« 上一頁繼續 »
FORMATION OF THE EARTH.
ARCHIBALD TUCKER RITCHIE.
Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the
HEBREWS xi. 3.
CONTENTS OF VOL. I.
The subject of argument of this Section stated. The Vegetation of the
Non-rotatory. period neither flowering nor of seed-bearing plants.
Striking analogy in this respect to the apulmonic creatures which
were the subject of the previous Section, pointing to a common
cause; and, therefore, requiring to be treated in a similar manner.
The Dicotyledonous class of plants fully described. The Monocoty-
ledonous also minutely characterised, and both of these great divisions
eliminated from the argument as having been formed during the
Mosaic week. These, however, not comprising the entire Vegetable
Kingdom, leave the Acotyledons as a residue, which are considered
to have been willed into existence during the period of non-rotation.
This latter class closely delineated, and their functions particularized 185
Summary application of what has been established in the foregoing Chap-
ter. DICOTYLEDONS comprehend all plants “ bearing fruit whose
seed is in itself upon the earth.” MONOCOTYLEDONS embrace “the
herbs yielding seed.” But the Vegetable Kingdom being examined
into, a third description of plants is discovered, bearing neither
flowers, fruits, nor seeds, called ACOTYLEDONS, and these are sup-
posed to have been created during the non-rotatory period. Lists
of Fossil Plants, given in corroboration, from the chalk formation
downwards, and from two distinct sources from Geological writers,
and from the works of Fossil Botanists. General observations con-
firmatory of these lists. Brief explanations respecting vestiges of
flowering plants occasionally included in the foregoing lists. Review
of the progress made thus far. Adaptation of the imperfect, flower-
less plants to the state of the creation during the anti-rotatory period;
and their capability of having grown and propagated in a submerged
condition confirmed, by contrast with the incapability of flowering
plants to have existed without either light, atmosphere, or dry land 216
The assumed condition of the primitive vegetation compared with Botani-
cal descriptions of Cryptogamous plants. Characters and habitats of
these given in detail, and found to coincide with the supposed state
of the submerged vegetation of the anti-rotatory period. Motives
for supposing that there was only one general elevation of the ter-
raine portion of the earth. The absence, in lists of fossil flora, of
certain orders of Acotyledonous plants accounted for. Capability of
plants growing in the waters of the primeval ocean, although this
held in solution saline materials
the mineral elements of the strata ; and could, therefore, according