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3. If he is adjudged Bankrupt or Insolvent, or applies for the Benefit of any Law relating to Insolvent Debtors, or becomes a public Defaulter:

4. If he is attainted of Treason, or convicted of Felony or of any infamous Crime :

5. If he ceases to be qualified in respect of Property or of Residence; provided, that a Senatorshall not be deemed to have ceased to be qualified in respect of Residence by reason only of his residing at the Seat of the Government of CANADA while holding an Office under that Government requiring his Presence there.

yo.”.” 32. When a Wacancy happens in the Senate, by Resigna*:::." “tion, Death, or otherwise, the Governor General shall, by

Summons to a fit and qualified person, fill the Vacancy.

Questions as to 33. If any Question arises respecting the qualification of Qualifications anoes a Senator or a Vacancy in the Senate the same shall be

in Senate. -
heard and determined by the Senate.

41 W. c. 5 (Dom.) being an Act for securing the independence of Parliament makes an important difference between the members of the House of Commons and the Senators. Any person filling an office of emolument under the Government (except of course the Ministers), or having any contract with the Government cannot sit in the House of Commons; while a Senator is not compelled to vacate his seat on entering into a contract with the Government, but simply incurs a penalty of $200 for every day during which the contract is in existence.

Algoor 34. The Governor General may from time to time, by

ate. Instrument under the Great Seal of CANADA, appoint a

Senator to be Speaker of the Senate, and may remove him and appoint another in his stead.

Quorum of 35. Until the Parliament of CANADA otherwise provides,

* the Presence of at least Fifteen Senators, including the

Speaker, shall be necessary to constitute a Meeting of the
Senate for the Exercise of its Powers.

Voting in Se- 36. Questions arising in the Senate shall be decided by a

Ilate. Majority of Voices, and the Speaker shall in all cases have

a Vote, and when the Voices are equal the Decision shall be deemed to be in the Negative.

The House of Commons. 37. The House of Commons shall, subject to the provi-constitution

sions of this Act, consist of One hundred and eighty-one mem- com bers, of whom Eighty-two shall be elected for Ontario, sixtyfive for Quebec, Nineteen for Nova Scotia, and Fifteen for New Brunswick. In 1872, by the Dominion Act, 35 V., c. 13, the representation in the House of Commons was readjusted on account of new census returns. The Provinces are now (1880) represented as follows. Province of Ontario....................... ................ 88 -: Quebec..... - - - - - - - - .......................... 65 ... Nova Scotia.................................. 21 ** New Brunswick................... ......... 16

... Prince Edward Island............ ......... 6
... British Columbia................. .......... 6
4. Manitoba..................................... 4

206

38. The Governor General shall from time to time, in the Summoning Queen's Name, by Instrument under the great Seal of "jor CANADA, summon and call together the House of Commons.

39. A Senator shall not be capable of being elected or of....... sitting or voting as a Member of the House of Commons. sit in House

of Commons.

40. Until the Parliament of Canada otherwise provides, Electoral Dis

Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, for tour the Purposes of the Election of Members to serve in the House of Commons, be divided into Electoral Districts as

follows:— 1,–ONTARIO.

Ontario shall be divided into the Counties, Ridings of Counties, Cities, Parts of Cities, and Towns enumerated in the First Schedule to this Act, each whereof shall be an Electoral District, each such District as numbered in that Schedule being entitled to return One Member.

2.—QUEBEC.

Quebec shall be divided into Sixty-fiye Electoral Districts, composed of the Sixty-five Electoral Divisions into which Lower Canade is at the passing of this Act divided under Chapter Two of the Consolidated Statutes of Canada, Chapter Seventy-five of the Consolidated Statutes for Lower Canada, and the Act of the Province of Canada of the Twentythird Year of the Queen, Chapter One, or any other Act amending the same in force at the Union, so that each such Electoral Division shall be for the Purposes of this Act an Electoral District entitled to return One Member.

[See First Schedule on next page.]

[graphic]

3.--NOVA SCOTIA.

Each of the Eighteen Counties of Nova Scotia shall be an Electoral District. The County of Halifax shall be entitled to return Two Members, and each of the other Counties One Member.

4.—NEW BRUNSWICK.

Each of the Fourteen Counties into which New Brunswick is divided, including the City and County of St. John, shall be an Electoral District. The City of St. John shall also be a separate Electoral District. Each of those Fifteen Electoral Districts shall be entitled to return One Member.

THE FIRST SCHEDULE.

Electoral Districts of Ontario.

A. EXISTING ELECTORAL DIVISIONS. Counties. 1. Prescott. 6. Carleton. 2. Glengarry. 7. Prince Edward. 3. Stormont. 8. Halton. 4. Dundas. | 9. Essex. 5. Russell. Ridngs of Counties. 10. North Riding of Lanark. 11. South Riding of Lanark. 12. North Riding of Leeds and North Riding of Grenville. 13. South Riding of Leeds. 14. South Riding of Grenville.

35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.

. East Riding of Northumberland.
. West Riding of Northumberland (excepting therefrom the Township of South Mon-

aghan).

. East Riding of Durham.
... West Riding of Durham.
. North Riding of Ontario.
. South Riding of Ontario.

East Riding of York.

... West Riding of York.
. North Riding of York.
. North Riding of Wentworth.
. South Riding of Wentworth.
. East Riding of Elgin.
... West Riding of Elgin.
. North Riding of Waterloo.
. South Riding of Waterloo.
. North Riding of Brant.
. South Riding of Brant. -
. North Riding of Oxford.

South Riding of Oxford.
East Riding of Middlesex.

Cities, PARTs of CITIES, AND Towns.

West Toronto.

East Toronto.

Hamilton.

Ottawa.

Kingston.

London.
Town of Brockville, with the Township of Elizabethtown thereto attached.
Tcwn of Niagara, with the Township of Niagara thereto attached.

. Town of Cornwall, with the Township of Cornwall thereto attached.

B.
NEW ELECTORAL DIVISIONS.

44. The Provisional Judicial District of Algoma.

The County of Bruce divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the North and South Ridings:—

45. The North Riding of Bruce to consist of the Townships of Bury, Lindsay, Eastnor, Albemarle, Amabel, Arran, Bruce, Elderslie and Langeen, and the Willage of Southampton. P. The South Riding of Bruce to consist of the Townships of Kincardine (including the Village of Kincardine), Greenock, Brant, Huron, Kinross, Culross and Carrick. The County of Huron, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the North and South Ridings:— 47. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Ashfield, Wawanosh, Turnberry, Howick, Morris, Grey, Colborne, Hullet, including Willage of Clinton and McKillop. 48. The South Riding to consist of the Town of Goderich and the Townships of Goderich, Tuckersmith, Stanley, Hay, Usborne and Stephen. The Čounty of Middlesex, divided into Ridings, to be called respectively the North, West, and East Ridings:— 49. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of McGillivray and Biddulph (taken from the County of Huron) and Williams East, Williams West, Adelaide and Lobo. 50. The West Riding to consist of the Townships of Delaware, Carradoc, Metcalf, Mosa, and Ekfrid, and the Willage of Strathroy. (The East Riding to consist of the Townships now embraced therein, and be bounded as it is at present), 51. The County of Lambton to consist of the Townships of Bosanquet, Warwick, Plymton, Sarnia, Moore, Enniskillen and Brooke, and the Town of Sarnia. 52. The County of Kent to consist of the Townships of Chatham, Dover, East Tilbury, Romney, Raleigh, and Harwich, and the Town of Chatham. 53. The County of Bothwell to consist of the Townships of Sombra, Dawn and Euphemia (taken from the County of Lambton), and the Townships of Zone, Camden with the Gore thereof, Orford, and Howard (taken from the County of Kent). The County of Grey, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and North Ridings:— 54. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of Bentinck, Glenelg, Artemesia, Osprey, Normanby, Egremont, Proton and Melancthon. 55. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Collingwood, Euphrasia, Holland, Saint-Vincent, Sydenham, Sullivan, Derby, and Keppel, Sarawak, and Brooke, and the Town of Owen Sound. The County of Perth, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and North Ridings:— 56. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Wallace, Elma, Logan, Ellice, Mornington, and North Easthope, and the Town of Stratford. 57. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of Blanchard, Downie, South Easthope, Fullarton, Hibbert, and the Willages of Mitchell and Ste. Marys. The County of Wellington, divided into Three Ridings, to be called respectively North, South, and Centre Ridings:– 58. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Amaranth, Arthur, Luther, Minto, Maryborough, Peel, and the Village of Mount Forest. 59. The Centre Riding to consist of the Townships of Garafraxa, Erin, Eramosa, Nichol, and Pilkington, and the Willages of Fergus and Elora. 60. The South Riding to consist of the Town of Guelph, and the Townships of Guelph and Puslinch. The County of Norfolk, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and North Ridings:— 61. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of Charlotteville, Houghton, Walsingham, and Woodhouse, with the Gore thereof. 62. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Middleton, Townsend, and Windham, and the Town of Simcoe. 63. The County of Haldimand to consist of the Townships of Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga North, Cayuga South, Raynham, Walpole, and Dunn. 64. The County of Monck to consist of the Townships of Canborough and Moulton, and Sherbrooke, and the Village of Dunville (taken from the County of Haldimand), the op. of Caistor and Gainsborough (taken from the County of Lincoln), and the Townships of Pelham and Wainfleet (taken from the County of Welland). 65. The County of Lincoln to consist of the Townships of Clinton, Grantham, Grimsby, and Louth, and the Town of St. Catharines. 66. The County of Welland to consist of the Townships of Bertie, Crowland, Humberstone, Stamford, Thorold, and Willoughby, and the Willages of Chippewa, Clifton, Fort Erie, Thorold, and Welland.

67. The County of Peel to consist of the Townships of Chinguacousy, Toronto, and the Gore of Toronto, and the Willages of Brampton and Streetsville. 68. The County of Cardwell to consist of the Townships of Albion and Caledon (taken o the County of Peel), and the Townships of Adjala and Mono (taken from the County of Simcoe). The County of Simcoe, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and the North Ridings:— 69. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of West Gwillimbury, Tecumseh, Innisfil, Essa, Tosorontio, Mulmar, and the Willage of Bradford. to. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Nottawasaga, Sunnidale, Vespra Flos, Oro, Medonte, Orillia, and Matchedash, Tiny and Tay, Balaklava and Robinson, an the Towns of Barrie and Collingwood. The County of Victoria, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and North Ridings:— 71. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of Ops, Mariposa, Emily, Verulam, and the Town of Lindsay. 72. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Anson, Bexley, Carden, Dalton, Digby, Eldon, Fenelon, Hindon, Laxton, Lutterworth, Macaulay and Draper, Somerville, and Morrison, Muskoka, Monck and Watt (taken from the County of Simcoe), and any other surveyed Townships lying to the North of the said North Riding. The County of Peterborough, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the West and East Riding:— 73. The West Riding to consist of the Townships of South Monaghan (taken from the County of Northumberland), North Monaghan, Smith, and Ennismore, and the Town of Peterborough. 74. The East Riding to consist of the Townships of Asphodel, Belmont and Methuen, Douro, Dummer, Galway, Harvey, Minden, Stanhope and Dysart, Ötonabee, and Snowdon and the Willage of Ashburnham, and any other surveyed Townships lying to the North oft the said East Riding. The County of Hastings, divided into Three Ridings, to be called respectively the West, East and North Ridings:75. The West Riding to consist of the Town of Belleville, the Township of Sydney and the Willage of Trenton. o: he East Riding to consist of the Townships of Thurlow, Tyendinaga and Hungerlord. 77. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Rawdon, Huntingdon, Madoc Elzevir, Tudor, Marmora and Lake, and the Village of Stirling, and any other surveyed Townships lying to the North of the said North Riding. 78. The County of Lennox to consist of the Townships of Richmond, Adolphustown, North Fredericksburg, South Fredericksburg, Ernest Town, and Amherst Island, and the Willage of Napanee. 79. The County of Addington to consist of the Townships of Camden, Portland, Sheffield, Hinchinbrooke, Kaladar, Kennebec, Olden, Oso, Anglesea, Barrie, Clarendon, Palmerston, Effingham, Abinger, Miller, Canonto, Denbigh, Loughborough and Bedford. 80. The County of Frontenac to consist of the Townships of Kingston, Wolfe Island, Pittsburgh and Howe Island, and Storrington. The County of Renfrew, divided into Two Ridings, to be called respectively the South and North Ridings: - 81. The South Riding to consist of the Townships of McNab, Bagot, Blithfield, Brougham, Horton, Admaston, Gratton, Matawatchan, Griffith, Lyndoch, Raglan, Radcliffe, Brudenell, Sebastopol, and the Villages of Arnprior and Renfrew. 82. The North Riding to consist of the Townships of Ross, Bromley, Westmeath, Stafford, Pembroke, Wilberforce, Alice, Petawawa, Buchanan, South Algona, North Algona, Fraser, McKay, Wylie, Rolph, Head, Maria, Clara, Haggerty, Sherwood, Burns and Richards, and any other surveyed Townships lying North-westerly of the said North Riding.

Every Town and incorporated Willage existing at the Union, not specially mentioned in this Schedule, is to be taken as part of the County or Riding within which it is locally situate.

[The Representation was re-adjusted under Section 51 by)
35 WICT., CAN. c. 13.

An Act to re-adjust the Representation in the House of Commons.

[Assented to 14th June, 1872]

Who. by the Census of the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-on and in accordance with the “British North America Act, 1867,” the Province o Ontario is entitled to six additional members in the House of Commons, the Province of Nova Scotia to two additional members, and the Province of New Brunswick to one addi

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