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to be instituted, which cannot be instituted unless Thee,” Psalm xlv. 4-7; besides in many other there be first a subjugation of the hells, and an places. Since the Lord alone conquered the hells, establishment of order in the heavens. That without help from any angel, therefore he is called the subjugation of the hells, the establishment of a “Hero” and a “ Man of Wars,” Isaiah xliv. 15; order in the heavens, and the institution of a New ix. 6; "The King of Glory, Jehovah the Mighty, Church, were redemption, is because without these the Hero of War," Psalm xiv. 8, 10; "The Mighty no man could have been saved: they follow, also, One of Jacob,” cxxxii. 2; and in many places " Jein order ; for first the hells are to be subjugated be- hovah Sabaoth," that is, Jehovah of " Hosts.” And fore a new angelic heaven can be formed; and this also his advent is called the day of Jehovah, teris to be formed before a New Church upon earth rible, cruel, of indignation, of wrath, of anger, of can be instituted; for men in the world are so con- vengeance, of ruin, of war, of a trumpet, of a loud joined with the angels of heaven and the spirits noise, of tumult, &c. In the evangelists these of hell, that, in the interiors of the mind on both things are read: “Now is the judgment of this sides, they make one.

world ; the prince of this world shall be cast out," 123. That the Lord, while He was in the world, John xii. 31. “The prince of this world is judged," fought against the hells, and conquered and sub- xvi. 11. “ Have confidence; I have overcome the jugated them, and thus reduced them under obe- world,” xvii. 33. “I saw Satan as lightning falling dience to Him, is evident from many passages in from heaven,” Luke x. 18. By the world, the prince the Word, of which I shall select these few in of the world, Satan and the devil is meant hell. Isaiah: “Who is this that cometh from Edom, Besides these things, it is described in the Revesprinkled as to his garments from Bozrah, who is lation, from the beginning to the end, what the honorable in his apparel, marching in the multitude Christian church is at this day, and also that the of his strength? I who speak in righteousness, great Lord is about to come again, and subjugate the to save. Wherefore art Thou red as to thy garment, hells, and make a new angelic heaven, and then and thy garment as of one treading in the wine to establish a New Church upon earth. All these press? I have trodden the wine press alone, and of things are there predicted, but they have not been the people not a man with Me; therefore I trod them discovered till the present time: the reason is, bein my anger, and trampled them in my wrath; cause the Revelation, as also all the prophetical thence their victory was sprinkled upon my gar- parts of the Word, was written by mere corresponments; for the day of vengeance is in my heart, dences; and unless these had been made known and the year of my redeemed is come; iny arm by the Lord, scarcely any one would have been brought salvation to me; I made their victory de- able rightly to understand a single verse there: scend to the earth. He said, Behold my people, but now, for the sake of the New Church, all the they are children; therefore He became to them things which are there are made known in the for a Savior ; for his love and for his pity, He APOCALYPSE REVEALED, published at Amsterdam, redeemed them,” lxii. 1-9. These things are in the year 1766; and those will see thern who beconcerning the battle of the Lord against the hells; lieve the Word of the Lord in Matt. xxiv. concernby the garment in which He was honorable, and ing the state of the church at the present time, which was red,” is meant the Word, to which vio- and concerning his coming. · But this belief is, as Jence was offered by the Jewish people. The yet, only wavering with those who have so deeply battle itself against the hells, and the victory over impressed on their hearts the faith of the present them, is described by this, that “ He trod them in church, concerning a trinity of divine persons from his anger, and trampled them in his wrath.” That eternity, and concerning the passion of Christ, that He fought alone, and from his own power, is de- it was redemption itself, that it cannot be eradiscribed by these words: “Of the people not a man cated. — T. C. R. 115, 116. with Me; my arm brought salvation to Me; I made their victory descend to the earth.” That thereby Without Redemption the Angels could not He saved and redeemed, by these : “ Therefore

have subsisted. He became to them for a Savior; for his love and 124. The reason that angels could not have subfor his pity He redeemed them.” That this was sisted in a state of intégrity unless redemption had the cause of his coming, is meant by these: “The been performed by the Lord, is because the whole day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of angelic heaven, together with the church on earth, my redeemed is come.” Again in Isaiah: “ He is before the Lord as one man, whose internal is saw that there was not any one, and was astonished the angelic heaven, and whose external is the that there was none interceding; therefore his arm church; or, more particularly, the highest heaven brought salvation to Him, and righteousness roused constitutes the head; the second and the last conHim up; thence he put on righteousness as a stitute the breast and middle region of the body; breastplate, and the helmet of salvation upon his and the church on earth, the loins and feet; and head, and He put on garments of vengeance, and the Lord Himself is the soul and life of the whole covered himself with zeal as with a cloak; then of this man: wherefore, unless the Lord had perHe came to Zion a Redeemer,” lix. 16, 17, 20. formed redemption, this man would have been In Jeremiah: “ They were dismayed, their strong destroyed, as to the feet and loins, by the seceding ones were knocked down; they fled apace, neither of the church on earth ; as to the gastric region, did they look back; that day is to the Lord Jehovah by the seceding of the lowest heaven; as to the of hosts a day of revenge, that he may take ven- breast, by the seceding of the second heaven; and geance on his enemies, that the sword may devour then the head, having no correspondence with the and be satiated,” xlvi. 5, 10. The latter and the body, would fall into a swoon. T. C. R. 119. former are concerning the battle of the Lord against the hells, and concerning the victory over them. Without Redemption Wickedness would haru In David : “Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, () spread through the whole Christian Orb, in

both Worlds. Mighty ; thy arrows are sharp, the people shall fall under Thee, from the heart enemies of the King. 125. That without redemption by the Lord, inThy throne is for an age and forever. Thou hast iquity and wickedness would spread through the loved righteousness, therefore God hath anointed whole Christian orb, in both worlds, the natural

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and the spiritual, is, amongst several other reasons, thence, but by the descent of God Himself, and because every man, after death, comes into the then by the strength of his divine arm. How this world of spirits, and then is altogether similar to was done is described in a little treatise concernhimself, such as he was before; and at his entrance, ing the Last JUDGMENT, published at London in he cannot be restrained from conversing with de- the year 1758. This was accomplished by the ceased parents, brothers, relations, and friends; Lord, when He was in the world. The like, every husband, then, first seeks his wife, and every also, at this day, has been done by the Lord, wife her husband; and by the former and the latter since, as was said above, at this day is his they are introduced into various companies of such second coming, which was predicted in the Reveas outwardly appear like sheep, and inwardly are lation in various places; and in Matt. xxiv. 3, 30; like wolves; and by these even those are pervert- in Mark xiii. 26 ; in Luke xxi. 27; and in the Acts ed, who have been devoted to piety: from this of the Apostles i. 11; and in other places. The cause, and from abominable arts, unknown in the difference is, that, at his first coming, the hells had natural world, the spiritual world is so full of the grown to such a degree from the multitude of wicked and cunning, that it is like a pond green idolaters, magicians, and falsifiers of the Word; with the spawn of frogs. That intercourse with but at this second coming, from Christians so called, the wicked there also effects this, may be rendered both such as are imbued with naturalism, and also manifest from these considerations, that whoever such as have falsified the Word, by confirmations associates with robbers or pirates, at length be- of their fabulous faith concerning three Divine comes like them; and whoever lives with adulter- Persons from eternity, and concerning the passion ers and harlots, at length regards adulteries as of the Lord, that it was redemption itself; for these nothing ; and, also, whoever connects himself with are they who are meant by the dragon and his two rebellious persons, at length does not scruple to do beasts in the Revelation, xii. and xiii. — T. C. R. violence to any one. For all evils are contagious, 121. and may be compared to the plague, which an infected person communicates by breath or perspira- Redemption could not be effected but by God tion; and also to a cancer or gangrene, which

incarnate. spreads, and putrefies the parts near it, and successively those more distant, until the whole body formed but by God incarnate, that is, made Man,

127. The reason that it could not have been

per perishes. The delights of evil, into which every is because Jehovah God, such as He is, in his infione is born, cause wickedness to be contagious. From these things it may appear evident, that nite essence, cannot approach to hell

, much less enwithout redemption by the Lord, no one could be ter into it; for He is in the purest and first things. saved, nor could the angels subsist in a state of Wherefore, Jehovah God, being in Himself such, integrity. The only refuge from destruction, for He would kill them in a moment ; for He said to

if He should only blow upon those who are in hell, any one, is in the Lord; for He says,

“ Abide in Me, and I in you; as the branch cannot bear fruit Moses, when He wished to see Him, “Thou wilt of itself

, unless it abide in the vine, so ye, unless not be able to see my face, because no man will ye abide in Me. I am the vine, ye are the branches : see Me and live," Exod. xxxiii

. 20. Since, therehe who abideth in Me, and I in him, beareth much fore, Moses could not, still less could those who fruit; because without Me ye cannot do any thing.

are in hell, where all are in the last and grossest If any one abide not in Me, he is cast away, and, things, and thus in those most remote ; for they being dried, is thrown into the fire and burned.” are in the lowest degree natural. Wherefore, un

less Jehovah God had assumed the Human, and John xv. 4-6.- T. C. R. 120.

thus clothed himself with a body which is in the The Lord thus redeemed not only Man, but lowest things, He might have undertaken any reAngels. demption in vain.

It should be known,

that the battle of the Lord with the hells, was not 126. At the time of the first coming of the Lord,

an oral battle, as between reasoners and wrangthe hells had grown up to such a height, that they lers; such a battle would have effected nothing filled all the world of spirits, which is in the mid-at all there : but it was a spiritual battle, which dle, between heaven and hell, and thus not only is of divine truth from divine good, which was the confused the heaven which is called the last or very vital principle of the Lord: the influx of lowest, but also assaulted the middle heaven, which this, by means of sight, no one in hell can resist. they infested in a thousand ways, and which would There is in it such power, that the infernal genii, have gone to destruction, unless the Lord had pro- only at the perception of it, fly away and cast tected it. Such insurrection of the hells is meant themselves down into the deep, and creep into cavby the tower built in the land of Shinar, the head of which should reach even to heaven'; but the erns, that they may hide themselves. This is the design of the builders was frustrated by the con- enter into caverns of the rocks, and into clefts of

same that is described in Isaiah: “They shall fusion of languages, and they were dispersed, and the dust, for fear of Jehovah, when He shall arise the city was called Babel, Gen. xi. 1-9. What to terrify the earth,” ii. 19; and in the Revelais there meant by the tower, and by the confusion tion: “Ảll shall hide themselves in the caves of of languages, is explained in the Arcana CELES- the rocks, and in the rocks of the mountains, and Tia, published at London. The reason that the shall say to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall hells had grown up to such a height, was, that at the time when the Lord came into the world, the upon us, and hide us from the face of Him who

the throne, and from the anger of the whole world had entirely alienated itself from God; Lamb,” vi. 15–17.— T. C. R. 124. by idolatries and magic; and the church which had been amongst the sons of Israel, and at length

False Views of the Atonement. amongst the Jews, by falsification and adulteration of the Word, was utterly destroyed; and both the 128. It is believed in the church, that the Lord former and the latter after death flocked into the was sent by the Father, to make an atonement for world of spirits, where at length they so increased the human race, and that this was done by the fu)and multiplied, that they could not be expelled filling of the law, and the passion of the cross ;

sitteth upon

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Father;

and that thus He took away damnation, and made man continually, he cannot think any thing, nur satisfaction ; and that without that atonement, sat- will any thing; and thus that man as to his interiors isfaction, and propitiation, the human race would is either under the dominion of spirits who are have perished in eternal death; and this from from hell, or under the dominion of angels who justice, which by some is also called vindictive. - are from heaven. When this first is known, then L. 18.

it may be known, that unless the Lord had alto129. What at this day more fills and crams the gether subdued the hells, and reduced all things books of the orthodox, or what is more zealously both there and in the heavens into order, no one taught and inculcated in the schools, and more fre- could have been saved : in like manner, unless the quently preached and proclaimed from the pulpits, Lord had made his Human Divine, and had therethan that God the Father, being enraged against by acquired to Himself divine power over the the human race, not only removed it from Himself

, hells and over the heavens to eternity ; for without but also concluded it under a universal damnation, divine power neither the hells nor the heavens can and thus excommunicated it; but, because He is be kept in order, since the power, by which any gracious, that He persuaded or excited his Son to thing exists, must be perpetual that it may subsist, descend, and take upon Himself the determined for subsistence is perpetual existence. The Didamnation, and thus appease the anger of his vine Itself, which is called the Father, without the

and that thus, and not otherwise, He Divine Human, which is called the Son, could not could look upon man with some favor? Then effect this, inasmuch as the Divine Itself without that this, also, was done by the Son, who, in taking the Divine Human cannot reach to man, nor even upon Himself the damnation of the human race, to an angel, when the human race have altogether suffered himself to be scourged by the Jews, to removed themselves from the Divine, as was the be spit upon in the face, and then to be crucified case in the end of times, when there was no longas the accursed of God, Deut. xxi. 23; and that er any faith or any charity; wherefore the Lord the Father, after this was done, became propitious, then came into the world, and restored all things, and from love towards his Son, cancelled the sen- and this by virtue of his Human, and thus saved tence of damnation, but only in respect to those and redeemed man by faith and love to the Lord for whom He should intercede; and that He thus from the Lord; for such the Lord can withhold became a Mediator in the presence of his Father from the hells and from eternal damnation, but not forever. These and similar things, at this day, those who reject faith and love from Him to Him, sound in temples, and are reverberated from the for these reject salvation and redemption. – A.C. walls, like an echo from the woods, and fill the 10,152. ears of all there. But cannot any one, whose reason is enlightened and made sound by the Word,

How the Lord bore the Iniquities of all. see that God is mercy and pity itself, because He 131. That it is said of the Lord, that He carried is love itself and good itself, and that those are sins for the human race, is known in the church, his essence; and that hence it is a contradiction but still it is unknown what is understood by carto say, that mercy itself, or goodness itself, can rying iniquities and sins. It is believed by some look upon man with anger, and decree his damna- that it denotes, that He took into Himself the sins tion, and still continue to be his own divine es- of the human race, and suffered Himself to be sence? Such things are scarcely ever ascribed to condemned even to the death of the cross, and that a good man or an angel of heaven, but only to a thus, because damnation for sins was cast upon wicked man or to a spirit of hell: wherefore it is Him, mortals are liberated from damnation; also abominable to ascribe them to God. But, if the that damnation was taken away by the Lord through cause be investigated, it is this, that they have the fulfilling of the law, since the law would have taken the passion of the cross for redemption itself; damned every one who did not fulfil it. But by thence have flowed those opinions, as, from one carrying iniquity are not ineant those things, since falsity, falses flow in a continued series. — T. C. every man's deeds remain with him after death, R. 132.

and then he is judged according to their quality

either to life or to death; and therefore they canTrue Nature of the Atonement.

not be taken away by transfer to another who car130. They who are in the internals of the ries them; hence it is evident that by carrying church know that no one is saved by the blood iniquities something else is meant. But what is of the Lord, but by a life according to the pre- meant may be manifest from the carrying itself cepts of faith and of charity froin the word of of iniquities or of sins by the Lord; for the Lord the Lord: they who are in the inmosts of the carries those when He fights for man against the church, by the blood of the Lord understand the hells, for man of himself cannot fight against them, divine truth proceeding from Him, and by the pas- but the Lord alone does this, also continually for sion of the cross understand the ultimate of the every man, with a difference according to the reLord's temptation, by which He altogether subju- ception of divine good and divine truth. The gated the hells, and at the same time glorified his Lord, when he was in the world, fought against all Human, that is, made it Divine; and that thereby the hells, and altogether subdued thein; hence He redeemed and saved all, who suffer themselves also He was made justice ; thus He redeemed to be regenerated by a life according to the pre- those from damnation who receive divine good and cepts of faith and charity from his Word; by the truth from Himself: unless this had been effected blood of the Lord also in the internal sense, ac- by the Lord, no flesh could have been saved, for cording to which the angels in the heavens per- the hells are continually with man, and have doceive the Word, is meant the divine truth pro- minion over him, so far as the Lord does not receeding from the Lord. But how man was saved move them; and He so far removes them, as min and redeemed by the Divine, through the subjuga- desists from evils. Ile who once conquers the tion of the hells, and the glorification of his FI1- hells, conquers them to eternity; and that this man none can know, unless be knows that there might be effected by the Lord, He made his Huare with every man angels from heaven, and spirits man Divine; He, therefore, who alone fights for from hell, and that unless these are present with man against the hells, or, what is the same thing,

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against evils and falses, — for these are from the seen what is there meant by the Law. By the hells, - He is said to carry sins, for He alone sus- Law there are meant, in a strict sense, the Ten tains that burden. That by carrying sins is also Commandments of the Decalogue; in a wider signified the removal of evils and falses from those sense, all that was written by Moses in his five who are in good, is because this is a consequence, books; and in the widest sense, all of the Word. for so far as the hells are removed from man, so far – L. 8. evils and falses are removed, for the latter and the 133. That the Lord fulfilled all things of the former, as was said, are from the hells: evils and Law, means that lle fulfilled all things of the Word, falses are sins and iniquities. That by carrying is manifest om the passages where it is said, that diseases, griefs, and iniquities, and by being thrust the Scripture was fulfilled by Him, and that all through and bruised by them, is signified a state things were finished; as from these : “ Jesus went of temptation, is evident, for then there are griefs into the synagogue and stood up to read; there of mind, straitnesses, and desperations, which so was delivered to Him the book of the prophet torment: such things are induced by the hells, Isaiah ; and when He had opened the book, He for in temptations they assault the love itself of found the place where it was written, The Spirit him against whom they fight; the love of every of the Lord is upon Me, because He hath anointed one is the inmost of his life. The Lord's love Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He hath sent was the love of saving the human race, which love Me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverwas the esse of his life, for the Divine in Himself ance to the bound, and sight to the blind; to prowas that love: this also is thus described in Isaiah, claim the acceptable year of the Lord. And He were the Lord's combats are treated of, in these closed the book, and said, This day is this Scripture words : " He said, Surely they are my people; fulfilled in your ears," Luke iv. 16–21. “Ye search therefore He became a Savior to them ; in all their the Scriptures, and they testify of Me,” John v. 39. straitness He had straitness ; on account of his love " That the Scripture might be fulfilled, He that and his clemency He redeemed them, and took eateth bread with Me hath lifted up his heel upon them, and carried them all the days of eternity,” Me,” John xiii. 18. None of thein is lost, but the lxiii. 8, 9. That the Lord, when he was in the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled," world, endured such temptation, is briefly described John xvii. 12. "That the saying might be fulfilled in the evangelists, but more fully in the prophets, which He spake, Of those whom thou gavest Me I and especially in the Psalms of David: it is only have not lost one,” John xviii. 9. " Then said said in the evangelists, that He was led away into Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into its place; the wilderness, and afterwards tempted by the how then should the Scriptures be fulfilled, that thus devil, and that He was there forty days, and with it must be? But all this was done, that the Scripthe beasts, Mark i. 12, 13; Matt. iv. 1: but that tures of the Prophets might be fulfilled,” Matt. He was in temptations, that is, in combats with xxvi. 52, 54, 56. '“ The Son of Man indeed goeth, the hells, from first childhood even to the end of as it is written of Him; that the Scriplures may be his life in the world, He did not reveal, according fulfilled," Mark xiv. 21, 49. “ Thus the Scripture to these words in Isaiah: “He sustained exaction, was fulfilled, which said, He was reckoned with and was afflicted, yet He opened not his mouth; the wicked," Mark xv. 28; Luke xxii. 37.

That He is led as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a the Scriplure might be fulfilled, They parted my sheep before her shearers is dumb, He opened not raiment among them, and for my vesture they did his mouth,” li. 7. His last temptation was in cast lots,” John xix. 24. “ After this, Jesus knowGethsemane, Matt. xxvi. ; Mark xiv. ; and after- ing that all things were now accomplished, that wards the passion of the cross; that by it He fully the Scripture might be fulfilled,. John xix. 28. subdued the hells, He Himself teaches in John: “ When Jesus had received the vinegar, He said, " Father, deliver Me from this hour, but for this It is finished, that is, it is fulfilled,John xix. 30. (cause) came I to this hour; Father, glorify thy " These things were done ihai the Scriptures might

There came forth a voice from heaven, be fulfilled, A bone of Him shall not be broken. (saying] I have both glorified and will glorify [it] : And again another Scripture sailh, They shall see then said Jesus, Now is the judgment of this Him whom they pierced,” John xix. 36, 37; beworld ; now shall the prince of this world be cast sides elsewhere, where passages of the Prophets out abroad,” xii. 27, 28, 31; the prince of the are adduced, and it is not at the same time said world is the devil, thus the whole hell; to glorify that the Law or the Scripture was fulfilled. That denotes to make the Human Divine. The reason all of the Word was written concerning IIim, and why mention is made only of the temptation after that He came into the world to fulfil it, He also forty days in the wilderness is, because forty days taught his disciples before He departed, in these signify and involve temptations to the full, thus of words : “ Jesus said to them, O fools and slow of several years; the wilderness signifies hell, and heart to believe all that the Prophets have spoken; the beasts with which He fought there, the diabol- ought not Christ to have suffered this, and to enter ical crew. - A. C. 9937.

into his glory? And beginning at Moses and all

the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the ScripHow the Lord fulfilled the whole Law.

tures concerning himself,” Luke xiv. 25–27. And 132. It is believed by many at this day, that further, Jesus said to his disciples,

6. These are when it is said of the Lord, that Ho fulfilled the the words which I spake unto you, whilst I was law, it is meant that He fulfilled all the command yet with you, That all things must be fulfilled which ments of the Decalogue, and that thus He became were written in the Law of Moses, and in the righteousness, and also justified mankind by faith Prophets, and in the Psalms concerning me.” Luke in that. But yet that is not what is meant, but xxiv. 44. That the Lord in the world fulfilled all that He fulfilled all things which are written con- things of the Word, even to the smallest particucerning Him in the Law and the Prophets, that is, lars of it, is evident froin these his own words: in the whole sacred Scripture; because this treats “ Verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass,

I of Him alone, as was said in the foregoing article. one jol or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the The reason why many have believed otherwise, is, Law, till all be fulfilled,” Matt. v. 18. From these because they have not searched the Scriptures, and now it inay be clearly seen, that by the Lorl’s ful

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filling all things of the Law, is not meant that he his Divine, which nevertheless is contrary to the fulfilled all the commandments of the Decalogue, doctrine which teaches that the Divinity and Hubut all things of the Word. L. 11.

manity of the Lord are not two persons, but one 134. He who does not know the arcana of the person alone, and united as soul and body. InasWord, believes that the Lord was made justice by much as the Divine Proceeding, which is Divine fulfilling all things of the law, and that by that Truth, flows into man, both immediately and mefulfilinent He delivered the human race from the diately, by angels and spirits, it is therefore beyoke of the law, thus from damnation; whereas lieved that the Holy Spirit is a third person, disthis is not the sense of those words, but that He tinct from the two who are called Father and Son; was made justice by the subjugation of the hells, but I can assert that no one in heaven knows any the reduction of the heavens into order, and by the other Holy Divine Spirit, than the Divine Truth glorification of his Human; for by this latter He proceeding from the Lord. — A. E. 183. let Himself into the power, that from his Divine 136. Although the Holy Spirit is called the DiHuman He might to eternity subjugate the hells, vine Proceeding, yet no one knows why it is called and keep the heavens in order, and thereby regen- proceeding; this is unknown, because it is also erate man, that is, deliver him from hell, and save unknown that the Lord appears before the angels him. -- A. C. 10239,

as a sun, and that heat, which in its essence is die

vine love, and light, which in its essence is divine The Holy Spirit.

wisdom, proceeds from that sun. These truths 135. That the Comforter, (Paracletos,) or Holy being unknown, it was impossible to know that the Spirit, is Divine Truth proceeding from the Lord, Divine Proceeding was not divine by itself; and manifestly appears, for it is said the Lord Himself thus the Athanasian doctrine of the Trinity despake to them “ the truth," and declared that, when clares, that there is one person of the Father, he should go away, he would send the Comforter, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit; " the Spirit of Truth,” who should guide them into but when it is known that the Lord appears as a all truth," and that he would not speak from him- sun, a just idea may be had of the Divine Proself, but from the Lord. And because Divine ceeding, or the Holy Spirit, as being one with the Truth proceeds from the human principle of the Lord, yet proceeding from Ilim, as heat and light Lord glorified, and not immediately from his Di- from the sun. — -- D. L. W. 146. vine itself, inasmuch as this was glorified in itself 137. That there is a trine in the Lord, may be from eternity, it is therefore here said, “ The Holy illustrated by comparison with an angel; He has Spirit was not yet, because that Jesus was not a soul and a body, and also a proceeding sphere; yet glorified.” It is greatly wondered at in heaven what proceeds from him is himself out of him. that they who compose the church do not know - L. 46. that the Holy Spirit, which is Divine Truth, pro- 138. The divine operation is effected by the ceeds from the human principle of the Lord, and divine truth, which proceeds from the Lord; and not immediately from his Divine, when notwith- that which proceeds is of one and the same standing the doctrine received in the whole Chris- essence with Him from whom it proceeds, like tian world teaches that, “ As is the Father, so these three, the soul, the body, and the proceedalso is the Son, uncreate, infinite, eternal, omnipo-ing virtue, which together make one essence; tent, God, Lord; neither of them is first or last, nor with man, merely human, but with the Lord, greatest or least. Christ is God and Man; God divine and human also; these being, after the from the nature of the Father, and Man from the na- glorification, united together, like the prior with ture of the mother; but although he is God and Man, its posterior, and like essence with its form. Thus yet nevertheless they are not two, but one Christ; the three essentials, which are called the Father, He is one, not by changing the divinity into the the Son, and the Holy Spirit, in the Lord are one. humanity, but by the divinity receiving to itself the T. C. R. 139. humanity. He is altogether one, not by a commix- 139. Now, because the Divine Truth is meant ture of two natures, but one person alone, because by the Holy Spirit, and this was in the Lord, and as the body and soul are one man, so God and Man was the Lord Himself, (John xiv. 6,) and thus beis one Christ.” This is from the Creed of Athana-cause it could not proceed from any other source, sius. Now, forasmuch as the divinity and humanity therefore he said, “The Holy Spirit was not yet, of the Lord are not two, but one person alone, and because Jesus was not yet glorified,” vii. 39; are united as the soul and body, it may be known and after the glorification, “ He breathed into the that the Divine Proceeding, which is called the disciples, and said, Receive ye the Holy Spirit, Holy Spirit, goes forth and proceeds from his Di- xx. 22. The reason why the Lord breathed upon vine principle by the Human, thus from the Divine the disciples, and said that, was, because aspiration Human, for nothing whatsoever can proceed from (or breathing upon) was an external representative the body, unless as from the soul by the body, in- sign of divine inspiration ; but inspiration is an inasmuch as all the life of the body is from its soul. sertion into angelic societies. — T. C. R. 140. And because, as is the Father so is the Son, un

The Divine Trinity. create, infinite, eternal, omnipotent, God and Lord, and neither of them is first or last, nor greatest or 140. At this day human reason is bound, as to least, it follows that the Divine Proceeding, which the Divine Trinity, like a man bound with manais called the Holy Spirit, proceeds from the Divin- cles and fetters in prison; and it may be compared ity itself of the Lord by his Humanity, and not to the vestal virgin, buried in the earth, because from another Divinity, which is called the Father, she let the sacred fire go out; when yet the Difor the Lord teaches that He and the Father are vine Trinity ought to shine like a lamp in the one, and that the Father is in Him, and He in the minds of the men of the church, since God, in his Father. But the reason why most in the Chris- Trinity, and in its unity, is all in all the sanctities tian world think otherwise in their hearts, and of heaven and the church. – T. C. R. 169. hence believe otherwise, the angels have said is 141. That Christians have acknowledged three grounded in this circumstance, that they think of divine persons, and thus as it were three Gods, The Human principle of the Lord as separate from was because there is a trine (or three constitra

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