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niet zetten.

Flemish.

English.

The 'following specimen of the present state of the Van waer komt gy? From where come ye?

Frisian language is from the Westminster Review :The word gy is both the singular and plural pronoun

Lijk az Gods sinne swiet uus wrâd oerschijnt, thou or you if the g is pronounced like y, the resem

Like as God's sun sweetly our world o'ershines, blance to our own ye is apparent, which word in some

Iler warmte in ljeacht in groed in libben schinkt, parts of England is used for the singular pronoun thou.

Her warmth and and growth and life gives In some parts of this country also, g at the beginning

Lijk az de mijlde rein elk eker fijnt,
of a word is pronounced like y: thus gate is called Like as the mild rain ilk (each) acre finds,
yate.

Su dogi eak dat, wat in uus, minsken, tinkt.
Ik ken u nu.
I ken (know) you now.

So does eke (also) that, what in us, men, thinks.
This second example will cause no difficulty to a
Scotchman.

The Rev. John Hartley, who has travelled as a missionary
Waer wilt gy gaen ?
Where will you go?

in Greece, records in his Journal the following interesting Wat nieuws ? What news?

scriptural illustration :-“Having had my attention directed Hoe gaet het met u?

How goes it with you ? last night to the words, (John X. 3,)-The sheep hear His The dealer in cloth recommends his wares by saying voice, and He calleth His own sheep by name, &c., I asked to his customer,

my man if it was usual in Greece to give names to sheep.

He informed me that it was, and that the sheep obeyed the Ik heb van alle soorten. I have of all sorts.

shepherd when he called them by their names. This mornVan wat kouleur wilt gy? Of what colour will ye (have) ?

what colour do you choose ?

ing I had an opportunity of verifying the truth of this

remark. Passing by a flock of sheep, I asked the shepherd The host says to his friend at table,

the same question which I put to my servant, and he gave me Zet u daer, Set ’o there,

the same answer. I then bade him to call one of his sheep. daer. or Sit ye there.

He did so, and it instantly left its pasturage and its compaVergeeft my, ik zal my daer Forgive (excuse) me, I shall me nions, and ran up to the hand of the shepherd, with signs of

there not sit.

pleasure, and with a prompt obedience which I had never The guest asks for some meat and salad ; the host before observed in any other animal. It is also true of the

sheep in this country, that a stranger will they not follow, says,

but will flee from him ; for they know not the voice of the Houd, daer ist 't een en 't an- Hold (take), there is tone and strangers. The sheplierd told me that many of his sheep der.

tother.

are still wild; that they had not yet learned their names; The expression tone and tother, the one and the but that by teaching they would all learn them. The others other, is familiar enough in some parts of this island, which knew their names, he called TAMB." and was once used, as we have written it, in printed books.

Effect of Music in the Conversion of Savages.--Nolrega The host and his guests have a friendly altercation (a Jesuit) had a school, where he instructed the native about eating and talking :

children, the orphans from Portugal, and the mestizos, or

mixed breed. Reading, writing, and arithmetic were taught Mynheer, gy eet niet.

Sir, ye eat not. Ik heb wel gëeéten en wel ge- I have well eaten and well drunk-them; they were trained to assist at mass, and to sing the

church service, and frequently led in procession through dronken, God zy geloofd.

God be beloved.
En gy, Mynheer, gy zegt niet And ye, sir, ye say not a word. the town.

This had a great effect, for the natives were

passionately fond of music, so passionately, that Nolrega Gy spreekt niet meer als of Ye speak no more than if ye no began to hope the fable of Orpheus was a type of his gy geene tong had.

tongue had.

mission, and that by songs he was to convert the pagans of

Brazil. This Jesuit usually took with him four or five of Again,

these little choristers on his preaching expeditions; when De zon is zoo warm dat zy The sun is so warm that she they approached an inhabited place, one carried the crucifix brand. burns.

before them, and they began singing the Litany. The It should be observed that the Flemings and Germans savages, like snakes, were won by the voice of the charmer; call the sun she, and the moon is made a he; which is they received him joyfully, and when he departed with the just the reverse of our practice.

same ceremony, the children followed the music. He set

the catechism, creed, and ordinary prayers to sol fu; and Is het niet tyd van te bed te Is it not time (tide) to bed to go ? the pleasure of learning to sing was such a temptation, that

the little Tupis sometimes ran away from their parents to Our word tide, which signifies time, is now hardly put themselves under the care of the Jesuit.-Southey's ever used, except in compounds, such as noon-tide, History of Brazil. Whitsuntide, and in the word tidings. Gy kunt niet beter doen. Ye can't (can not) better do.

Fossil Remains of the Elephant in New Holland.- In a

pamphlet published last year at Sydney, New South Wales, Do-en and ga-en only differ from our do and go in by the Rev. J. D. Lang, detailing the steps which had naving the en at the end, which, as we have remarked in been taken for the establishment of an Academical Institua former number, still exists among us in such words as tion, or College, in that Colony, we find the following curious quick-en, sharp-en.

statement:-“ A collection of fossil bones which had been The mother is waking her daughter in the morning :

discovered in a lime-stone cave at Wellington Valley, by Myne dogter staet op.

George Rankin, Esq., of Bathurst, and to the discovery of My daughter stand (get) up. Het is tyd om naer de school It is time near to school to go.

which the writer had the honour of calling the attention of

the Colonial public, in an anonymous letter published in the Hoe, myne moeder, is het zoo How, my mother, is it so late?

Sydney Gazette, about eighteen months ago, was entrusted laet ?

to the writer by Mr. Rankin, for Professor Jameson, of the We recommend those who wish to compare the va- belonged to some large animal ; and Professor Jameson and

University of Edinburgh. One of the bones had evidently rious dialects of that extensively-spread language, of an eminent naturalist of the College of Surgeons in London, which ours is one, to see some specimens of the Frisian to whom it had afterwards been forwarded, coincided in re language in the Westminster Review, No. 23.

garding it as a bone of the hippopotamus. Not satisfied, how"In a large part of ancient Friesland,” says the ar

ever, with their own opinion concerning it, it was subsequently ticle alluded to, “the language has left no traces behind sent to M. Le Baron Cuvier of Paris ; and that distinguished it in the present day. In East Friesland it has been su- naturalist (Professor Janieson informed the writer just before perseded by the Low German, and in Groningen by the of a young elephant; thereby establishing the interesting

leaving Scotland) had ascertained that it was the thigh-bone common Dutch, modified by a few provincial idioms of and important fact, that the wilds of Australia were once Frisian character."

traversed by that enormous quadruped."

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en,

een woord.

gaen?

te gaen.

THE DIVING-BELL.

induced to enter one, after they have read the following The Diving-bell is an apparatus extensively employed account by Mr. Babbage of his descent with Mr. Harvey by the engineer in many difficult operations connected in a diving-bell at Plymouth :-“ To enter the bell, in with his arduous pursuits. Not only are rocks blasted is raised about three or four feet above the surface of by the force of gunpowder above the water, but below; the water; and the boat, in which the persons who proand the spirit-level of the plumb-line, and the nicely pose descending are seated, is brought immediately fitted joints of the stone-mason, are quite as much at- under it. The bell is then lowered, so as to enable them tended to at any reasonable depth below the surface of to step upon the footboard within it; and having taken the sea, as in the mightiest works on the land. Low their seats, the boat is removed, and the bell gradually water-mark is no longer a limit to the operations of the descends to the water. engineer; and he now lays his foundations on the edge of “ On touching the surface, and thus cutting off the a sub-marine precipice, with the same security and preci- communication with the external air, a peculiar sensation sion as characterise his noblest operations on the ground. is perceived in the ears; it is not, however, painful. The

The diving-bell commonly in use resembles nearly a attention is soon directed to another object. The air large box deprived of its bottom. Its ordinary length is rushing in through the valves at the top of the bell overabout six feet, its breadth five and a half, and its height flows, and escapes with a considerable bubbling noise four feet and a half. To avoid the necessity of fastening under the sides. The motion of the bell proceeds slowly, weights to make it descend, it is formed of cast-iron; and almost imperceptibly; and on looking at the glass and being made in one piece, and very thick, there is lenses close to the head, when the top of the machine no danger of the water forcing itself through the sides just reaches the surface of the water, it may be perceived, or top. It is also air-tight. The thickness of the sides by means of the little impurities which float about in it; of the bell prevents also its being fractured, should it by flowing into the recesses containing the glasses. A pain any accident receive a heavy blow.

now begins to be felt in the ears, arising from the inIn the top of the diving-bell is a round aperture, creased external pressure ; this may sometimes be communicating by a number of small circular holes with removed by the act of yawning, or by closing the nostrils the interior, where the holes are all covered and closed and mouth, and attempting to force air through the ears. by a piece of thick leather, which acts as a valve, and As soon as the equilibrium is established the pain ceases, admits air. A strong leather hose is screwed on to but recommences almost immediately by the continuance the external aperture, and from two holes near its sides of the descent. On returning, the same sensation of rise two strong chains, uniting in a ring, by which the pain is felt in the ears; but it now arises from the dense whole machine is to be suspended. In the top also are air which had filled thom endeavouring, as the pressure cemented twelve very thick lenses, for the purpose of is removed, to force its way out. admitting light. At the ends of the bell are two seats, “ If the water is clear, and not much disturbed, the placed at such a height, that the top of the head is but light in the bell is very considerable; and, even at the a few inches below the upper part of the bell; and in depth of twenty feet, was more than is usual in many the middle, about six inches above the lower edge, is sitting-rooms. Within the distance of eight or ten feet, placed a narrow board, on which the feet of the divers the stones at the bottom began to be visible. The pain rest. On one side, nearly on a level with the shoulders, in the ears still continued at intervals, until the descent is a small shelf

, with a ledge, to contain a few tools, of the bell terminated by its resting on the ground. chalk for writing messages, and a ring, to which a small Signals are communicated by the workmen in the rope is tied. A board is connected with this rope; and bell to those above, by striking against the side of the after writing any orders on the board with a piece of bell with a hammer. Those most frequently wanted are chalk, on giving it a pull, the superintendent above, indicated by the fewest number of blows; thus a single round whose arm the other end is fastened, will draw it stroke is to require more air. The sound is heard very up to the surface, and, if necessary, return an answer distinctly by those above.” by the same conveyance. “Our compliments to our Considering the extensive employment of the divingfriends above water," was the little memorandum written bell, few serious accidents have occurred. by the author of this brief notice, when he formed one since, the bell at Sheerness rested on the top of an old of a happy party at the bottom of the sea. “ Health pile. The men within repeatedly gave the signal to and prosperity to the ladies and gentlemen inhabiting lower instead of to raise the bell. This being obeyed, it the region of fishes,” was the answer which was received fell over, and two out of three who were in it, were to it in less than three minutes.

drowned; the third came to the surface, and was saved. On the top of the bell, on the inner side, it is usual to On another occasion at Blackwall, a bell, of which trial have some contrivance, by which stone or other bodies was being made on ship-board, was mismanaged. There may, if necessary, be suspended from the bell. The were three persons below when the water began to fill it. weight of the whole apparatus is about four tons. The One of them, with great presence of mind, dived underleather hose is connected with a double condensing neath the edge, came to the surface, gave the alarm, and pump, usually worked by four men. In order to give saved his companions. motion to the bell, it is suspended by a windlass purchase Several diving-bells have been constantly employed tackle, which is fixed on a moveable platform, having during the last five or six years at Plymouth, at every four wheels; these wheels move along an iron railway, variety of depth, and no accident whatever has happened which is itself fixed on another platform, having by the with them. The truth is, the whole apparatus is now so same means a motion in a direction transverse to the adınirably constructed, and the mode of applying it so former, at right angles to each other. Thus by two iron perfectly understood, that nothing but the grossest ignorailways, established on beams and supported by piles, rance and mismanagement could produce inconvenience. the lower being fixed in the direction of the length of The workmen constantly enter it without fear, and rethe wall, and the upper being on the lower moveable main several hours at the bottom of the sea, adjusting plane, it is possible to give the bell any position that stones of enormous weight, with the same accuracy and may be required.

precision as they would do above. There is even a There are many prejudices against diving-bells, just rivalry among the men who shall descend, on account of

In as there were once against stage-coaches, steam-boats, the very small extra pay allowed for working in it. and travelling by the power of vapour on rail-roads. South America, a large proportion of the treasure sunk Some of our readers, who have possibly misgivings re- in the Thetis has been recovered by means of the specting the safety of a descent in a diving-bell , may be diving-bell.

Some years

The following is a description, abridged from Brew- I think proper; and thus they could be safe even though the ster's Cyclopædia, of Spalding's Diving-Bell, which is rope for pulling up the bell was broken. This was accomrepresented in the following cut:

plished by affixing a second bell of smaller dimensions over

the large one, as shown at K,K; it contains twenty-fivegallons. A, B, C, D, represents the body of the bell, which is sus. In the top of it is a cock, d, which can be opened by the diver pended by four ropes, a, a, uniting together at their junction to permit the air to escape from the upper bell. Its handle with the great rope E. 6,6, ballast weights; these keep the comes down into the great bell through

the top at d. There mouth of the bell, C, D, always parallel to the surface of the is also another cock, e, in the top, which permits the air to water. By these weights alone, however, the bell would not pass out of the great bell, and rise into the small one. There sink; another is therefore added, F, which by means of a is so much space left between the two bells, that the water pully can be raised or lowered at pleasure. In descending, has free entrance into the upper as well as into the lower this balance weight hangs considerably below the bell. In bell

. When the bell is first let down, the cock, d, in the top case the edge of the bell is caught by any obstacle, the of the upper one is opened, and therefore the air escapes from balance weight is immediately lowered down, so that it may it, and the water fills it. In this state the bell is lighter than rest upon the bottom. By this means the bell is lightened, an equal bulk of water without the balance weight, though, and all danger of oversetting is removed; for being lighter with the addition of it, it is heavier. Now if the divers wish without the balance weight than an equal bulk of water, it is to raise themselves, they turn the small cock, e, by which a evident that the bell will rise as far as the length of rope communication is made between the bells. The consequence affixed to the balance weight will permit. This weight, of this is, that a quantity of air from the lower immediately therefore, will serve as a kind of anchor, to keep the bell at rushes into the upper bell, and forces out a quantity of the any desired depth. Instead of wooden seats, ropes are used water contained there. The air which is thus let out from suspended by hooks across the bottom of the bell; and on the lower bell 'must be immediately replaced from the airthese the diver stands. Two windows, made of strong thick barrel, and thus renders the bell lighter, by the whole weight glass, are fixed near the top of the bell. G, H, two air-casks of water which is displaced. The air is to be let out slowly, with their tackle, and, c, c, the flexible pipe, through which otherwise the bell will rise to the top with so great violence, air is admitted to the bell ; each cask contains forty gallons. that the divers will be in danger of being shaķen out of their I, is a cock by which hot air is discharged as often as it seats. The quantity let into the upper bell will determine becomes troublesome, and a fresh supply is obtained from the rate of its ascent. Thus, if a certain quantity of air is the air-casks.

admitted into the upper cavity, the bell with the balance By another ingenious contrivance, Mr. Spalding rendered weight will descend very slowly; if a greater quantity, it will įt possible for the divers to raise the bell with all its weights neither ascend nor descend; and if a larger quantity of air is to the surface, or to stop at any particular depth, as they still admitted, it will rise to the top.

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FASCINATION OF SERPENTS.

any wonder? Nature has taught different animals what animals are their enemies; and as the rattle-snake occasionally devours birds and squirrels, to these animals he must necessarily be an object of fear. Sometimes the squirrel drives away the serpent, but occasionally approaching too near his enemy, he is bitten or immediately devoured. , These hostilities, however, are not common.

“In almost every instance I have found that the supposed fascinating faculty of the serpent was exerted upon the birds at the particular season of their laying their eggs, or of their hatching, or of their rearing their young, still tender and defenceless. I now began to suspect, that the cries and fears of birds supposed to be fascinated originated in an endeavour to protect their nest or young. My inquiries have convinced me that this is the

[graphic]

case.

“I have already observed, that the rattle-snake does not climb up trees; but the black snake and some other species of the coluber do. When impelled by hunger and incapable of satisfying it by the capture of animals on the ground, they begin to glide up trees or bushes upon which a bird has its nest. The bird 'is not ignorant of the serpent's object. She leaves her nest, whether it contains eggs or young ones, and endeavours

to oppose the reptile's progress. In doing this, she is [Baltimore Oriole defending her nest from the Black Snake.]

actuated by the strength of her instinctive attachment

to her eggs, or of affection to her young. - Her 'cry is There is a very general opinion, which has been adopted melancholy, her motions are tremulous. She exposes even by some eminent naturalists, that several species of herself to the most imminent danger. Sometimes she serpents possess the power of fascinating birds and small approaches so near the reptile that he seizes her as his quadrupeds, by fixing their eyes upon the animal, so that prey. But this is far from being universally the case. the poor victim is unable to escape from his formidable Often she compels the serpent to leave the tree, and enemy. Dr. Barton, of Philadelphia, published, in 1796, then returns to her nest. a Memoir concerning the fascinating faculty which has “It is a well-known fact, that, among some species of been ascribed to the Rattle-snake, and other American birds, the female, at a certain period, is accustomed to Serpents,' in which he maintains that this supposed compel the young ones to leave the nest; that is, when power of fascination does not exist, and offers some in the young have acquired so much strength that they are genious explanations of the origin of what he considers no longer entitled to all her care. But they still claim a popular mistake. Our readers will, we think, be in some of her care. Their flights are awkward, and soon terested by an extract or two from this work :

broken by fatigue: they fall to the ground, when they “In conducting my inquiries into this curious subject are frequently exposed to the attacks of the serpent, I endeavoured to ascertain the two following points, viz. which attempts to devour them. In this situation of first, what species of birds are most frequently observed affairs, the mother will place herself upon a branch of a to be enchanted by the serpents ? and, secondly, at what tree, or bush, in the vicinity of the serpent. She will season of the year has any particular species been the dart upon the serpent, in order to prevent the destrucmost commonly under this wonderful influence? 1 sup- tion of her young; but fear, the instinct of self-praserposed this would furnish me with a clue to a right expla- vation, will compel her to retire. She leaves the sernation of the whole mystery.

pent, however, but for a short time, and then returns “ Birds have an almost uniform and determinate again. Oftentimes she prevents the destruction of her method of binding their nests, whether we consider the young, attacking the snake with her wing, her beak, or form of the nest, its materials, or the place in which it is her claws. Should the reptile succeed in capturing the fixed. Those birds which build their nests upon the young, the mother is exposed to less danger. For, ground, on the lower branches of trees, and on low whilst engaged in swallowing them, he has neither inbushes (especially on the sides of rivers, creeks, &c. that clination nor power to seize upon the old one. But the are frequented by different kinds of serpents), have appetite of the serpent tribe is great: the capacity of most frequently been observed to be under the enchant- their stomachs is not less so. The danger of the mother ing faculty of the rattle-snake, &c. Indeed, the bewitch- is at hand when the young are devoured: the snake ng spirit of these serpents seems to be almost entirely seizes upon her; and this is the catastrophe which .imited to these kinds of birds. Hence we so frequently crowns the tale of fascination ! hear tales of the fascination of our cat-bird, which builds “Some years since, Mr. Rittenhouse, an accurate, obits nest in the low bushes, on the sides of creeks, and server, was induced to suppose, from the peculiar melanother waters, the most usual haunts of the black snake choly cry of a red-winged maize-thief, that a snake was and other serpents. Hence, too, upon opening the at no great distance from it, and that the bird was in stomachs of some of our serpents, if we often find that distress

. He threw a stone at the place from which the they contain birds, it is almost entirely those birds which cry proceeded, which had the effect of driving the bird build in the manner I have just mentioned.

away. The poor animal, however, immediately re“The rattle-snake seldom, if ever, climbs up a tree. turned to the same spot. Mr. Rittenhouse now went Ile is frequently, however, found about their roots

, espe- to the place where the bird alighted, and, to his great cially in wet situations. It is said that it is often seen, astonishment, he found it perched upon the back of a curled round a tree, darting terrible glances at a squirrel, large black snake, which it was pecking with its beak. which after some time is so much influenced by these At this very time the serpent was in the act of swallow glances, or by some subtile emanation from the body of ing a young bird, and from the enlarged size of the rep the serpent, that the poor animal falls into the jaws of tile's belly it was evident that it had already swallowed its enemy. Is the animals fear and distress a matter of two or three other young birds. After the snake was

“ The

killed the old bird flew away. Mr. R. says, that the washed is a remedy against drunkennesse." cry and actions of this bird had been precisely similar to wolf is afraid of the urchin” or hedge-hog; “ thence, if we thos of a bird which is said to be under the influence of wash our mouth and throats with urchines blood, it will a serpent. The maize-thief builds its nest in low bushes, make our voice shrill, though before it were hoarse and the bottoms of which are the usual haunts of the black dull like a wolves voice." « The hart and the serpent snake. The reptile found no difficulty in gliding up to are at continual enmity: the serpent, as soon as he seeth the nest, from which most probably, in the absence of the hart, gets him into his hole, but the hart draws him out the mother, it had taken the young ones ; or it had again with the breath of his nostrils, and devours him : seized the young ones after they had been forced from hence it is that the fat and the blood of harts, and the the nest by the mother. In either case the mother had stones that grow in their eyes, are ministred as fit remecome to prevent them from being devoured."

dies against the stinging and biting of serpents." “ There is an antipathy between sheep and wolves, and it remains

in all their parts; so that an instrument strung with NATURAL MAGIC.

sheep strings, mingled with strings made of a wolfs guts, In a former number we noticed a work on Natural will make no musick, but jar and make all discords. Magic, in which the word Magic is applied to those phe

" The pomegranite will bring forth fruit just so many nomena which appear remarkable at first, but which can it." " If we cut our hair, or pair our nailes before the

years, as many daies as the moon is old when you plant be satisfactorily explained. The first meaning of the word supposed a commerce with evil spirits ; when this new moon, they will grow again but slowly; if at or ceased to be believed by philosophers, some of them about the new moon, they will grow again quickly.” applied the term to everything wonderful in nature, or

“ Bears eyes are oft times dimned; and for that cause which they were not able to explain. In this sense is they desire honeycombs above all things, that the bees the word used in the Natural Magic' of Baptista stinging their mouths, may thereby draw forth together Porta, from which we shall make a few extracts,

with the blood, that dull and grosse humour; whence that our readers may know how much the world has physicians learned to use letting blood, to cure the dimgained in the last two centuries. Let any man reflect nesse of the eyes.”. “ If you would have a man become for a moment on the fact, that the generation which bold or impudent, let him carry about him the skin or swallowed the absurdities here quoted, considered itself eyes of a lion or a cock, and he will be fearlesse of his so wise, that it made an erroneous opinion a capital enemies ; nay, he will be very terrible unto them. If offence.

you would have a man talkative, give him tongues, and John Baptista Porta was a Neapolitan philosopher of seek out for him water frogs, wilde-geese and ducks, and the sixteenth century, and died in 1615. He was a

other such creatures, notorious for their continual noise diligent inquirer into all the works of nature, and wrote

making.” treatises on various subjects. In his day it must not be believed everything which he found in a book; he some

It must not, however, be presumed that our author supposed that natural philosophy was altogether such as it is in ours, in the manner of cultivating it. Hard times exercises a judicious discretion. Thus of one good words, with an extract from a Greek author, were con- story he says, “ this was a kind of moon-calf,” and of sidered as sufficient for the explanation of any fact. the well-known story of the basilisk killing all who look Baptista Porta's celebrated work, Natural Magic

, upon him, he says boldly,“ this is a stark lie.” The was written in Latin; but, for the convenience of our

following is his account of the loadstone: “ I think the readers, we take our extracts from an English translation, loadstone is a mixture of stone and iron, as an iron stone, published in the year 1658. We give the spelling just or a stone of iron. Yet do not think the stone is so as we find it, in order that many who have never read changed into iron as to lose its own nature, nor that the an old book may see how little their language has iron is so drowned in the stone, but it preserves it self; changed its orthography in nearly two centuries: By the attraction is made by the combat between them. In

and whilst one labours to get the victory of the other, magic the author does not mean dealing with evil spirits ; in his own words, “There are two sorts of that body there is more of the stone, then of iron ; and magick: the one is infamous and unhappie, because it therefore the iron, that it may not be subdued by the hath to do with foul spirits and consists of inchant- stone, desires the force and company of iron ; that not ments and wicked curiosity; and this is called Sorcery; being able to resist alone, it may be able by more help to an art which all learned and good men detest ; neither defend itself. For all creatures defend their being; whereis it able to yield any truth of reason or nature, but fore that it may enjoy friendly help, and not lose its own stands meerly upon fancies and imaginations, such as

perfection, it willingly draws iron to it, or iron comes vanish presently away, and leave nothing behinde them willingly to that.” the other magic is natural, which all excellent wise men

With this most ingenious explanation, we take our do admit and embrace, and worship with great applause." leave of Baptista Porta. A magician must be “an exact and a very perfect philosopher"-a physician, a botanist, a mineralogist, a distiller (we should now say a chemist), a mathema

THE ORNITHORHYNCHUS. tician, and an astrologer (or astronomer). “Lastly, The following interesting fact in Natural History was the professor of this science must also be rich: for if we communicated by Dr. Weatherhead to the Committee of lack money, we shall hardly work in these cases : for it Science of the Zoological Society at a recent meeting: is not philosophy that can make us rich; we must first For the last five and twenty years naturalists in be rich that we may play the philosophers." We shall | Europe have been striving to obtain the carcass of the now see how our author plays the philosopher. Many impregnated female Ornithorhynchus Paradorus, for of his notions are borrowed from Pliny, Aristotle, Pytha- the purpose of ascertaining its mode of gestation, but goras, and others of the ancients.

without success; for it is by dissection alone that “ There is a wonderful enmity between cane and the hitherto doubtful and disputed point concerning fern, so that one of them destroyes the other. Hence it the anomalous and paradoxical manner of bringing is, that a fern root powned, doth loose and shake out the forth and rearing its young, can be satisfactorily darts from a wounded body, that were shot or cast out of demonstrated. canes.” “The ape of all other things cannot abide a snail: This long-sought-for desideratum is at length atnow the ape is a drunken beast, for they are wont to tained. Through the kindness of his friend, Lieutenant take an ape by making him drunk ; and a snail well the Honourable Lauderdale Maule, of the 39th Regi

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