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before the lady could open her lips, was, that|fect recollection of them. She added, that she * during the preceding night he had seen Von nearly fainted at the shock she experienced : Marteville, and had wished to converse with and she called on M. de Schwerin to answer him, but the latter excused himself, on the for the truth of what she had said ; who, in ground that he must go to discover to his wife his laconic style, contented himself with say. something of importancer' Swedenborg added ing, 'All you bave said, madam, is perfectly that 'he then departed out of the society in true at least as far as I am concerned.' I which he had been for a year, and would as- ought to add, (M. Thiebault continues,) that cend to one far happier; ' owing, we presume, though the queen laid great stress on the truth to his being lightened of a worldly care. This of her recital, she professed herself, at the account, attested as it is by the lady herself, same time, incredulous to Swedenborg's supthrough the Danish General Von E- her posed conferences with the dead. A thousecond husband, was noised through all Stock- sand events,' said she, “appear inexplicable holm. It ought to be added, that Madame and supernatural to us, who know only the offered to make Swedenborg a handsome pres- immediate consequences of them; and men of ent for his services, but this he declined.” quick parts, who are never so well pleased as Wilkinson's Biography, pp. 102-126. when they exhibit something wonderful, take

284. It was in the same year (1761) that an advantage of this to gain an extraordinary Louisa Ulrica, the Queen of Sweden, desired reputation. Swedenborg was a man of learn. to have an interview with Swedenborg. For, ing, and of some talent in this way; but I although she was but little disposed to believe cannot imagine by what means he obtained in such seeming miracles, she was neverthe- the knowledge of what had been communiless willing to put the power of Swedenborg cated to no one. However, I have no faith to the test. She was previously acquainted in his having had a conference with my with the Marteville affair, though she had brother.'” M. Thiebault states that the queen, never taken any pains to ascertain the truth as well as her brother Frederic the Great, of it. We quote from M. Thiebault, “ Docu- were professed atheists : this accounts for her ments,” page 94. “Swedenborg, having come incredulity, but seems, at the same time, to one evening to her court, she had taken him establish more fully the truth of Swedenborg's aside, and begged him to inform himself of interview with her brother. her deceased brother, the Prince Royal of 285. It should be observed however, says Prussia, what he said to her at the moment Mr. Noble, that “Swedenborg himself never of her taking leave of him for the court of laid any stress upon these supernatural proofs Stockholm. She added, that what she had of the truth of his pretensions ; and never does said was of a nature to render it impossible he appeal to them, or so much as mention them that the Prince could have repeated it to any in his works. How strong an evidence is one, nor had it ever escaped her own lips : this of his elevation of mind; and of his perthat, some days after, Swedenborg returned, fect conviction of the truth of the views he when she was seated at cards, and requested was made an instrument for unfolding, with she would grant him a private audience; to his own divine appointment to that purpose, which she replied, he might communicate what as standing in no need of such evidence for its he had to say before the company; but Sweden- support! Could it be possible for any of the borg assured her he could not disclose his er- merely fanatical pretenders to divine commurand in the presence of witnesses ; that in con- nications to appeal to such testimonies of susequence of this intimation the queen became pernatural endowment, how eagerly would agitated, gave her cards to another lady, and they seek to silence objectors. by referring to requested M. de Schwerin (who also was present the queens, counts, ambassadors, governors, when she related the story to us,) to accom- and university professors, that had been witpany her: that they accordingly went together nesses of their power! But it is precisely on into another apartment, where she posted M. account of the silencing nature of such evide Schwerin at the door, and advanced towards dence that Swedenborg declines to appeal to the farthest extremity of it with Swedenborg; it. Doubtless, however, it was of Divine who said to her, “ You took, madam, your last Providence that occasions arose which conleave of the Prince of Prussia, your late au- strained him to give such demonstrations, and gust brother, at Charlottenburg, on such a that they were recorded by others: because day, and at such an hour of the afternoon ; as such things serve for. confirmations of the you were passing afterwards through the long truth, though they are not the proper grounds gallery, in the castle of Charlottenburg, you of its original reception. When presented met him again ; he then took you by the hand also upon testimony, and at a distance of time, and led you to such a window, where you they lose that compulsive character which they could not be overheard, and then said to possess when they take place, or nearly so, before you these words: The queen did not our eyes: and thus they may then become userepeat the words, but she protested to us they ful to draw the attention of receptive minds to were the very same her brother had pro- the truth, which, when known, may convince sounced, and that she retained the most per-| by its own evidence.” Documents, p. 102.

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greatest attention, they put him to the proof Spiritual Foresight.

as to the credibility of his extraordinary spir286. “The following incident, first pub-itual communications. The test was this : lished by Dr. Tafel, and translated in the In- He should state which of the company would tellectual Repository, rests on the authority die first. Swedenborg did not refuse to anof Professor John Benedict Von Scherer, a swer this question, but after some time, in distinguished public man in Germany, who which he appeared to be in profound and died soon after 1821. The Rev. Mr. Moser, silent meditation, he quite openly replied: a clergyman at Ochsenburg, writes to Dr. “ Olof Olofsohn will die to-morrow morning at Tafel as follows:

forty-five minutes past four o'clock.” By this “ . My dear Friend: - Amongst the ex-predictive declaration, which was pronounced ternal proofs for the credibility of the spir- by Swedenborg with all confidence, the comitual revelations of Swedenborg, I do not find pany were placed in anxious expectation, and in the writings you have already edited, that a gentleman, who was a friend of Olof Olofremarkable prediction of Swedenborg's, for the sohn, resolved to go on the following morning, communication of which we are indebted to the at the time mentioned by Swedenborg, to the late Dr. Scherer, professor of the French and house of Olofsohn, in order to see whether English languages at our university (Tubin- Swedenborg's prediction was fulfilled. On gen). This prediction most justly deserves to be the way thither be met the well-known serplaced by the side of those other remarkable vant of Olofsohn, who told him that his masoccurrences, such as those relating to Queen ter had just then died; a fit of apoplexy had Ulrica, Madame de Marteville, and the fire at seized him, and had suddenly put an end to Stockholm, &c., which are often alleged as proofs his life. Upon which the gentleman, through of Swedenborg's communication with the world the evidence of the death which really ocof spirits. As the occurrence in question ap- curred (according to the prediction), was conpears to have elapsed from your memory, per- vinced. At the same time this particular mit me, in order that it may be inserted in the circumstance also attracted attention : the Magazine, to relate it verbatim [from Dr. clock in Olofsohn's dwelling apartment stopped Scherer), and thus to bring it to your remem- at the very minute in which he had expired, brance; at the same time I must leave it to and the hand pointed to the time.' ” Intel. your exertions, by further investigations in Repos., March, 1846. Sweden to establish the truth of it. “It was during the period of our stud

Political Principles and Deliberations. ies at the university [Tubingen), between 287. “ But neither Swedenborg's spiritual the years of 1818 and 1821, that it came to intercourses, nor the laborious works that he our knowledge that the said Professor Scherer was composing, were an excuse to him for had resided, during Swedenborg's time, at neglecting the affairs of this world when opStockholm, as secretary or attaché to an em- portunity required, and accordingly in 1761 bassy, and that he had probably learned to we find him taking part in the deliberations know Swedenborg personally. We were, con- of the Diet which met in January of that sequently, both induced to visit the professor, year. Three memorials are preserved which and to ascertain from him what he might have he presented to the Swedish parliament: to communicate respecting Swedenborg per- one, at the opening of the Diet, congratulating sonally, respecting remarkable facts recorded the House upon its meeting, counselling the concerning him, and also respecting the re- redress of grievances which might otherwise ception of his doctrines and visions in Swe- enable the disatfected to impair and destroy den. The professor, who was greatly ad- the constitution, and especially deprecating vanced in years, then told us, “ that at Stock- that systematic calumny which is not less deholm, in all companies, very much was said structive to the stability of governments than concerning the spirit-seer, Swedenborg, and to public and private character. In this paper wonderful things were recorded respecting his the quiet sage expresses his preference for intercourse with spirits and angels. But the that mixed form of monarchy which then judgment pronounced concerning him was va- prevailed in Sweden, and he ends as he began rious. Some gave full credit to his visions ; it, with a powerful appeal to the members to others passed them by as incomprehensible, obviate change by the prosecution of useful and others rejected them as fanatical ; but he reforms. In the next memorial (whether himself (Scherer) had never been able to be- they were spoken by himself from his place lieve them. Swedenborg, however, on account we do not know) he insists upon some of the of his excellent character, was universally same topics, but mainly upon the preservation held in high estimation.”

of the liberties of the people, and upon the “ • Amongst other things Prof. Scherer French in preference to the English alliance; related the following remarkable occurrence : the latter being incompatible, as he said, with Swedenborg was one evening in company at the bond between England and Hanover, Stockholm, when, after his information about which had formerly belonged to Sweden. the world of spirits had been heard with the He forcibly expresses the evils of despotic



governments, in which full play is given to the what is hidden occasionally manifests itself. I hereditary vices of the sovereign, and de- shudder when I reflect what may happen, and nounces absolutism as alike injurious to the probably will happen, if private interests, subvertruler and the people, observing that, as for ing the general welfare into a gross darkness, the latter, it is unlawful for any one to de- also, that I see no difference between a king in

should here attain the ascendency. I must observe, liver over his life and property to the arbi- Sweden who possesses absolute power, and an trary power of an individual; for of these idol; for all turn themselves, heart and soul, in the God alone is Lord and Master, and we are same way to the one as to the other, obey his will, only their administrators upon earth.' Es- and worship what passes from his mouth. pecially alluding to the danger in which a

288. “ The third memorial is upon the subcountry stands that is thus subject to an indi-ject of finance, and is as follows: vidual, from the subtle power of the papacy,

66. If the States do not, during this diet, make be has the following, which may serve as a some arrangement for the gradual recall of the specimen of his style in these documents :

notes now in circulation, and the substitution of “* It would be tedious to enumerate all the mis- pure coin in their stead, it is to be feared that the fortunes and the grievous and dreadful conse- present prevailing dearness will constantly inquences which might happen here in the north crease, until the country becomes exhausted, when under a despotic government; I will mention a national bankruptcy in all paper money must be therefore only one — popish darkness, — and will the consequence. This must be evident to every reendeavor to exhibit it in its true light.

flecting person, when he considers, that a note of **We know from experience how the Babylo- six dollars is now worth only three dollars in plats nian whore (which signifies the popish religion) (a former Swedish copper coin) in foreign trade, fascinated and bewitched the reigning princes of and two in domestic ; and if the high prices still Saxony, Cassell, and Zweibrucken, also the king continue, it will probably come down to one dolof England, shortly before the house of Hanover lar. In such case, how can the nation be prewas called to the British throne, and how it is still served from ruin? These grievous and dreadful dallying with the Pretender; how in Prussia like- events can only be prevented by the restoration of wise, it tampered with the present king, when a pure metallic currency, crown prince, through his own father; not to men

• Many plans might be devised and proposed, tion King Sigismund and Queen Christina in to compel the circulation of the notes at their Sweden. We are well aware, too, how this whore original fixed value, and thus meet the high is still going her rounds through the courts of re- prices; but they must all be of little or no avail

, formed Christendom. If, therefore, Sweden were with one exception, and that is, the restoration of an absolute monarchy, and this whore, who under- a proper metallic currency, as it was formerly in stands so well how to dissemble, and to adorn her- Sweden, and is now in every other country in the self like a goddess, were to intrude herself into world. In money itself consists the value of notes, the cabinet of a future monarch, is there any rea- and consequently of all kinds of goods. If an son why she should not as easily delude and in- empire could subsist with a representative curfatuate him, as she did the above-mentioned kings rency, and yet no real currency, it would be an and princes of Christendom? What opposition empire without its parallel in the world.' would there be, what means of self-protection, 289. “ We have no further details of Sweespecially if the army, which is now upon a stand; denborg's parliamentary career; only we learn ing footing, were at the disposal of the monarch? from Count Höpken, (for many years Prime What could bishops and priests, together with the peasantry, do, agrinst force, against the determi- Minister of Sweden, and during that time nation of the sovereign, and against the crafty cun- until the revolution in 1772, the second perning of the Jesuits? Would not all heavenly son in the kingdom,) that the most solid light be dissipated : would not a night of barba- memorials, and the best penned, at the diet of rian darkness overspread the land ; and if they 1761, on matters of finance, were presented would not be martyrs, must not the people bow down by Swedenborg; in one of which he refuted the neck to Satan, and become worshippers of images, and idolaters?

a large work in 4to. on the same subject, The dread of this and every other slavery quoted the corresponding passages of it, and which I need not here describe, mụst hang over us all in less than one sheet.' It appears also for the future, should there take place any altera- that he was a member of the Secret Committion in our excellent constitution, or any suspen-tee of the Diet, an office to which only the sion of our invaluable liberty. The only guaran- most sage and virtuous were elected. When ty and counter check against such calarnities we consider the mountain of obloquy which would be oath and conscience. Certainly if there rested at that day on were an oath, and the majority were sufficiently

a spirit seer, who moreconscientions to respect it, civil and religious lib" over announced in his own person a new comerty, and all that is valuable, might, indeed, in mission from the Almighty, we must grant every kingilom remain inviolate : but, on the other that there was a wise deportment in Sweden. hand, we must bear in mind that the papal chair borg, an extraordinary helpfulness for the can dissolve all oaths, and absolve every con- public service to maintain him in such a posiscience, by virtue of the keys of St. Peter. It is tion in the assembly of his nation ; nor can it easy for a monarch to assert, and with every ap- fail to reflect credit upon Sweden herself that pearance of truth, that he has no thought of or she so far appreciated her remarkable son as desire for absolute rule ; but what each fosters in his heart and keeps studiously apart from the out- not to accuse him of any disqualifying madward man, is known only to God, to himself, and ness in the exercise of his public functions. to his private friends, through whom, however, | That tolerance of the seer in the statesman

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heralds a new code of sanity, in which the lem. 5. Continuation respecting the Last Judgclearest sight and the most uncommon gifts ment and the Destruction of Babylon. 6. An. will no longer be held to be less sound, than gelic Wisdom concerning the Divine Love and dull routine of eye and understanding, pro- the Divine Wisdom. We have now to devote vided the stranger accompaniments are backed a brief attention to the contents of these sevby virtue and common sense.

eral works. 290. " During the sittings of the Imperial

Doctrine of the Lord. Diet,' says Robsahm, ‘he took great interest in hearing what was done in his absence in 294. “ The Doctrine of the Lord contains the House of Nobles, in which, as the head of our author's scriptural induction of the divinihis family, he had a right to a seat ; but when ty of Christ, of the personality of the divine he perceived that hatred, envy and self-inter- nature, and of the fact and meaning of the inest reigned there, he was seldom after seen in carnation. The theist asks the question, What the House. In conversation he freely ex- is God? but Swedenborg the far deeper, and pressed his disapprobation of the viscord that more childlike question, Who is God? one prevailed in the Diet, and adhered to neither which seems very infantine to our theological of the parties there, but loved truth and jus- artificiality and old want of innocence. Now tice in all his feelings and actions.'

in this work the Godhead of our Savior is

made to rest on the whole breadth of ScripSight of a Death. Contribution to Science. ture authority; and is presented as the last

291. “To return from this digression, we principle and the highest theory of the Chrisnow recite an anecdote which makes it appear tian faith. The author does not proceed by that Swedenborg had passed into Holland be the erection of particular texts into standards, fore July, 1762. “I was in Amsterdam,' said but elicits his results from the general face of an inforinant of Jung Stilling, 'in the year revelation. His views of the Trinity are 1762, on the very day that Peter the Third, given with clearness, and their substance is, Emperor of Russia, died, in a company, in that there is a trinity (not of persons but) of which Swedenborg was present. In the midst person, in the Godhead, and that Christ is the of our conversation, his countenance changed, person in whom the trinal fulness dwells. and it was evident that his soul was no longer 295. “In this creed, Deity is the essential there, and that something extraordinary was and infinite Man, presented to the perceptive passing in him. As soon as he came to him- love of the earliest races, but to the very self again, he was asked what had happened senses of the latest. If God can be in contact to him. He would not at first communicate it, with our highest faculties, — can create himbut at length, after being repeatedly pressed, self into the sphere of our hearts and minds, he said, " This very hour, the Emperor Peter — there is no limiting his power to descend III., has died in his prison, (mentioning, at the to our other faculties, and to become extant as same time, the manner of his death.) Gen- a man among men, as a part of the world tlemen will pleasc to note down the day, that among other parts.* Nay, by the rules of they may be able to compare it with the intel-, the soundest philosophy, we ought to look for ligence of his death in the newspapers.” The Him in this field, and hence the question of latter subsequently announced the Emperor's Who he is becomes paramount. Now when death, as having taken place on that day.'”. the first bond was broken - when the eldest Wilkinson's Biography, pp. 127–132. religion perished — from that moment was

292. In 1763, we find that Swedenborg, as another bond required, and an incarnation a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences was necessary. This was seen by the ancient of Stockholm, produced an article on Inlaid people, and as a part of the divine logic of Work in Marble. “ He was a worthy mem- creation, they expected the Messiah, and even ber," says Sandel, “ of this Royal Academy; loved to have posterity, because the stream and though before his admission into it, he of childhood ever pointed to the second Adam, had been engaged with subjects different from who was to be born in the fulness of time. those which it cultivates, yet he was not will-He came at the end of the Jewish church, ing to be a useless associate. He enriched when the last link of the old covenant was our memoirs with an article On Inlaid Work broken, and He himself constituted a new and in Marble for Tables, and for Ornamental Pur- everlasting covenant, uniting man by his very poses generally.This memoir (in Swedish) senses with an object divinely sensual may be seen in the Transactions of the Acad- with God himself manifest in the flesh. emy for 1763, vol. xxiv., pp. 107–13.

296. “ There had been upon this earth a 293. “ This year also, our author published succession of churches, each with its own bond, at Amsterdam the following six works: 1. The or its peculiar religion. The Adamic church Doctrine of the New Jerusalem respecting the the Adam of Genesis was a church of Lord. 2. The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem respecting the Sacred Scripture. 3. The Doc- for spirit is more bodily than flesh. To deny the possibility of

* If God can be inspirituale, surely he can also be incarnate; trine of the New Jerusalem respecting Faith. the Incarnation, is a deuial throughout the soul of the possibility 1. The Doctrine of Life for the New Jerusa-l a Deific selfir uness, such as Fichte preached

of God's presence, and a resolution of all the relig‘ous ideas into

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celestial love, with wisdom radiating from the became a divine humanity, the Son of God, inmost heart, in harmony with the paradisal God with us, Jesus Christ, God and Man. creation, and naming the creatures after its The subject cannot be thought of from metaown truth. This was Eden, the only heaven physical postulates, but only from a life in which has yet existed upon earth. To this harmony with it, that is to say, from the pro- . elevated church the Lord was a divinely an- cess whereby each man subdues his own sengelic man, seen by celestial perceptions, and suality and evil, unites his outward with his even represented to the senses ; for the senses inward mind, and finally becomes a spiritual opened into heaven. This church descended person even in whatever pertains to the exerthrough many periods, which are typified in cise of his senses. In the Lord however all the Word as the posterity of Adam ; and its that which in us is finite, was, and is, infinite ; consummation was the flood, when it perished, and thus instead, like us, of only subduing and only Noah and his sons, a lower or those hellish minds which are immediate to spiritual church, survived that suffocation ourselves, his redeeming victories over selfishwhereby the race was extinguished so far as ness and worldliness, subjugated all that is breathing the highest atmosphere was con- hellish - in the language of Swedenborg, all

— cerned; the Noachists however living in a the hells; and now holds them, for whosoever new dispensation, to respire a secondary re- lives in and to Him, in everlasting subjugation. ligion. Every such declension is a veritable This is redemption, and this was the final purdrowning, in which the higher perceptions pose for which the Lord assumed humanity, cease, and a certain prepared remnant of the and appeared upon this earth, his operations universal humanity survives to people a new upon which extend through all systems of dry land on a lower level. The celestial worlds, and from eternity to eternity. These church had for its spring spontaneous love; are the stages through which the Lord prethe spiritual church, on the other hand, con- sented Himself according to our need, first as science. Even the latter, however, did not a God-angel, and lastly as a God-man. stand, but its decay is written from Noah 297. “ The trinity then is in, and from Jeto Abraham, when the angel of Jehovah'sus Christ, the new name of our God. The was no longer manifested to any faculty. Father is his divine love; the Son is his The two realities of the church, love, and divine wisdom, that is to say, the divinely conscience as a ground of faith, having been human form in which he is self-adapted to his destroyed in the soul, a church of formalities creatures, or a personal God; the Holy Spirit was the only descent remaining, and this was is the influence which he communicates to inthe Jewish dispensation, which however was dividuals and churches. This trinity is imnot a church, but only the representation of aged in the soul, body, and operation of evone. Obedience was the spring of this last ery man. The Father is inaccessible to us covenant, and so long as the people kept out of Christ, even as our own souls are not it, natural and national blessings were given to be reached by others but through our bodies. them from on high. At length even obe- All worship therefore is to be directed to Jedience came to an end, and neither victo-sus Christ alone; and in the heavens the ries in war, nor harvests divinely given, nor wisest angels know no other father. Thus terrors denounced by prophets, nor actual evil there is oneness and body in our adoration. fortune, could keep the people to their bond. The basis of creation could no longer support

Divine Love and Wisdom. the falling superstructure. The resources of 298. “ The Divine Love and Wisdom, which finite humanity were exhausted, and it only we notice next, furnishes the rational counterremained for Him who was the Creator, to part to the Doctrine of the Lord. It is a treabecome the Redeemer — for him who was the tise on the divine attributes, in which affirmaAlpha to become the Omega of his work. tion and self-evidence are the method, and the Ile came into the world by the world's ways truly human testifies of the divine. Man, it of birth, that he might absorb the world, and is clear, must think of God as a man be under it sustaining as above it creating, think from his own experience towards divine What is to say, be All in all, the First and the virtues — from his own deeds towards God's Last. The infinite entered the real world by deeds, which are creation. The must in this ihe real means — by the gates of generation, case is a necessity of our being, which is the and the Lord became incarnate through the same thing as to say, that it is God's ordinance, Virgin Mary. All his progress also was real, and the true method. It is therefore a verity and through mundane laws; and thus his substantial as our souls, nay consubstantial sensual and maternal humanity was united with their Maker. No idealism then here inwith his divinity by the like trials — by the tervenes, but we touch the solidity of eternal like education, as we ourselves experience truth, and in our minds and bodies we have in the regeneration. Swedenborg's view of an attestation and vision of the Creator. But the Lord's life is indeed totally practical, and if God be the infinite man, the universe which the life of every regenerating man is an image proceeds from him must represent man in an of that process whereby the maternal humanity image, and all the creatures must likewise so


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