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It appears certain that Mr. Wesley was 402. “ Yet Mr. Wesley, thus miraculously very much impressed with the truth of Swe- convinced of the truth of Swedenborg's claim denborg's writings, for it is stated on the (as far, at least, as relates to bis intercourse authority of Rev. Mr. Clowes, rector of St. with the spiritual world), afterwards exerted John's, Manchester, that in a conversation himself to check the extension of the same which Wesley had with a mutual and intimate conviction to others ! — in which, however, he friend of theirs, Mr. Richard Houghton, Esq., only afforded a proof of Swedenborg's conof Liverpool, and which was reported to Mr. stant assertion, that miraculous evidence is Clowes by Mr. Houghton, that Wesley ex- inefficacious for producing any real or permapressed himself as follows: “ We may now nent change in a man's confirmed religious burn all our books of Theology. God has sent sentiments. us a teacher from heaven; and in the doctrines 403. “I have little doubt (concludes Mr. of Swedenborg, we may learn all that it is Noble) that, though some erroneous sentiments necessary for us to know.

confirmed in his understanding prevented him 401. " The manner (says Rev. Mr. Noble, from accepting, in this world, the doctrines of in the letter from which the above is extracted) the New Church, his intentions were upright, in which Mr. Wesley here expressed himself, and there was a principle of real good in his was strong indeed ; so much so, that were it heart, which, in the other life would throw off not certain that his mind must have been at the errors that obscured it, and enable him to that time under a very powerful influence in receive the truth. This, it is probable, was Swedenborg's favor, he might be suspected to seen by Swedenborg, and was the reason of have spoken ironically. This I observed in his inviting him to an interview: and thus, I my letter to Mr. Clowes ; to which he replies, trust, though Mr. Wesley acted chiefly as an 'I can hardly conceive, from the manner in opponent to him while on earth, he may now which it was expressed by Mr. Houghton, that be associated with him in heaven.” Docuirony had any thing to do with it :' and Mr. ments, pp. 108–110. Houghton must have known with certainty whether it had or not. His repeating Mr.

Close of his Earthly Life. Wesley's observation to Mr. Clowes, as an 404. Two or three weeks before Swedeninducement to him to peruse the writings of borg's decease, he was visited by his old friend, Swedenborg, is a complete proof that Mr. H. Mr. Springer, the Swedish Consul in London. believed it to mean what it expresses." But Mr. S. asked him when he believed the New an examination of dates will show, that Mr. Jerusalem would be manifested, and if the Wesley's statement to that gentleman was manifestation would take place in the four made while the impression from Swedenborg's quarters of the world. His answer was, that supernatural communication was acting in all" no mortal could tell the time, no, nor even its force.

the highest angels, but God only. Read,"

said he, “ the Revelation (xxi. 2) and Zechasphere of intelligence, when he related his sight of, and daily con- riah (xiv. 9), and you will find, past doubt, versation in, the world of spirits, with which he declared himself better acquainted than with this.

that the New Jerusalem of the Apocalypse,
"" I heartily wish that all the real designs which an omnipotent which denotes a new and purer state of the
and omniscient God of Love might have, either by him, or by
any other of his sincere servants, of whatsoever sort or kind, Christian church, will manifest itself to all the
may be truly obtained.

I thought proper to express thus
much in answer to yours, (the italics are our own,) without de-earth.”
siring you to adopt any of iny sentiments."
It is amusing to read what Okely says of his difficulty about

405. “Mr. Bergstrom, the Landlord of the
What artificial stupidity! A rustic would have taken it at once. whose house he had once lodged for ten weeks,
Swedenborg's sight and conversation in the spiritual world. King's Arms tavern in Wellclose Square, at
We here recall a little narrative in Swedenborg's Diary (n. 5997).
He had been writing upon the Apocalypse, and had treated of called to see him during his last days. Mr.
the threefold man, celestial, spiritual, and natural, and of goods
and truths in their series, and coming to an inn with his mind B. asked him whether he would take the Sac-
on the subject, due opened it to the good wite who was the land rament? Somebody present at the time pro-
lady, Tisula Bodama her name. " a
bearted faith. She understood clearly all I said

; but there was posed sending for the Rev. Mr. Mathesius, a learned man present who did not understand it, noko, comid not the officiating

minister of the Swedish church.
And is with many other things.”
The Lord has hidden them from the wise and prudent, and ro- Swedenborg declined taking the Sacrament
vealed them unto babes.

While speaking of Okely, who was the anthor of a Life of from this gentleman, who had previously set
Behmen, we take the opportunity of stating, that too close a par- abroad a report that he was out of his senses :
allel is often made between Behmen and Swedenborg. There
are indeed truths coinmon to both, and no man who values an and he sent for the Rev. Arvid Ferelius,
extraordinary brother would say a word in disparagement of another Swedish clergyman with whom he
deep-thoughted Jacob Behmen.
utterance ; his identification of the spiritual with the subjective was on the best terms, and who had visited
for man upon earth ; bis failure of seership, and consequently of
real experience ; and above all, his inapprehension of the sole him frequently in his illness. Ferelius soon
divinity of Christ, which scattered through his theology the returned with Bergstrom to Swedenborg's bed-
darkness inevitable upon an attenipted approach to the thus un-
approachable Father - a darkness the more virulent as the go- side. On every previous visit Ferelius had
nius is more intense ; – these great vacancies, and a host of asked him whether or no he was about to die,
other things, such as his doctrine of the bi-sexual Adam, estab-
Swedenborg had indeed never read his works, as he told De: On this occasion the priest observed to him,
lish between him and Swedenborg a gulf not to be overpassed. to which he always answered in the affirmative.
Beyer in answer to a question upon the subject, and it
sible w affiliate his own works in any sense upon Behmen's.. that as many persons thought that he had
The admirers of Behmen are aware of this, and Mr. Law has
shown it by violent stamping against Swedenborg.

endeavored only to make himself a name by

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his new theological system (which object he and infirm. That towards the end of February, had indeed attained), he would do well now 1772, he declared to Elizabeth Shearsmith (then to publish the truth to the world, and to recant Reynolds) and to Richard Shearsmith's first wife either the whole or a part of what he had (then living that he should die on such a day; and

that the said Elizabeth Shearsmith thinks she can advanced, since he had now nothing more to safely affirm on her oath he departed this life exexpect from the world, which he was so soon actly on the very day he had foretold, that is, one about to leave forever.' Upon hearing these month after his prediction. That about a fortnight words, Swedenborg raised himself half upright before his death he received the Lord's Supper from in bed, and placing his sound hand upon his the hands of Mr. Ferelius, a Swedish minister, to breast, said with great zeal and emphasis: whom he earnestly recommended to abide in the * As true as you see me before you, so true is truth contained in his writings. That a little while

before Mr. Swedenborg's decease he was deprived every thing that I have written. I could have of his spiritual sight, on which account being said more had I been permitted. When you brought into very great tribulation, he vehemently come into eternity, you will see all things as cried out, O my God, hast thou then wholly forsaken I have stated and described them, and we thy servant at last? But a few days after he recovshall have much to discourse about them with ered again his spiritual sight, which circumstance each other.' Ferelius then asked whether he appeared to make him completely happy; that this would take the Lord's Holy Supper? He days, even as on the former, he retained all his

was the last of his trials. That during his latter replied with thankfulness, that the offer was good sense and memory in the most complete manwell meant; but that being a member of the That on the Lord's day, 29th March, hearother world, he did not need it. He would, ing the clock strike, Mr. Swedenborg asked his however, gladly take it, in order to show the landlady and her maid, who were then both sitconnection and union between the church in ting by his bedside, what it was o'clock, and on heaven and the church on earth. He then being answered it was 5 o'clock, he replied, it is asked the priest if he had read his views on little moment after he gentlý gave, up the ghost.

well, I thank you, God bless you both, and then a the Sacrament? He also told him to conse- Moreover, that on the day before and on that of crate the elements, and leave the rest of the his departure, Mr. Swedenborg received no visits form to him, as he well knew what it was and of any friend whatever, and these deponents never

Before administering the Sacrament, heard him either then or before utter any thing Ferelius inquired of him whether he con- that had the least appearance of, or relation to, a fessed himself to be a sinner? . Certainly,'

, recantation.

• Richard SHEARSMITH. said he, ‘so long as I carry about with me

• ELIZABETH SHEARSMITH. this sinful body.' With deep and affecting • Sworn 25th Nov., 1785, before me, Thomas devotion, with folded hands and with head un- Wright, Mayor.'” covered, he confessed his own unworthiness, and received the Holy Supper. After which,

408.“ After Swedenborg's decease, his body he said that all had been properly done, and was carried to the house of Mr. Burkhardt, presented the minister in gratitude with one an undertaker, and former clerk to the Sweof the few remaining copies of his great work, dish church in London, where he was laid in the Arcana Cælestia. He was quite clear in state, and buried from thence on the 5th day his mind throughout the ceremony. This was of April, in three coffins, in the vault of the two or three weeks before his death.

above church, in Prince's Square, Radcliffe 406. “ He had told the people of the house Highway, with all the ceremonies of the Luwhat day he should die, and as Shearsmith's theran religion ; the service being performed servant maid reported: He was as pleased!' on the occasion by the Rev. Arvid Ferelius — And she made a comparison that the pleasure the last service which he performed in Engwas such as if she herself were going to have land. In 1785, Swedenborg's coffin was side a holiday, to go to some merrymaking. In by side with Dr. Solanders. To this day not Sandel's more accomplished but not deeper a stone or an inscription commemorates the language : He was satisfied with his sojourn dust of the wonderful Nors nan. upon earth, and delighted with the prospect 409. “ During the later career of Swedenof his heavenly metamorphosis.'” Wilkin-borg, his country had looked on, not without son's Biography, pp. 214, 215.

interest, directed both to his character, his 407. “ The only particulars relative to the pretensions and his labors. No sooner was close of Swedenborg's natural life, on which he dead, than the House of Clergy, through we can rely, are to be found in an affidavit, their President, requested Ferelius to give made by Mr. and Mrs. Shearsmith, with whom such an account of him in writing as his exSwedenborg boarded at the time of his death. perience would warrant, which he did, but the It is as follows:

document is unfortunately missing. On Octo" • Affidavit taken before the Right Hon. Thom- Board of Mines, pronounced his eulogium in

ber 7, 1772, M. Sandel, Counsellor of the as Wright, then Lord Mayor of the city of London, the Hall of the House of Nobles, in the name the 24th November, 1784, viz. : That towards Christmas, 1771, Mr. Swedenborg had a stroke of of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Stockthe palsy, which deprived him of his speech, which holm. Sandel was no follower of his, but his he soon recovered, but yet remained very weak discourse, take it for all and all, is the finest

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resumption that we have of the name and it was with Swedenborg. The powers of his character of Swedenborg. We give the open-mind were matched with an extraordinary ing of the document to show what a scientific strength of body, which pain and passion seem man in such an Assembly dared say of Swe- scarcely to have touched, and hence the crowd denborg, notwithstanding his spirit-seeing. of his works, and his broad apparent leisure. “* Permit me,' says he, “to entertain you this and transactions ; the reciprocation is unwea

The day of such a man is full of commerce day upon a subject, which is not of an abstracted ried from health to genius ; the able-bodied or remote nature, but is intended to revive the agreeable remembrance of a man celebrated for hours cultivate his life to uncommon produchis virtues and his knowledge, one of the oldest tiveness, and stretch out the points and patches members of this Academy, and one whom we all of his time towards the largeness of their knew and loved.

eternal source. ** The sentiments of esteem and friendship with 411. “ Health in its whole sense is happiwhich we all regarded the late M. Emanuel Swe

Here again Sandel says of Swedendenborg, assure me of the pleasure with which you will listen to me while he is the subject of my borg: Content within himself and with his discourse; happy should I be could I answer your

situation, his life was in all respects one of the expectations, and draw his culogium in the manner happiest that ever fell to the lot of man, urtil it deserves ! But if there are some countenances the very moment of its close. His inward of which, as the painters assure us, it is extremely serenity and complacency of mind,' says Hartdifficult to give an exact likeness, how difficult ley, “ were manifest in the sweetness of his then must it be to delineate that of a vast and sub- looks and his outward demeanor. His own lime genius, who never knew either repose or fatigue ; who occupied with sciences the most testimony corroborates that of Sandel. In a profound, was long engaged with researches into passage in his Diary (n. 3623), where he the secrets of nature, and who, in his latter years, treats of the proposition, that the enjoyments applied all his efforts to unveil the greatest mys- and pleasures of life are never denied to us,' teries; who to arrive at certain branches of knowl- he says: “To this I can bear witness, that edge, opened for himself a way of his own, without they have never been denied to me, but grantever straying from sound morals and true piety ; ed, and not only the pleasures of the body and who being endowed with a strength of faculties the senses as to others of the living, but I truly extraordinary, in the decline of his age, boldly elevated his thoughts still further, and have had joys and happiness such as no others soared to the greatest heights to which the intel- I suppose have felt in the universal world, iectual faculty can rise ; and who, finally, has and these, both more and more exquisite than given occasion to forin respecting him a multitude any mortal can imagine or believe.' of opinions, differing as much froin each other as 412. “Swedenborg's works furnish one condo the minds of the different men by whom they tinued proof of these assertions. Who does are formed!'

not know that peace and power are one ; that 410. " When a life is past, we speak with tranquillity is the main circumstance of the right of the health and happiness of the de- best lifetimes? No matter to this whether parted. On these points a few words express the sky be calm, or the soul unassaulted; it is what is known of Swedenborg. He always,' the preservation of the balance, and the firmsays Sandel, ó enjoyed most excellent health, footedness of the man, under whatever trials, having scarcely ever experienced the slightest that constitute the repose of which we speak. indisposition.'' He was never ill,' says Rob- Swedenborg's works, we repeat, from beginsahm, except when in states of temptation.' ning to end, are on a high level of peace; Once he had a grievous toothache for many their even flow is as of a sea inclining only days. Robsahm recommended him some com- to the constellations. No cursory moon regumon remedy. But he refused it, and said : lates its tides from nearer attractions, but they “My pain proceeds not from the nerve. of the move to the vault, and though they change, tooth, but from the influx of hypocritical spir- it is not by months, but with ages. its that beset me, and by correspondence cause this plague, which will soon leave me.' Like other studious sedentary persons, his stomach

PART III. was weak, particularly during the last fourteen years of his life, which caused him to be

Personal Testimonies and. Anecdotes. somewhat singular in his diet. Not less, how- 413. “Having thus followed Swedenborg ever, from the concurrent testimony of those through his life and labors, it remains to gather who knew him best, than from the works that up any personal particulars that remain unaphe executed, we know that he enjoyed a fine propriated, and also to place before the reader constitution Health is the ground which what testimonies exist, to the public and prigreat persons cultivate, whereby they ex-vate character of Swedenborg. We begin change the light flying hours into golden usage. with the latter first. If the record savor of To them it is industry represented in its pow- eulogy, it is from no partiality of ours, but er; the human riches of time. The minute because history chooses. g1:4-5 runs willingly sand of centuries when 414. “Sandel says : • If his love of knowl. great ideas are in the healthful moments. So edge went too far, it at least evinced in him





an ardent desire to obtain information himself,

and is so far from the ambition of headand convey it to others; for you never find ing a sect, that wherever he resides on his trav. in him any mark of pride or conceit, of rash- els, he is a mere solitary.' And after Sweness, or of intention to deceive. If he is not denborg's death, Hartley again writes: “The to be numbered among the doctors of the great Swedenborg was a man of uncommon church, he at least holds an honorable rank humility. He was of a catholic spirit, and among sublime moralists, and deserves to be loved all good men of every church, making instanced as a pattern of virtue and of respect at the same time candid allowance for the infor his Creator. He never allowed himself nocence of involuntary error. However selfto have recourse to dissimulation.

denying in his own person as to gratifications A sincere friend of mankind, in his examina- and indulgences, even within the bounds of tion of the character of others, he was par- moderation, yet nothing severe, nothing of the ticularly desirous to discover in them this precisian appeared in him.' virtue, which he regarded as an infallible 418. “And lastly Ferelius remarks: “Many proof of the presence of many more. He may suppose that Assessor Swedenborg was was cheerful and agreeable in society. By a singular and eccentric person ; this was not way of relaxation from his important labors, the case. On the contrary, he was very agreehe sought and frequented the company of per- able and complaisant in company; he entered sons of information, by whom he was always into conversation on every topic, and accomwell received. He knew how to check oppor-modated himself to the ideas of the party ; tunely, and with great address, that species and he never mentioned his own writings and of wit which would indulge itself at the ex- doctrines but when he was asked some quespense of serious things. As a public function- tion about them, when he always spoke as ary, he was upright and just : while he dis- freely as he had written. If, however, he obcharged his duties with great exactness, he served that any persons asked impertinent neglected nothing but his own advancement. questions, or attempted to ridicule him, he

In the Diet his conduct was such as gave them answers that quickly silenced them, to secure him both from the reproaches of his without making them any the wiser.' own conscience and from those of others. He 419. “ The persons in whose houses he lived under the reigns of many of our sover- lodged, bear concurrent testimony. Mr. Brockeigns, and enjoyed the particular favor and mer (who lived in Fetter Lane) says, that kindness of them all.

It may truly if he believed Swedenborg's conversation be said that he was solitary, but never sad.' with angels and spirits to be true, he should

415. “ Count Höpken remarks: “I have not wonder at any thing he said or did; but not only known him these two and forty years, should rather wonder that surprise and astonbut also some time since daily frequented his ishment did not betray him into more uncompany. . . I do not recollect to have guarded expressions than were ever known to known any man of more uniformly virtuous escape him : for he did and said nothing but character; always contented, never fretful or what he (Brockmer) could easily account morose; he was a true philosopher, and lived for in his own mind, if he really believed like one.

He labored diligently, and lived what Swedenborg declares in his writings to frugally, without sordidness. . He be true.

He was of a most placid possessed a sound judgment upon all occasions, and serene disposition.' saw every thing clearly, and expressed him- 420. “ Bergstrom says: “He once lived ten self well on every subject.

He de-weeks with me in my house, during which tested metaphysics.

He was certain- time I observed nothing in him but what was ly a patern of sincerity, virtue and piety, and very reasonable, and bespoke the gentleman. at the same time, in my opinion, the most For my part I think he was a reasonable, learned man in this kingdom.'

sensible and good man: he was very kind to 416. Robsabm


: How he was looked all, and generous to me. As for his peculiar upon in foreign lands I do not know, but in sentiments, I do not meddle with them.' Stockholm even those who could not read his 421, Mr. Shearsmith declared, • That from writings were always pleased to meet him in the first day of his coming to reside at his company, and paid l'espectful attention to house, to the last day of his life, he always whatever he said.'

conducted himself in the most rational, pru417. “ He affects no honor,' says Hartley, dent, pious and Christian-like manner.' And but declines it; pursues no worldly interest; Shearsmith's maid servant commemorated that

"he was a good-natured man, a blessing to the *“ Count Höpken says in a letter to a friend : I have sometimes told the king, that if ever a new colony were to be formed, house; and while he staid there, they had no religion could be better, as the prevailing and established one, than that developed by Swedenburg from the sacred Scriptures, harmony and good business. She said that and this on the two fullowing accounts : Ist. This religion, in before he came to their house he was offered preference to, and in a bigher degree than, any other, inusi produce the inost honest and industrious subjects"; for this religion another lodging in the neighborhood; but he places properly the worship of God in uses. Adly. It causes the least told the mistress there wanted harmony in the fear of death, as this religion regards death merely as a transition from one state into another, from a worse to a better situation ; house, which she acknowledged ; and recomnay, upon his principles, I look upon death as being of bardly mended him to Shearsmith's, any greater moinent than drinking a glass of water.'



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422. “ The homeliness of some of these tes-truths of revelation. "You know,' said he, timonies does not exclude them from our how often students, especially theologians, pages, because, diving as they do into Swe- who have gone far in useless knowledge, have denborg's privacy, they are just what we want, become insane.' to fortify our knowledge of one whose interior 426. “ The reason of the danger of man, as life was so different from other men’s. Swe- at present constituted, speaking with spirits, denborg's biography is a court in which such is, that we are all in association with our likes, witnesses are precisely those whose depositions and being full of evil, these similar spirits, will first be taken by the mass of the public. could we face them, would but confirm us in If the testimony is trivial in so great a case, our own state and views, and lend an authoriit is the cross questioning of this age which ty from whose persuasiveness we could hardly elicits it.

escape, to our actual evils and falsities. Hence,

for freedom's sake, the strict partition between Phenomena of Spiritual Intercourse.

the worlds. The case was otherwise before 423. “ His friends and domestics had occa- hell was necessary to man's life. sional opportunities of observing his deport- 427. “ Shearsmith used to be frightened ment when in his trances. Some of these we when he first had Swedenborg for a lodger, by have already narrated, but the following also reason of his talking at all hours, the night as merit a place.

well as the day. He would sometimes be writ- . 424.“ On one occasion Ferelius visited ing, says this informant, and then stand talking him during his sickness, and as the former in the doorstead of his room, as if holding a was going up stairs, he heard Swedenborg conversation with several persons ; but as he speaking with energy, as though addressing a spoke in a language that Shearsmith did not company. Reaching the antechamber where understand, he could make nothing of it. his female attendant was sitting, he asked her 428. His faithful domestics, the old gardenwho was with the Assessor? She said, ' No-er and his wife, who kept his house near Stockbody, and that he had been speaking in that holm, told Robsahm with much tenderness, manner for three days and nights.' As the that they had frequently overheard his strong reverend gentleman entered the chamber, agony of mind vented in ejaculatory prayer Swedenborg greeted him tranquilly, and asked during his temptations. He often prayed to him to take a seat. He told him that he had God that the temptations might leave him, been tempted and plagued for ten days by evil crying out with tears, • Lord God, help me ; spirits, and that he had never before been my God, forsake me not.' When the temptatempted by such wicked ones: but that he now tion was over, and they inquired of him the again enjoyed the company of good spirits. cause of his distress, he answered, “God be

425. “One day, while he was in health, praised, it is all removed. Be not uneasy on Ferelius visited him in company with a Dan- my account; all that happens to me, happens ish clergyman. They found him sitting in with God's permission, and he will suffer noththe middle of the room at a round table, writing that he sees I am unable to bear.' After ing. The Hebrew Bible, which appeared to one of his trials he went to bed, and remained constitute his whole library, lay before him. there many days and nights without rising. After he had greeted them, he pointed to the His servants expected that he had died of opposite side of the table, and said: "Just fright. They debated whether they should now the apostle Peter was here, and stood not summon his relatives, and force open

the there ; and it is not long since all the apostles door. At length the gardener climbed up to were with me; indeed they often visit me.'|a window, and looking in, to his great joy saw * In this manner,' says Ferelius, ‘he spoke his master turn in bed. The following day without reserve; but he never sought to make he rang the bell. The wife went to his room, proselytes.' They asked him why nobody but and told him how anxious they had been about himself enjoyed such spiritual privileges ? him; to which he replied, with a benignant He said, that every man might at the present look, that he was well, and had wanted for day have them, as well as in the times of the nothing. One day after dinner the same doOld Testament; but that the true hinderance mestic went into his room, and saw his eyes now is, the sensual state into which mankind shining with an appearance as of clear fire. bas fallen. Robsahm also once questioned She started back, and exclaimed: - For God's him, whether it would be possible for others to sake what is the matter? You look fearfully!' enjoy the same spiritual light as himself. He · How then do I look ?' said he. She told answered, • Take good heed upon that point : him what she saw. Well, well,' said he, a man lays himself open to grievous errors · Fear not! The Lord has opened my bodily who tries by barely natural powers to explore eyes, so that spirits see through them into the spiritual things.' He further said that to world. I shall soon be out of this state, which guard against this the Lord had taught us to will not hurt me.' In about half an hour the pray, lead us not into temptation : meaning shining appearance left his eyes. His old that we are not allowed, in the pride of our servant professed to know when he had connatural understandings, to doubt of the divine / versed with heavenly spirits, from the pleasure

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