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Lord is Divine, and that this is to be approached, in given Him the Spirit not by measure. The Father order that the Father may be approached ; since loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his Jehovah God, by it, sent Himself into the world, and hand,” John iii. 34, 35. “ A Rod shall go out from made Himself visible to the eyes of men, and thus the Trunk of Jesse, the spirit of Jehovah shall rest accessible. In like manner, He made Himself upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and intelligence, visible, and thus accessible, in a human form, to the spirit of counsel and virtue,” Isaiah xi. 1. the ancients, but then by an angel; but because That the spirit of Jehovah was given upon Him, this form was representative of the Lord who was and that it was in Him, xlii. 1; lix. 19, 20; lxi. 1; about to come, therefore all things of the church Luke iv. 18. “When the Holy Spirit shall have with the ancients were representative.” After this come, which I shall send to you from the Father," followed a deliberation concerning the Holy Spirit ; John xv. 26. “He shall glorify Me, because he and in the first place was disclosed the idea of most shall receive of mine, and announce unto you ; all persons concerning God the Father, the Son, and things whatsoever the Father hath are mine"; on acthe Holy Spirit; which was, that God the Father count of this I said, that He shall receive of mine, sits on high, and the Son at his right hand, and and announce unto you,” xvi. 14, 15. “If I go that they send forth from them the Holy Spirit to en- away, I will send the Paraclete unto you,” xvi. 7. lighten, teach, justify, and sanctify men. But then That the Paraclete is the Holy Spirit, xiv. 26. a voice was heard from heaven, saying, "We can- “ The Holy Spirit was not yet, because Jesus was not endure that idea of thought. Who does not not yet glorified,” vii. 39. “But after the glorifiknow, that Jehovah God is omnipresent? Whoever cation, Jesus brealhed into, and said to the disciples, knows and acknowledges this, will also acknowl. Receive the Holy Spirit,” xx. 22. And in the Reveedge, that He Himself enlightens, teaches, justifies, lation, “ Who shall not glorify thy name, O Lord ? and saves, and that there is not a mediating God because Thou alone art holy," xv. 4. Since the distinct from Him, still less from two, as one person divine operation of the Lord, from his divine omnifrom another; wherefore let the former idea, which presence, is meant by the Holy Spirit, therefore, is vain, be removed, and let this, which is just, be when He spoke to the disciples concerning the received, and then you will see this clearly.”. But Holy Spirit, which he was about to send from the then a voice was heard from the Roman Catholics, Father, He also said, “I will not leave you orphans; who stood close to the altar of the temple, saying, I go away, and come unto you ; and in that day ye “What then is the Holy Spirit which is mentioned will know that I am in my Father, and ye in Me, and in the Word in the evangelists, and in Paul, by 1 in you,” xiv. 18, 20, 28. And just before He which so many learned men amongst the clergy, departed out of the world, He said, “ Lo, I am with and especially of our church, say that they are you all the days, even to the consummation of the led? Who, at this day, in the Christian world, age,” Matt. xxviii. 20. Having read these words denies the Holy Spirit and his operations ? ” At to them, the angel said, “ From these and many these words, one of those who sat upon the seats other passages from the Word, it is manifest, that of the second row, turned himself about, and said, the Divine, which is called the Holy Spirit, pro" You say that the Holy Spirit is a person by him- ceeds out of the Lord, from the Father.” To this self, and a God by himself; but what is a person those who sat upon the seats said, “ This is Divine going forth and proceeding from a person, but Truth.” At last, this decree was made; that, operation going forth and proceeding? One per- “ From what has been deliberated in this council, son cannot go forth and proceed from another, but we have clearly seen, and thence acknowledge as operation can. Or what is a God going forth and holy truth, that in the Lord God, the Savior Jesus proceeding from God, but the Divine going forth Christ, there is a Divine Trinity, which is, the and proceeding? One God cannot go forth and Divine from which are all things, which is called proceed from another, but the Divine can from one the Father; the Divine Human, which is called God.” On hearing these words, those who sat upon the Son; and the proceeding Divine, which is the seats unanimously concluded, that “ The Holy called the Holy Spirit ;” exclaiming together, that Spirit is not a person by itself
, thus neither a God" In Jesus Christ dwelleth all the fulness of the by itself; but that it is the Holy Divine, going forth Godhead bodily,” Coloss. ii. 9. Thus there is one and proceeding from the one omnipresent God, who God in the church. After these things were conis the Lord.” To this the angels, standing at the cluded in that magnificent council, they rose up, golden table upon which was the Word, said, “ Well. and the angel who was keeper of the vestry came It is not read any where in the Old Testament, that out of it, and brought to each of those who sat the prophets spoke the Word from the Holy Spirit, upon the seats splendid garments, interwoven here but from Jehovah ; and wherever, in the New Tes- and there with threads of gold, and he said, “Retament, the Holy Spirit is mentioned, we are to ceive the wedding garments.” And they were conunderstand the proceeding Divine, which is the ducted, in glory, into the new Christian heaven, Divine which enlightens, teaches, enlivens, re- with which the church of the Lord upon earth, forms, and regenerates.” After this, there followed which is the New Jerusalem, will be conjoined. another question concerning the Holy Spirit, which – T. C. R. 188. was, From whom the Divine, which is meant by the Holy Spirit, proceeds; whether from the Father
Sect. 5. — The Sacred SCRIPTURES. or from the Lord. And when they were canvass- 183. The natural man cannot still be persuaded ing this, there shone upon them a light from heaven, to believe, that the Word is Divine Truth itself, in froin which they saw that the Holy Divine, which is which is Divine Wisdom and Divine Life, inasmeant by the Holy Spirit, does not proceed out of much as he judges of it by its style, in which no the Father through the Lord, but out of the Lord such things appear, Nevertheless, the style in from the Father ; comparatively, as with man; his which the Word is written is a truly Divine style, activity does not proceed from the soul through with which no other style, however sublime and the body, but out of the body from the soul. This excellent it may seem, is at all comparable, for it the angel standing at the table confirmed by these is as darkness compared to light. The style of the things from the Word : “He whom the Father Word is of such a nature as to contain what is hath sent, speaketh the words of God: He hath holy in every verse, in every word, and in some
cases in every letter; and hence the Word con- spiritual, and in its inmost sense it is celestial; and
degree or principle corresponds with the spiritual, 184. Lest therefore mankind should remain any and also with the celestial. longer in doubt concerning the divinity of the 188. Inasmuch as the Word in its interior is Word, it has pleased the Lord to reveal to me its spiritual and celestial, therefore it is written by internal sense, which in its essence is spiritual, and mere correspondences, and what is written by mere which is, to the external sense, which is natural, correspondences, in its ultimate sense is written in what the soul is to the body. This internal sense such a style as that of the prophets and evanis the spirit which gives life to the letter ; where- gelists, which, notwithstanding its apparent comfore this sense will evince the divinity and sanctity monness, contains in it all divine and angelic wisof the Word, and may convince even the natural dom. - S. S, 5-8. man, if he is in a disposition to be convinced. 189. There is in the Word a sense still more S. S. 3, 4.
internal, which is called Celestial, concerning which
somewhat was said above ; but this sense cannot What the Spiritual Sense of the Word is.
easily be unfolded, not being so much the object of 185. The spiritual sense of the Word is not that intellectual thought, as of will-affection. The true which breaks forth as light out of the literal sense, ground and reason why there is in the Word a whilst a person is studying and explaining the sense still more interior, which is called celestial, Word, with intent to establish some particular tenet is, because from the Lord proceed Divine Good and of the church: this sense may be called the literal Divine Truth — Divine Good from his Divine sense of the Word: but the spiritual sense does Love, and Divine Truth from his Divine Wisdom; not appear in the literal sense, being within it, as each is in the Word, for the Word is the divine the soul is in the body, or as the thought of the proceeding. - S. S. 19. understanding is in the eye, or as the affection of love is in the countenance, which act together as A Spiritual Sense in all and every Part of the
Word. cause and effect.
It is this sense, principally, which renders the Word spiritual, and by which it 190. This cannot be better seen than by examis adapted not only to the use of men, but also of ples; as for instance: John says, in the Apocalypse, angels; whence, also, by means of that sense, the " I saw heaven opened, and behold a White Horse, Word communicates with the heavens.
and he who sat thereon was called Faithful and 186. From the Lord proceed these principles : True, and in justice doth he judge and combat. the celestial, the spiritual, and the natural, one His eyes were flame of fire; and upon his head after another. Whatsoever proceeds from his Divine were many diadems; and he had a name written Love is called celestial, and is Divine Good; what- which no one knew but himself. And he was soever proceeds from his Divine Wisdom is called clothed with a vesture dipped in blood; and his spiritual, and is Divine Truth: the natural partakes name is called the Word of God. And the armies of both, and is their complex in ultimates. The which were in the heavens, followed him on white angels of the celestial kingdom, who compose the horses, clothed in fine linen white and clean. And third or highest heaven, are in that Divine Princi- he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name ple which proceeds from the Lord that is called written, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords,” xix. celestial, for they are in the good of love from the 11-14, 16. It is impossible for any one to know what Lord; the angels of the Lord's spiritual kingdom, each of these expressions contains, except from who compose the second or middle heaven, are in the internal sense. It is manifest that every exthat Divine Principle which proceeds from the pression is in some respect representative and sigLord that is called spiritual, for they are in the nificative: as when it is said, that heaven was truths of wisdom from the Lord: but men, who (opened ; that there was a white horse; that he compose the Lord's church on earth, are in the who'sat on him in justice judgeth and combateth ; Divine-natural, which also proceeds from the Lord. that his eyes were a flame of fire; that on his head Hence it follows, that the Divine Principle pro- were many diadems; that he had a name which ceeding from the Lord, in its progress to its ulti- no one knew but himself; that he was clothed in mates, descends through three degrees, and is a vesture dipped in blood; that the armies which termed celestial, spiritual, and natural. The Di- were in the heavens followed him on white horses; vine Principle which proceeds from the Lord, and that they were clothed with fine linen white and descends to men, descends through those three de- clean; and that on his vesture and on his thigh he grees, and when it has descended, it contains those had a name written. It is expressly said, that it is three degrees in itself. Such is the nature of every the Word, and that it is the Lord who is the Word: Divine Principle proceeding from the Lord; where- for it is said, “ His name is called the Word fore, when it is in its last degree, it is in its fulness. God;” and afterwards, “ He hath on his vesture Such is the nature and quality of the Word; in and on his thigh a name written, King of Kings, its last sense it is natural, in its interior sense it is and Lord of Lords.” From the interpretation of
each expression, it is manifest, that the Word is here of Israel. And the wall of the city had twelve described as to the spiritual or internal sense. foundations, and in them the names of the twelve That heaven was opened, represents and signifies, apostles of the Lamb. And the city lieth four that the internal sense of the Word is seen in square, and the length is as large as the breadth. heaven, and thence by those in the world in whom And he measured the city with the reed twelve heaven is open: the horse, which was white, repre- thousand furlongs; and the length, and the breadth, sents and signifies the understanding of the Word and the height of it were equal. And he measured as to its interiors; that this is the signification of the wall thereof, a hundred and forty and four a white horse, will be shown presently : that he bits, the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. who sat on him is the Lord as to the Word, thus And the wall of it was of jasper ; but the city itself the Word, is manifest, for it is said, “ His name is was pure gold, like unto pure glass ; and the foundacalled the Word of God ;” who, from good, is tions of the wall of the city were of every precious called faithful, and is said to judge in justice; and stone. And the twelve gates were twelve pearls ; from truth is called true, and is said to combat in and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were justice; for the Lord Himself is justice: his eyes, transparent glass. The glory of God enlightened a flame of fire, signify divine truth from the divine it, and its lamp was the Lamb. And the nations of good of his divine love: the many diadems on his them which are saved shall walk in the light of it, head, signify all the goods and truths of faith : and the kings of the earth shall bring their glory and having a name written which no one knew but honor into it,” xxi. 1, 2, 12–24. When man reads himself, signifies, that what the Word is in the in- these words, he does not understand them otherternal sense is seen by no one but Himself, and wise than according to the sense of the letter, thus, him to whom he reveals it: clothed with a vesture that the visible heaven and earth will be dissolved, dipped in blood, signifies the Word in the letter, and a new heaven be created, and that the holy to which violence has been offered: the armies in city Jerusalem will descend upon the new earth, the heavens which followed him on white horses, and that it will be, as to its measures, according to signify those who are in the understanding of the the description. But the angels understand these Word as to its interiors ; clothed with fine linen things very differently; that is, what man underwhite and clean, signifies the same persons in truth stands naturally, they understand spiritually. And from good : a name written on his vesture and on as the angels understand them, such is their sighis thigh, signifies truth and good, and their quality. nification; and this is the internal or spiritual sense From these things, and from those which precede of the Word. According to this internal or spiritual and follow, it is evident, that there it is predicted, sense, in which the angels are, by a new heaven that about the last time of the church, the spiritual and a new earth is meant a new church, both in or internal sense of the Word would be opened. — the heavens and the earths, which shall be spoken S. S. 9, W. H. 1.
of hereafter; by the city Jerusalem descending 191. That horse signifies understanding, is de- from God out of heaven, is signified its heavenly rived from no other source than from representa-doctrine; by the length, breadth, and height, which tives in the spiritual world. In that world are are equal, are signified all the goods and truths of frequently seen horses, and persons sitting upon that doctrine, in the complex; by its wall are meant horses, and also chariots; and there every one the truths which protect it; by the measure of the knows that they signify things intellectual and wall, which is a hundred and forty-four cubits, doctrinal. I have often observed, when any were which is the measure of a man, that is, of an angel, thinking from their understanding, that they-ap- are meant all those defending truths in the compeared as if riding on horses; their meditation plex, and their quality ; by the twelve gates which represented itself in this manner before others, are of pearls, are meant introductive truths; which they themselves being ignorant of it. There is are likewise signified by the twelve angels at the also a place in the spiritual world, where many gates ; by the foundations of the wall, which are of assemble, who think and speak from understanding every precious stone, are meant the knowledges concerning the truths of doctrine; and when others whereupon that doctrine is founded; by the twelve approach, they see that whole plain full of chariots tribes of Israel, and also by the twelve apostles, and horses ; and novitiate spirits, who wonder are meant all things of the church in general and whence this is, are instructed that it is an appear- in particular; by gold like unto pure glass, whereof ance from their intellectual thought. That place the city and its streets were built, is signified the is called the assembly of the intelligent and wise. good of love, from which the doctrine and its truths I have likewise seen bright horses and chariots of are made transparent; by the nations who are fire, when certain spirits were taken up into heaven, saved, and the kings of the earth who bring glory which was a sign that they were then instructed and honor into the city, are meant all from the in the truths of heavenly doctrine, and become in-church who are in goods and truths; by God and telligent, and thus were taken up: on seeing which, the Lamb is meant the Lord, as to the essential it occurred to my mind, what is signified by the Divine and the Divine Human. — H. D. 1. chariot of fire, and the horses of fire, which carried 193. Again, in the Apocalypse, chap. vi., it is Elijah up into heaven ; and what is signified by written, that when the Lamb opened one of the the horses and chariots of fire that were seen by seals of the book, there went forth a white horse, the lad of Elisha, when his eyes were opened. and that he who sat thereon had a bow, and that a W. H. 3.
crown was given unto him: and that when he 192. It is written in the Apocalypse, “I saw a opened the second seal there went forth a red new heaven and a new earth ; for the first heaven horse, and that to him who sat thereon was given and the first earth had passed away. And I saw a great sword: and that when he opened the third the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from seal, there went forth a black horse, and that he God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned that sat thereon held in his hand a pair of balances : for her husband. The city had a wall great and and that when he opened the fourth seal, there high, which had twelve gates, and at the gates went forth a pale horse, and that the name of him twelve angels, and names written thereon, which who sat thereon was Death. What these words are the names of the twelve tribes of the children / signify can only be unfolded by the spiritual sense;
and it is fully unfolded when it is known what is stroyed: by the sun and air being darkened, is signified by opening the seals, by horses, and by signified the light of truth made darkness : by the other things therein mentioned. Thereby are locusts which came forth from the smoke of the pit, described the successive states of the church from are signified falsities in the extremes, such as apits beginning to its end, as to the understanding pertain to those who are become sensual, and who of the Word: by the Lamb's opening the seals of see and judge all things according to fallacies: by the book, is signified the manifestation of those a scorpion, is signified their persuasive principle or states of the church by the Lord: by a horse, is faculty: by the locusts appearing as horses presignified the understanding of the Word: by a par for battle, is signified their ratiocinations as white horse, the understanding of truth from the from the understanding of truth: by the locusts Word in the first state of the church: by the bow having crowns like unto gold upon their heads, and of him that sat upon that horse, the doctrine of having faces as the faces of men, is signified that charity and faith combating against false principles: they appeared to themselves as conquerors and as by a crown, eternal life the reward of victory : by wise: by their having hair as the hair of women, a red horse, is signified the understanding of the is signified that they appeared to themselves as if Word destroyed, as to the principle of good, in the they were in the affection of truth: by their having second state of the church: by a great sword, teeth as lion's teeth, is signified that sensual things, falsity combating against truth : by a black horse, which are the ultimates of the natural man, apis signified the understanding of the Word de- peared to them as if they had power over all things: stroyed, as to the principle of truth, in the third by their having breastplates as breastplates of iron, state of the church: by a pair of balances, the esti- are signified argumentations grounded in fallacies, mation of truth so small as scarce to be of any by which they fight and prevail: by the sound of amount: by a pale horse, is signified the under their wings being as the sound of chariots of horses standing of the Word annihilated, by the evils of running to battle, are signified ratiocinations as if life and the falsities thence derived, in the fourth grounded in the truths of doctrine from the Word, and last state of the church: and by death, eternal for which they were to combat: by their having damnation. That such is the signification of the tails as scorpions, are signified persuasions : by contents of the above passage in the spiritual sense, their having stings in their tails, are signified the does not appear in the sense of the letter, or the cunning arts of deceiving thereby : by their having natural sense ; wherefore, unless the spiritual sense power to hurt men five months, is signified that had been now for once opened, the Word, as to they induce a kind of stupor on those who are printhis and other passages in the Apocalypse, must cipled in the understanding of truth and in the perhave been closed up, so that at length no one ception of good: by their having a king over them, would know how, and in what, any thing holy lay the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name is therein concealed. The case is the same, in respect Abaddon or Apollyon, is signified that their falsito the signification of the four horses and the four ties were from hell, the abode of those who are chariots that came forth from between two moun- merely natural, and principled in self-intelligence. tains of brass : see Zechariah vi. 1-8.
This is the spiritual sense of these words, whereof 194. Again, in the Apocalypse, chap. ix., it is nothing appears in the sense of the letter; and written, " The fifth angel sounded, and I saw a the like spiritual sense is contained in every part star fall from heaven unto the earth, and to him of the book of the Apocalypse. - S. S. 12, 13. was given the key of the bottomless pit : and he 195. In order to show more clearly that the opened the bottomless pit, and there arose a smoke prophetical parts of the Word of the Old Testaout of the pit as the smoke of a great furnace ; and ment are, in many places, unintelligible without the sun and the air were darkened by reason of a spiritual sense, I shall here adduce a few pasthe smoke of the pit : and there came out of the sages; as this in Isaiah: “ Jehovah of hosts shall smoke locusts upon the earth, and unto them was stir up a scourge for him, according to the slaughter given power as the scorpions of the earth have of Midian at the rock of Oreb; and as his rod was power: the shapes of the locusts were like unto upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner horses prepared for battle; and on their heads of Egypt. And it shall come to pass in that day, were as it were crowns like gold; and their faces that his burden shall be taken away from off thy were as the faces of men, and they had hair as the shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck. He is hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth come to Aiath, he shall pass to Migron, at Michof lions; and they had breastplates as it were mash he hath laid up his carriages. They are gone breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings over the passage; they have taken up their lodging was as the sound of chariots of many horses run- at Gebah. Ramah is afraid, Gibeah of Saul is ning to battle: and they had tails like unto scor- fled. Lift up thy voice, Odaughter of Gallim, pions, and there were stings in their tails; and cause it to be heard unto, O Laish, O poor Anatheir power was to hurt men five months : and thoth; Madmenah is removed ; the inhabitants of they had a king over them, which is the angel of Gebin gather themselves together; as yet shall he the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew remain at Nob that day; he shall shake his hand tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the his name Apollyon.” These words, in like man- hill of Jerusalem ; he shall cut down the thickets ner, must needs be unintelligible to every one who of the forests with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by is not acquainted by revelation with the spiritual a mighty one,” x. 26–34.. In this passage there sense; for there is nothing said in this passage occur only mere names, from which no meaning without a meaning, but the whole thereof, and can be drawn but by the help of the spiritual sense ; every particular expression therein, is significative. in which sense, all names throughout the Word The subject here treated of is concerning the state signify things appertaining to heaven and the of the church, when all the knowledges of truth church. By virtue of this sense is discovered the from the Word are destroyed, in consequence signification of the contents of the above passage, whereof man, becoming sensual, persuades himself as denoting that the whole church was brought into that falsities are truths. By a star fallen from devastation by means of scientifics perverting all heaven, are signified the knowledges of truth de- I truth, and confirming all falsity. Again, in the same prophet: “In that day, the envy also of smite a third part with the sword, and to scatter a Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah third part in the wind, and to bind a little of them shall be cut off; Ephraim shall not envy Judah, in his skirts, and at last to cast them into the midst and Judah shall not vex Ephraim; but they shall fly of the fire, (Ezek. v. 1-4;) or why the same prophet upon the shoulders of the Philistines towards the was commanded to lie upon his left side three west, they shall spoil them of the east together; hundred and ninety days, and upon his right side they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab. forty days, and to make himself a cake of wheat, Jehovah shall utterly destroy the tongue of the and barley, and millet, and fitches, with cow's dung, Egyptian sea, and with his mighty wind shull He and eat it ; and in the mean time to raise a rampart shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in and a mound against Jerusalem, and besiege it, the seven streams, and make men go over dry- (Ezek. iv. 1-15;) or why Hosea was twice comshod ; and there shall be a highway for the remnant manded to take to himself a harlot to wife, (Hosea of his people which shall be left from Assyria,” | i. 2–9; iii. 2, 3;) with several other things of a like xi. 13-16. In this passage, also, it is impossible nature. Moreover, who can know, without the to see any thing divine, unless it be known what is spiritual sense, what is signified by all things apsignified by each particular name, notwithstanding pertaining to the tabernacle; as by the ark, the the subject here treated of is concerning the coming mercy seat, the cherubim, the candlestick, the altar of the Lord, and what shall come to pass at that of incense, the shew bread on the table, and the time, as plainly appears from verses 1-10: without veils and curtains ? Or who would know, without the help, therefore, of the spiritual sense, how is it the spiritual sense, what is signified by Aaron's holy possible for any one to discern the genuine signi- garments; as by his coat, his cloak, the ephod, the fication of these words in their order, as denoting urim and thummim, the mitre, and several things that they who through ignorance are principled in besides ? Or, without the spiritual sense, who would falses, and do not suffer themselves to be seduced know what is signified by all those particulars by evils, will come to the Lord, and that the Word which were enjoined concerning burnt offerings, will then be understood by the church, and that sacrifices, meat offerings, and drink offerings; and falsities will then be no longer hurtful to thein. also concerning Sabbaths and feasts? The truth The case is the same in those passages where no is, that nothing was enjoined, be it ever so minute, names occur, as in Ezekiel : “Thus saith the Lord but what was significative of something appertain-. Jehovah: Thou son of man, speak unto every ing to the Lord, to heaven, and to the church. feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, As- From these few instances, then, it may be plainly semble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves seen, that there is a spiritual sense in all and every from every side to my sacrifice ich I do sacrifice part of the Word. - S. S. 15, 16. for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh and drink blood. Spiritual Sense of the Transfiguration, and of Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the
other Things concerning the Lord. blood of the princes of the earth ;
ye shall eat 197. Concerning the Lord's tranfiguration, it is fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, thus written : “ Jesus taketh Peter, James, and of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. Ye John his brother, and bringeth them into a high shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, mountain apart, and was transfigured before them; with mighty men, and with all men of war. And I and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment will set my glory amongst the heathen,” xxxix. was white as the light. And behold there appeared 17–21. If it be not known by the spiritual sense to them Moses and Elias discoursing with him. what is signified by sacrifice, what by flesh and And behold a bright cloud overshadowed them, blood, what by horses and chariots, mighty men, and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, and men of war, it must needs appear as if those This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; things were to be eaten and drunken ; but the hear ye him,” Matt. xvii. 1-5; Mark ix. 2-8; Luke spiritual sense teaches, that by eating flesh and ix. 28–36. The reason why the Lord took Peter, drinking blood of the sacrifice which the Lord Je- James, and John, was, because by them was reprehovah shall sacrifice on the mountains of Israel, is sented the church as to faith, charity, and the signified to appropriate Divine Good and Divine works of charity ; the reason why he took them Truth from the Word; for this passage treats of into a high mountain, was, because by mountain the calling together of all to the Lord's kingdom, was signified heaven; that his face shone as the and in particular of the establishment of the church sun, was, because the face signifies the interiors, amongst the Gentiles by the Lord. Who cannot which, being divine, shone as the sun, for the sun see that by flesh is not here meant flesh, nor by is divine love ; that his garments were bright as blood, blood ? as where it is said that they should the light, was, because garments signify divine drink blood till they were drunken, and that they truth proceeding from him; the same is also signishould be filled with horses, chariots, mighty men, fied by light. The reason why Moses and Elias and all men of war? The case is similar in a appeared, was, because they both signify the Word, thousand other passages in the prophets.
Moses the historical Word, and Elias the propheti196. Without the spiritual sense it is impossible cal Word ; that a lucid cloud overshadowed them, for any one to know why the prophet Jeremiah was was, because lucid clouds signify the Word in the commanded to buy himself a girdle, and put it on letter, in which is the internal sense ; that the his loins, and not to draw it through the waters, voice out of the cloud said, “ This is my
beloved but to go to Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole in Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him," was, the rock, (Jer. xiii. 1-7;) or why Isaiah the prophet because a voice out of a cloud signifies divine truth was commanded to loose the sackcloth from off from the Word, and beloved Son, the Lord's Divine his loins, and to put off his shoe from off his foot, Human Principle; and because divine truth is and to go naked and barefoot three years, (Isaiah from him, and hence all the truth of the church, it XX. 2, 3;) or why Ekekiel the prophet was com- was said out of the cloud, “In whom I am well manded to make a razor pass upon his head, and pleased; hear ye him." 'i'hat the Divine Humanity upon his beard, and afterwards to divide them, and of the Lord was thus seen, is manifest, because to burn a third part in the midst of the ciiy, and to the Divine Principle itself cannot appear to any