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This dust continued to be blown from the mountain them standing in the midst of inclosed fields, gardens, many days after the eruption had ceased. It once made a and orchards, have been built in all directions. A single pretty figure of me! I was riding up the Posilippo road agricultural association, called the Van Diemen's Land when it came on to rain; the rain brought down and Company, possess a continuous tract of above three hungave consistency to the dust, which adhered to my black dred thousand acres, in the north-west part of the island. coat and pantaloons, until I looked as if I had been About four hundred and fifty persons reside on this prorolled in plaster of Paris.
perty. There are two government settlements for persons But it travelled farther than Posilippo, for a friend of convicted of crimes in the colony, Macquarie Harbour on mine, an officer in the navy, assured me had fallen the west coast, and Maria Island on the east. with rain on the deck of his ship, when between three The face of the country, though extremely diversified, and four hundred miles from Naples and Mount Vesu-is mountainous on the whole; and especially as seen vius. There is an old story, that during one of the great from the south presents a prospect of singular sublimity; eruptions of this mountain, or Etna, cinders were thrown hills covered to the ridge with trees, occasionally interas far as Constantinople: by substituting the fine powder mingled with a bare rocky eminence, appearing to rise I have alluded to, for cinders, the story becomes not behind each other in endless succession. Some of the improbable,
C. M. mountains on the south coast are five thousand feet in
height, and during a great part of the year are covered VAN DIEMEN'S LAND.
with snow. Mount Wellington, or the Table Mountain, (Concluded from our last.]
a few miles to the west of Hobart Town, rises to the The island of Van Diemen's Land lies immediately to height of four thousand feet above the level of the sea. the South of the vast continent of New Holland, from The interior, however, contains many extensive plains which it is separated by the narrow channel called Bass's quite unincumbered with wood. Even the western Strait. If New Holland be regarded as a great full bag coast, where the scenery in general is bold and desolate, or sack, Bass's Strait will represent the neck where it is presents many protected and fertile spots. The bays drawn together and tied close, and Van Diemen's Land and harbours around the coast are numerous and excelthe small bunch or gathering made beyond the string lent. In this respect Hobart Town especially is most by the mere lip of the sack. While New Holland is favourably situated. The principal rivers are the Derwent, rather more than half as large as all Europe, the extent the Huon, and the Tamar, all navigable. The Derwent, of Van Diemen's Land is only about twenty-three thou- even at New Norfolk, above forty miles from the sea, is as sand square miles, which is not much more than two- wide as the Thames at Battersea. The scenery on both thirds of the size of Ireland, or a fourth part of that of sides of this noble stream is described as being of the the island of Great Britain. The one, in fact, is about richest beauty. The second-rate and inferior rivers are eighty times as large as the other.
numerous, fertilizing every part of the country, and falling One of the papers in the Van Diemen's Land Alma- into the sea along the whole extent of the coast. In the nack presents us with a very full geographical description heart of the island are several lakes, from which many of of the island. It was divided soon after its settlement the rivers take their rise. into two great counties, Buckinghamshire, embracing the Much of the native timber of Van Diemen's Land is southern, and Cornwall, the northern portion of it. But excellent for all building purposes; and others of the the division which is now chiefly recognized, is that made woods are esteemed for ornamental cabinet-work. All in 1827 into eight Police districts, each under the charge the trees are evergreens. The shrubs are of great variety of a paid magistrate. In the first of these, occupying and beauty ; but present as yet an almost unexamined the south-west corner of the island, stands Hobart Town, field to the botanist. bas to fruits, none of any value the capital, on the river Derwent, and about twenty miles have been found native to this island; but, on the other from its mouth. The river, however, is, even at this dis- hand, every sort of fruit, herb, or vegetable, that grows tance from the sea, of considerable width, and the water in England, grows still better here. is quite salt. The town stands upon a gently rising In respect of climate, Van Diemen's Land enjoys the ground, and covers rather more than a square mile. Its happiest medium between the extremes of heat and cold, streets are wide, and intersect each other at right angles. the thermometer rarely falling below 40 degrees in winter, It contains several government buildings, a parish or rising above 70 degrees in summer. During the winter church, and other places of worship; a government months of June, July, and August, the frosts are someschool for the poor, and several Sunday schools; two times severe, and occasionally a good deal of snow falls; public banks; and several libraries. Among its manu- but it is seldom that snow lies on the ground a whole day. factories Hobart Town possesses a distillery, several Coal has been found in various places; iron-stone is breweries and tanneries, two timber mills, several flour believed to be abundant; lime-stone also exists in great mills worked by steam and water, and two or three soap plenty; and it is highly probable that the earth is enand candle works. The population of the town and riched with various other mineral treasures. Of the suburbs, including the convicts and the military, is above native animals, the most formidable is the hyena, by seven thousand. This, we believe, is about half the which many of the sheep are destroyed. Wild dogs and amount of the whole population of the island.
cats of different species are also found in the woods. The The other towns already founded in Van Diemen's kangaroo is now fast disappearing, having, although a Land, are Launceston, on the river Tamar, about a perfectly harmless animal, been much hunted by the sethundred and twenty miles north from the capital, con- tlers for sport, or for the sake of its flesh and skin. taining about a thousand inhabitants ; New Norfolk, or There are numerous species of birds, inany of them of Elizabeth Town, a place of considerable traffic, and also beautiful plumage. Various descriptions of fish also the centre of a rich agricultural district, standing on the abound in the bays and creeks ; but, except eels, the Derwent, about twenty-two miles higher up than Hobart lakes and rivers supply very few that are valuable as Town; Richmond, fourteen miles from the capital; food. Of the reptiles found in the island, the principal Sorell Town, or Pitt Water, and Brighton, two other are snakes, some of which are extremely venomous. townships in the same vicinity; Bothwell, Oatlands, Such is an abstract of what is most important in the Campbell Town, Ross, Perth, and George Town, all paper before us, which is followed by a more minute considerably advanced settlements. Many other stations, description of the parts of the island that have been however, have been marked out for towns, although brought into cultivation, in the form of an itinerary, scarcely yet begun to be bu:lt upon. Numerous farm- We will now add a very few facts, selected from another houses, also, and other detached residences, many of paper, on the agriculture and horticulture of the colony.
The first cattle were brought to Van Diemen’s Land sides the Government Gazette, there are three other in 1807. They were "a coarse buffalo sort of animal ;" weekly newspapers published in Hobart Town, and a but, about nine or ten years ago, superior breeds began fourth at Launceston. The Almanack closes with a to be imported from England, and the colony now pos- Directory.for Hobart Town; in which, besides mersesses pure Devons, Herefords, Durhams, Holdernesses, chants, general dealers, official, clerical, and other pro Fifeshires, &c. Horses were at first brought from New fessional characters, we find the names of civil engineers, Holland; but, “ in the same manner as with neat cattle,” | livery-stable keepers, watchmakers, midwives, shoesays this account, they have since had the benefit of makers, bricklayers, milliners, portrait painters and envery superior crosses of English importations, and the gravers, chemists and druggists, pastry-cooks, confeccolony can now boast as fine horses as even England tioners, glaziers, plumbers, house and sign painters, itself. It has every sort, perhaps, that is known in the hatters, upholsterers, cabinet-makers and undertakers, mother-country, from the heavy dray-horse to the di- coopers, boat-builders, auctioneers, goldsmiths and workminutive pony, and including, what should by no means ing-jewellers, music teachers, tailors, butchers, brewers, be passed in silence, blood and bone upon which thou- hosiers and glovers, ironmongers, brass and iron foundsands have been depending at Newmarket and other ers, tinmen and blacksmiths, printers, sadlers, bakers, English race-courses.” Sheep, for which both the cli. hair-dressers. It would be curious to compare this list mate and natural herbage of the country are well with the population of an English town of seven thousand adapted, are now numerous, and rapidly improving in people three centuries ago! quality. Pigs and poultry, of every description, thrive admirably. Most sorts of grain, that are common in
LOST CAMEL. England, grow at least as well here. The wheat is of A dervise was journeying alone in the desert, when two excellent quality, seldom weighing less than from sixty-two merchants suddenly met him: “ You have lost a camel," to sixty-four pounds per bushel. Barley and oats pro- said he to the merchants ; " Indeed we have," they replied. duce well upon good land; but will not answer on infe
“ Was he not blind in his right eye, and lame in his left leg?" rior soils. The average return yielded by the potato is not he lost a front tooth?" said the dervise ; “He had," rejoined
said the dervise; “He was," replied the merchants; “Had equal to what it yields in England; but the cultivation the merchants ; “And was he not loaded with honey on one of this root is yet in its infancy. Turnips and mangel- side, and wheat on the other ?” “Most certainly he was, wurzel are both found to do extremely well. The same they replied; “and as you have seen him so lately, and may be said of English grasses and pulses of all sorts. marked him so particularly, you can, in all probability, con
The export trade from this colony has, as yet, been duct us unto him.” “ My friends, said the dervise, “I have confined to the more useful articles. Corn is sent to never seen your camel, nor ever heard of him, but from you." New South Wales, and to Swan River. Wool is already the jewels, which formed a part of his cargo?” “I have
“A pretty story, truly !” said the merchants, “but where are exported in considerable quantities, and is likely to be- neither seen your camel
, nor your jewels," repeated the der. come every year more and more the staple production of vise
. On this, they seized his person, and forthwith hurried the island. Whale-fishing and the manufacture of oil are him before the Cadi, where, on the strictest search, nothing rapidly becoming trades of considerable importance. A could be found upon him, nor could any evidence whatever good deal of mimosa bark, for tanning, is also sent to Eng- be adduced to convict him, either of falsehood or of theft.
and salt meats, hides, and dairy produce will pro- They were then about to proceed against him as a sorcerer, bably soon be added to the list of exported commodities.
when the dervise, with great calmness, thus addressed the The regulations at present in force for the disposal of Court: “I have been much amused with your surprise, and land, by grant or sale, were issued in 1828. The main but I have lived long, and alone; and I can find ample scope
own that there has been some ground for your suspicions; principle upon which they are grounded is, that " settlers for observation, even in a desert. I knew that I had crossed should not receive a greater extent of land than they are the track of a camel that had strayed from its owner, because capable of improving, and that grants should not be I saw no mark of any human footstep on the same route; made to persons who are desirous only of disposing of I knew that the animal was blind in one eye, because it had them.” Lands are accordingly granted in square miles, cropped the herbage only on one side of its path; and I perin the proportion of one square mile, or 640 acres, for ceived that it was lame in one leg, from the faint impression every £500 sterling of capital which the applicant can
which that particular foot had produced upon the sand; I
concluded that the animal had lost one tooth, because wherimmediately command. Of this capital, however, a porever it had grazed, a small tuft of herbage was left uninjured, tion may consist of live stock and instruments of hus- in the centre of its bite. As to that which formed the burden bandry. Upon the land thus granted a quit rent is of the beast, the busy ants informed me that it was corn on imposed at the rate of £5 per cent. on the estimated the one side, and the clustering flies that it was honey on value of the land, the payment to commence at the ex- the other.” piration of seven years from the date of the grant, when SCIENCE PRECEDING ARt.-When the principles of any the settler will also receive his title-deeds. The smallest science are become common to all the world, these prinquantity of land granted in this way to an individual is / ciples lead to inventions, nearly, if not altogether similar,
by different persons having no communication with each 320 acres, and the largest, 2560 acres, or four square other. A remarkable instance of this is given by Judge miles. Lands may also be obtained by purchase, being Story, in his address to the Boston Mechanics Institute : advertised for that purpose, and sold to the person “ A beautiful improvement had been made in the doublemaking the highest tender.
speeder of the cotton-spinning machine by one of our inWe will, in conclusion, mention a few of the more in- genious countrymen. The originality of the invention was teresting particulars, supplied by the various lists in the established by the most satisfactory evidence. The defenlittle volume before us; these are indicative of the rapid been but a short time in the country, and who testified most
dant, however, called an Englishman as a witness, who had progress of civilization. In addition to the three banks explicitly to the existence of a like invention in the improved in Hobart Town, we find a fourth, called the Cornwall machinery in England. Against such positive proof there bank, established at Launceston. There is at Hobart was much difficulty in proceeding. The testimony, though Town a Mechanics’ Institute, of which the Governor is doubted, could not be discredited; and the trial was postpatron, and the Chief Justice, president. Among the poned to another term, for the purpose of procuring evireligious and philanthropic institutions of this capital are, dence to rebut it. An agent was despatched to England a Bible Society, of which the Governor is president;
for this and other objects; and, upon his return, the plaintiff Presbyterian Missionary Society; a Wesleyan Missionary that the invention here was without any suspicion of its
was content to become nonsuited. There was no doubt Society; a Benevolent and Strangers' Friend Society; existence elsewhere; but the genius of each country, almost and a Sunday-School Union, having four schools in its at the same moment, accomplished, independently, the same connexion, containing in all about 250 children, Be- achievement."
approaches of winter ; till at length they shake off their drowsiness, and are again the busy and happy inhabitants of the fields and gardens, active in the search of food to gratify their appetite, which is now as keen as it was dull in the cold months. These movements of course depend upon the states of the atmosphere, and are different in individuals of the same species.
THE SWALLOW. The swallow, and other birds of passage-that is, birds who fly from one country to another, as the weather becomes unsuited to their natures—now begin to return
The swallow is a general favourite. He comes to us when nature is putting on her most smiling aspect, and he stays with us through the months of sunshine and gladness. “ The swallow," says Sir II. Davy,“ is one of my favourite birds, and a rival of the nightingale; for he glads my sense of seeing, as much as the other does my sense of hearing. He is the joyous prophet of the year, the harbinger of the best season;
he lives a life of enjoyment amongst the loveliest forms stelle
of nature; winter is unknown to him, and he leaves the green meadows of England in autumn, for the
myrtle and orange groves of Italy, and for the palms of THE DORMOUSE.
Africa." The little dormouse has now awakened from his fitful Mr. White, a clergyman of Hampshire, who delighted sleep. When the winds of March sweep away the linger- to observe all the works of the creation around him, ing fogs of winter,--when the tender buds are first seen has thus accurately described the window swallow's, or on the trees, and the primrose first shows its head in the martin's mode of building :green banks—before the swallow comes to our shores, or About the middle of May, if the weather be fine, the rook has finished her nest—the dormouse rouses up the martin begins to think in earnest of providing a from the bed where he has slept for several months. mansion for its family. The crust or shell of this nest His sleep, however, is not constant through the cold seems to be formed of such dirt or loam as comes most season, like that of some other animals; for he wakes, at readily to hand, and is tempered and wrought together times, to eat of the store of nuts and beech-mast which he with little bits of broken straws to render it tough and has provided for his sustenance in the autumn. The tenacious. As this bird often builds against a perpen marmot, a quadruped inhabiting some mountainous parts dicular wall without any projecting ledge under, it of Europe, makes no provision of this kind in his sub- requires its utmost efforts to get the first foundation terranean galleries. He sleeps completely.
firmly fixed, so that it may safely carry the superstrucM. Mangili, an Italian naturalist, made some curious ture. On this occasion, the bird not only clings with experiments upon the dormouse and other animals which its claws, but partly supports itself by strongly inclining sleep during the cold weather. He kept the dormouse its tail against the wall, making that a fulcrum; and in a cupboard in his study. On the 24th December, thus steadied, it works and plasters the materials into when the thermometer was about 40°, that is, go above the face of the brick or stone. But then, that this work the freezing point, the dormouse curled himself up may not, while it is soft and green, pull itself down by amongst a heap of papers and went to sleep. On the its own weight, the provident architect has prudence and 27th December, when the thermometer was several forbearance enough not to advance her work too fast degrees lower, M. Mangili ascertained that the animal but by building only in the morning, and by dedicating breathed, and suspended his respiration at regular inter- the rest of the day to food and amusement, gives it sufvals;—that is, that after four minutes of perfect repose, ficient time to dry and harden. About half an inch seems in which he appeared as if dead, he breathed about to be a sufficient layer for a day. Thus careful workmen, twenty-four times in the space of a minute and a half, when they build mud-walls (informed at first perhaps and that then his breathing was again completely by this little bird), raise but a moderate layer at a time suspended, and again renewed. As the thermometer and then desist, lest the work should become top-heavy, became higher, that is, as the weather became less cold, and so be ruined by its own weight. By this method, the intervals of repose were reduced to three minutes. in about ten or twelve days, is formed a hemispheric On the contrary, when the thermometer fell nearly to the nest with a small aperture towards the top, strong, comfreezing point, the intervals were then six minutes. pact, and warm, and perfectly fitted for all the purposes Within ten days from its beginning to sleep (the weather for which it was intended. then being very cold), the dormouse woke and ate a “ The shell or crust of the nest is a sort of rusticlittle. He then went to sleep again ; and continued to work, full of knobs and protuberances on the outside : sleep for some days, and then to awaken, throughout nor is the inside of those that I have examined smoothed the winter ; but as the season advanced, the intervals of with any exactness at all; but is rendered soft and perfect repose, when no breathing could be perceived, warm, and fit for incubation, by a lining of small straws, were much longer, sometimes more than twenty minutes. grasses and feathers, and sometimes by a bedding of The effects of confinement upon this individual animal moss interwoven with wool. They are often capricious caused him to sleep much longer than in a state of in fixing on a nesting-place, beginning many edifices nature.
and leaving them unfinished; but when once a nest is When a dormouse is discovered asleep, in his natural completed in a sheltered place, after so much labour is retreat, he is cold to the touch, his eyes are shut, and his bestowed in erecting a mansion, as nature seldom works respiration is slow and interrupted, as just described.in vain, the same nest serves for several seasons. Those Torpid animals, in general, when thus found, may be which breed in a ready finished house, get the start in shaken, or rolled, or even struck, without a possibility of hatching of those that build new by ten days or a fortarousing them. But as the fine weather advances, the night. These industrious artificers are at their labours heat of their bodies increases, as it decreases at the in the long days before four in the morning; when they
fix their materials, they plaster them on with their chins, time he continued till his death to take an active part in moving their heads with a quick, rotatory motion." political transactions; but still found leisure to write a
vast number of books, most of them distinguished for their learning and ability. The book by which he is now principally known is his famous treatise on the law of nations, entitled, “On the Right of Peace and War.' It was first published at Paris in 1625. Another of his productions, which is still very popular, is his treatise On the Truth of the Christian Religion,' written like the former in Latin, but which has been translated into every language of Europe. Grotius wrote a great part of this work while confined by a rival political faction in the castie of Louvestein, from which, however, after nearly two years' detention, his wife contrived to get him conveyed away in a chest, which she pretended was full of books, Grotius died in his sixty-third year, on the 28th of August, 1645.
April 11.--The birthday of the late Right Honourable George Canning, who was born in London, in the year 1771. His father, an Irish gentleman of good family, died the same year in which his son was born. At the usual age young Canning was sent to Eton, where he soon distinguished himself by the brilliancy of his talents. While there he made the first public trial of
his literary powers in “The Microcosm,' a very clever THE WEEK.
periodical work, which he carried on in conjunction with April 7.—The day of the birth, and also that of the some of his schoolfellows, and of which he was the prodeath, of Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, whom the uni- Church, Oxford, intending to adopt the profession of the
jector and the editor. In 1787 he removed to Christ versal voice of posterity has recognized as the Prince of law. But while yet at the University, his reputation for modern Painters, and designated by the enthusiastic appellation of the divine Raphael." No rival, at least, brought him into Parliament in 1793. Mr. Canning's has ever been placed beside Raphael except Michael official career belongs to the history of his country, and Augelo. Of the two illustrious contemporaries the former may perhaps be appropriately styled the Shakespecially that period of it during which he was Secretary speare, the latter the Milton of Painting. Dignity and of State for Foreign Affairs. "The system
of foreign imposing grandeur of design are the reigning cha- policy with which his name is associated has caused his racteristics of Michael Angelo; the highest dramatic memory to be held in honour; and although he opposed power which has ever been displayed by the pencil, and Parliamentary Reform, as well as other popular meathe representation of passion with all the force of life, are for a long series of years, and the protection he afforded
sures, yet his stedfast support of Catholic Emancipation the qualities that chiefly give their wonderful fascination to the cause of freedoin on the Continent, and in South to the works of Raphael. Raphael was born at Urbino America, are proofs of his attachment to his celebrated in 1483. By the time he had reached the age of twenty, toast of Civil and Religious Liberty all over the five he had so greatly distinguished himself that he was World !" In April 1827 he was appointed Prime Minisinvited by Pope Julius II. to paint in fresco the cham- ter by George the Fourth, and continued to hold the bers of the Vatican. From this time till his death, in offices of First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of 1520, at the early age of thirty-seven, he was employed the Exchequer till his death, on the 8th of August in in the execution of a succession of great works, chiefly the saine year, at the Duke of Devonshire's villa at for that pontiff and his successor, Leo X. His most fumous performances are, his picture of the School of
Chiswick, after a short illness. His death at so early a Athens in the Vatican, the Transfiguration, and his period after his accession to power called forth a deep Cartoons on subjects taken from the Gospels and feeling of grief in his own count.y, and, perhaps, a stili the Acts of the Apostles, which were brought to this stronger and more general feeling on the Continent, country by Charles I. and are now to be seen at
where medals were struck in meinory of the British
Minister, Hampton Court, upon the payment of a shilling for each party. Like Michael Angelo, Raphael was an
THE BRITISH MUSEUM. arcl itect as well a painter, and, among other “ The characteristic of the English populace,--perbuildings, superintended the erection of part of the haps we ought to say people, for it extends to the cathedral of St. Peter's. But his untimely death in- middle classes,—is their propensity to mischief. The terrupted his prosecution of this and other great works people of most other countries may safely be admitted on which he was engaged; leaving him, however, into parks, gardens, public buildings, and galleries of although with a glory gathered in comparative youth, pictures and statues ; but in England it is necessary with no living superior, and followed by no equal into exclude them, as much as possible, from all such succeeding times.
places.” April 10.—This is the birthday of the celebrated This is a sentence from the last published number of Dutch writer, Hugh de Groot, better known by his the “Quarterly Review." Severe as it is, there is Latin name of Grotius, who was born at Delfft in 1583. much truth in it. The fault is not entirely on the side Grotius was a prodigy of youthful talent and acquire of the people (we will not use the offensive terrn popument. When only fourteen he prepared an edition of a lace); but still they are in fault. The writer adds, Latin author, Martianus Capella, in which he showed speaking of this love of mischief, which he calls extensive classical and historical erudition. At the age disgraceful part of the English character,” that “anyof sixteen, having already made a journey to France, thing tends to correct it that contributes to give the and been presented to Henry IV., who honoured him people a taste for intellectual pleasures,--anything that with the gift of his picture and a goid chain, he entered contributes to their innocent enjoyment,--anything that upon the profession of an advocate at Delfft. From this excites them to wholesome and pleasurable activity of
body and mind." This is quite true. We hope to do record of the number of persons admitted. In each year something, speaking generally, to excite and gratify a this number amounts to about seventy thousand : so you taste for intellectual pleasure ; but we wish to do more see that the British Museum has afforded pleasure and in this particular case. We wish to point out many improvement to a great many people. We hope the unexpensive pleasures, of the very highest order, number of visitors will be doubled and trebled; for exhiwhich all those who reside in London have within bitions such as these do a very great deal for the advance their reach ; and how the education of themselves and of a people in knowledge and virtue. What reasonable of their children may be advanced by using their man would abandon himself to low gratifications—to opportunities of enjoying some of the purest gratifica-drinking or gambling—when he may, whenever he tions which an instructed mind is capable of receiving. pleases, and as often as he pleases, at no cost but that of Having learnt to enjoy them, they will naturally feel an his time, enjoy the sight of some of the most curious and honest pride in the possession, by the Nation, of many valuable things in the world, with as much ease as a of the most valuable treasures of Art and of Science; | Prince walking about in his own private gallery. But and they will hold that person a baby in mind-a spoilt, that he may enjoy these treasures and that every wilful, mischievous baby—who dares to attempt the body else may enjoy them at the same time it will be slightest injury to the public property, which has been necessary to observe a few simple rules. collected together, at an immense expense, for the 1st. Touch nothing. The statues, and other curious public advantage.
things, which are in the Museum, are to be seen, not Well, then, that we may waste no time in general to be handled. If visitors were to be allowed to touch discussion, let us begin with the British Museum. We them, to try whether they were hard or soft, to scratch will suppose ourselves addressing an artisan or trades- them, to write upon them with their pencils, they would man, who can sometimes afford to take a holiday, and be soon worth very little. You will see some mutilated who knows there are better modes of spending a work-remains of two or three of the finest figures that ever ing day, which he some half-dozen times a year devotes were executed in the world; they form part of the colto pleasure, than amidst the smoke of a tap-room, or lection called the Elgin Marbles, and were brought the din of a skittle-ground. He is a family man; he from the Temple of Minerva, at Athens, which city at the enjoys a pleasure doubly if it is shared by his wife and time of the sculpture of these statues, about two thousand children. Well, then, in Great Russell-street, Blooms- three hundred years ago, was one of the cities of Greece bury, is the British Museum; and here, from ten o'clock most renowned for art and learning. Time has, of till four, on Monday, Wednesdays, and Fridays, he may course, greatly worn these statues: but it is said that see many of the choicest productions of ancient art the Turkish soldiers, who kept the modern Greeks under Egyptian, Grecian, and Roman monuments; and what subjection, used to take a brutal pleasure in the injury will probably please the young people most, in the first of these remains of ancient art; as if they were glad to instance, a splendid collection of natural history-qua- destroy what their ignorance made them incapable of drupeds, birds, insects, shells-all classed and beauti- valuing. Is it not as great ignorance for a stupid fellow fully disposed in an immense gallery, lately built by the of our own day slily to write his own paltry name upon Government, for the more convenient exhibition of these one of these glorious monuments ? Is not such an act curiosities. “ But hold,” says the working man,“ I have the most severe reproach upon the writer ? Is it not, passed by the British Museum : there are two sentinels as if the scribbler should say, “ Here am I, in the preat the gate-way, and the large gates are always closed. sence of some of the great masterpieces of art, whose Will they let me in? Is there nothing to pay?" That antiquity ought to produce reverence, if I cannot comis a very natural question about the payment; for there prehend their beauty; and I derive a pleasure from putis too much of paying in England by the people for ting my own obscure perishable name upon works admission to what they ought to see for nothing. But whose fame will endure for ever."
What a satire upon here there is nothing to pay. Knock boldly at the gate; such vanity. Doubtless, these fellows, who are so pleased the porter will open it. You are in a large square court- with their own weak selves as to poke their names into yard, with an old-fashioned house occupying three every face, are nothing but grown babies, and want a sides. A flight of steps leads up to the principal en- fool's cap most exceedingly. trance.
Do not fear any surly looks or im 2dly. Do not talk loud. Talk, of course, you must; pertinent glances from any person in attendance. You or you would lose much of the enjoyment we wish are upon safe ground here. You are come to see your you to have--for pleasure is only half pleasure, own property. You have as much right to see it, unless it be shared with those we love. But do and you are as welcome therefore to see it, as the not disturb others with your talk. Do not call highest in the land. There is no favour in showing it loudly from one end of a long gallery to the other, you.
You assist in paying for tlo purchase, and the or you will distract the attention of those who derive maintenance of it; and one of the very best effects that great enjoyment from an undisturbed contemplation could result from that expense would be to teach every of the wonders in these rooms. You will excuse Englishman to set a proper value upon the enjoyments this hint. which such public property is capable of affording. Go 3dly. Be not obtrusive. You will see many things boldly forward, then. The officers of the Museum, who in the Museum that you do not understand. It will be are obliging to all strangers, will be glad to see you. well to make a memorandum of these, to be inquired Your garb is homely, you think, as you see gaily-dressed into at your leisure ; and in these inquiries we shall enpersons going in and out. No matter; you and your deavour to assist you from time to time. But do not wife, and your children, are clean, if not smart. By trouble other visitors with your questions; and, above all, the way, it will be well to mention, that very young do not trouble the young artists, some of whom you will children (those under eight years old) are not admitted; see making drawings for their improvement. Their time and that for a very sufficient reason: in most cases they is precious to them; and it is a real inconvenience to be would disturb the other visitors.
obliged to give their attention to anything but their work, You are now in the Great Hall-a lofty room, with a or to have their attention disturbed by an over-curious fine staircase. In an adjoining room a book is presented person peeping at what they are doing. If you want to you, in which one of a party has to write his name to make any inquiry, go to one of the attendants, who and address, with the number of persons accompanying walks about in each room. He will answer you as far him. That is the only form you have to go through; as he knows. You must not expect to understand what and it is a necessary form if it were only to preserve a you see all at once: you must go again and again if