Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842: And to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-44, 第 1 卷
Gales and Seaton, printers, 1845 - 693 頁
Describes the author explorations in the Oregon and California territory from 1842 to 1846. Contains detailed descriptions of the geography, botany, and other scientific findings of the regions.
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Advance altitudes of Polaris animals appearance bank beautiful bordered bottom branch breeze calm camp chronometer clear clouds continued course covered creek crossed dark deep descended Determination of latitude Determination of longitude direction distance Double altitudes encamped entered entirely falling feet fire followed foot fork frequently grass green ground halted head height hills horses hundred immediately Index error Indians journey July June lake leaves light lower limb Mean miles morning mountains mouth nearly night noon North OBSERVATIONS obtained party pass pines plain plants Platte prairie present rain range reached region remarkable RESULT OF CALCULATION ridge river road rock rocky seen shore side snow species specimens spring stream sun's lower limb Sunrise Sunset thermometer timber trail travelling trees True altitude valley wind
第 69 頁 - I sprang upon the summit, and another step would have precipitated me into an immense snow field five hundred feet below. To the edge of this field was a sheer icy precipice ; and then, with a gradual fall, the field sloped off for about a mile, until it struck the foot of another lower ridge.
第 148 頁 - Indian and hunters' stories attributed to this unexplored lake. The men had discovered that, instead of being strongly sewed, (like that of the preceding year, which had so triumphantly rode the canons of the Upper Great Platte,) our present boat was only pasted together in a very insecure manner, the maker having been allowed so little time in the construction that he was obliged to crowd the labor of two months into several days. The insecurity of the boat was sensibly felt by us ; and mingled...
第 69 頁 - N. 51° E. As soon as I had gratified the first feelings of curiosity, I descended, and each man ascended in his turn ; for I would only allow one at a time to mount the unstable and precarious slab, which it seemed a breath would hurl into the abyss below.
第 149 頁 - ... day before us for our adventure. The channel in a short distance became so shallow that our navigation was at an end, being merely a sheet of soft mud, with a few inches of water, and .sometimes none at all, forming the low-water shore of the lake. All this place was absolutely covered with flocks of screaming plover. We took off...
第 46 頁 - ... to return with your warriors from the mountains. Do you think that our great chief will let his soldiers die, and forget to cover their graves ? Before the snows melt again, his warriors will sweep away your villages as the fire does the prairie in the autumn. See ! I have pulled down my white houses, and my people are ready : when the sun is ten paces higher, we shall be on the march. If you have any thing to tell us, you will say it soon.
第 198 頁 - ... a shining line of water directing its course towards another, a broader and larger sheet. We knew that these could be no other than the Sacramento and the bay of San Francisco ; but, after our long wandering in rugged mountains, where so frequently we had met with disappointments, and where the crossing of every ridge displayed some unknown lake or river, we were yet almost...
第 238 頁 - It is called a desert, and, from what I saw of it, sterility may be its prominent characteristic ; but where there is so much water, there must be some oasis. The great river, and the great lake, reported, may not be equal to the report ; but where there is so much snow, there must be streams ; and where there is no outlet, there must be lakes to hold the accumulated waters, or sands to swallow them up.
第 205 頁 - He came in, and sitting down by the fire, began to tell us where he had been. He imagined he had been gone several days, and thought we were still at the camp where he had left us ; and we were pained to see that his mind was deranged. It appeared that he had been lost in the mountain, and hunger and fatigue, joined to weakness of body, and fear of perishing in the mountains had crazed him. The times were severe when stout men lost their minds from extremity of suffering — when horses died —...
第 70 頁 - The barometer stood at 18.293, the attached thermometer at 44°; giving for the elevation of this summit 13,570 feet above the Gulf of Mexico, which may be called the highest flight of the bee. It is certainly the highest known flight of • that insect.