網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

No :-Those at first th' unwary heart may gain ;
But these, these only, can the heart retain.-Gay.

10. Wrong'd in my love, all proffers I disdain :
Deceiv'd for once I trust not kings again.
Ye have my answer—What remains to do,
Your king, Ulysses, may consult with you.
What needs he the defence, this arm can make ?
Has he not walls no human force can shake ?
Has he not fenc'd his guarded navy round
With piles, with ramparts, and a trench profound?
And will not these, the wonders he has done,

Repel the rage of Priam's single son ?-Pope's Homer.
VI.—Examples of Climax, or a gradual increase of Sense or

Passion. 1. CONSULT your whole nature. Consider yourselves not only as sensitive, but as rational beings; not only as rational, but social ; not only as social, but immortal.-Blair..

2. Whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate ; and whom he did predestinate, them he also called; and whom he called, them he also justified ; and whom he justified, them he also glorified. -St. Paul.

3. What hope is there remaining of liberty, if whatever is their pleasure, it is lawful for them to do; if what is lawful for them to do, they are able to do; if what they are able to do, they dare do ; if what they dare do, they really execute ; and if what they execute is no way offensive to you.-Cicero.

4. Nothing is more pleasant to the fancy, than to enlage itself by degrees in its contemplation of the various proportions which its several objects bear to each other, when it compares the body of a man to the bulk of the whole earth; the earth to the circle it describes round the sun ; that circle to the sphere of the fixed stars ; the sphere of the fixed stars to the circuit of the whole creation ; the whole creation itself, to the infinite space that is every where diffused around it.-Spectator.

5. After we have practised good actions awhile, they become easy; and when they are easy, we begin to take pleasure in them; and when they please us we do them frequently; and by frequency of acts, a thing grows into a habit ; and a confirmed habit is a second kind of nature; and so far as any thing is natural, so far it is necess sary; and we can hardly do otherwise ; nay, we do it many times when we do not think of it.-Tillotson.

6. It is pleasant to be virtuous and good, because that is to excel many others; it is pleasant to grow better, because that is to excel ourselves ; it is pleasant to mortify and subdue our lusts, because that is victory; it is pleasant to command our appetites and passions, and to keep them in due order, within the bounds of reason and religion, because that is empire.--Tillotson.

7. Tully has a very beautiful gradation of thoughts to show how amiable virtue is. We love a righteous man, says he, who lives in the remotest parts of the earth, though we are altogether out of the reach of his virtue, and can receive from it no manner of benefit ; nay,

9.

one who died several ages ago, raises a secret fondness and benevolence for him in our minds, when we read his story ; nay, what is still more, one who has been the enemy of our country, provided his wars were regulated by justice and humanity.-Spectator:

8. As trees and plants necessarily arise from seeds, so are you Antony, the seed of this most calamitous war.—You mourn, O Romans, that three of your armies have been slaughtered—they were slaughtered by Antony ; you lament the loss of your most illustrious citizens—they were torn from you by Antony; the authority of this order is deeply wounded-it is wounded by Antony ; in short, all the calamities we have ever since beheld (and what calamities have we not beheld?) have been entirely owing to Antony. As Helen was at Troy, so the bane, the misery, the destruction of this state is—Antony. Cicero.

-Give me the cup,
And let the kettle to the trumpets speak,
The trumpets to the cannoneers within,
The cannons to the heavens, the heavens to earth,
Now the king drinks to Hamlet.-Trag. of Hamlet.

10. At thirty, man suspects himself a fool;
Knows it at forty, and reforms his plan;
At fifty, chides his infamous delay,
Pushes his prudent purpose to resolve,
In all the magnanimity of thought,

Resolves and re-resolves--then dies the same. Young.
VII.—Examples of the principal Emotions and Passions-

Admiration, Contempt, Joy, Grief, Courage, Fear, Love, Hatred, Pity, Anger, Revenge, and Jealousy.

1. WHAT a piece of work is man! How noble in reason! How infinite in faculties! In form and moving how express and admirable! In action how like an angel! In apprehension how like a god !--Hamlet.

2. Away! No woman could descend so low.
A skipping, dancing, worthless tribe you are.
Fit only for yourselves, you herd together ;

And when the circling glass warms your vain hearts,
* You talk of beauties which you never saw,
And fancy raptures that you never knew.-Fair Penitent.

3. Let mirth go on ; let pleasure know no pause,
But fill up every minute of this day.
'Tis yours, my children, sacred to your loves.
The glorious sun himself for you looks gay ;
He shines for Altamont, and for Calista.
Take care my gates be open. Bid all welcome;
All who rejoice with me to-day are friends.
Let each indulge his genius; each be glad,
Jocund and free, and swell the feast with mirth.
The sprightly bowl shall cheerfully go round;
None shall be grave, nor too severely wise :
Losses and disappointments, care and poverty,

The rich man's insolence, and great man's scorn,
In wine shall be forgotten all. Fair Penitent.

4. All dark and comfortless.
Where all these various objects, that but now
Employ'd my busy eyes ? Where those eyes?
These groping hands are now my only guides,
And feeling all my sight.
O misery! What words can sound my grief! •
Shut from the living whilst among the living;
Dark as the grave amidst the bustling world;
At once from business and from pleasure barr'd ; .
No more to view the beauty of the spring,
Or see the face of kindred or of friend - Trag. of Lear.

5. Thou speak’st a woman's; hear a warrior's wish.
Right from their native land, the stormy north,
May the wind blow, till every keel is fix'd
Immoveable in Caledonia's strand !
Then shall our foes repent their bold invasion,

And roving armies shun the fatal shore.-Trag. of Douglas. 6. Ah! Mercy on my soul! What's that? My old friend's ghost ! They say, none but wicked folks walk. I wish I were at the bottom of a coalpit! La! how pale, and how long his face is grown since his death! He never was handsome ; and death has improved him very much the wrong way.-Pray, do not come near me! I wished you very well when you were alive.-But I could never abide a dead man cheek by jowl with me.-Ah! Ah! mercy on me! No nearer, pray! If it be only to take your leave of me, that you are come back, I could have excused you the ceremony with all my heart.- Or if you-mercy on us !-No nearer, pray-or if you have wrong'd any body, as you always loved money a little, I give you the word of a frighted Christian, I will pray, as long as you please, for the deliverance and repose of your departed soul. My good, worthy, noble friend, do, pray, disappear, as ever you would wish your old friend, Anselem, to come to his senses again.-Moliere's Blunderer.

7. Who can behold such beauty and be silent!
0! I could talk to thee forever;
Forever fix and gaze on those dear eyes ;
For every glance they send darts through my soul ! Orphan.

8. How like a fawning publican he looks!
I hate him, for he is a Christian :
But more for that in low simplicity
He lends out money gratis, and brings down
The rate of usance with us here in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat that ancient grudge I bear him.
.He hates our sacred nation; and he rails,
E'en there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls usury. Cursed be my tribe
If I forgive him.-Merchant of Venice.

9. As, in a theatre, the eyes of men,
After a well-graced actor leaves the stage,
Are idly bent on him that enters next,

Thinking his prattle to be tedious ;
Even so, or with much more contempt, men's eyes
Did scowl on Richard. , No man cry'd, God save him ;
No joyful tongue gave him his welcome home :
But dust was thrown upon his sacred head :
Which, with such gentle sorrow, he shook off,
(His face still combating with tears and smiles,
The badges of his grief and patience ;)
That had not God, for some strong purpose, steel'd
The hearts of men, they must perforce have melted ;
And barbarism itself have pitied him.-Richard II.

10. Hear me, rash man, on thy allegiance hear me.
Since thou hast striven to make us break our vow,
(Which not our nature nor our place can bcar)
We banish thee forever from our sight
And kingdom. If, when three days are expir'd,
Thy hated trunk be found in our dominions,
That moment is thy death. Away!

By Jupiter this shall not be revok'd.-Tragedy of Lear. 11. If it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced me, and hindered me of half a million, laughed at my losses, mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine enemies. And what's his reason? I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions ? Is he not fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same summer and winter, as a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die ? And if you wrong us, shall we not revenge? If we are like you in the rest, we will resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong a Christian, what is his humility ? Revenge. If a Christian wrong a Jew, what would his sufferance be, by Christian example? Why, revenge. The villany you teach me I will execute ; and it shall go hard, but I will better the instruction.—Merchant of Venice.

12. Ye amaranths! Ye roses, like the morn! ,
Sweet myrtles, and ye golden orange groves !
Joy-giving, love-inspiring, holy bower!
Know, in thy fragrant bosom, thou receiv'st
A murd'rer? Oh, I shall stain thy lilies,
And horror will usurp the seat of bliss !

Ha! She sleeps
The day's uncommon heat has overcome her.
Then take, my longing eyes, your last full gaze
Oh, what a sight is here! How dreadful fair!
Who would not think that being innocent!
Where shall I strike? Who strikes her, strikes himself
My own life's blood will issue at her wound-
But see, she smiles? I never shall smile more-
It strongly tempts me to a parting kiss
Ha, smile again! She dreams of him she loves.
Curse on her charms ! I'll stah her through them all.--Revenge.

• FOR PRONOUNCING THE VOWELS OF

GREEK AND LATIN PROPER NAMES.

Abridged from Walker's Key.

1. EVERY vowel with the accent on it at the end of a syllable is pronounced as in English, with its first long open sound: thus Ca'to, Philome'la, Orion, Pho'cion, Lucifer, &c. have the accented vowels sounded exactly as in the English words pa'per, me'tre, spi'der, no'ble, tu'tor, &c.

2. Every accented vowel not ending a syllable, but followed by a consonant, has the short sound as in English: thus Man'lius, Pen'theus, Pin'darus, Colchis, Cur'tius, &c. have the short sound of the accented vowels, as in man'ner, plen'ty, prin'ter, collar, cur'few, &c.

3. Every final i, though unaccented, has the long open sound : thus the final i forming the genitive case, as in Magis'tri, or the plural number, as in De'cii, has the long open sound, as in vi'al ; and this sound we give to this vowel in this situation, because the Latin i final in genitives, plurals, and preterperfect tenses of verbs, is always long; and consequently where the accented i is followed by i final, both are pronounced with the long diphthongal i, like the noun eye, as Achi'vi.

. 4. Every unaccented i ending a syllable not final, as that in the second of Alcibiades, the Hernici, &c. is pronounced like e, as if written Alcebiades, the Herneci, &c. So the last syllable but one of the Fabii, the Horatii, the Curiatii, &c. is pronounced as if written Fa-be-i, Ho-ra-she-i, Cu-re-a-she-i; and therefore if the unaccented i and the diphthong « conclude a word, they are both pronounced like e, as Harpyice, Harpy'e-e.

5. The diphthongs ce and , ending a syllable with the accent on it, are pronounced exactly like the long English e, as Cæsar, Eta, &c. as if written Cee'sar, E'ta, &c.; and

нь

« 上一頁繼續 »