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you wish to obtain real knowledge, beyond the gratifi-| fancy, by which he could raise pleasure to her height," cation of passing curiosity.

consisted in presenting to his “mind's eye” the infinite In future numbers we shall briefly mention what is beauties of the creation. The “ daisy," whose rememmost worthy your attention in this National Collection. brance gladdened even his prison-walls, brought to him

images of the quiet and purity of the “flowery fields." POESIE.

Such images every body may enjoy, and may gradually [GEORGE WITHER, BORN 1588, DID 1677.]

learn to associate the commonest appearances of nature Though I miss the flowery fields,

with a high moral feeling. We have many instances of With those sweets the spring-tide yields, Though I may not see those groves,

this power of association in our finest poets : let us take Where the shepherds chaunt their loves,

as an example the following lines by a writer of our own And the lasses more excel,

Then the sweet-voiced Philomel;

Though of all those pleasures past,

Bright tower, whose home is every where!
Nothing now remains at last,

A pilgrim bold in Nature's care,
But remembrance (poor relier)

And oft, the long year through, the heir
That more makes, then mends my grief

Of joy or sorrow.
She's my mind's companion still,

Methinks that there abides in thee
Maugre Envy's evil will.
She doth tell me where to borrow

Some concord with humanity,
Comfort in the midst of sorrow;

Given to no other flower I see
Makes the desolatest place

The forest thorough!
To her presence be a grace;

And wherefore ? Man is soon deprest;
And the blackest discontents

A thoughtless thing! who, once unblest,
Be her fairest ornaments.

Does little on his memory rest,
In my former days of bliss,

Or on his reason.
Her divine skill taught me this,

But thou would'st teach him how to find
That from every thing I saw,

A shelter under every wind;
I could some invention draw;

A hope for times that are unkind,
And raise pleasure to her height

And every season.

Through the meanest object's sight.
By the murmur of a spring,

Or the least bough's rustling;

By a daisy whose leaves spread,

It seems, on the first view, somewhat odd to talk
Shut when Titan goes to bed,

about choice of dwelling to a labouring man.
Or a shady bush or tree,
She could more infuse in me,

occur to such a person, that as he has seldom more than Then all nature's beauties can,

two or three shillings per week to allow for rent, he must In some other wiser man,

be contented with the humble accommodations that can By her help I also now

be afforded for that sum. This is, to a certain extent, Make this churlish place allow

true; but it is not therefore to be concluded that the exSome things that may sweeten gladness In the very gall of sadness.

ercise of a little prudence may not put him in possession The dull loneness, the black shade,

of some advantages with his two or three shillings, which That those hanging vaults have made,

the want of that quality would exclude him from. There The strange music of the waves

are some dwellings so badly situated, in such ill repair, Beating on these hollow caves, This black den which rocks emboss,

and altogether so miserable, that a man exposes himself Overgrown with eldest moss,

and his family to disease and every other inconvenience The rude portals that give light,

by inhabiting them. Such hovels are usually tenanted More to terror than delight,

by people who are behind-hand in paying their rent, and This my chamber of neglect, Walled about with disrespect,

so cannot leave them ; or who, being steeped to the From all these, and this dull air,

very lips in poverty,” are indifferent to cleanliness and A fit object for despair,

all other comforts. It is possible that an industrious and She hath taught me by her might

careful family may, for some time, be obliged to live To draw comfort and delight.

in a wretched house; but it is their own fault if they Therefore, thou best earthly bliss, I will cherish thee for this.

continue in it. In this country the poor are better lodged Poesie, thou sweet'st content,

than in any other in Europe; and within the last twenty That e'er Heaven to mortals lent;

years the increase of population and of productive labour Though they as a trifle leave thee,

has caused a demand for cottages, which has covered Whose dull thoughts cannot conceive thee, Though thou be to them a scorn,

every parish, and particularly the neighbourhood of large That to nought but earth are born:

towns, with an amazing number of snug little houses, Let my life no longer be,

in which provision is generally made for the comfort Than I am in love with thee.

of those who inhabit them. Now, while there is such a George Wither, the author of the above lines, was choice of dwellings, it is very much a labouring man's several times subjected to long and severe imprisonment fault if he does not have a commodious one; and if he for his political opinions. While in the Marshalsea continue to be the tenant of a damp, or ruinous, or badly prison in 1613, he wrote his Shepherd's Hunting,' a ventilated hut, while the snug brick and tiled tenement pastoral poem, from which this is an extract. The verses remains vacant, we should say that he is a blind and are not only beautiful in themselves, but they point out stupid observer of an old proverb (which, however, has how a vigorous mind will secure happiness under the much sense in it) that “three removes are as bad as a most unfavourable circumstances. The imagination of fire.' Wither was delighted to repose upon the most common We wish to offer a few plain hints to assist our readers natural objects ;—and in the same way, the man who in the choice of a dwelling. And, first, of situation. possesses the least of the outward gifts of fortune, if his Whoever rambles through our villages must often see faculties be awake to the beauties which nature has so a pretty little cottage, that realizes all that benevolence plenteously scattered around his path, may possess in could wish for a labouring man's dwelling. We have himself a source of pleasure of the purest kind. The seen many such; and the remembrance often occurs to raptuse which Wither expresses for • Poesie’ may to us, when we observe rich men unhappy, in large mansome appear overstrained; but let it not be thought sions, and amongst splendid furniture. We then think that the poet attributed this power of imparting delight of the contrast which the simplicity and content of the to his faculty alone of making verses. The exerciss of his “ peasant's nest” offers. Who has not looked upon

the whitened walls, half covered with roses and jessa- | Savings Bank, he may afford his wife a mahogany teamine, and the neat garden, where ornament is blended table. An American writer has given some judicious with utility,

remarks upon this subject, which apply to all classes. And said, if there's peace to be found in the world,

If you are about to furnish a house, do not spend all A heart that is humble may hope for it here !

your money, be it much or little. Do not let the beauty o. But an agreeable dwelling is not always to be com

this thing, and the cheapness of that, tempt you to buy unnecessary articles.

Doctor Franklin's maxim was a wise manded ; nor is the best situation always to be found. If a cottager have a house with a northern aspect, he must enough to get along with at first. It is only by experience

one 'Nothing is cheap that we do not want. Buy merely pay a little more attention to his gooseberry and apple that you can tell what will be the wants of your family. If trees, to make them bear as plentifully as those which you spend all your money, you will find you have purchased are trained in a southern sun. We are only desirous to many things you do not want, and have no means left to get caution him against a house that is truly uncomfortable, many things which you do want. If you have enough, and and that cannot be easily rendered otherwise.

more than enough, to get every thing suitable to your situaWe would first say, avoid, if it be possible, a low and tion, do not think you must spend it all, merely because you marshy situation. There are many dangerous fevers easy and pleasant to increase in comforts; but it is always

Begin humbly. As riches increase, it is which are produced by the vicinity of stagnant waters : painful and inconvenient to decrease. After all, these things and houses which from their site are constantly damp are viewed in their proper light by the truly judicious and expose those who inhabit them to rheumatism, croup, respectable. Neatness, tastefulness, and good sense may ague, and other painful disorders. The same effects be shown in the management of a small household, and the are produced by dwelling-houses which are subject to arrangement of a little furniture, as well as upon a larger occasional inundations of rivers. To be driven in cold scale; and these qualities are always praised, and always weather from the accustomed fire-side to shiver in bed- many purchase by living beyond their income, and of course

treated with respect and attention. The consideration which rooms which have probably no grate; to have two or living upon others, is not worth the trouble it costs. The three feet of water running through the lower part of glare there is about this false and wicked parade is decepthe house, destroying many things and injuring more ; tive; it does not in fact procure a man valuable friends, or and at last, when the inundations cease, to find the extensive influence. whole dwelling damp and miserable for several weeks: this is a visitation which no one would willingly seek.

However small may be a man's income, there is one very If a cottager has therefore the choice of being on a hill certain way of increasing it—that is Frugality. A frugal side, or by the bank of a river, we think, if he were a and as there are now established throughout this country

expenditure will enable almost every body to save something; sensible man, he would prefer the elevated situation.

Banks, where the industrious may safely deposit their On the construction of a dwelling, we have not much savings, however little they may be, and receive the same to observe. The great requisite is the free admission of sort of advantage which the rich derive from their money, light and air. Dark rooms are an inconvenience to the that is, interest, there is every inducement to make an effort industrious housewife which we need not describe ; and

to save.

Dr. Franklin observes, in his usual forcible way, rooms not properly ventilated are more injurious to

that “six pounds a-year is but a groat a-day. For this health than may readily oe conceived. Every sleep

little sum, which may be daily wasted, either in time or ing-room should have a chimney. In England, no

expense unperceived, a man of credit may, on his own

security, have the constant possession and use of a hundred sitting-room is, we apprehend, without onc. But in and twenty pounds.” Many humble men in England have Ireland, the peasantry have neither window nor chimney risen to wealth by such small beginnings; but many more to their wretched hovels. The smoke of the turf, which continue to expend the groat a-day unnecessarily, and never burns upon their hearth, forces its way out by the door; cease to be poor. and the family sit and sleep in this dark and dirty condition. This would be intolerable amongst the more cleanly A certain pope, who had been raised from an obscure and richer peasantry of this country

situation to the apostolic chair, was immediately waited upon of the appendages to a house, a good supply of by a deputation sent from a small district, in which he had water is one of the most necessary conveniences.

If the formerly officiated as cure; it seems that he had promised pitcher is to be carried a dozen times a day to a spring should ever be in his power; and some of them now appeared

the inhabitants that he would do something for them, if it or a well a quarter of a mile off, it is almost the labour before him, to remind him of his promise, and also to reof one person to procure this supply; and that labour quest that he would fulfil it, by granting them two harvests would contribute as much to the family earnings, as in in every year! He acceded to their modest request, on twelve months would dig a well. No cottager should be condition that they should go home immediately, and so adwithout a garden. A rood of land, properly cultivated, just the Almanack of their own particular district, as to will half maintain a careful family.

make every year of their Register consist of twenty-four of the fixtures of a house we cannot be expected to calendar months. say much. A copper and an oven will enable the female to labour most profitably for the general good. A cot Sir George Staunton visited a man in India who had tager that can grow his own potatoes, keep his pig, brew committed a murder, and, in order not only to save his life, his beer, and bake his bread, has not many necessaries miited to the penalty imposed; this was, that he should sleep

but what was of much more consequence, his caste, he subto purchase of the shopkeeper, and is therefore, to a cer

for seven years on a bedstead, without any mattress, the tain extent, independent in the best sense of the word.

whole surface of which was studded with points of iron, reAs to furniture, we would say, avoid furnished lodg- sembling nails, but not so sharp as to penetrate the flesh. ings. The bed and table, and two or three chairs, of Sir George saw him in the fifth year of his probation, and these places seldom cost more than 51., the interest of his skin was then like the hide of a rhinoceros, but more which is only 5s. a year. The money annually paid for callous; at that time, however, he could sleep comfortably the use of such things is almost as much as their prime on his bed of thorns,” and remarked, that at ihe expiration cost. There is a satisfaction, too, in knowing that what of the term of his

sentence, he should most probably con

tinue that system from choice, which he had been obliged to is about us is our own. It is better to sit upon an old

adopt from necessity. box or a block of wood than to pay enorm

rmously for the hire of a chair; and we may sleep as soundiy upon a LONDON: CHARLES KNIGHT, PALL-MALL EAST. straw mattress as upon an expensive feather bed. One Published in the City, by R. GROOMBRIDOR, Panger.Alley, Paternoster-Row;

in Birmingham, by Drake; in Leeds, by Baines and Co.; in Liverpool, by secret to be happy in every situation of life is this,-not Wilmer and Smith; in Manchester, by Robinson; in Dublin, by Wako to sacrifice real comfort and solid independence to make man; in Edinburgh, by Oliver and Boyd ; and, in Glasgow, by Atkinson. a show. When the cottager has got ten pounds in the

Printed by WILLIAX CLOWII, 14, Charing Cross.,


Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge.



[APRIL 14, 1832.



apartments belonging to the Royal Society, the Society The history of Somerset-house is, in a great degree, a of Antiquaries, the Geological Society, and the Royal history of the variable characteristics of successive ages. Academy of Arts. The present building is of modern date. But upon the same site stood the old Somerset-house, erected in the EMIGRATION TO THE NORTH AMERICAN year 1549, by the Protector Somerset. This was the

COLONIES. age of arbitrary violence and lawless power. Somerset The Commissioners appointed by his Majesty's Gohouse originally rose upon the ruins of ecclesiastical edi- vernment to superintend and facilitate emigration to the fices and of private dwellings. The proud man who Colonies have just published a little tract *, the extensive degraded and abused his authority, by making it the circulation of which, we think, will be productive of minister to his personal gratification, pulled down an much benefit. The reliance which may be safely placed ancient church, an inn of court

, and a number of houses, on an official document gives this publication a peculiar to make room for the magnificent palace which he here value. It should be in the hands of every one who is erected. Not the slightest compensation was made to interested (either on his own account, or on that of the owners. But Somerset did not long enjoy the poor others) in possessing accurate information respecting gratification of his splendid abode. He died on the the facilities which are afforded to persons who wish to scaffold in the year 1552.

emigrate to the Canadas, or to New Brunswick. The In succeeding times Somerset-house became the re- great difficulty which formerly beset the emigrant, was sidence of various queens. The great Elizabeth some his helpless condition on his arrival in a strange country. times resided here. Anne of Denmark, Queen to For want of knowledge of the country—for want of an James I., here kept her court, which was remarkable acquaintance with persons who possessed that knowfor its grotesque amusements, being, as an old author ledge—and too frequently from acquaintance with persays, “a continued masquerade." The unfortunate sons who possessed that knowledge, but who turned it Queen of Charles I. resided here after her husband's to their own account and to his disadvantage, the emiexecution; and here the Roman Catholic Queen of grant, to use a common phrase, not knowing which way Charles II. kept a separate court. Those were the to turn himself, frequently turned wrong, and the bad ages in which royalty displayed itself in cumbrous consequences of a mistake, at so critical a moment, can pomp; and in which religious contentions of the most seldom be retrieved. The offer of a grant of land rather intolerant character interrupted the quiet of the people, increased his difficulty; for, when a poor man had got and degraded the faith which, as it was professed, this bit of land, he soon found that he had not the they were meant to uphold.

means of living during the interval necessary to raise a At length arrived the age of regulated freedom,-of crop, and that if he had the means of doing so, he did national wealth produced by unfettered industry, -of not know how to apply his labour and his money to the science applied to the manufacturing arts ---of diffused best advantage. So that he was, after all, forced to comforts and enjoyments. In the reign of George III. work for wages, until he could get together a few a building of sufficient magnitude for the business of savings, and could learn a little of the way of living and several of the most important departments of public farming in Canada. Now, in Canada, there is plenty affairs was required, and old Somerset-house presented of work and very high wages; so that an industrious an eligible site. The present extensive pile was com- man has not long to wait for good employment under menced in 1774, from the design of Sir William any circumstances. But it is very vexatious to have Chambers.

The principal departments of Government which are bere carried on, are the Stamp-Office

, the Victualling gration, respecting the British Colonies in North America - London: Office, the Audit-Office, and the Navy-Office. The Booksellers and Newsrenders. Price Two Pence, or 1s. 9d. per dozer front of Somerset-house to the Strand contains the for distribution.



For a grov


For a Child under Fourteen.

under Seven.


spent time and money, and perhaps health, and to find use in the colony, may have the means of making the oneself obliged to begin all over again. The Commis- money payable there, instead of giving it into the hands sioners, therefore, recommend the emigrant, who has of the emigrant before he leaves this country. little to depend upon but his own manual labour, to The number of emigrants is considerable already, begin by working for wages. Land is no longer given and the Commissioners have done wisely in directing for nothing, but it is to be had so cheap, and labour is their attention, in the first instance, to providing for so well paid, that if a man is thrifty as well as in the emigrant on his arrival in Canada; but in the work dustrious, be ought to be able to become a purchaser of facilitating his departure from this country, much reby the time he has learned enough of the way of the mains for them to do. They have begun at the right country to be a successful cultivator.

end, and begun well; but the Commissioners will not It is clear, therefore, that the best thing that Govern- fulfil the expectation which the public have formed from ment can do is to secure immediate employment for their appointment, unless, in due time, they apply themthe emigrant labourer. And, for this purpose, Agents selves to remove the difficulties which atiend the first are maintained at the principal colonial ports, whose steps of the emigrant. We say, in due time, because duty it is to protect emigrants against imposition on we do not wish to see encouragement to emigrate held their first landing, to acquaint them with the demand out to the labouring poor, until preparation is fully made for labour in different districts, to point out the best for their well-doing elsewhere, and until the legislature roads and conveyances, and to give them such advice give their sanction to such improvements in our system as may set them in a fair way of doing well. For this of poor laws, as shall render the departure of the emivaluable assistance no fee or reward will be accepted by grant a real and permanent benefit to his country as the agents. When a private engagement cannot be had well as to himself. `In a future number we shall return without loss of time, employment will be afforded on to this interesting and important subject. some of the public works which are going on. No emigrant should lose a minute after his arrival in going THE SEASONS OF THE ANTIPODES. straightway to the Government Agent for Emigrants

, The inhabitants of a place occupying a position on the where he will find what he most wants—advice and surface of the globe directly opposite to our own country employment

are called our Antipodes, a name derived from two Greek The best months for leaving England are March and words meaning opposite and foot. If Hobart Town, the April.

capital of Van Diemen's Land, were about fourteen hun The price of passage from the different ports is stated dred miles farther east, and about five hundred miles farther to be as under:

south, the inhabitants of that place and the inhabitants

of London would stand with their feet planted exactly From London &

against each other. As it is, the difference in longitude the Eastern



occasions a difference between the time of the day with Ports From Liverpool,

them and with us of nearly ten hours—or, when it is Greenock, and the Ports of 41. to 51. 21. to 21. 106. 11. 6s. 8d. to 11. 13s. 4d. noon, for example, with us, it is about ten o'clock at

night with them. The more remarkable difference, howIreland

ever, between their situation and ours is that arising from For children under twelve months no charge is made. the circumstance that we lie on the one side of the equaAt the above charges the emigrant is supplied with pro- tor, and they nearly at as great a distance on the other. , visions during the voyage, and this is, perhaps, the best The consequence is, that when it is winter in England, it mode of making the bargain, as the emigrant is pro-is summer in Van Diemen's Land; when winter there, tected by law against the supply of provisions being in- summer here ; and that all the appearances of the year, sufficient, and dangerous mistakes are frequently made in short, are completely reversed in the two countries. by persons who are not in the habit of laying in stores, Thus the spring quarter of the Van Diemen's Land year and who are not able to foresee what they shall want on begins in September, on the first day of which month, as board a ship. Besides the probability of their being is seen by the Calendar in the Van Diemen's Land much better provided for by the shipowner than by Almanack, the sun rises and sets at the same hours as it themselves, it is pretty certain that they will save money does with us on the 4th of March; and the day is by it. The price of a passage, exclusive of provisions, lengthening, as in our spring. It continues to do so that is, where nothing is found by the shipowner but till the 21st of December (our shortest day), when it is water, fuel, and bed-places, is one-half of the above at the longest; and then it gradually diminishes in rates. To avoid being detained at the port by the length through the summer and autumnal months of vessel not sailing on the appointed day, a particular January, February, March, April, and May, till on day ought always to be named in the bargain ; after the 21st of June (our longest day) it reaches the utmost which, whether the ship sails or not, the passenger is to limit of its contraction. The latitude of Hobart Town, be received on board and victualled by the owners. It however, being not quite so high as durs, the longest that is done, the emigrant has a right to be received on day there is not so long, nor the shortest day so short, board on that day so named, and to consider the ship as with us. The length of their 21st of December as his home until she does sail. This prevents his being is about 15 hours 12 minutes, that of our 21st of June brought to the place of embarkation too soon, and kept being 16 hours 34 minutes; and that of their 21st of waiting at a tavern, where he may spend the little money June is 8 hours 48 minutes, that of our 21st of Decemhe has, or contract debts which will prevent his leaving ber being only 7 hours 44 minutes. Our earliest sunthe country.

rise is at 43 minutes past 3, theirs at 24 minutes past Einigrants should bear in mind that the sea-voyage 4; our latest sunset is at 17 minutes past 8, theirs at will not bring them at once to the place of their destina- 36 minutes past 7. At no period of the year, therefore, do tion, but that at least £2 should be reserved for each their days either increase or decrease so fast as ours. In grown person for the inland journey. Including the reviewing the different seasons with reference to this partijourney from his home to the port where he gets on cular of the continuance of the sun above the horizon, it may buard, the expense to a grown person of removing to be stated generally that September, October, and NovemCanada appears, from this document, to be from £7 | ber in Van Diemen's Land answer very nearly to March to £9.

and April in England; December, January, and FeArrangements have been made by which persons, bruary there, to May, June, July, August, and about the who may wish 10 furnish emigrants with money for their first third of September with us; March, April, and

May there, to the reniainder of September, October, and covered that the cause was a slight mal-adjustment of some the first third of November with us; and June, July, of the work. In a short period it was obviated. The boat and Aurust there, to the remainder of November, De was again put in motion. She continued 10 move on. All cember, January, and February here. There are other were still incredulous. None seemed willing to trust ihe circumstances, however, besides the mere length of the evidence of their own senses. We left the fair city of New days which affect the progress of the seasons ; and there. York; we passed through the romantic and ever varying

scenery of the highlands; we descried the clustering houses fore the succession of the natural appearances of the of Albany; we reached its shores; and then, even then, year in the two countries will not be found to follow when all seemed achieved, I was the victim of disappointexactly the commencement and close of these correspond-ment. Imagination superseded the intluence of fact. It ing periods.

was then doubted if it could be done again; or, if done,

it was doubted if it could be made of any great value." DISAPPOINTMENTS OF THE AUTHORS OF IMPORTANT INVENTIONS.

THUS I THINK, ALMOST every one who has rendered a great service [From Locke's Miscellaneous Papers, published in his Life by Lord King.] to mankind, by striking out inventions, whose objects It is a man's proper business to seek happiness and are misconceived or imperfectly understood by the world, avoid misery. Happiness consists in what delights and has had to complain of the neglect or coldness of his contents the mind : misery in what disturbs, discomown generation. Even his best friends are apt to suspect his motives and undervalue his labours. The real recom

poses, or torments it. pense, in such circumstances, as in all others, is the con. I will therefore make it my business to seek satisfaction sciousness of doing one's duty. Fulton, the inventor of the and delight, and avoid uneasiness and disquiet ; to have steam-boat in North America, which, in a few years, has as much of the one and as little of the other as may be. produced such an astonishing change in that vast country, But here I must have a care I mistake not; for if I by connecting together its most distant states, sustained the prefer a short pleasure to a lasting one, it is plain I cross mortification of not being comprehended by his countrymen, my own happiness. He was, therefore, treated as an idle projector, whose schemes would be useless to the world and ruinous to himself. Ata

Let me then see wherein consists the most lasting discourse, delivered at the Mechanics' Institute, Boston, in pleasure of this life, and that, as far as I can observe, is 1829, by Judge Story, the feelings of Fulton, upon his first in these things : public experiment, are thus related:

1st. Health, without which no sensual * pleasure “I myself have heard the illustrious inventor of the can have any relish. steam-boat relate, in an animated and affecting manner, the 2nd. Reputation,--for that I find every body is history of his labours and discouragements. When, said pleased with, and the want of it is a constant torment. he, I was building my first steam-boat at New York, the project was viewed by the public, either with indifference or find I would not sell at any rate, nor part with for any

3rd. Knowledge,---for the little knowledge I have, I with contempt, as a visionary scheme. My friends, indeed, were civil, but they were shy. They listened with patience

other pleasure. to my explanations, but with a settled cast of incredulity on 4th. Doing good,—for I find the well-cooked meat I their countenances. I felt the full force of the lamentation eat to-day does non no more delight me, nay, I am disof the poet,

eased after a full m.);—the perfumes I smelt yesterday • Truths would you teach, to save a sinking land,

now no more affect me with any pleasure: but the good Ali shuo, none aid you, and few understand.'

turn I did yesterday, a year, seven years since, continues As I had occasion to pass daily to and from the building; still to please and delight me as often as I reflect on it. yard, while noy boat was in progress, I have often loitered

5th. The expectation of eternal and incomprehensible unknown near the idle groups of strangers, gathering in happiness in another world is that also which carries a little circles, and heard various inquiries as to the object of constant pleasure with it. this new vehicle. The language was uniformly that of

If, then, I will faithfully pursue that happiness I proscorn, or sneer, or ridicule. The loud laugh often rose at my expense; the dry jest ; the wise calculation of losses and pose to myself, whatever pleasure offers itself to me, I expenditures; the dull but endless repetition of the Fulton must carefully look that it cross not any of those five Folly. Never did a single encouraging remark, a bright great and constant pleasures above mentioned. For hope, or a warm wish, cross my path. Silence itself was example, the fruit I see tempts me with the taste of it but politeness, veiling its doubts, or hiding its reproaches that I love ; but if it endanger my health, I part with At length the day arrived when the experiment was to be put into operation. To me it was a most trying and interest pleasure, and so foolishly make myself unhappy, and am

a constant and lasting for a very short and transient ing occasion. I invited many friends to go on board to witness the first successful trip. Many of them did me the not true to my own interest. favour 10 attend, as a matter of personal respect; but it was

Innocent diversions delight me: if I make use of manifest that they did it with reluctance, fearing to be the them to refresh myself after study and business, they partners of my mortification, and not of my triumph. I preserve my health, restore the vigour of my mind, and was well aware, that, in my case, there were many reasons increase my pleasure ; but if I spend all, or the greater to doubt of my own success. The machinery was new and part of my time in them, they hinder my improvement ill-made ; many parts of it were constructed by mechanics in knowledge and useful arts, they blast my credit, and might reasonably be presumed to present themselves from give me up to the uneasy state of shame, ignorance, and other causes. The moment arrived in which the word was contempt, in which I cannot but be very unhappy. to be given for the vessel to move. My friends were in Drinking, gaming, and vicious delights will do ine this groups on the deck. There was anxiety mixed with fear mischief, not only by wasting my time, but by a positive among them. They were silent, and sad, and weary. I injury endanger my health, impair my parts, imprint ill read in their looks nothing but disaster, and almost repented habits, lessen my esteem, and leave a constant lasting of my efforts. The signal was given, and the boat moved torment on my conscience; therefore ail vicious and on a short distance, and then stopped, and became immove unlawful pleasures I will always avoid, because such a able. To the silence of the preceding moment now succeeded murmurs of discontent, and agitations, and whispers, mastery of my passions will afford me a constant pleasure and shrugs. I could hear distinctly repeated, 'I told you it greater than any such enjoyments, and also deliver ine would be so, it is a foolishi scheme; I wish we were well from the certain evil of severał kinds, that by indulging out of it. I elevated myself upon a platform, and addressed myself in a present temptation I shall certainly afterthe assembly. I stated that I knew not what was the wards suffer. matter; but if they would be quiet, and indulge me for half All innocent diversions and delights, as far as they an hour, I would either go on, or abandon the voyage for will contribute to my health, and consist with my improve. that time. This short respite was conceded without objection. I went below, examined the machinery, and dis

* As opposed to intellectual.

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