not me. some others, with no greater probabilities or pretences, have arrived to extraordinary fortunes : But this is a very pretty ejaculation. --Because but I had before written a shrewd prophecy I have concluded all the other chapters with a against myself; and I think Apollo inspired me copy of verses, I will maintain the humour to in the truth, though not in the elegance, of the last. it : “ Thou neither great at court, nor in the war,
Martial, Lib. X. Epigr. xlvii.
Vitam que faciunt beatiorem &c.
SINCE, dearest friend, 'tis your desire to see
A true receipt of happiness from me;
These are the chief ingredients, if not all:
Take an estate neither too great or small,
Which quantum sufficit the doctors call:
Let this estate from parents' care descend; But I was born for love, and for a Muse.
The getting it too much of life does spend : With Fate what boots it to contend ?
Take such a ground whose gratitude may be
A fair encouragement for industry. buch I began, such am, and so must end.
Let constant fires the winter's fury tame;
And let thy kitchen's be a vestal flarne.
Thce to the town let never suit at law,
And rarely, very rarely, business, draw.
In undisturbed peace, yet not in sleep.
Without which all the composition's vaina
In the same weight prudence and innocence take, | Hic sparge flores, sparge breres rosas
Nam vita gaudet mortua floribus
Vatis adhuc cinerem calentem.
A PROPOSITION FOR THE ADAnd rot lust, recommend to thee thy bed.
VANCEMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL
That the philosophical college be situated within one, two, or (at farthest) three miles of Lon
don; and, if it be possible to find that convenience MARTIAL, Lib. X. Epigr. xcvi.
upon the side of the river, or very near it.
'That the revenue of this college amount to four Sæpe loquar nimium gentes, &c.
thousand pounds a year.
That the company received into it be as follows: ME, who have liv'd so long among the great, 1. Twenty philosophers or professors. 2. SixYou wonder to hear talk of a retreat:
teen young scholars, servants to the professors. And a retreat so distant as may show
3. A chaplain. 4. A bailiff for the revenue. 5. A No thoughts of a return, when once I go.
manciple or purveyor for the provisions of the Give me a country, how remote so'er,
house. 6. Two gardeners. 7. A master-cook. Where happiness a moderate rate does bear, 8. An under-cook. 9. A butler. 10. An underWhere poverty itself in plenty flows,
butler. 11. A surgeon. 12. Two lungs, or chyAnd all the solid use of riches knows. [there; mical servants. 13. A library-keeper, who is
The ground about the house maintains it, likewise to be apothecary, druggist, and keeper The house maintains the ground about it, here; of instruments, engines, &c. 14. An officer to Here even hunger's dear; and a full board feed and take care of all beasts, fowl, &c. kept Devours the vital substance of the lord.
by the college. 15. A groom of the stable. 16. The land itself does there the feast bestow, A messenger, to send up and down for all uses The land itself must here to market go.
of the college. 17. Four old women, to tend the Three or four suits one winter here does waste, chambers, keep the house clean, and such-like One suit does there three or four winters last, services. Here every frugal man must oft be cold,
That the annual allowance for this company be And little luke-warm fires are to you sold. as follows: 1. To every professor, and to the There fire's an element, as cheap and free, chaplain, one hundred and twenty pounds. 2. Almost, as any of the other three.
To the sixteen scholars, twenty pounds apiece; Stay you then here, and live among the great, ten pounds for their diet, and ten pounds for their Attend their sports and at their tables eat. entertainment. 3. To the bailiff, thirty pounds, When all the bounties here of men you score, besides allowance for his journies. 4. To the The place's bounty there shall give me more. purveyor, or manciple, thirty pounds. 5. To
each of the gardeners, twenty pounds. 6. To the master-cook, twenty pounds. 7. To the
under-cook, four pounds. 8. To the butler, ten EPITAPHIUM VIVI AUCTORIS.
pouds. 9. To the under-butler, four pounds,
10. To the surgeon, thirty pounds. 11. To the Hic, o viator, sub lare parvulo
library-keeper, thirty pounds. 12. To each of Coulejus hic est conditus, hic jacet;
the lungs, twelve pounds. 13. To the keeper Defunctis humani laburis Sorte, supervacuâqe vitâ.
Ingenious men delight in dreams of reforma
tion.—In comparing this Proposition of Cowley, Non indecorâ pauperie nitens,
with that of Mi.ton, addressed to Mr. Hartlib, Et non inerti nobilis otio,
we find that these great poets had amused them
selves with some exalted, and, in the main, conVạnoque dilectis popello Divitiis aniniosus hostis.
genial fancies, on the subject of education: that,
of the two plaus proposed, this of Mr. Cowley Possis ut illum dicere mortuum;
was better digested, and is the less fanciful; if a En terra jam nunc quantula sufficit !
preference, in this respect, can be given to either, Exempta sit curis, viator.
when both are manifestly Utopian: and that our Terra sit illa levis, precare.
universities, in their present form, are well enough calculated to answer all the reasonable ends of
such institutions; provided we allow for the uns See a translation of this Epitaph among the avoidable defects of them, when drawn out into poems of Mr. Addison.
of the beasts, six pounds, 14. To the groom,
that in the middle there be a parterre of flowfive pounds. 15. To the messenger, twelve ers and a fountain. pounds. 16. To the four necessary women, ten
That the second quadrangle, just behind the pounds. For the manciple's table, at which all first, be so contrived, as to contain these parts: the servants of the house are to eat, exccpt the 1. A chapel. 2. A hall, with two long tables un scholars, one hundred and sixty pounds. For each side, for the scholars and officers of the house three borses for the service of the college, thirty to eat at, and with a pulpit and forms at the pounds.
end for the public lectures. 3. A large and pleaAll which amounts to three thousand two sant dining-room within the hall, for the profeshundred eighty-five pounds. So that there re- sors to eat in, and to hold their assemblies and mains for keeping of the house and gardens, and conferences. 4. A public school-house. 5. A operatories, and instruments, and animals, and library. 6. A gallery to walk in, adorned experiments of all sorts, and all other expenses, with the pictures or statues of all the inventors seven hundred and fifteen pounds.
of any thing useful to human life; as printing, Which were a very inconsiderable sum for guns, America, &c. and of late in anatomy, the the great uses to which it is designed, but that circulation of the blood, the milky veins, and I conceive the industry of the college will in such like discoveries in any art, with short elogies, a short time so enrich itself, as to get a far bet- under the portraitures : as likewise the figures ter stock for the advance and enlargement of of all sorts of creatures, and the stuft skins of the work when it is once begun : neither is the as many strange animals as can be gotten. 7. continuance of particular men's liberality to be an anatomy-chamber adorned with skeletons despaired of, when it shall be encouraged by the and anatomical pictures, and prepared with all sight of that public benefit which will accrue to conveniences for dissection. 8. d chainber for all mankind, and chiefly to our nation, by this all manner of drugs, and apothecaries' materifoundation. Something likewise will arise from als. 9. A mathematical chainber, furnished with leases and other casualties; that nothing of all sorts of mathematical instruments, being an which may be diverted to the private gain of appendix to the library. 10. Lodgings for the the professors, or any other use besides that of chaplain, surgeon, library-keeper, and purveythe search of nature, and by it the general good or, near the chapel, anatomy-chamber, library, of the world; and that care may be taken for the and ball. certain performance of all things ordained by That the third court be on one side of these, the institution, as likewise for the protection and very large but meanly built, being designed onencouragement of the company, it is proposed : ly for use, and not for beauty too, as the others.
That some person, of eminent quality, a lover That it contain the kitchen, butteries, brew-house, of solid learning, and no stranger in it, be chosen bake-house, dairy, lardry, stables, &c. and eschancellor or president of the college, and that pecially great laboratories for chymical operaeight governors more, men qualified in the like tions and lodgings for the under servants. manner, be joined with him, two of which shall That behind the second court be placed the yearly be appointed visitors of the college,and re- garden, containing all sorts of plants that our ceive an exact account of all expenses, even to soil will bear; and at the end a little house of the smallest, and of the true estate of their pub-pleasure, a lodge for the gisa lener, and a grove of lic treasure, under the hands and oaths of the trees cut out into walks. professors resident.
That the second enclosed ground be a garden, That the choice of professors in any vacancy destined only to the trial of all manner of exbelong to the chancellor and the governors; periments concerning plants,as their melioration, but ihat the professors (who are likeliest to know acceleration, retardation, conservation, compowhat men of the na: jon are most proper for the sition, transmutation, coloration, or whatsoever duties of their society) direct their choice, by re- else can be produced by art, either for use or commending two or three persons to them at curiosity, with a lodge in it for the gardener. every election: and that, if any learned person That the third ground be employed in convewithin his majesty's dominions discover, or emi- nient receptacles for all sorts of crcatures which neutly improve, any useful kind of knowledge, the professors shall judge necessary for their he may upon that ground, for his reward and more exact search into the nature of animals, the encouragement of others, be preferred, if he and the improvement of their uses to us. pretend to the place before any body else.
That there be likewise built, in some place of That the governors have power to turn out the college where it may serve most for ornaany professor, who shall be proved to be either ment of the whole, a very bigh tower for obserscandalous or unprofitable to the society.
vation of celestial bodies, adorned with all sorts That the college be built after this, or some of dials, and such like curiosities ; and that such manner : That it consist of three fair qua- there be very deep vaults made under ground, drangular courts, and three large grounds, en- for experiments most proper to such places, elosed with good walls behind them. That the which will be undoubtedly very many. first court be built with a fair cloister; and the Much might be added, but truly I am afraid professors' lodgings, or rather little houses, four this is too much already for the charity or geon each side, at :ome distance from one another, nerosity of this age to extend to ; and we do not and with little gardens behind them, just after design this after the model of Solomon's house the inanner of the Chartreux beyond sea. That in my lord Bacon, (which is a project for expethe inside of the cloister be lined with a gravel- riments that can never ve experimented), but walk, and that walk with a row of trees; and propose it within such bounds of expense as haze