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will take place in two thousand five hundred years. the comet will make this near approach, or that it will This result merely means that a man might bet two not. And after two thousand five hundred years the thousand five hundred to ten, or to one hundred, that chance of its approaching the earth will go on increasthe comet will not come near the earth for the next ten ing, but at so slow a rate that many thousands of years or one hundred years. At the end of two thousand must elapse before the event can be really expected.” five hundred years there will be an equal chance that

THE PARTHENON.

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[Remains of the Parthenon.] We shall proceed with our description of the Athenian | and medals, and rooms filled with the ancient relics of antiquities in the British Museum, as soon as the collec- Herculaneum and Pompeii. tion is numbered according to its present arrangement.

The collection of vases, which have nearly all been We understand from the Officers of the Institution that discovered and dug up in the kingdom, is the richest in this essential assistance to the visitor will be immediately existence; but it is more especially the collection of the given; for the old order of the several pieces of sculp- objects rescued from the two interred cities, that gives ture being considerably altered, a reference to the former the Museum of Naples its superiority to others. numbers only would prove embarrassing. In the mean In this collection are found some of the most perfect time we give that view of the Parthenon, for which the works of ancient art in bronze, domestic implements of representation of the temple of Apollo Epicurius, near nearly every sort, mechanical tools, surgical and mathePhigalia, was substituted by mistake.

matical instruments, rings, necklaces, and other specimens of jewellery, and even the entire apparatus of a

woman's toilet. The attentive visitor, by studying these NAPLES.

objects, may in a few hours obtain a better insight into IN a preceding number we endeavoured to give our the domestic manners of the ancients, than whole years readers a notion of the situation and main features of devoted to books can give him. One of the most inNaples. We shall now devote a page to a few of the teresting departments of this unique collection, is that interesting objects contained within that city.

of the papyri, or manuscripts, discovered in the excaThe first in importance is the Studj or Museo Borbo-vations of Herculaneum. The ancients did not bind nico, or, what we may better call

, the National Museum. their books (which, of course, were all manuscripts) like In many respects this magnificent establishment is un- us, but rolled them up in scrolls. When these of Herrivalled in the world. Besides a rich statue gallery culaneum were discovered, they presented, as they still which boasts the Farnesian Hercules, the all-perfect do, the appearance of burnt sticks, or cylindrical pieces Aristides, the Farnesian Toro, a Venus perhaps superior of charcoal, which they had acquired from the action of in loveliness to the Medicean, and other masterpieces of the heat contained in the lava that buried the whole city. ancient Greek art, the Museum contains a gallery of pic- They seem quite solid both to the eye and touch, yet tures with two of Raphael's best works, and splendid an ingenious monk discovered a process of detaching specimens of Titian, Correggio, Claude, Salvator Rosa, leaf from leaf and unrolling them, by which they could and other great masters: and, moreover, a library, a be read without much difficulty. When these manucollection of Etruscan vases, a cabinet of ancient coins scripts were first exposed to the air a considerable number of them crumbled to dust. Our countryman, truth, must be acknowledged as the most spacious and the late Sir Humphry Davy, destroyed the integrity most splendid theatre in Europe. of a few by making unsuccessful experiments, which he faucied might produce a result that would supersede the slow and laborious process now adopted; but about eighteen hundred still remain. Four of them have been unrolled, and fac-similes of them, with translations, published by the Neapolitan government.

To pass to a very different object. One of the singularities of Naples is its Campo Santo, or cemetery for the poor. This is situated on the skirts of the town, looking towards Mount Vesuvius. A wall of inconsiderable elevation encloses a quadrangular space, whose surface is cut into three hundred and sixty-five holes, like the mouths of wells or cisterns. One of these holes is opened every day; the dead bodies of the poor of that day-without coffins—without so much as a rag about them—are thrown one upon another, as they arrive, through the mouth into a deep cave below cut in the tufa rock, and at night a stone is laid over the horrid sepulchre and secured by cement. The next day the cave next in order of date is opened, and so on, through the year. At the end of the year, the first cave is again opened, by which time its contents, the decomposition of which is assisted by quick-lime, are reduced to little more than bones.

The catacombs of Naples, whose entrance is under the hill of Capo-di-Monte, and the grotto of Posilippo, at the extremity of the western suburb of the city, are also remarkable objects. The first are of great extent, and contain many curious specimens of painting and subterranean architecture by the early Christians, and an appalling mass of human skulls and bones, the relics of the victims of a plague that depopulated Naples some two centuries back. The second is a subterranean passage cut through the hill of Posilippo in remote an. tiquity, but enlarged and improved as a road in modern times. It is considerably more than half a mile long by

[The Grotto of Posilippo and Tomb of Virgil.] twenty-four feet broad; its height is unequal, varying from twenty-five to sixty feet: it is well paved with large

FRACTIONS. flags of lava. By night it is now tolerably well illuminated by lamps suspended from its rugged roof, but by day the It is not our intention to write a treatise on the part of “ darkness visible” that reigns through the passage arithmetic which stands at the head of this article, or to renders it always solemn and sometimes embarrassing. enter into the reasons why so many persons, who can Being the only frequented road to and from the town solve a simple question in which there are nothing but of Pozzuoli

, Baia, Cuma, and other places, there is whole numbers, are puzzled by anything which contains seldom a lack of passengers; and their voices, as they fractions. Our object is, to give some slight notions on cry to each other in the dark, and the noise of this part of the subject to those who are already able to their horses' tread and of the wheels of their waggons, work the four rules in whole numbers. carriages, and gigs, echoing through the grotto and When we add any two numbers together, it is underthe deep vaults which in many places branch off from stood that both of them have the same unit

, or that it laterally, produce to the ear of the stranger an both are some number of times the same thing. Thus, effect that is almost terrific. Immediately above the that two and three make five, means that two yards and entrance to the grotto, coming from the city, stands three yards make five yards, or that two pounds and on a romantic cliff, which has been in part cut away three pounds make five pounds, and so on. We do not to widen the approach to the subterranean road, an in that case say anything of two yards and three feet, or ancient Roman tomb in almost perfect preservation. of two pounds and three shillings. The following quesThis tomb is supposed to have been that of the great tions might arise :-If we have a distance which is neipoet Virgil, and is visited as such by every traveller. ther six yards nor seven yards, but something between Its claim has been questioned in vain ; mankind are the two, how are we to represent this in numbers, and attached to such pleasant illusions, (if this be one, form rules for adding and subtracting this length to or which we by no means decide,) and continue from age to from others of the same kind, without introducing a age to crowd to the spot. A laurel once flourished by new measure, or talking of any other length except a the side of the venerable sepulchre and covered its roof; yard? The answer to this will bring us, as we shall but the successive thousands and thousands of visitors, see, to the common meaning of the word fraction, and each anxious for a memorial gathered in such a spot, the way of representing a fraction. As we cannot meahave not left leaf, branch, stem, or root of the sacred sure anything exactly, we must first decide what degree tree.

of accuracy is necessary. This will vary in different In the old part of the city, among some Roman ruins operations, but we will suppose, for example's sake, that called the “ Anticaglia,” are supposed to exist part of a line may be rejected as insignificant, of which it the walls of the theatre where the Emperor Nero sang would take more than a hundred to make a yard. If and played on the lyre like a common actor. The then we divide a yard into one hundred equal parts, Neapolitans care little about this ; but their great boast, and first remove the six whole yards which the abovethat which they fancy renders them the envy of the mentioned distance contains, we have a remainder world, is their Opera-house of San Carlo, which, in which does not contain all the hundred parts just mentioned, since it is less than one yard. Suppose that, on sixth part of five, or as the sixth part of unit; repeated 5 measuring the remainder, we find it to contain more times. It may sometimes be necessary to take a fraction than 53 and less than 54 of the hundred parts: if then of a fraction, such as of ], or having found of 1, to we call it 53 parts out of a hundred of a yard, the error divide it into five parts, and take two of them. We ask, committed will be less than one part out of a hundred ; what fraction of the unit would the result of this double that is, by what was supposed above, it will be sufficient operation give? The answer is, multiply the two nume. to say that the length of the whole is 6 yards and 53 rators together, and also the two denominators, which of the hundred equal parts which would compose gives it, or two-fifths of seven-eighths of a yard is fouranother yard, or 53 hundredths of a yard. If we were teen parts out of forty. To see the reason, let us first inventing a system of arithmetic, we might choose among take the more simple case } of g. It is plain that if we many different ways of representing this. For exam- divide one yard into eight equal parts, and afterwards ple, 6 yards 53,00 of a yard ; 6 yards and 53-100 divide each of these parts into 5 equal parts, we have of a yard; and so on. The common method is the fol- divided the whole yard into 8 times 5, or 40 equal parts. lowing, 678038 yards, it being always understood that Consequently the fifth part of an eighth part is one forwhen we write two numbers under one another with a tieth of the whole, or } of fis . But one fifth of seven line between, the unit of which we speak, be it a yard, eighths will be 7 times as much as of one eighth, and pound, acre, or any other, is cut into as many equal will therefore be ; again, two fifths of will be twice parts as are shown by the lower number, and as many as much as one fifth of }, and will therefore be 1%, or of them are taken as is shown by the higher number of } is 14, according to the rule. In the same way of Thus, [ of a mile is the length obtained by cutting a 11 is 18. This rule corresponds to the multiplication of mile into 8 equal parts, and taking 7 of them, being of whole numbers, and is therefore called multiplication of course less than the whole mile by one of these parts. fractions. The connexion is not obvious at first, owing

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Such a fraction as we have described is less than the to a little difference in our manner of speaking about unit of which it is a part; but a whole number of units whole numbers and fractions. But if we were in the and a fraction may be represented together by the same habit of saying that 2 multiplied by 6 is six of 2, in the method. If, in the preceding example, we had divided same way as we say “ six of them," "six of his men,” it each of the six yards into 100 parts, there would have would appear natural to call those rules which tell us been 600 such parts, which, with the 53 parts furnished how many units there are in six of two, and what fracby the fraction, would have made 658, not of yards, but tion of a unit there is in f of ł, by the same name. By of the hundredth parts of yards. This we should re- this rule all questions of fractions are solved, which present by 453, denoting that each of a succession of would have required multiplication if they had been in yards has been divided into 100 parts, out of which col- whole numbers. For example, if 1 pound cost 2 shillection of parts 653 have been taken. The term frac. lings, 6 pounds will cost 6 times 2 shillings ; similarly, tion is applied equally to all cases; and with this ex- if 1 pound costs of a shilling, $ of a pound will cost tension of meaning, the unit itself may be represented as of } of a shilling. a fraction, for one yard is 3 yards, or yards, or yards, The most important proposition relating to fractions, and so on.

being the one on which the rules most materially depend, The lower line of a fraction is called the denominator, is the following: If the numerator and denominator be and the upper the numerator : these are Latin words, either both multiplied or both divided by the same numwhich may be literally translated by the namer and the ber, the value of the fraction is not altered. For exnumberer; the first tells what sort of parts is taken, ample, take } and multiply its numerator and denomiand the second how many of them are taken. The fol- nator by 4, which gives jf. In the second fraction we lowing propositions will serve for consideration, and cut the unit into four times as many parts as in the first, also to familiarize the reader with the use of these terms. consequently each part of the unit signified in the When the numerator is less than the denominator, the second fraction is the fourth of that signified in the first. fraction is less than a unit. When the numerator is But in the second fraction, four times as many parts are greater than the denominator, the fraction is greater taken as in the first, by which the balance is restored. than the unit. Of two fractions which have the same Let us suppose that two yards of cloth are to be meadenominator, that is the greater which has the greater sured by a foot measure. The foot being of the unit, numerator. Of two fractions which have the same and 6 of these being recessary, f will be the fraction in numerator, that is the greater which has the less de- yards, representing not only the number of yards meanominator. It is usual to distinguish fractions which sured, but in what parts of yards they were measured. are less than the unit from those which are greater No one would object to an inch measure, which is the of a by calling the former proper, and the latter improper, foot, provided 12 times as many inches were given as fractions.

there were feet in the first case. But one inch is to As yet we have only considered fractions of the unit ; a yard, and 12 times 6 is 72 ; and in this way of meaand it is always understood that a simple fraction, such suring Ji would represent the number of yards given, as }, is a fraction of the unit, or it is one yard or one which is derived from f by multiplying the numerator pound which is divided into 8 parts. Fractions of other and denominator by 12. Similarly, one shilling, the numbers are written by placing the number to be di- unit being a pound, is do; and 12 pence, the unit being vided after the fraction of it which is to be taken, thus-- also a pound, is ; and no and his only differ in that

of 7, which means that 7 is to be divided into 4 parts, the numerator and denominator of the first must be of which parts, 3 are taken. We now ask, what fraction multiplied by 12 in order to make the second. of the unit is of 7, or into how many parts must one Hence it is allowable to multiply the numerator and yard be cut, and how many times must one of those denominator of a fraction by any number which is conparts be repeated, so as to give the same length which venient, and which is called multiplicand, since that arises from cutting seven yards into 4 parts, and taking operation does not alter its value. Thus, $, , &, ta, 3 of them? It is obvious that of 7 yards is 7 times as &c. are all of the same value, when the unit is the much as { of 1 yard, or simply 1; and 3 quarters of a yard same in all : in common language, we should say, that repeated 7 times is 21 quarters or . Similarly s of 8 is two out of three is the same as four out of six, six out of ļof 1, or . Hence it follows that 1 of 3 is 1, $ of nine, and so on. We are now able to remove two frac13 is 1, and so on. If therefore we take the eighth tions which have different denominators, and substitute part of nine, we get the same as if we had repeated the others of the same value with the same denominator. eighth part of the unit nine times. We may therefore Take the fractions f and . If we ask which is the greater, consider a fraction, such as f, in two ways, either as the no answer can at first be given, for though the second is 4

and the first 2, yet the second is four of the fifth parts only Master of the Mercury, one of the ships belonging to an of unity, while the first is 2 of the third parts. But if we expedition sent against Quebec. Thus by far the most multiply the numerator and denominator of each frac- formidable of the difficulties were overcome which he tion by the denominator of the other, the results will be had to encounter in emerging from obscurity; he was 1 and 1š, which have the same value as f and $, and now on the direct road to preferment

, and in a position also have the same denominator as each other. Hence in which his good conduct and perseverance were sure we see that, I being greater than t}, is greater to meet with their reward. While stationed in this than š. The sum of the two is the fifteenth part of command on the coast of North America, he greatly disunity repeated 22 times or if ; the difference is two tinguished himself both by his skill and intrepidity as a parts out of fifteen or is. Hence follow the common seaman ; and he also made use of his leisure to rectify rules for addition and subtraction of fractions.

the defects of his original education by studying matheWe now come to the reverse of multiplication. We matics and astronomy. He eventually made himself have shown how to find the value of one fraction of in this way one of the most scientific naval officers of another, such as of f ; we now ask, what fraction of that time. His reputation rose accordingly; and, in 1 must be taken, to give şof 1 or simply f? Into how 1768, when Government resolved to send out the Enmany parts must we cut J, and how many times must we deavour to the South Sea to obtain an observation of the repeat one of those parts, in order that the result may be approaching transit of Venus, Cook was selected to the same as if we had cut unity into 3 parts, and taken command the ship. He conducted this expedition with 2 of them? Reduce the fractions and to other equi- admirable ability, and so entirely to the public satisfacvalent fractions having the same denominator, which are tion, that, having returned home in 1771, he was the

and . If we cut 1, which is }, into twenty-one following year appointed to proceed again to the same equal parts, each of these parts is ad ; if we repeat ad regions with two ships, the Resolution and the Advensixteen times, the result is ! f, which is j : hence, if I beture, with the object of endeavouring to settle the longcut into 21 equal parts and 16 of these parts be taken, disputed question as to the existence of a southern the resulting fraction is f, or if we ask, what fraction of polar continent. On this voyage, in which he circum

is f ? the answer is, if of . By our former rule le navigated the world, he was absent nearly three years ; of 1 is fls, which does not appear at first sight to be the and notwithstanding all the vicissitudes of climate and same as , but if we examine its terms, we shall find weather, and the other dangers which he had encounthat on dividing the numerator and denominator by 56 tered, he brought home, with the exception of one, every (which does not alter its value) it is reduced to g. This man of the crew he had taken out with him. He comrule being the reverse of multiplication is called division; municated to the Royal Society an account of the the fraction which is to be cut into parts is called the methods he had adopted on this occasion for preservdivisor, that which is to be produced from it the divi- ing the health of his men; and that body in return dend, and the fraction of the first, which it is necessary elected him into their number, and voted him the Copley to take, in order to produce the second, is called the gold medal as a testimony of their sense of his merits. quotient. Thus, ti is the quotient of divided by š. To crown his achievement, Captain Cook wrote the The rule deduced from this reasoning is : Reverse the history of this expedition himself, and wrote it admirably. divisor, that is, for I write \, and proceed as in multipli- In little more than a year after his return, he sailed on cation with the reversed divisor and the dividend. Thus, his third and last voyage of discovery ; the principal ob

of f is i. This rule is used in every question where ject of which was to ascertain the practicability of a division would have been used, if whole numbers only passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans along had been given. Thus, if 4 pounds cost 20 shillings, the the northern coast of America. After having been out price of one pound is found by dividing 20 by 4, and is on this expedition nearly three years, and having ex5 shillings. If } of a pound cost of a shilling, the plored a vast extent of sea and coast, the great circumprice of one pound is found by dividing s by } and is navigator put in at the island of Owhyhee on his return of a shilling. This might be established by indepen- home; and he was there killed in a sudden and accident reasoning as follows : As of a pound costs of a dental rencontre with some of the natives on the 14th shilling, and 7 pounds cost 8 times as much as f of a of February, 1779. The late Admiral Burney, who was pound, 7 pounds will cost in o of a shilling. But as the present on this occasion, mentions, in a note to his Hisprice of one pound is one-seventh of that of 7 pounds, tory of Discoveries in the South Sea, an anecdote which for every third of a shilling which 7 pounds cost, one deserves to be remembered. Of the party of marines, pound will cost the twenty-first part of a shilling. Hence by whom Captain Cook was accompanied when he met the price of one pound is af as before.

his death, four were killed along with him; “and in the We shall proceed in a future number to the explana. hasty retreat made,” says Burney, “after the boats had tion of Decimal Fractions.

put off, one man still remained on shore, who could not swim. His officer, Lieutenant (now Colonel) Moles

worth Phillips, of the Marines, though himself wounded THE WEEK.

at the time, seeing his situation, jumped out of the boat, October 27.—The birth-day of Captain Cook, James swam back to the shore, and brought him off safe.” Cook was born in 1728 at the village of Marton in the The author proceeds to compare this conduct of LieuNorth Riding of Yorkshire. His parents were of the tenant Phillips with a similar act performed in 1624 by class of labourers. All the education he received a Dutch captain, Cornelys de Witte, who, when a boat's amounted only to English reading, writing, and the crew which he commanded was surprised in a port on elements of arithmetic. He was then, at the age of the coast of America by an ambuscade of Spaniards, thirteen, bound apprentice to a small shopkeeper in the and driven to sea after four of them had been killed, neighbouring town of Snaith, which is on the sea-coast. seeing one of his men left behind on the beach, boldly Here he became so smitten with the love of a sea-life returned to the shore in the face of the enemy, and took that he could not rest till his wish was gratlfied; and him into his boat. “ This was an act of generosity," his master was at last induced to let him off, when he observes the French translator of the account of the entered himself as one of the crew of a vessel engaged Dutch voyage, “worth a wound which he received in in the coal trade. In this humble and laborious line of his side, and of which he was afterwards cured.” The life he continued till the breaking out of the war of 1755. news of the death of Cook was received by his counHe then entered the navy, as a common seaman, of trymen, and it may be said by the world, with the feelcourse. But now the native superiority of the man ing that one of the great men of the age was lost; and began to assert itself; and in four years he rose to be both in his own and in foreign nations public honours

were liberally paid to his memory. In the half century, more to the original owner. This singular law is generally of busy and enterprising exertion in every field of acti- evaded by a falsehood. The purchase-money is stated, in vity which has elapsed since his death, no newer name

the articles of agreement, at a higher sum than has been in the same department has yet eclipsed the lustre of agreed upon in the presence of four witnesses. There is his; and with reference to the peculiar character of his any man can oblige his neighbour to sell his house, if he

another no less singular law in Sicily, according to which fame, as contrasted with that of our other renowned sea- will pay him three times its value. The intention of this men, it has been well and justly remarked that, “while law was, the improvement of the towns. It was to encourage numberless have been our naval heroes who have sought the possessors of large houses to purchase the humble abodes and gained reputation at the cannon's mouth, and of the poor.-Count Stolberg's Travels. amidst the din of war, it has been the lot of Cook to derive celebrity from less imposing, but not less impor

Volcano in Iceland. The Oræfa mountain is not only the tant exploits, as they tended to promote the intercourse loftiest in Iceland, but has been rendered remarkable by the of distant nations, and increase the stock of useful great devastation made by its eruption about a century ago.

Nothing can be more striking than the account of this calascience *."

mity given by Jon Thorlakson, the aged minister of a neighbouring parish. He was in the midst of his service on the Sabbath, when the agitation of the earth gave warning that some alarming event was to follow. Rushing from the church, he saw a peak of the neighbouring mountain alternately heaved up and sinking; the next day, this portion of the mountain ran down into the plain, like melted metal from a crucible, filling it to such a height, that, as he says, no more of a mountain which formerly towered above it could be seen, than about the size of a bird ; volumes of water being in the mean time thrown forth in a deluge from the crater, sweeping away whatever they encountered in their course. The Oræfa itself then broke forth, hurling large masses of ice to a great distance; fire burst out in every direction from its sides; the sky was darkened by the smoke and ashes, so that the day could hardly be distinguished from the night. This scene of horror continued for more than three days, during which the whole region was converted into utter desolation.- North American Review for July, 1832.

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Farming in Iceland. The most important branch of rural labour in Iceland, is the lay-making. About the middle of July, the peasant begins to cut down the grass of the tûn (the green around his house), which is immediately gathered to a convenient place, in order to dry, and, after having been turned once or twice, is conveyed home on horseback to the yard, where it is made up into stacks. At the poorer farms, both men and women handle the scythe; but in general, the

women only assist in making the hay after it is cut. In [Portrait of Captain Cook.]

many parts of the island, where there is much hay, the pea

sants hire men from the fishing plains, who are paid for their DOMESTIC PEACE.

labour at the rate of thirty pounds of butter a week. They Tell me on what holy ground

cut by measurement; the daily task being about thirty square May domestic peace be found ?

fathoms. Hay-harvest being over, the sheep and cattle that Halcyon-daughter of the skies!

had been out all summer on the mountains are collected; the Far on fearful wing she flies

houses are put into a state of repair for the winter ; the wood From the tyrant's scepter'd state,

needed for domestic purposes is brought home to each farm; From the rebels noisy hate.

the turf is also taken in. During the winter, the care of the In a cottag'd vale she dwells,

cattle and the sheep devolves entirely on the men ; and conListning to the sabbath bells,

sists chiefly in feeding and watering the former, which are While all around her steps are seen

kept in the house, while the latter are turned out in the daySpotless Honour's meeker mien.

time to seek their food through the snow. When the snow Love, the sire of pleasing fears, Sorrow smiling through her tears ;

happens to be so deep that they cannot scrape it away themAnd, mindful of the past employ,

selves, the boys do it for them; and as the sustenance thus Memory, bosom spring of joy !--COLERIDGE. procured is exceedingly scanty, they generally get a little of

the meadow hay about this time. The farm hay is given to Ants in Brazil.–So numerous were the ants, and so the cows alone. All the horses, excepting perhaps a great was the mischief which they committed, that the favourite riding horse, are left to shift for themselves the Portugueze called this insect the King of Brazil; but it is whole winter, during which season they never lie down, but said by Piso, that an active husbandman easily drove them rest themselves by standing in some place of shelter. away, either by means of fire or of water; and the evil Henderson's Iceland. which they did was more than counterbalanced by the incessant war which they waged against all other vermin. In The Office of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge is at

59, Lincoln's-Ina Fields. some parts of South America they march periodically in armies, such myriads together, that the sound of their

LONDON :-CHARLES KNIGHT, PALL-MALL EAST. coming over the fallen leaves may be heard at some distance. The inhabitants, knowing the season, are on the Shopkomorile and Hawkers may be supplied Wholesale by the following

Booksellers, of had watch, and quit their houses, which these tremendous, but London, GROOMBRIDGE, Panger Alley. | Manchester, ROBINSON; and WEng welcome visitors clear of centipedes, forty-legs, scorpion, Bath, SIMMS. snake, every living thing; and having done their work, Birmingham, Draki.

Newcastle-upon Tyne, CHARXLEY. Bristol, WESTLEY and Co.

Nortoich, JARROLD and Sox.
proceed upon their
way.--Southey's Brazil.

Carlisle, THURNAM; and SCOTT, Nottingham, WRIGHT,
Derby, WILKINS and Son.

Osford, SLATTER.
Singular Customs.—There is a custom, proper to Sicily, Ereter, BALLE.

Doncaster, BROOKE and Co.

Plymouth, NETTLETON,

Portsea, HORSEY, Jun. which I must not forget to mention. This is a right of Falmouth, Prile.

Sheffield, RIDGE. purchase of a singular kind. If any man buy an estate, be Hull, STEPHENSON.

Staffordshire, Lane End, C. WATTS.

Worcester, DEIGHTON. it house, land, or vineyard, the neighbour of the purchaser, Leeds, Baines and Newsome. Dublin, WAKIMAN, for the space of an entire year afterward, may eject him by Lincoln, Brooks and Sons.

Edinburgh, OLIVER and BOYD. an advance of price. In vain would the first purchaser give Liverpool, Willmer and Skitu. Glasgow, ATKINSON and Co. * Gorton's Biographical Dictionary.

Printed by WILLIAM CLOWES, Stamford Street.

and Simms.

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