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each; so that from hence it is easy to imagine | account is too lightly regarded by the major part of how cheap the whole will be, especially when print- the present Christian world), proved to be as delighted in such a grand and pompous manner at so low ful, instructive, and as necessary for the knowla price. But it is the generous author's absolute edge of Christians as the New. This the Arcana command that it should be so, who, it is plain, wants Celestia gives me the fullest satisfaction of. But neither purse nor spirit to carry on his laudable un- the illumined author, whoever he is, (is it Mr. dertaking.

Law ?) must expect a considerable army of gown As the copy comes from a foreign country, and men to draw their pens against him: it is a blessas one number may contain nearly double the ing their power is prescribed within impassable quantity of another, it is utterly impossible to fix bounds. a certain regular time for the publication of each. “ • The favor of a line in answer, to know what But this the public may be assured of, that when dependence I may make upon you, will very much a fresh number is published, it shall be advertised oblige, Sir, your most humble servant, in the newspapers. Those who are pleased to

“. STEPHEN PENNY. give their orders to the news carriers, will have “ • P.S. Perhaps the author was concerned in the every number as certainly as though they were publication of Mr. Hutchinson's works? Has he apprised of the certain time of its coming out. published any other work, and at what price?'” And the price will be printed on the title of each To this the bookseller appends the following English number, (and every Latin number will be notice: of the same price with the English,) so that the “ This large Latin book is neatly printed in 4to.; readers may be sure that they will not be imposed and sold by Mr. Nourse, at the Lamb, opposite upon ; for sometimes the bulk of the work will Katharine Street, in the Strand ; Mr. Ware, at the plainly appear to be worth five times as much as Bible on Ludgate Hill; and by John Lewis, printer will be required for it.

of the same, as above mentioned; price 6s. unbound.” Those who are so happy as to be well acquainted with the Latin tongue, will be highly delighted Notice of the London Monthly Review. with the author's elegant and sublime language. 501. In the London Monthly Review for

1844, is an article on the discoveries in science First Reception of the Writings of Swedenborg. made by Swedenborg, concluding thus: -500. The first volume of the Arcana Cælestia, con

“In conclusion, we record our opinion positively, taining the explanation of the first fifteen chapters and not relatively ;, wholly, and without reservaof Genesis, was published in London, in the Latin tion, that if the mode of reasoning and explanalanguage, in the year 1749, and was the earliest tion adopted by Swedenborg be once underof Swedenborg's theological works. Our readers stood, the anatomist and physiologist will acquire will not be displeased to see the following letter, more information, and obtain a more comprehenfrom, probably, the first person who embraced the sive view of the human body, and its relation to a truths it contains, expressing the satisfaction he higher sphere, than from any single book ever pubderived from it. Though not a document of any.

lished ; nay, we may add, than from all the books decided importance, it is interesting as a curiosity, which have been written (especially in modern and as evincing that the truths of the New

Church times) on physiology, or, as it has been lately named, found some receivers on their very first publication. transcendental anatomy. This letter was sent to the Daily Advertiser, for

• Swedenborg reasons not on any hypothesis, not merly a popular newspaper, of Christmas day,

on any theory, not on any favorite doctrine of a 1749, by the publisher of the work, and is intro- fashionable school, but on the solid principles of duced by his business-like note, to the Editor, as geometry, based on the immutable rock of truth; follows:

and he must and will be considered at no distant

period the Zoroaster of Europe, and the Promethe“Sir,

us of a new era of reason, however at present the “ If

you will insert the following letter in your clouds of prejudice may intervene, or the storms paper, it may induce the curious in the learned of passion obscure the corruscations of his intelworld, to peruse a work very entertaining and lect.” pleasant, and oblige,

Extract from the Commencement of Wilkin“Sir, yours, &c.

son's, Biography. “ John Lewis.

502. “ There is, in the present day, a constantly «• To Mr. John Lewis, in Paternoster Row, increasing inquiry ainong intelligent persons, reCheapside, London.

specting the life and labors of Swedenborg, whose “* Dartmouth, October 15, 1749. name begins to be whispered, with more or less " Mr. John Lewis,

respect, and with undefined feelings, throughout “ “Sir, — Accidentally reading the advertisement Christendom. We are no followers of Swedenof the Arcana Cælestia, excited by the oddness of borg, although we accept his views of Christianthe title, I presently ordered my friend in London ity, but not because he discovered them, but be. to send me one. The extraordinary degree of cause they were there to be discovered, and are pleasure the reading of it has given me, and the true. The truth, we believe, is not arrested or yet more expected from what more is to be pub-contained by any man, but as soon as found, the lished, induces me to request advice as often as mind may pass from that level, and rise from any new publication happens, which I apprehend to it as a vantage ground to new truths. It is, therebe designed annually. My reason for troubling fore, in the service of the public, and not of you, is, because I very rarely see any of the pub- Swedenborg, that we write these pages; for the lic papers, and, consequently, future advertisements time has come when every enlightened man and may escape my knowledge; which, I hope will ex- woman ought, for their own sakes, to know of

Swedenborg and his pretensions. “ • I have long ardently wished to see the histor- For consider the case. Here was an allical part of the Old Testament, which seems only thor, flourishing in the last century, whose princito regard the Jewish dispensation (and upon that pal works were written from 1721 to 1772, and who,

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cuse me.

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enjoying at first a good reputation as a scientific and tions exist that in another five and twenty years practical man, saw that reputation gradually expire the field occupied by this author must be visited as his own mind unfolded in his works, until at by the leaders of opinion en masse, and whether length he was only known as a visionary, and the they will or no; because it is not proselytism that fact of his early career was scarcely remembered will take them there, but the expansion and cul. by his few surviving contemporaries. There was mination of the truth, and the organic course of every reason why his works died to that age. He events. The following pages will have their end had a firm faith, from the first, in the goodness of if they be one pioneer of this path which the God, in the powers of the mind, in the wisdom learned and the rulers are to traverse." and easiness of creation, and in the immovable firmness of revelation ; later on, a belief too in

Testimony of Professor Gorres, spiritual existence, in a sense intelligible to all of Germany, Professor of Roman Catholic Themankind. In his case, there was a breaking of ology at one of the German Universities. shell after shell - a rolling away of delusion after delusion, until the truth was seen to be itself real voluminous works every thing appears simple and

503. “ Throughout the whole of Swedenborg's – to be the true creation, the world above and be- uniform, especially as to the tone in which he fore the world, of which mortal creatures are made. writes, in which there is no effort at display in the How could so substantial a personage—a man whose imaginative powers, nothing overwrought, nothing spirit and its relations were a body and a force be seen at all in the last century, when the public be construed into a morbid bias of a prevailing

fantastic, nothing that can, in the remotest degree, wave ran in spring tides towards materialism, mental activity, nothing indicating a fixed idea, or frivolity, and all conventionalities? The savage manifesting any peculiarity of a commencing menmight as easily value a telescope or a theodolite tal derangement. Every thing he undertakes is as Europe estimate a Swedenborg at such an era. developed in a calm and measured manner, like the Accordingly, in proportion as he transcended brute resolution and demonstration of a mathematical matter and dead facts, he vanished from its sight, problem, and every where the operations of a mind and was only mentioned with ridicule as a ghost composed and well ordered shine forth, with con. seer — the next thing to a ghost. But how stands viction as to the certainty of the results of its acthe matter now? The majority, it is true, know tivity. In the cultivation of science, sincerity and nothing of Swedenborg; and it is for them we simplicity of heart are necessary requirements to write. But the vast majority of those who do the attainment of durable success. We never know — and the number is considerable in all observe that Swedenborg was subject to that pride parts of the civilized world – regard him with by the influence of which so many great spirits respect and affectionate admiration; many hailing have fallen; he always remained the same subhim as the herald of a new church upon earth; many dued and modest mind; and never, either by sucas a gift of the same provident deity who has sent, as cess, or by any consideration, lost his mental equiindirect inessengers, the other secular leaders of librium.” the race, – the great poets, the great philosophers, the guiding intellects of the sciences; many also Extract from the Memoir by Rev. 0. Pres

cott Hiller. still looking towards his works in order to gain instruction froin them, and to settle for themselves the

504. “A man,

- a human being like ourselves, author's place among the benefactors of his kind. - has been chosen by the Divine will, as the inWe ourselves are in all these classes, allowing strument for conveying these truths to the world. them to modify each other; and perhaps, on that And as Moses, a man like ourselves, was chosen account, are suitable to address those who know of old, to be the instrument for bringing into the less of the subject, for we have no position to land of Canaan the people with whom a represenmaintain but the facts of the case.

tative Church was to be established, and who was “ Now whence this change in public opin- called too, (man though he was) up into the mount ion? It has been the most silent of revolutions, to speak with God, and receive the tables of his a matter almost of signs and whispers. Sweden- law; - as Paul, a man, too, like ourselves, was borg's admirers have simply kept his books before chosen, at the commencement of a former dispenthe public, and given them their good word when sation, to be an apostle to teach the new truth to opportunity offered. The rest has been done over the world, and, in order to enlighten and strengththe heads of men, by the course of events, by the en him for that work, was admitted in spirit to a advance of the sciences, by our new liberties of view of the heavens and even of the Lord Himself: thought, by whatever makes man from ignorant, so now, in our own day, at the commencement enlightened, and from sensual, refined and spiritu- of another Dispensation of Divine truth, at this the alized. In short, it is the world's progress under time of the Lord's second coming in the light of Providence which has brought it to Swedenborg's the Spiritual Sense of His Word, has another indidoor. For where a new truth has been discovered, vidual, - a man, like ourselves, — been raised up as that truth has said a courteous word for Sweden- the instrument for making known to the world the borg; where a new science has sprung up and en- truths and doctrines of that New Church which is tered upon its conquests, that science has pointed about to be established on the earth — the New Jewith silent-speaking finger to something friendly rusalem. The herald will not be received nor beto, and suggestive of, itself in Swedenborg ; where lieved, for a time; he has been, and he will be, a new spirit has entered the world, that spirit has slandered and reviled; he has been and will conflown to its mate in Swedenborg; where the age tinue to be, by some and for a while, pronounced has felt its own darkness and confessed it, the a mystic and a madman; the interested, the prejustudents of Swedenborg have been convinced that diced, and the self-confident will scoff at him, as there was in him much of the light which all hearts the proud Athenians scoffed at Paul preaching to were seeking. And so forth. The fact then is, them the truth — as the doctors of the Jewish that an unbelieving century could see nothing in Church scorned the words of Him who was the Swedenborg ; that its successor, more trustful and Truth itself. But these things will be only for a truthful, sees more and more; and strong indica- | time. “Truth is strong and will prevail. There

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are always a few candid and earnest minds in the the sweet and tender influences of the divine love, community, anxious for the truth, and ready to seek is perceived to proceed from this Divine Fountain, it wherever it is to be found, and to follow whither- as its only source! Yet such is the transcendent soever it leads. Such there were, even in Swe- glory, gain, and happiness imparted to every penidenborg's lifetime, men too of high character, tent and devout receiver of the above Heavenly intelligence, and education, — who perceived the Doctrines. Add to this, the nearness and connectruth of the principles he taught, received them tion between this world and another, demonstrated with delight, and sought to make them known to by such a weight of irresistible evidence; the great others. Since his death, the number has been evangelical doctrines of Faith, of Charity, of Resteadily increasing, in all parts of the world. And pentance and Remission of Sins, of Temptation, within a few years past, many of the profound and Reformation, Regeneration, and the Freedom of original thinkers of the age have repaired to his the Will, opened, explained, and enforced, accordpages, as their chief source of instruction, and have ing to their edifying and important meaning ; the acknowledged that they could find there satisfac- nature, also, and effect of the Last Judgment, the tory answers to their inquiries, that could be found Lord's Second Advent, and the descent of the New nowhere else, in the whole range of moral, theo- Jerusalem, presented to view in all the brightness logical, and philosophical writers. The signs of and fulness of truth, and confirmed by the testithe times are now giving token of a change and a mony of the sure Word of prophecy; and some great change, in the view generally entertained of faint idea may then be formed of the immense debt this author. As he becomes more known, surprise of gratitude, owing at this day from all the famiand admiration take the place of neglect and con- lies of the earth to their Heavenly Father. For tempt ; the earnest searchers for truth wonder that who, except that Father, “whose tender mercies they had not been directed to this light before - are over all His works,' could thus cause. His the intellectual and the learned are astonished that light to shine in darkness' for the deliverance of they had passed by a thinker and writer, who far His people from evil, froin error, and from destrucexcels thein both in intellect and learning; and the tion, and, at the same time, for the guidance of admirers and collectors of great names are begin- their feet into the ways of righteousness, truth, ning to admit his into their list. And we venture and salvation ? To his praises, and most unthe prediction, that as years roll by, and these writ- feigned thankfulness on this occasion, the author ings are examined, explored, understood, more is lastly urgent to add his ardent prayers, that the and more thoroughly — as the world grows wiser above glorious light 'may shine in every corner and better

- as the darkness of old error passes of the habitable globe, until the whole earth beoff, and the light of truth increases — the name of comes that blessed . tabernacle of God,' which was SWEDENBORG will shine the brightest in the whole announced to be with men,' in which "God will galaxy of great names, and his memory be revered dwell and be with them their God, and wipe away as that of the most powerful and most useful of all all tears from their eyes' (Rev. xxi. 3, 4)." the human instruments whom Heaven has raised

The New Church. up, to communicate truth, goodness, and happiness to mankind.”

506. “The reception of the Doctrines of the Testimony of the late Rev. John Clowes, A. M., from the time when Swedenborg began to teach

New Church has slowly, but constantly increased, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Rector them, up to the present moment. Those who beof St. John's Church, (Episcopal) Manchester, come fully impressed with their truth, and with the England.

desire to live according to them, usually endeavor

to connect themselves with each other, and to form 505. “The author (of this Memoir) cannot con- societies for the purpose of mutual encouragement clude his narrative, without offering up to the and instruction. This effort commonly results in Father of Mercies his most devout and grateful the building of churches, establishment of preachacknowledgments for the extraordinary privilege, ing, and performance of religious services, very and inestimable blessing vouchsafed him, in having much in the ordinary congregational and episcopal been admitted to the knowledge and acknowledg- forms. There are now in England some seventy, ment of the truth and importance of the doctrines five ministers or preachers of the Doctrines, and unfolded by Swedenborg from the Word of God in the United States about sixty. The number of as the genuine doctrines of christianity. For what places, however, where receivers are known to worldly glory, gain, or happiness, can stand in reside, is much larger, being in the United States, competition with this — to know Jesus Christ to about four hundred and fifty. There are also be the only true God,' and to be allowed to ap- many known in France, Germany, and Sweden, proach and worship Him in his Divine Humanity; and some in other countries. In Sweden the New to be delivered thus from all perplexity as to the Church Doctrines have not been preached openly proper object of worship; to see, at the same time, as such, on account of the established church; the divine volume of Revelation opened ; its inte- but it is understood that many of the clergy there rior treasures displayed ; its evidence and author- are well acquainted with Swedenborg's writings, ity thus confirmed by its divine contents; its ap- and instruct their people in accordance with them, parent contradictions reconciled; whilst all that is although not openly professing the source of their divine and holy, all that is good and true, all that instruction. is calculated to excite the veneration of intelli- “ The Receivers of the Heavenly Doctrines gent beings, and the affection of penitent ones; of the New Jerusalem Church, await patiently to all, in short, that has a tendency either to enlighten be joined by their fellow-men, in the glad confithe human understanding, or to purify the human dence that there is a good time coming, when the will; either to edify, by the bright and proud les- whole Christian world will rejoice in the light of sons of divine truth, or to soften and console by the New Jerusalem.” Hobart's Life, p. 276.

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INTRODUCTION

TO THE COMPENDIUM.

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The Compiler of this work has endeavored to phy of the day. “The secret of heaven” (says answer a want which has been deeply felt, and Emerson) “ is kept from age to age. No impruwhich, at the present crisis, seems more pressing dent, sociable angel, ever dropped an early syllathan ever. It is a time of unparalleled interest in ble to answer the longing of saints, the fears of spiritual truths. It is a time, in God's Providence, mortals. We should have listened on our knees when the old systems of theology are evidently to any favorite, who, by stricter obedience, had breaking up and passing down the stream of Time brought his thoughts into parallelism with the ce

— when ancient authorities are questioned with a lestial currents, and could hint to human ears the bold and determined aspect — and the most keen scenery and circumstance of the newly-parted and searching glances are sent into every creed. soul.” * This is the utterance of the merest, It is a time, too, of much doubt and confusion – most refined naturalism of our age. So low has of the most bare and unblushing infidelity — of a philosophy fallen in her high places! Yet it exdeeper and wider knowledge of Nature on the one presses the yearning wants of the human soul. hand, and a more lamentable ignorance and denial The transcendental Philosophy of this age would of God on the other. It is, as a consequence, an get down upon its knees for any, even the faintest age of extremes. The freedom of the human whisper, from the mysterious dwellings of etermind, for which we are now so distinguished, has nity. But upon such ears, no sociable angel ever revealed to many the hideous deficiences of the so dropped a syllable! It would be better to ascribe called Protestant faith, and driven them to a ref- the cause to the right party. uge in Catholic authority. It has become too evi- Now, that we are approaching an Era of marked dent, that the prevalent theology will not bear the spiritual truth, it would seem useless to deny. piercing test which it is now submitted to — that Notwithstanding the immensely higher truth which the better reason fees from it, a million times in has, at least for a century, been already in the secret, and many times in open affront; and that world, to wit, in the pages of our Author, yet Prorthus, where the religious tendencies predominate, idence is evidently now permitting an external and there is either a backward movement to the visible communication from spirits out of the maChurch of Rome, to save the fear and trouble of terial body, with the men of our earth, to the end, thinking, or a melancholy indifference to all that among others, that the sensual philosophy of oui demands a Philosophy commensurate with Faith; times, and the gross unbelief of the church and while on the other hand, where the natural reason the world, may find its proper antidote in these predominates, there is a tendency to flee from all tangible and sensuous phenomena. Of the heights venerated “ theologies,” to the open fields of Na- and depths of this most palpable demonstration, of ture and her pantheistic enticements. There is a its measure of truth and falsity, of its infernal demiddle class, who still strive to reconcile their va- ceptions, and the willingness with which so many rious theologies with the Reason that so urgently thousands are led astray by a converse with the impels, and who are really doing much to save other world, we here say nothing. Of its amount many fragments of truth, and adapt them at once of honesty we here say nothing. It is sufficient to the science, philosophy, and theology of the here to say, that no one can take a survey of the soul. But amidst the whole, what dread confu- wide extent and practice of this very evident demsion and scepticism! How much doubt, even of onstration from the invisible world, without bethe future, immortal life of man!

lieving that a more than ordinary movement is takBut again, we are opening into new and strange ing place in the world of spirits. To believe that wonders. New indeed, to those who now first it will all come to nothing, does not comport with realize them; not so new in the history and expe- the best ideas of Providence. Should it even al' rience of man. The whole Past has been fruitful end here, it would not be without a stirring up of of a varied spiritual experience; and we are now the minds of hundreds of thousands of those who really experiencing nothing but what has been most needed it, to a faith, realization, and knowlbetter and more fully attested in ages long since gone by. Not so, however, the sceptical philoso

* Representative Men, p. 140.

come.

edge of immortal verities connected with undying crease of truth, more or less ample, according to man. Should it all end even to-day, it has created the states and conditions of the present and all an epoch, and left a history and a literature, such coming times. Still, in doing this, we have not as it is, which could not fail to stimulate inquiry, withheld the highest and most important truths and connect with past evidences, for ages yet to but have made a faithful, full, and impartial trans

But we do not believe that this is all, cription. We have shunned all comments, only though the whole phenomena may die away, and giving, here and there, what seemed to be a no be succeeded by other and higher evidences. As cessary or profitable explanatory note. it runs, it will doubtless have the effect, among The reader will here find Swedenborg in brief. others, to turn the world's attention even to these we could not, of course, go very largely, indeed writings, which we here preface with our brief re- but very little, into his expositions of Scripture marks. If so, then let us be thankful for the Prov- for to abridge the “ Arcana Cælestia," or the “ Aporidence that has so ordered. The whole demon- alypse Explained,” or “ Revealed,” could not posstration will undoubtedly be made to tell in the sibly fall in with the design of such a work as this. establishment of the grand truths of the New Jeru- We indeed designed more than we have accomsalem. Rev. xxi. 1, 2.

plished, even in the matter of scriptural exposiSuch, then, in brief, are the times in which we tion; but found it altogether impracticable, and live. At such a crisis, and when thousands are inconsistent with the bulk of the work, to atinquiring what they shall believe, and to what the tempt much of this. And herein may be a Provichurch, with its nameless sects, is evidently ap-dence; for it is manifestly certain, that an esproaching; in the midst, too, of a very general ex- tranged and external world is not yet prepared for pectation of some great interposition of Providence the connected, interior sense of the Word of God, in the affairs of men; it is certainly a desideratum such as would be involved in much lengthy exto have, in one volume, as full and systematic a tract, and it might therefore serve only for profa. collection as may be, of the principles and state-nation, and operate as a hinderance to the recepments of the greatest Seer who has yet lived or tion of the great principles and truths which are spoken. Hitherto, the works of Swedenborg have given in this volume. We could not have prebeen so voluminous as to confine them, chiefly, sented enough, in particular and detail, to accuswith the partial exception of a few of the smaller tom the mind, and establish any firmly-rooted convolumes, to the circle of his more immediate fol- victions. Rather, then, than enter upon longlowers. And even these, from not being read in drawn and connected explanations of Scripture, connection with his larger works, or from not be- although herein consisted the chief and exalted ing aware of the system and philosophy which per- labors of Swedenborg, we have chosen to present vade and characterize the whole of them, have fre- his great doctrines, derived professedly from the quently had the effect to discourage and drive Word, and his principles in full of scriptural interaway many minds, who, if they could have been pretation, with such expositions as fell naturally presented with a fuller view, would have experi- into the extracts made, and such others, of a enced a stronger attachinent, if not a full recep- marked and particular character, as serve for extion of the teachings of the illustrious Seer. In- amples and illustrations of this system of scriptudeed, to an entirely new inquirer, with the excep-ral exegesis. This, we think, cannot fail to lead tion of a very few rarely prepared minds, there has to further inquiry at the proper sources. been hardly a volume but which, more or less, We have arranged the Work in order, so that, would realize something of the aforementioned ef- if any one choose, it may be read from beginning fect upon him.

to end, with system and profit. Indeed, to a novin In the present work, an attempt has been made tiate inquirer, this is the only way in which the to present, from some thirty volumes, all the fun- full meaning of the volume can be obtained. As damental principles and chief teachings of Swe- far as is possible, in such a case, the reader may denborg. Something, and that the best, which he here find an orderly body of theological and spirhas said on every topic of importance which he has itual truth. treated, we have endeavored here to present. We deem it necessary, as far as possible in the That we have in every case fully succeeded, it limits allotted to us in this Preface, to advert to would be both immodest and unreasonable to pre- two grand doctrines taught in the following pages, tend. How laborious is such a work! What for the purpose of removing, so far as may be, judgment is required! What labor of condensa- whatever of objection may exist against them in tion, and yet what fulness of representation! the natural mind, and of seeing their accordance And in accomplishing this labor, we have kept a with the best reason of man. We allude to the particular eye to the world outside of the “ New Lord and the Word. It has been frequently found Church,” and to the multitudes of all sects, and of that Swedenborg's language, full as it is, while no sect, who cannot, as yet, enter into the more all-sufficient to convince and satisfy many minds, abstruse and mystical of our author's productions, still is not always the best adapted to the novitiate and yet who may be expected to receive an in- inquirer, and especially to those on the natural

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