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Convened at the City of Lansing, Wednesday, May 15th, 1867.
OFFICIAL REPORT BY
Amendments: Original text in brackets ; new portions in italics.
In Convention, begun at the city of The People of the State of Michigan
.: PREAMBLE. Detroit, on the second Monday of do ordain this Constitution.
We, the people of the State of MichMay, in the year one thousand eight
igan, grateful to Almighty God, the hundred and thirty-five: .
Sovereign Ruler of nations, for civil We, the people of the territory of
and religious liberty, and acknowledge Michigan, as established by the act of
ing our dependence upon Him for the Congress of the eleventh day of Jan
continuance thereof, do ordain and esuary, in the year one thousand eight
tablish the following Constitution: hundred and five, in conformity to the fifth article of the ordinance providing for the government of the territory of the United States north-west of the river Ohio, believing that the time has arrived when our present political condition ought to cease, and the right of self-government be asserted; and availing ourselves of that provision of the aforesaid ordinance of the Congress of the United States, of the thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and the acts of Congress passed in accordance therewith, which entitles us to admission into the Union, upon a condition which has been fulfilled, do, by our delegates in Convention assembled, mutually agree to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the style and title of “ The State of Mich- .. igan," and do ordain and establish the following Constitution for the government of the same:
"BOUNDARIES AND SEAT OF GOVERNMENT.
CONSTITUTION OF 1835.
CONSTITUTION OF 1850.
CONSTITUTION OF 1867.
State of Ohio, till it intersects the Canada, in Lake Erie; thence with the boundary line between the United said boundary line between the United States and Canada, in Lake Erie; States and Canada through the Detroit thence with said boundary line between river, Lake St. Clair, the St. Clair river, the United States and Canada, through Lake Huron, the St. Mary's river and the Detroit river, Lake Huron and Lake Superior, to a point where the Lake Superior, to a point where the said line last touches Lake Superior; said line last touches Lake Superior; thence in a direct line through Lake thence in a direct line through Lake Superior to the mouth of the Montreal Superior, to the mouth of the Montreal river; thence through the middle of river; thence through the middle of the main channel of the said Montreal the main channel of the said river river to the head waters thereof, as Montreal to the head waters thereof; marked upon the survey made by Capthence in a direct line to the centre of tain Cramm, by authority of the United the channel between Middle and South States; thence in a direct line to the Islands, in the Lake of the Desert; center of the channel between Middle thence in a direct line to the southern and South Islands, in the Lake of the shore of Lake Brule; thence along said Desert; thence in a direct line to the southern shore and down the river southern shore of Lake Brule; thence Brule to the main channel of the Mo- along said southern shore and down nominee river; thence down the centre the Brule river to the main channel of of the main channel of the same to the Menominee river; thence down the the centre of the most usual ship center of the main channel of the same channel of the Green Bay of Lake to the center of the most usual ship Michigan; thence through the centre channel of the Green Bay, of Lake of the most usual ship channel Michigan; thence through the center of of the said Bay, to the middle of the most usual channel of the said bay Lake Michigan; thence through the to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence middle of Lake Michigan to the north- through the middle of Lake Michigan ern boundary of the State of Indiana, to the northern boundary of the State as that line was established by the act of Indiana, as that line was established of Congress of the nineteenth of April, by the act of Congress, of the nineteenth eighteen hundred and sixteen; thence of April, eighteen hundred and sixteen; due east with the north boundary line thence due east with the north bounof the said State of Indiana to the north- dary line of the said State of Indiana east corner thereof; and thence south to the north-east corner thereof; and with the eastern boundary line of Indi- thence south with the eastern boundary ana to the place of beginning.
line of Indiana to the place of begin
ning ARTICLE II.
SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. [Sée Art. XII, Sec. 9.]
SECTION 1. The seat of government Sec. 2. The seat of government shall . shall be in Lansing, where it is now es= remain at Lansing. :
tablished. ARTICLE I.
ARTICLE II. 1. All political power is inherent in
BILL OF RIGHTS. the people.
SECTION 1. All political power is in2. Government is instituted for the
herent in the people. Government is :protection, security and benefit of the
instituted for the protection, security people; and they have the right at all times to alter or reform the same, and
have the right to alter or reform the to abolish one form of government and
same whenever the public good may establish another, whenever the public
require it. good requires it.
3. No man or set of men are entitled). to exclusive or separate privileges.. 4. Every person has a right to wor ** [See Art. IV, Sec. 39.]
Sec. 2. Every person shall be at libship Almighty God according to the
erty to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience; and no.
dictates of his own conscience. No person can of right be compelled to
person shall be compelled to attend, attend, erect or support, against his
erect or support any place of religious will, any place of religious worship, or
worship, or pay tithes, taxes or other pay any tithes, taxes or other rates, for
rates, for the support of any minister the support of any minister of the gospel or teacher of religion. 5. No money shall be drawn from [See Art. IV, Sec. 40.]
(See Art. V, Sec. 31.] the treasury for the benefit of religious societies, or theological or religious seminaries.