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LAWS

OF THE

SEVERAL STATES

RELATING TO

EMIGRANTS, THE IMPORTATION OF PAUPERS,

CONVICTS, LUNATICS, &c.

ALABAMA.

List of passengers on arrival of ships, &c.-Oaths, by whom administered-List

filed—Penalty for failure to file list

color"a nofficers amarrived in or's office,

Every master of any vessel, arriving from any port or place out of this State, (except New Orleans,) at the port of Mobile, who is by any law of the United States required to enter such arrival at the custom-house, must, within one day after such arrival, deliver at the mayor's office, on oath, a correct list of every person who arrived in such vessel, first stating the names of the officers and crew; the names of each passenger; the color and sex of each person; and if they are free, or slaves. [Sec. 864.]

The oath required by the preceding section may be administered by the mayor, or other person authorized, for which he is entitled to a fee of twenty-five cents. [Sec. 865.]

The clerk of the city of Mobile must file in his office all such lists, for the inspection of any citizen of the United States, on paying a fee of ten cents. [Sec. 866.]

The master of any such vessel arriving in the port of Mobile, failing to make out and deliver the list of his officers, crew, and passengers, as and within the time required by this article, forfeits the sum of two hundred dollars; one half to the use of the person suing for the same, the other to the use of the city of Mobile. [Sec. 867.] Code of Alabama, chap. 3, p. 215, 216.

Captain of vessel bringing paupers to the State, to give bond to indemnify the

State-Penalty for refusal. Any person commanding any vessel which brings into this State any infant, lunatic, maimed, deaf, dumb, aged, or infirm person, who is likely to become chargeable to any county, may be brought before any judge of probate; and if such judge is satisfied that such person will probably be a charge to any county, he must require such master to enter into bond, payable to the State, with sureties resident in the State, to be approved by such judge, in the sum of five hundred dollars for each of such persons so brought, conditioned to pay all such expenses as any county in the State may incur in the support of such person; which bond must be filed and kept by such judge; and on its condition being broken, may be sued on, and a recovery had in different actions to the amount of the penalty thereof, in the name of the State, for the use of any county; and on failure to give such bond, the judge must commit such master to jail until he gives the same, or is otherwise discharged by law. [Sec. 1219.] Code of Alabama, chap. 15, p. 268, 269.

CALIFORNIA.

AN ACT to prevent the importation of convicts into this State. [Passed April 11,

1850.]

dee.

The people of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows :

SECTION 1. No captain or master of any vessel, or any other person or persons, shall knowingly or willingly import, bring, or send, or cause or procure to be imported, brought or sent, or be aiding or assisting therein, into this State, by land or water, any felon, convict, or person under sentence of death or transportation, or any other legal disability incurred by a criminal prosecution, except for treason, or who shall be delivered or sent to him from any prison or place of confinement in any place without the State.

SEC. 2. Every person who shall offend against any of the provisions of the preceding section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail, for a term not less than three months, and shall forfeit and pay, moreover, the sum of one thousand dollars for each of such convicts so imported, brought, or sent into this State; one half of which penalty shall go to him or her who shall sue or prosecute for the same, and the other half to the county in which such prosecution shall be had.

Sec. 3. This act to take effect and be in force from and after thirty days' publication of the same in the “Pacific News."

out of the ich such passet in writ

AN ACT concerning passengers arriving in ports of the State of California. [Passed

May 3, 1853.] The people of the State of California, represented in Senate and

Assembly, do enact as follows:

Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the master or commander of any vessel arriving at the port of San Francisco from any port out of the State of California, to appear at the office of the commissioner of emigrants, within twenty-four hours after his arrival, and testify as to his having brought any passengers. Within twenty-four hours after the landing of any passengers from any vessel arriving at any of the ports of this State from any of the United States, other than this State, or from any country out of the United States, the master or commander of the vessel from which such passenger or passengers shall have been landed, shall make a report in writing, on oath or affirmation, to the commissioner of emigrants at San Francisco, and in other ports of the State, to the mayor or chief municipal officer, which report shall state the name, place of birth, time and place of naturalization, last residence, age and occupation of every person or passenger who shall have landed from such vessel in her last voyage to such port, not being a citizen of the United States, and who shall have, within the last preceding twelve months, arrived from any country out of the United States, at any place within the United States, and who shall not have been bonded, or who have paid the commutation money, according to the provisions of this act or any former act. The said report shall contain a like statement of all such persons or passengers as shall have been landed or been suffered to land from any such vessel at any place during her said last voyage, or who shall have gone on board of any vessel with the intention of coming into this State. The said report shall further specify if either or any of said passengers or persons so reported are lunatic, idiot, deaf, dumb, blind, crippled, or infirm; and if so, whether they are accompanied by any relatives likely to be able to support them. It shall also state particularly the names, last place of residence, and ages of all passengers who may have died during the said last voyage of such vessel, also the names and residence of the owner or owners of such vessel. It shall also specify whether any of said passengers are persons convicted of any infamous crime, or of a felony, so far as the same may be within the knowledge of said master or commander. Such master or commander is further required to administer to any passenger of foreign birth who

shall declare himself a citizen of the United States the following oath or affirmation as to the time and place of his naturalization, and the name of each party so sworn shall be stated in the passenger list of said vessel :

do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I was born in

; that I am a naturalized citizen of the United States; that I was naturalized and received my certificate of naturalization in the State of

, in the year

In case any such master or commander shall omit or neglect to report, as aforesaid, any such person or passenger, with the particulars aforesaid, or shall make any false report or statement in respect to any persons or passengers, or in respect to the owner or owners of any such vessel, or in respect to all or any of the particulars herein before specified, such master or commander shall forfeit the sum of two hundred dollars for every such passenger, in regard to whom any such omission or neglect shall have occurred, or such false report or statement shall be made, and also for every neglect, omission, or false report made by him, as to the owner or owners of such vessel. If any master or commander shall neglect or refuse to make report to said commissioner, as provided for in this act, within the time therein specified, such master or commander shall be held guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon complaint before the recorder of San Francisco, or any justice of the peace of said county, be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars for every such neglect. For the payment of the fines and penalties incurred in this act, the master or commander, consignee or consignees, owner or owners of every such vessel shall be liable, jointly and severally.

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the mayor, as aforesaid, by an endorsement to be made on said report, to require the owner or consignee of the vessel, from which such passengers or persons have been landed, to give a joint and several bond to the people of the State of California, in a penalty of five hundred dollars for each and every person or passenger included in such report, conditioned to indemnify and save harmless each and every county, town or city, in this State, and also the trustees of the several State hospitals, against all costs and expenses which may be by them or any of them necessarily incurred for the relief, support, or medical care of the persons named in the bond, within two years from the date of such bond. Each and every bond shall be secured by two or more sufficient sureties, residents of the State, each of whom shall prove, by oath,

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