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people from their first parents : hence it is, that here recorded: but still, in the internal sense, with that people there could not any church be they had a spiritual signification and reference, as established, but only those things of the church be must be plain to every one who considers the cirrepresented. The church is represented, when cumstances. For what need would there have man places worship in externals, but in such as been to take a heifer of three years old, a she goat correspond to heavenly things; then internal of three years old, a ranı of three years old, a turthings are represented by external, and the inter- tle dove and young pigeon, and to divide them into nal things are open in heaven, with which (heaven] two parts, and to place them in such and such a conjunction is thus effected: to the intent there- manner, unless they all, collectively and individfore that the Israelitish people might represent, ually, had been significative. A. C. 1823. when their interiors were without the faith and 496. There was also represented before certain love of heaven, even full of self-love, and the love spirits the tabernacle with the ark; for they who of the world, those interiors were veiled, in conse- have been greatly delighted with the Word, dur quence whereof external things might be commu- ing their abode in the world, have such things also nicated with spirits, and by them with angels, presented to their view; thus was then presented without internal things : wherefore unless the in- the tabernacle with all its apparatus, viz., with its ternal things had been veiled, they would also have courts, its curtains round about, its veils within, the been open, and then the representative would have golden altar or altar of incense, the table containperished, because filthy things would have bursting the bread, the candlestick, the propitiatory forth and contaminated. The Israelitish people, (mercy seat) with the cherubim ; and at the same above all others, were capable of being thus veiled, time it was given to the well-disposed spirits to because they, above all others, adored external perceive what each thing signified; the three things, and made all holiness, yea, every thing heavens were what were represented by the taberDivine, to consist in them. From these things it nacle, and the Lord himself by the testimony in may be manifest what

meant by sanctifying, the ark on which was the propitiatory; and in pronamely, that it denotes a veiling of the interiors, portion as their sight was opened, so far they saw that they may appear in the holy of faith, yet not therein things more celestial and divine, of which to themselves, but to the angels with them. — A. C. they had no knowledge in the life of the body, and 8788.

what is surprising, there was not the smallest thing The Jewish Church, and all things apper- there which was not representative, even to the

taining to it, representative of the Lord's hooks and rings; to instance only the bread which Kingdom, and the Arcanum of the Christian was on the table, in this as in a representative and Church.

symbol, they perceived that food by which angels 495. No person of a sound understanding can live, thus celestial and spiritual love with their suppose that the different animals which were of-joys and felicities, and in that love and these felifered in sacrifice had no other signification than cities they perceived the Lord Himself, as the bread that of a sacrifice; or that an ox, a bullock, or or manna from heaven, besides other particulars calf, signified the same as a sheep, a kid, and a from the form, position, and number of the loaves, goat, and these the same as a lamb, and that the and from the gold encompassing the table, and from like was signified by turtle doves and young the candlestick whence those things being illumipigeons. Each of these animals had its particular nated exhibited still further representations of signification, as may appear plain from this consid- things ineffable; and so with the rest ; from which eration, that one was never on any account of it might appear also, that the rituals or representafered in the place of another: thus the names were tives of the Jewish church contained in them all expressly mentioned of those which should be the arcana of the Christian church, and likewise that offered in the burnt offerings and daily sacrifices, they, to whom the representatives and significain those of the Sabbaths and feasts, in the freewill tives of the Word of the Old Testament are offerings, in the offerings of vows and of thanks-opened, may know and perceive the arcana of the giving, in the trespass and sin offerings, and also Lord's church in the earths, whilst they live in the in the offerings of purification ; which would never world, and the arcana of arcana which are in the have been done, unless somewhat particular had Lord's kingdom in the heavens, when they come been represented and signified by each animal. into another life. -- A. C. 3478. But what such particular representation and signification was, it would take too much space here to What Effect the Representatives of the Jewish

Church had in Heaven. explain; suffice it to know that celestial things are what are signified by the cattle, and that spir- 497. What sort of representatives appear in itual things are what are signified by the birds, and heaven, is manifest from the prophets, as from that by each sort of cattle and birds is signified John in the Apocalypse, where mention is made sone particular celestial and spiritual thing. The of candlesticks, chap. i. 12; and of a throne, with Jewish church itself, and all things appertaining to twenty-four thrones around it, and of four animals it

, were representative of such things as respect before the throne, chap. iv. 2, and fullowing verses, the Lord's kingdom, to which nothing belongs but and of a book with seven seals sealed, chap. v.; what is celestial and spiritual, that is, nothing but and of horses going forth when the seals were what has relation to love and faith. This may opened, chap. vi. ; and of angels variously clothed, plainly enough appear from the signification of with vials, chap. ix. x. xv.; and of a white horse, clean and useful beasts, which, inasmuch as in chap. xix.; and lastly of the New Jerusalem, the most ancient churches they signified celestial whose walls, gates, foundation, height, breadth, goods, were afterwards made representative in the and length are described, chap. xxi. xxii.: similar church, when a worship merely external, and that things are also mentioned by the other prophets. representative, was held in esteem and acknowl- All these things are representatives, such as conedged. The subject here treated of being continually appear before the angels in the heavens, ceruing the state of the church, and it being fore- and present in a visible form the divine celestial told what it would be in time to come, this was things which are of the good of love, and the dishown to Abram by representatives, exactly as vine spiritual things which are of the good of

as

:

faith : such things in the sum were represented by of the tabernacle ; for that tabernacle was so con the tabernacle, and by those things which were in structed, that it inight represent the three heavens, the tabernacle, as by the ark itself, by the table and all the things which are therein ; and the ark, on which was bread, by the altar of incense, by in which was the testimony, was so constructed, the candlestick, and by the rest of the things; that it might represent the inmost heaven, and the which, inasmuch as they were the forms of divine Lord Himself there; wherefore the form thereof celestial and spiritual things, therefore when they was shown to Moses in the mountain, Jehovah were seen by the people, at the time they were then saying, “That they should make for Him a engaged in holy worship, then were presented sanctuary, and he would dwell in the midst of in heaven such things as were represented, which, them,” verse 8. Every one who is gifted with any

was said above, were the divine celestial faculty of interior thought, may perceive that Jethings which are of the good of love to the Lord, hovah could not dwell in a tent, but that He dwells and the divine spiritual things which are of the in heaven; and that that tent could not be called good of faith in the Lord: such an effect in heaven a sanctuary, unless it had reference to heaven, had all the representatives of that church. It is and to the celestial and spiritual things which are to be known, that spirits and angels are always there. Let every one think with himself, what with man, and that man cannot live without them; would it be for Jehovah, the Creator of heaven in like manner that by them man has connection and earth, to dwell in a small habitation made of with the Lord, and that so the human race sub- wood, covered over with gold, and encompassed sists, and also heaven. Hence it may be manifest, around with curtains, unless heaven and the thinga for what end the representatives, and also the rit- of heaven had been there represented in form: uals of the church, with the Israelitish nation were for the things which are represented in forin, apinstituted : also for what end the Word is given, pear indeed in a like form, in the ultimate or first wherein all things which are in the sense of the heaven, before the spirits who are there, but in letter, correspond to the divine things which are in the superior heavens are perceived the internal heaven, thus wherein all things represent, and all things which are represented, which things, as expressions signify: hence man has connection was said, are the celestial things which are of with heaven, and by heaven with the Lord; with love to the Lord, and the spiritual things which out which connection he would have no life at all, are of faith in the Lord. Such were the things for without connection with the very Esse of life, which filled heaven, when Moses with the people from whom is all the Existere of life, no one has were in an external holy, and adored it as the hablife. - A. C. 9481.

itation of Jehovah Himself: hence it is evident

what is meant by a representative, also that by it Illustration of what a Representative Church heaven was present with man, thus the Lord. is, and why it is.

Therefore a representative church, when the an498. There are three heavens, the inmost or cient church ceased, was instituted with the Isthird, the middle or second, and the ultimate or raelitish people, that by such things there might first: in the inmost heaven the good of love to the be conjunction of heaven, thus of the Lord with Lord reigns, in the middle heaven the good of the human race, for without conjunction of the charity toward the neighbor reigns, in the ultimate Lord through heaven, man would perish; for man are represented those things which are thought, has his life from that conjunction. But those repare said, and exist in the middle and inmost resentatives were only external mediums of conheaven. The representatives which are in that junction, with which the Lord miraculously conheaven are innumerable, as paradises, gardens, joined heaven: but when conjunction by those forests, fields, plains, also cities, palaces, houses; things also perished, then the Lord came into the and likewise flocks and herds, also animals, and world, and opened the internal things themselves birds of several kinds, besides numberless other which were represented, which are the things of things; these things appear before the eyes of love and of faith in Him; these things now conangelic spirits there, more clearly than similar join: nevertheless the only medium of conjuncthings in the light of midday on earth, and what tion at this day is the Word, inasmuch as it is so is wonderful, it is apperceived also what they sig- written, that all and single things therein correnify. Such things likewise appeared to the proph- spond, and hence represent and signify the divine ets, when their interior sight, which is the sight things which are in the heavens. - A. C. 9457. of the spirit, was opened, as horses to Zechariah, chap. vi. 1-9; animals which were cherubs, and what the Kingdoms of Judges, Priests, and afterwards the New Temple, with all things ap- Kings were, and why the Jews were divided

into two Kingdoms. pertaining to it, to Ezekiel, chap. i. ix. x. xl. to xlvii.; a candlestick, thrones, animals which were 499. In the representative church with the posalso cherubs, horses, the New Jerusalem, and sev-terity of Jacob, there was first a kingdom of eral other things, to John, which are treated of in judges, afterwards a kingdom of priests, and the Apocalypse; in like manner horses and char- lastly a kingdom of kings ; and by the kingdom iots of fire to the boy of Elisha, 2 Kings vi. 17: of judges was represented Divine truth froin Disimilar things appear continually in heaven, before vine good ; but by the kingdom of priests, who the eyes of spirits and angels, and are natural were also judges, was represented Divine good forms, into which the internal things of heaven from which Divine truth is derived ; and by the close, and in which they are figured, which are kingdom of kings was represented Divine truth thus rendered visible before the very eyes : these without Divine good ; but when something of the things are representations. The church therefore priesthood was adjoined also to the regal (office), is representative, when the internal holy things, then was also represented by kings the Divine which are of love and faith from the Lord and to truth, in which there was so much of good as the Lord, are presented by forms visible in the there was of the priesthood adjoined to the regal world; as in this chapter and the following, by office. All these things were instituted in the the ark, the propitiatory, the cherubs, by the tables Jewish church, that by them might be represented there, by the candlestick, and by the other things states of heaven, for in heaven there are two kingdoms, one which is called the celestial kingdom, tribe or of the Jewish nation; one is from Shelah and the other which is called the spiritual king- the son of Judah by the Canaanitish wife, another dom; the celestial kingdom is what is called the is from Perez, and a third from Serah, the sons of priesthood, and the spiritual kingdom what is Judah by Thamar his daughter-in-law. That all called the royalty of the Lord; in the latter Di- the Jewish nation was from these three sons of vine truth reigns, in the former Divine good: and Judah, is evident from the enumeration of the sons because the representative of the celestial king- and grandsons of Jacob who came with him into dom began to perish, when they sought a king, Egypt, Gen. xlvi. 12; also from their classification therefore, that the representative of the Lord's according to families, spoken of in Moses: “The kingdom in the heavens might still be continued, sons of Judah were according to their families; the Jews for tribe of Judah) were separated from to Shelah, the family of the Shelonites ; to Perez, the Israelites, and by the Jewish kingdom was rep- the family of the Parzites; to Serah, the family of resented the celestial kingdom of the Lord, and by the Sarhites," Numb. xxvi. 20, and 1 Chron. iv. 21. the Israelitish kingdom his spiritual kingdom. Hence it is evident what was the origin of that They who are acquainted with these things may nation; namely, that a third part thereof was from know the reasons, why the forms of government the Canaanitish mother, and two third parts from with the posterity of Jacob were successively the daughter-in-law, consequently all from an illechanged; why also, when they asked a king, it gitimate bed. What this origin involves and repwas said to them of Jehovah by Samuel, that by resents, is evident from what follows, namely, that so doing they rejected Jehovah, that he should not their interiors were similar, or had a like origin: reign over them, 1 Sam. viii. 7; and that then was that Judah married a Canaanite, involves an origin declared to them the right of a king, verse 11, and from evil which is from the false of evil, for this is following verses of the same chapter, by which is signified in the internal sense by the daughter of a described Divine truth without good. They who man a Canaanite; that he lay with his daughter-inare acquainted with the things above mentioned, law involves and represents damnation from falsified may also know why somewhat of the priesthood truth from evil, for whoredom in the Word throughwas granted to David; and also why after the out signifies the falsification of truth. Evil from the time of Solomon the kingdom was divided into false of evil, is evil of the life from a false doctrinal, two, namely, into the Jewish kingdom and the Is- which has been hatched from the evil of self-love, raelitish kingdom. - A. C. 8770.

that is, from those who are in that evil, and confirmed

by the sense of the letter of the Word: such is the The Land of Canaan, in respect to Churches origin of evil with the Jewish nation, and such is the there.

origin of evil with some in the Christian world, es500. The Most Ancient Church, which was ce- pecially with those who in the Word are underlestial, and before the flood, and also the Ancient stood by Babel. This evil is such, that it precludes Church which was after the food, were in the every way to the internal man, insomuch that there land of Canaan, and moreover, in several other cannot any thing of conscience be formed therein ; kingdoms: hence it came to pass, that all the for the evil which a man does from a false docnations in that land, and likewise all the regions, trinal, this he believes to be good because he and all the rivers thereof, became representative; believes it to be true, and thus he does it from a for the most ancient people, who were celestial principle of lawfulness, of freedom, and of delight; men, through all objects which they saw, perceived thence heaven is so closed to him, that it cannot such things as appertain to the Lord's kingdom, be opened. — A. C. 4818. thus also through the regions and rivers of that 503. The Jews had an hereditary evil which land. These representatives, after their times, re- could not be eradicated by regeneration, because mained in the Ancient Church, thus also the repre- they did not admit it. That they had such an sentatives of the places in that land. The Word hereditary, and that they could not be regenerated, in the Ancient Church had also thence representa- is very evident from all those things which are retive names of places, as had also the Word after lated of them in the Word, and still further from their time, which is called, Moses and the proph- the following passages in Moses : “ Moses called ets; and because this was so, Abraham was com- all Israel, and said unto them, Ye have seen all manded to go thither, and a promise made him things which Jehovah hath done in your eyes in that his posterity should possess the land, and this the land of Egypt to Pharaoh and all his servants, not by reason of their being better than other na- and to all his land; and Jehovah hath not given tions, for they were amongst the worst of all, but you a heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to that by them a representative church might be in- hear even to this day,” xxix. 2-4.· Again: “I stituted, in which no attention should be paid to know the device of the people, which they do at person or to place, but to the things which were this day, before I introduce them into the land represented, and that thus also the names of the which I have sworn,” Deut. xxxi. 21. And again: Most Ancient and of the Ancient Church might be “I will hide my faces from them, I will see what retained. — A. C. 3686.

is their last [end]; for they are a generation of per501. In the land of Canaan a church had existed versities, sons in whom is no truth. I would exfrom the earliest ages, which was the reason why terminate them, I would cause their memory to all the places therein, and in the adjacent countries, cease from man, unless I feared the indignation of with their mountains and rivers, which are men- the enemy. Because they are a nation perishing tioned in the Word, are made representative and in counsels, and there is no intelligence in them; significative of those things which are the internals because their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the church, which are what are called its spirit- their grapes of the fields of Gomorrah: their ual things. — H. D. 5.

grapes are hemlock, the clusters are bitter to them.

Their wine is the poison of dragons, and the cruel Character of the Jewish People.

head of asps. Is not this laid up in store with me, 502. It is here first to be told concerning the sealed in my treasures ? " Deut. xxxii. 20, 26–34; origins of the tribe of Judah, for they are treated and in other places very frequently, especially in of in this chapter. There are three origins of that Jeremiah. – A. C. 4317.

126

[Note. - It must not be understood from the above, that viii. 44:. and of Judas Iscariot, wbo repre-
Swedenborg meant to teach that no Jew could be regenerated,
but that the Jews as a nation could not be regenerated. For it is sented the Jewish church: “Have not I chosen
expressly stated in A. C. 7459, that “ few of them are in heaven.” you twelve, but one of you is a devil ? ” John vi.
- Compiler.)

70. By him also, in that he sold the Lord, the 504. The evil of self-love is not, as it commonly like was represented as here by Judah, who said, appears, the external elation which is called pride, Go ye, and let us sell Joseph. – A. C. 4751. but it is hatred against the neighbor, and thence a 506. That the Jewish nation considers the interburning desire of revenge, and the delight of nal of the church as a harlot, or as false, is very cruelty : these are the interiors of self-love; its evident. As for example, if any one should tell exteriors are contempt of others in comparison them, that the internal of the church is that the with self, and aversion to those who are in spiritual Messiah, who is predicted in the propheticals good, and this sometimes with a manifest elation of the Word, and whom therefore they expect, is or pride, and sometimes without it ; for he who the Lord, this they reject altogether as false. If holds his neighbor in such hatred, interiorly loves any one should tell them, that the internal of the himself alone, and only others whom he regards as church is that the Messiah's kingdom is not worldly one with himself, thus them in himself, and himself and temporal, but heavenly and eternal, this also in them, with a view to himself alone as the end. they pronounce to be false. If any one should Such are they who are represented by Judah in tell them, that the rituals of their church reprethe opposite sepse; the Jewish nation also had sented the Messiah and his heavenly kingdom, been in such love from the earliest times, for they they do not know what this means. If any one had regarded all in the universal earth as the should tell them, that the internal of the church is vilest slaves, and as of no account respectively to the good of charity and the truth of faith, doctrine themselves : they have also held them in hatred, and life together, this they regard not otherwise and what is more, when self-love and the love of than false ; in like manner in all other cases; yea, the world has not joined them mutually together, at the bare proposition that the church has an inthey have even persecuted companions and brethren ternal, they stupidly smile. The reason is, bewith similar hatred; this still remains with that cause they are in external things, and indeed in nation, but inasmuch as they now live by favor in the lowest of external things, namely, the love of the lands of strangers, they keep that spirit con- things earthly, for above all other men they are in cealed. – A. C. 4750.

avarice, which is altogether earthly: persons of 505. The lust of gain and avarice has in it that such a character cannot possibly have any other it not only wishes to possess the whole world, but views of the interior things of the church, for they also for the sake of gain to plunder every one, yea, are more remote from heavenly light than the rest to kill, and it likewise would kill for a trifle, if the of mankind, and thus more than others in thick laws did not oppose it: and moreover in the gold darkness. A. C. 4865. and silver which such a man possesses, he regards himself as the greatest in power, howsoever he The Jews regard Internal Truth as a Harlot. appears to do otherwise in the external form. 507. That the Jewish nation regards internal Hence it is evident, that in avarice there is not truth as a harlot, and if it conjoins itself therewith, only the love of the world, but also self-love, and that it does so from lust as of conjunction with a indeed the most filthy self-love. For with the harlot, may be illustrated by the following cases. sordidly avaricious, elation of mind or pride is not if it is told them that the Word is holy, yea, that 80 conspicuous outwardly, since this sometimes is it is most holy, also that every tittle therein is holy, not concerned about wealth for the sake of osten- they acknowledge it, and conjoin themselves, but tation; neither is it that kind of self-love which is this from such a lust, for they believe it holy in the usually connected with pleasures, for they have letter, and not that a holy flows in through the little concern about the body and its food and holy of the letter, with those who are in the affecclothing; but it is a love altogether earthly, hav- tion of good and of truth when they read it. If ing nothing for its end but money, in which it they are told that several, who are named in the believes itself not in act but in ability above all. Word, are to be venerated as saints, as Abraham, Hence it may be evident, that in avarice there is a Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Aaron, David, they acknowllove of self the lowest and the vilest of all; where- edge it and conjoin themselves, but from a like fore in the other life the avaricious appear to lust: for they believe that those persons were themselves to be among swine; and they are, chosen in preference to others, and are thence beyond all others, contrary to all good whatever. holy, and on this account are to be worshipped as They are thence in such thick darkness that they deities; when yet they have nothing of holiness cannot in any wise see what is good and what is from any other source than this, that they repretrue; that there is any internal of man which lives sented the Lord, and a holy representative does after death, they do not at all comprehend, and in not at all affect the person; and moreover his own heart deride those who say this. The Jewish na- life awaits everyone without distinction after tion had been such from the beginning, wherefore death. If they are told that the ark with them, the it was impossible for any thing internal to be dis- temple, the altar of burnt offering, the altar of incovered manifestly to them, as is evident from the cense, the bread upon the table, the candlestick Word of the Old Testament: and whereas they with the lights, the perpetual fire, the sacrifices, are rooted in that worst kind of self-love, there the perfumes, the oil, also the garments of Aaron, fore also unless by avarice they were so far re- especially the breastplate on which was the Urin moved from things internal, and were thence kept and Thummim, were holy, they acknowledge it in thick darkness, they would defile interior truths and conjoin themselves, but from such a lust; for and goods, and would thus profane them more they believe those things to have been holy in than others; for they cannot profane so long as themselves, thus that the wood, the stone, the gold, they do not acknowledge. Hence it is that the the silver, the bread, the fire, were holy, and this Lord says of them in John, “ Ye are of your interiorly, because Jehovah was in thein, or that father the devil, and the desires of your father ye the holiness of Jehovah applied to them was acwill to do: he was a murderer from the beginning,” tually in them: this is their internal truth, which

:

yet is respectively false ; for the holy is only in well disposed; not considering that election is good and truth, which is from the Lord in love to universal, namely, of all who live in good, and him and in love towards the neighbor, and thence that the mercy of the Lord is towards every man in faith, thus in none but in living (subjects), that who abstains from evil, and is willing to live in is, in men who receive those things from the Lord. good, and thus who suffers himself to be led of Again, if it be told them that the Christian church the Lord, and to be regenerated, which is effected is one with the church which was instituted among by the continuation of his life. Hence also it is, them, but that it is internal, whereas this was ex- that most persons in the Christian world believe ternal, so that when the church instituted with also, that that nation will be again elected, and them is divested of its externals and stripped then will be brought back into the land of Canaan, naked, the Christian church appears, this they do and this also according to the sense of the letter. not acknowledge any otherwise than as a whore, - A. C. 7051. that is, as false; nevertheless some of them, who 510. That the sons of Israel are called the peoare converted from Judaism to Christianity, con- ple of Jehovah, was not because they were better join themselves with that truth, but also from such than other nations, but because they represented à lust. Such things in the Word are frequently the people of Jehovah, that is, those who are of the called whoredoms. But in regard to those, who Lord's spiritual kingdom: that they were not betare signified in the Word by Babel, they have like ter than other nations, is evident from their life in views of the internal truths of the church, but in the wilderness, in that they did not believe at all asınuch as they are acquainted with internal things, in Jehovah, but in heart believed in the gods of and also in childhood acknowledge them, yet in the Egyptians; as is manifest from the golden adult age deny, they are described in the Word calf which they made to themselves, and which by filthy adulteries and heinous copulations, for they called their gods, who brought them forth out they are profanations. — A. C. 4868.

of the land of Egypt, Exod. xxxii

. 8; it is evident

also from their life afterwards in the land of CaCause of the Hatred, Barbarity, and Cruelty naan, treated of in the historicals, of the Word; of the Jews.

also from what was said of them in the propheti508. That the Jewish nation was in the external cals of the Word, and, lastly, by the Lord : hence without an internal, and therefore believed truth to also it is, that few of them are in heaven, for they be false, and the reverse, is evident from their doc- have received a lot in the other life according to trinal, that it was allowable to hate an adversary, their life: be not therefore willing to believe, that and also from their life, that they hated all who they were elected for heaven before others; for were not of their religious (principle]; yea, that they who believe so, do not believe that every they believed they were doing what was well one's life remains with him after death ; neither pleasing to Jehovah and were serving Him, when do they believe that man is to be prepared for they treated the nations with barbarity and cruelty, heaven during his whole life in the world, and that by exposing their bodies, when they were slain, to this is effected of the Lord's mercy, and not that be devoured by wild beasts and birds, by cutting they are admitted into heaven from mercy alone, them alive with saws, wounding them with spikes without any regard to the manner in which they and axes of iron, and making them pass through have lived: such an opinion concerning heaven the brick-kiln, 2 Sam. xii. 31; yea, it was also and concerning the Lord's mercy is induced by according to their doctrinals, to treat a companion the doctrine respecting faith alone, and respecting nearly in a like manner, who for any cause was a salvation by faith alone without good works; for declared enemy: hence it may plainly enough ap- the maintainers of this doctrine have no concern pear, that there was nothing of the internal in about the life; hence also they believe that evils their religious (principle]; if any one then had can be wiped away like filth by water, and thus said to them, that such things were against the in- that man can be transmitted instantaneously into ternal of the church, they would have replied the life of good, consequently be admitted into that this was false. That they were merely in ex- heaven; not knowing that if the life of evil was ternal, and were altogether ignorant what the in- taken away from the evil, they would have nothing ternal is, and led a life contrary to the internal, is of life at all; also that if they who are in the life also evident from what the Lord teaches in Mat- of evil, were to be admitted into heaven, they thew, chap. v. 21-48. — A. C. 4903.

would feel hell in themselves, and this more griev

ous, the more interiorly they were admitted into Reasons why it is believed that the Jews were heaven. From these considerations now it may chosen above others for their Goodness.

be manifest, that the Israelites and Jews were not 509. They who know nothing concerning the all elected, but only accepted to represent those internal sense of the Word, cannot believe other things which are of heaven; and that there was wise than that the Israelitish and Jewish nation an expediency that this should be done in the land was elected above every other nation, and hence of Canaan, because the church of the Lord had was more excellent than every other, as also they been there from the most ancient times, and hence themselves believed: and what is wonderful, this all the places there were made representative of is not only believed by that nation itself, but also celestial and divine things: thus also the Word by Christians, notwithstanding these latter know, could be written, wherein names might signify that that nation is in tilthy loves, in sordid avarice, such things as are of the Lord and of his kingin hatred, and in self-conceit; and besides that dom. - A. C. 7439. they make light of, and even hold in aversion, the internal things which are of charity and faith, and The Jews were urgent to be a Church from the

Love of Pre-eminence. which are of the Lord. The reason why Christians also believe that that nation was elected above 511. That the posterity of Jacob were not others, is, because they believe that the election chosen, but were urgent that there might be a and salvation of man is from mercy, without regard church with them, may appear in several passages to man's life, and thus that the wicked can be re-l of the Word from its internal historical sense, and ceived into heaven alike with the pious and the plainly in the following: “ Jehovah spake to Mo

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