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according actual adopted advantage allowed already Americans appears authority become British called Canton carried cause certainly character charge chief China Chinese Chinese government circumstances Committee Commons Company's conduct consequence considerable considered course court death difficulty direct doubt duty East-India Company effect embassy emperor empire English equally established European evidence examination existing fact factory favor foreign further give given ground hands honor immediately importance India individual instance interests justice language late laws least less manner means measure ment merchants native nature object observe occasion officers opinion parties Pekin period persons port possess present probably proceedings produce prove punishment question reason received regard remarks render respect sailors seems Select Committee servants ships soldiers success supposed taken teas thing tion trade translation whole
第 387 頁 - When we turn from the ravings of the Zendavesta, or the Puranas, to the tone of sense and of business of this Chinese collection, we seem to be passing from darkness to light — from the drivellings of dotage to the exercise of an improved understanding ; and, redundant and minute as these laws are in many particulars, we scarcely know any European code that is at once so copious and so consistent, or that is nearly so free from intricacy, bigotry and fiction.
第 318 頁 - Company of the home market, to which the greatest importance is justly attached, but that their object is confined to procuring for the British free trader an access to markets entirely new, or the means of fair competition with the foreign merchant in those which already exist, the Committee feel themselves justified in relying upon the liberality of the court of directors, upon the concern they have frequently evinced in the national prosperity, and the preference they may be expected to give to...
第 387 頁 - ... accumulated epithets, and fatiguing self-praise of other Eastern despotisms — but a calm, concise, and distinct series of enactments, savouring throughout of practical judgment and European good sense, and, if not always conformable to our improved notions of expediency, in general approaching to them more nearly than the codes of most other nations.
第 430 頁 - The unfortunate man, in high hopes of being soon liberated, cheerfully obeyed. He was taken into the heart of the city in a sedan-chair, attended by the merchants, and put into a room, where he was told he must remain a short time. Soon after, some Chinese soldiers entered and took him out at another door; and the first intimation he had of his cruel fate, was the executioner and implements of death before him, and the heads of decapitated Chinese- hung round a kind of square, crowded with spectators....
第 387 頁 - The most remarkable thing in this code is its great reasonableness, clearness, and consistency ; the business-like brevity and directness of the various provisions, and the plainness and moderation of the language in which they are expressed. There is nothing here of the monstrous verbiage of most other Asiatic productions; none of the superstitious deliration, the miserable incoherence, the tremendous non-sequiturs and eternal repetitions of those oracular performances; nothing even of the turgid...
第 5 頁 - The duty to parents and the duty to elders are indeed similar in obligation ; for he who can be a pious son will also prove an obedient younger brother ; and he who is both will, while at home, prove an honest and orderly subject, and in active service, from home, a courageous and faithful soldier.
第 395 頁 - Dumont; and that he even makes the want of it one of the most serious charges against the present system of jurisprudence in most of the European nations. We have formerly said a good deal upon this subject, in our review of that most ingenious publication; and shall only remark at present, that to determine exactly the point at which the danger of committing something to the discretion of the judge becomes less than that of tying him down by directions altogether inflexible, is one of the most difficult...
第 387 頁 - Eastern despotisms ; but a clear, concise, and distinct series of enactments, savouring throughout of practical judgment and European good sense, and, if not always conformable to our improved notions of expediency in this country, in general approaching to them more nearly than the codes of most other nations.
第 389 頁 - ... or by torture; and in case of any offence, the legal punishment is directed to be increased or diminished by a certain number of those degrees, according to the circumstances of aggravation or palliation by which it may be attended. In like manner, the punishment of theft is made to vary, according to the value of the thing stolen, from ten blows with the bamboo, to death by strangling; and all the considerations of stealing under trust, or from the public, or from relations, are made to aggravate...
第 151 頁 - The peculiar circumstances under which foreigners are received in China are, in fact, such that the body or nation suffers from individual offenses, almost equally, whether those offenses are subject to punishment, or permitted to escape with impunity. The latter event naturally tends to render foreigners objects of hatred and aversion, while the former invariably entails upon them humiliation and disgrace.