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THE

41908

DYNAMICAL THEORY

OF THE

FORMATION OF THE EARTH.

BY

ARCHIBALD TUCKER RITCHIE.

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the
Word of God; so that things which are seen were not made of things
which do appear."

HEBREWS xi. 3.

VOL. I.

LONDON:
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

PATERNOSTER ROW.

MDCCCL.

GREENWICI: 'PRINTED BY W. 11. CROCKFORD.

CONTENTS OF VOL. I.

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CHAPTER IV.

The subject of argument of this Section stated. The Vegetation of the

Non-rotatory. period neither flowering nor of seed-bearing plants.

Striking analogy in this respect to the apulmonic creatures which

were the subject of the previous Section, pointing to a common

cause; and, therefore, requiring to be treated in a similar manner.

The Dicotyledonous class of plants fully described. The Monocoty-

ledonous also minutely characterised, and both of these great divisions

eliminated from the argument as having been formed during the

Mosaic week. These, however, not comprising the entire Vegetable

Kingdom, leave the Acotyledons as a residue, which are considered

to have been willed into existence during the period of non-rotation.

This latter class closely delineated, and their functions particularized 185

CHAPTER V.

Summary application of what has been established in the foregoing Chap-

ter. DICOTYLEDONS comprehend all plants “ bearing fruit whose

seed is in itself upon the earth.” MONOCOTYLEDONS embrace “the

herbs yielding seed.” But the Vegetable Kingdom being examined

into, a third description of plants is discovered, bearing neither

flowers, fruits, nor seeds, called ACOTYLEDONS, and these are sup-

posed to have been created during the non-rotatory period. Lists

of Fossil Plants, given in corroboration, from the chalk formation

downwards, and from two distinct sources from Geological writers,

and from the works of Fossil Botanists. General observations con-

firmatory of these lists. Brief explanations respecting vestiges of

flowering plants occasionally included in the foregoing lists. Review

of the progress made thus far. Adaptation of the imperfect, flower-

less plants to the state of the creation during the anti-rotatory period;

and their capability of having grown and propagated in a submerged

condition confirmed, by contrast with the incapability of flowering

plants to have existed without either light, atmosphere, or dry land 216

CHAPTER VI.

The assumed condition of the primitive vegetation compared with Botani-

cal descriptions of Cryptogamous plants. Characters and habitats of

these given in detail, and found to coincide with the supposed state

of the submerged vegetation of the anti-rotatory period. Motives

for supposing that there was only one general elevation of the ter-

raine portion of the earth. The absence, in lists of fossil flora, of

certain orders of Acotyledonous plants accounted for. Capability of

plants growing in the waters of the primeval ocean, although this

held in solution saline materials

. 247

the mineral elements of the strata ; and could, therefore, according

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