Stones River - Bloody Winter in Tennessee

封面
Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1983 - 286 頁
On December 31, 1862, some 10,000 Confederate soldiers streamed out of the dim light of early morning to stun the Federals who were still breakfasting in their camp. Nine months earlier the Confederates had charged the Yankees in a similarly devastating attack at dawn, starting the Battle of Shiloh. By the time this new battle ended, it would resemble Shiloh in other ways - it would rival that struggle's shocking casualty toll of 24,000 and it would become a major defeat for the South. By any Civil War standard, Stones River was a monumental, bloody, and dramatic story. Yet, until now, it has had no modern, documented history. Arguing that the battle was one of the significant engagements in the war, noted Civil War historian James Lee McDonough here devotes to Stones River the attention it ahs long deserved.

Stones River, at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, was the first big battle in the union campaign to seize the Nashville-Chattanooga-Atlanta corridor. Driving eastward and southward to sea, the campaign eventually climaxed in Sherman's capture of Savannah in December 1864. At Stones River the two armies were struggling desperately for control of Middle Tennessee's railroads and rich farms. Although they fought to a tactical draw, the Confederates retreated.

The battle's outcome held significant implications. For the Union, the victory helped offset the disasters suffered at Fredericksburg and Chickasaw Bayou. Furthermore, it may have discouraged Britain and France from intervening on behalf of the Confederacy. For the South, the battle had other crucial effects. Since in convinced many that General Braxton Bragg could not successfully command an army, Stones River left the Southern Army torn by dissension in the high command and demoralized in the ranks.
One of the most perplexing Civil War battles, Stones River has remained shrouded in unresolved questions. After driving the Union right wing for almost three miles, why could the Rebels not complete the triumph? Could the Union's Major General William S. Rosecrans have launched a counterattack on the first day of the battle? Was personal tension between Bragg and Breckenridge a significant factor in the events of the engagement's last day?

McDonough uses a variety of sources to illuminate these and other questions. Quotations from diaries, letters, and memoirs of the soldiers involved furnish the reader with a rare, soldier's-eye view of this tremendously violent campaign. Tactics, strategies, and commanding officers are examined to reveal how personal strengths and weaknesses of the opposing generals, Bragg and Rosecrans, shaped the course of the battle. Vividly recreating the events of the calamitous battle, Stones River - Bloody Winter in Tennessee firmly establishes the importance of this previously neglected landmark in Civil War history.

James Lee McDonough is professor of history at Auburn University, and author of Shiloh - In Hell before Night, Chattanooga - A Death Grip on the Confederacy, and co-author of Five Tragic Hours: The Battle of Franklin.
 

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LibraryThing Review

用戶評語  - benfulton - LibraryThing

Really well done. I got my copy at the Stones River gift shop when I was down in Murfreesboro, so we tramped around the battlefield and admired the monuments for a while, and tried to imagine what it ... 閱讀評論全文

內容

A Bit of Pluck and Bluff
3
Advance and Retreat
11
A Time of Change
33
General Rosecrans Headquarters
39
The Christmas Season
46
Rosecrans Moves South
64
Shiloh Again
81
Winter scene on the battlefield today
84
New Years Eve
152
Bragg Makes A Decision
166
Cannon balls
168
A Terrible Affair
182
Confederate General Roger W Hanson
188
Mary Had a Little Lamb
202
Confederate General James E Rains
212
I Can Never Forget
219

General Joshua W Sill
102
This Battle Must Be Won
109
Fight to hold the pike and railroad
117
Hells Half Acre
131
Stones River National Cemetery
133
Nashville Pike
147
A typical tombstone
229
Organization of the Union Army at the Battle of Stones River
232
Organization of the Confederate Army at the Battle of Stones River
247
Bibliography
256
Index
265
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關於作者 (1983)

James Lee McDonough is professor of history at Auburn University, and author of Shiloh – In Hell before Night, Chattanooga – A Death Grip on the Confederacy, and co-author of Five Tragic Hours: The Battle of Franklin.

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