« 上一頁繼續 »
lightning, that breaks through a gloom of clouds and glitters for a moment; cheerfulness keeps a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity.-Spectator.
9. At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends to us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining them ; cunning has only private, selfish aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them succeed ; discretion has large and extensive views, and, like a well formed eye, commands a whole horizon ; cunning is a kind of short-sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects, which are near at hand, but is not able to discern things at a distance.-Spectator. .
10. Nothing is more amiable than true modesty, and nothing more contemptible than the false. The one guards virtue ; the other betrays it. True modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is repugnant to the rules of right reason ; false modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is opposite to the humour of the company. True modesty avoids every thing that is criminal ; false modesty every thing that is unfashionable. The latter is only a general undetermined instinct ; the former is that instinct, limited and circumscribed by the rules of prudence and religion.Spectator.
11. How different is the view of past life, in the man who is grown old in knowledge and wisdom, from that of him who is grown old in ignorance and folly! The latter is like the owner of a barren country, that fills his eye with the prospect of naked hills and plains, which produces nothing either profitable or ornamental; the former beholds a beautiful and spacious landscape, divided into delightful gardens, green meadows, fruitful fields ; and can scarce cast his eye on a single spot of his possessions, that is not covered with some beautiful plant or flower.-Spectator.
12. As there is a worldly happiness, which God perceives to be no other than disguised misery ; as there are worldly honours which, in his estimation, are reproach; so there is a worldly wisdom, which, in his sight, is foolishness. . Of this worldly wisdom, the characters are given in the scriptures, and placed in contrast with those of the wisdom which is from above. The one is the wisdom of the crafty ; the other, that of the upright: The one terminates in selfishness; the other in charity: The onc, is full of strife, and bitter envying ; the other, of mercy and good fruits.-Blair. :
13. True honour, though it be a different principle from religion, is that which produces the same effects. The lines of action, though drawn from different parts, terminate in the same point. Religion embraces virtue, as it is enjoined by the laws of God; honour, as it is graceful and ornamental to human nature. The religious man fears, the man of honour scorns, to do an ill action. The latter considers vice as something that is beneath him; the former, as something that is offensive to the Divine Being ; the one, as what is unbecoming; the other, as what is forbidden.-Guardian.
14. Where is the man that possesses, or indeed can be required to possess, greater abilities in war, than Pompey? One who has fought more pitched battles, than others have maintained personal disputes !
Carried on more wars than others have acquired knowledge of by reading! Reduced more provinces than others have aspired to, even in thought! Whose youth was trained to the profession of arms, not by precepts derived from others, but by the highest offices of command ! Not by personal mistakes in war, but by a train of important victories; not by a series of compaigns, but by a succession of- triumphs. Cicero.
15. Two principles in human nature reign,
16. In point of sermons, 'tis confess'd
17. Know, Nature's children all divide her care ;
18. O thou goddess,
19. True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, .
20. Good name in man and woman
11.—Examples of ExUMERATION ; or the mentioning of
Particulars. 1. I CONSIDER a human soul, without education, like marble in the quarry; which shows none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colours, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot and vein, that runs through the body of it.-Spectator.
2. The subject of a discourse being opened, explained and confirmed ; that is to say, the speaker having gained the attention and judgment of his audience, he must proceed to complete his conquest over the passions ; such as imagination, admiration, surprise, hope, joy, love, fear, grief, anger. Now he must begin to exert himself; here it is that a fine genius may display itself, in the use of amplification, enumeration, interrogation, metapher, and every ornament that can render a discourse entertaining, winning, striking, and enforcing:Baillie.
3. I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.-St. Paul.
4. Sincerity is, to speak as we think, to do as we pretend and prosess, to perform and make good what we promise, and really to be what we would seem and appear to be.-Tillotson.
5. No blessing of life is any way comparable to the enjoyment of a discreet and virtuous friend ; it eases and unloads the mind, clears and improves the understanding, engenders thought and knowledge, animates virtue and good resolutions, sooths and allays the passions, and finds employment for most of the vacant hours of life.-Spectator:
6. The brightness of the sky, the lengthening of the days, the increasing verdure of the spring, the arrival of any little piece of good news, or whatever carries with it the most distant glimpse of joy, is frequently the parent of a social and happy conversation.- Wörid.
7. In fair weather, when my heart is cheered, and I feel that exaltation of spirits, which results from light and warmth, joined with a beautiful prospect of nature, I regard myself as one placed, by the hand of God, in the midst of an ample theatre, in which the sun, moon and stars, the fruits also, and vegetables of the earth, perpetually changing their positions or their aspects, exhibit an elegant entertainment to the understanding, as well as to the eye. Thunder and lightning, rain and hail, the painted bow and the glaring comets, are decorations of this mighty theatre ; and the sable hemisphere, studded with spangles, the blue yault at noon, the glorious gildings and rich colourings in the horizon, I look on as so many successive scenes.Spectalor.
8. Complaisance renders a superior amiable, an equal agreeable and an inferior acceptable. It smooths distinction, sweetens conver: sation, and makes every one in the company pleased with himself. It produces good nature and mutual benevolence, encourages the timorous, sooths the turbulent, humanizes the fierce, and distinguishes a society of civilized persons from a company of savagés. In a word, complaisance is a virtue that blends all orders of men together, in a
friendly intercourse of words and actions, and is suited to that equality in human nature, which every man ought to consider, so far as is consistent with the order and economy of the world.–Guardian.
9. It is owing to our having early imbibed false notions of virtue, that the word Christian does not carry with it, at first view, all that is great, worthy, friendly, generous, and heroic. The man who suspends his hopes of the rewards of worthy actions till after death ; who can bestow, unseen; who can overlook hatred; do good to his . slanderer; who can never be angry at his friend ; never revengeful to his enemy, is certainly formed for the benefit of society.-Spectator.
10. Though we seem grieved at the shortness of life in general, we are wishing every period of it at an end. The minor longs to be of age ; then to be a man of business; then to make up an estate ; then to arrive at honours; then to retire. The usurer would be very well satisfied, to have all the time annihilated that lies between the present moment and the next quarter-day; the politician would be contented to lose three years in his life, could he place things in the posture which he fancies they will stand in, after such a revolution of time; and the lover would be glad to strike out of his existence, all the moments that are to pass away before the happy meeting.
11. Should the greater part of the people sit down and draw up a particular account of their time, what a shameful bill would it be ! So much in eating, drinking, and sleeping, beyond what nature requires ; so much in revelling and wantonness ; so much for the · recovery of last night's intemperance; so much in gaming, plays, and masquerades; so much in paying and receiving formal and impertinent visits ; so much in idle and foolish prating, -in censuring and reviling our neighbours ! so much in dressing out our bodies, and in talking of fashions; and so much wasted and lost in doing nothing at all.–Sherlock.
12. If we would have the kindness of others, we must endure their follies. He who cannot persuade himself to withdraw from society, must be content to pay a tribute of his time to a multitude of tyrants ; to the loiterer, who makes appointments he never keeps; to the consulter, who asks advice which he never takes—to the boaster, who blusters only to be praised-to the complainer, who whines only to be pitied-to the projector, whose happiness is to entertain his friends with expectations, which all but himself know to be vain-to the economist, who tells of bargains and settlements to the politician, who predicts the consequences of deaths, battles, and alliances—to the usurer, who compares the state of the different funds--and to the talker, who talks only because he loves to be talking.-Johnson.
13. Charity suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil ; rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. -St. Paul. 1 - 14. Deligtful task! To rear the tender thought,
To teach the young idea how to shoot,
To breathe th' enliy'ning spirit, and to fix
15. Dread o'er the scene the ghost of Hamlet stalks• Othello ragespoor Monimia mourns
And Belvidera pours her soul in love.
16. Then Commerce brought into the public walk
17. 'Tis from high life high characters are drawn;
18.' 'Tis education forms the common mind;
19. See what a grace was seated on his brow;