網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

lightning, that breaks through a gloom of clouds and glitters for a moment; cheerfulness keeps a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity.-Spectator.

9. At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the accomplishment of little, mean, ungenerous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends to us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining them ; cunning has only private, selfish aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them succeed ; discretion has large and extensive views, and, like a well formed eye, commands a whole horizon ; cunning is a kind of short-sightedness, that discovers the minutest objects, which are near at hand, but is not able to discern things at a distance.-Spectator. .

10. Nothing is more amiable than true modesty, and nothing more contemptible than the false. The one guards virtue ; the other betrays it. True modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is repugnant to the rules of right reason ; false modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is opposite to the humour of the company. True modesty avoids every thing that is criminal ; false modesty every thing that is unfashionable. The latter is only a general undetermined instinct ; the former is that instinct, limited and circumscribed by the rules of prudence and religion.Spectator.

11. How different is the view of past life, in the man who is grown old in knowledge and wisdom, from that of him who is grown old in ignorance and folly! The latter is like the owner of a barren country, that fills his eye with the prospect of naked hills and plains, which produces nothing either profitable or ornamental; the former beholds a beautiful and spacious landscape, divided into delightful gardens, green meadows, fruitful fields ; and can scarce cast his eye on a single spot of his possessions, that is not covered with some beautiful plant or flower.-Spectator.

12. As there is a worldly happiness, which God perceives to be no other than disguised misery ; as there are worldly honours which, in his estimation, are reproach; so there is a worldly wisdom, which, in his sight, is foolishness. . Of this worldly wisdom, the characters are given in the scriptures, and placed in contrast with those of the wisdom which is from above. The one is the wisdom of the crafty ; the other, that of the upright: The one terminates in selfishness; the other in charity: The onc, is full of strife, and bitter envying ; the other, of mercy and good fruits.-Blair. :

13. True honour, though it be a different principle from religion, is that which produces the same effects. The lines of action, though drawn from different parts, terminate in the same point. Religion embraces virtue, as it is enjoined by the laws of God; honour, as it is graceful and ornamental to human nature. The religious man fears, the man of honour scorns, to do an ill action. The latter considers vice as something that is beneath him; the former, as something that is offensive to the Divine Being ; the one, as what is unbecoming; the other, as what is forbidden.-Guardian.

14. Where is the man that possesses, or indeed can be required to possess, greater abilities in war, than Pompey? One who has fought more pitched battles, than others have maintained personal disputes !

Carried on more wars than others have acquired knowledge of by reading! Reduced more provinces than others have aspired to, even in thought! Whose youth was trained to the profession of arms, not by precepts derived from others, but by the highest offices of command ! Not by personal mistakes in war, but by a train of important victories; not by a series of compaigns, but by a succession of- triumphs. Cicero.

15. Two principles in human nature reign,
Self-love to urge, and reason to restrain;
Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call,
Each works its end-to move or govern all. Pope. :

16. In point of sermons, 'tis confess'd
Our English clergy make the best ;
But this appears, we must confess,
Not from the pulpit, but the press.
They manage, with disjointed skill,
The matter well, the manner ill ;
And, what seems paradox at first,
They make the best, and preach the worst.-Byram.

17. Know, Nature's children all divide her care ;
The fur that warms a monarch warm'd a bear. -
While man exclaims, “ See all things for my use !"
" See man for mine!” replies a pamper'd goose : ;
And just as short of reason he must fall,
Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.--Pope.

18. O thou goddess,
Thou divine Nature ! How thyself thou blazon'st
In these two princely boys! They are as gentle
As zephyrs blowing below the violet,
Not wagging his sweet head ; and yet as rough
(Their royal blood enchaf'd) as the rud'st wind
That by the top doth take the mountain pine,
And make them stoop to the vale.-Shakespeare.

19. True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, .
As those move easiest who have learn'd to dance.
'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence;
The sound must seem an echo to the sense.
Soft is the strain when zephyr gently blows,
And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows;
But when loud-surges lash the sounding shore,
The hoarse rough verse should like a torrent roar.
When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw,
The line, too, labours, and the words move slow;
Not so when swift Camilla scours the plain,
Flies o'er th’ unbending corn, and skims along the main.-Pope

20. Good name in man and woman
Is the immediate jewel of their souls.
Who steals my purse, steals trash ; 'tis something, nothing ;
'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slaves to thousands.
But he that filches from me my good name,
Robs me of that which not enriches him,
And makes me poor indeed.-Sleakespeare.

11.Examples of ExUMERATION ; or the mentioning of

Particulars. 1. I CONSIDER a human soul, without education, like marble in the quarry; which shows none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colours, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot and vein, that runs through the body of it.-Spectator.

2. The subject of a discourse being opened, explained and confirmed ; that is to say, the speaker having gained the attention and judgment of his audience, he must proceed to complete his conquest over the passions ; such as imagination, admiration, surprise, hope, joy, love, fear, grief, anger. Now he must begin to exert himself; here it is that a fine genius may display itself, in the use of amplification, enumeration, interrogation, metapher, and every ornament that can render a discourse entertaining, winning, striking, and enforcing:Baillie.

3. I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.-St. Paul.

4. Sincerity is, to speak as we think, to do as we pretend and prosess, to perform and make good what we promise, and really to be what we would seem and appear to be.-Tillotson.

5. No blessing of life is any way comparable to the enjoyment of a discreet and virtuous friend ; it eases and unloads the mind, clears and improves the understanding, engenders thought and knowledge, animates virtue and good resolutions, sooths and allays the passions, and finds employment for most of the vacant hours of life.-Spectator:

6. The brightness of the sky, the lengthening of the days, the increasing verdure of the spring, the arrival of any little piece of good news, or whatever carries with it the most distant glimpse of joy, is frequently the parent of a social and happy conversation.- Wörid.

7. In fair weather, when my heart is cheered, and I feel that exaltation of spirits, which results from light and warmth, joined with a beautiful prospect of nature, I regard myself as one placed, by the hand of God, in the midst of an ample theatre, in which the sun, moon and stars, the fruits also, and vegetables of the earth, perpetually changing their positions or their aspects, exhibit an elegant entertainment to the understanding, as well as to the eye. Thunder and lightning, rain and hail, the painted bow and the glaring comets, are decorations of this mighty theatre ; and the sable hemisphere, studded with spangles, the blue yault at noon, the glorious gildings and rich colourings in the horizon, I look on as so many successive scenes.Spectalor.

8. Complaisance renders a superior amiable, an equal agreeable and an inferior acceptable. It smooths distinction, sweetens conver: sation, and makes every one in the company pleased with himself. It produces good nature and mutual benevolence, encourages the timorous, sooths the turbulent, humanizes the fierce, and distinguishes a society of civilized persons from a company of savagés. In a word, complaisance is a virtue that blends all orders of men together, in a

G g

friendly intercourse of words and actions, and is suited to that equality in human nature, which every man ought to consider, so far as is consistent with the order and economy of the world.–Guardian.

9. It is owing to our having early imbibed false notions of virtue, that the word Christian does not carry with it, at first view, all that is great, worthy, friendly, generous, and heroic. The man who suspends his hopes of the rewards of worthy actions till after death ; who can bestow, unseen; who can overlook hatred; do good to his . slanderer; who can never be angry at his friend ; never revengeful to his enemy, is certainly formed for the benefit of society.-Spectator.

10. Though we seem grieved at the shortness of life in general, we are wishing every period of it at an end. The minor longs to be of age ; then to be a man of business; then to make up an estate ; then to arrive at honours; then to retire. The usurer would be very well satisfied, to have all the time annihilated that lies between the present moment and the next quarter-day; the politician would be contented to lose three years in his life, could he place things in the posture which he fancies they will stand in, after such a revolution of time; and the lover would be glad to strike out of his existence, all the moments that are to pass away before the happy meeting.

11. Should the greater part of the people sit down and draw up a particular account of their time, what a shameful bill would it be ! So much in eating, drinking, and sleeping, beyond what nature requires ; so much in revelling and wantonness ; so much for the · recovery of last night's intemperance; so much in gaming, plays, and masquerades; so much in paying and receiving formal and impertinent visits ; so much in idle and foolish prating, -in censuring and reviling our neighbours ! so much in dressing out our bodies, and in talking of fashions; and so much wasted and lost in doing nothing at all.–Sherlock.

12. If we would have the kindness of others, we must endure their follies. He who cannot persuade himself to withdraw from society, must be content to pay a tribute of his time to a multitude of tyrants ; to the loiterer, who makes appointments he never keeps; to the consulter, who asks advice which he never takes—to the boaster, who blusters only to be praised-to the complainer, who whines only to be pitied-to the projector, whose happiness is to entertain his friends with expectations, which all but himself know to be vain-to the economist, who tells of bargains and settlements to the politician, who predicts the consequences of deaths, battles, and alliances—to the usurer, who compares the state of the different funds--and to the talker, who talks only because he loves to be talking.-Johnson.

13. Charity suffereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil ; rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. -St. Paul. 1 - 14. Deligtful task! To rear the tender thought,

To teach the young idea how to shoot,
To pour the fresh instruction o'er the mind,

To breathe th' enliy'ning spirit, and to fix
The gen’rous purpose in the glowing breast.-Thomson.

15. Dread o'er the scene the ghost of Hamlet stalks• Othello ragespoor Monimia mourns

And Belvidera pours her soul in love.
Terror alarms the breast-the comely tear
Steals o'er the cheek. Or else the comic muse
Holds to the world a picture of itself,
And raises, sly, the fair impartial laugh.
Sometimes she lifts her strain, and paints the scenes
Of beauteous life ; whate'er can deck mankind,
Or charm the heart, the generous Bevil show'd.—Thomson.

16. Then Commerce brought into the public walk
The busy merchant; the big warehouse built ;
Rais'd the strong crane ; choak'd up the loaded street
With foreign plenty, and thy stream, o Thames,
Large, gentle, deep, majestic, king of floods !
Chose for his grand resort. On either hand,
Like a long wintry forest, groves of masts
Shoot up their spires ; the bellying sheet between,
Possess'd the breezy void, the sooty hulk
Steer'd sluggish on; the splendid barge along
Rowed regular to harmony; around,
The boat, light skimming, stretch'd its oary wings;
While deep, the various voice of fervent toil,
From bank to bank, increas'd; whence ribb'd with oak,
To bear the British 'thunder, black and boid,
The roaring vessel rush'd into the main.-Thomson,

17. 'Tis from high life high characters are drawn;
A saint in crape is twice a saint in lawn.
A judge is just; a chancellor juster still ;
A gownman learn'd; a bishop—what you will:
Wise, if a minister ; but, if a king,
More wise, more learn'd, more just, more every thing.-Pope.

18.' 'Tis education forms the common mind;
Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclin'd.
Boastful and rough, your first son is a squire;
The next a tradesman, meek, and much a liar;
Tom struts a soldier, open, bold, and brave ;
Will sneaks a scriv'ner, an exceeding knave.
Is he a churchman? Then he's fond of power;
A quaker? Sly; a presbyterian ? Sour;
A smart freethinker? All things in an hour.-Pope.

19. See what a grace was seated on his brow;
Hyperion's curls; the front of Jove himself:
An eye like Mars, to threaten and command ;
A station like the herald Mercury,
New lighted, on a heaven-kissing hill ;
A combination, and a form indeed,
Where every god did seem to set his seal,
To give the world assurance of a man.-Shakespeare.

« 上一頁繼續 »