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ARTICLE XI.

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state. (The 11th Amendment was ratified in 1798.)

ARTICLE XII.

1. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;—the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted:—the person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But, in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.

2. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the VicePresident, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then, from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President: a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

3. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Wice-President of the United States.

(The 12th Amendement was ratified in 1804.)

ARTICLE XIII. SECTION 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. sEco, Iox 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. (The 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865.) ARTICLE XIV. SECTION 1.

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiciont thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property,

without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

:

SECTION 2.

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians, not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive andf Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of

age in such State.
SECTION 3.

No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an Executive or Judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. SECTION 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorised by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims, shall be held illegal and void. SECTION 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this Article. (The 11th Amendment was ratified in 1868,) ARTICLE XV. SECTION 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of Servitude. SECTION 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this Article by appropriate legislation. (The 15th Amendment was ratified in 1870.)

CASES NOTED OR DIGESTED IN THIS WORK.

PAGE
Abbott v. Macdonald.............. 346
Adamson v. Clementson ........... 184
Allison v. Robinson.... . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Almy v. California................. 358
Arbitration between Ont. and Que... 154
Armstrong v. McCutchin........... 175
Astill v. Hallee................... 189
Atty. Gen. v. Bowman....... ...... 190
– v. Hallett...................... 53
– v. Halling et al................. 53
— v. Niagara Falls Bridge Co...... 316
– v. O'Reilly..................... 354
– v. Radloff...................... 190
— v. Queen Ins. Co........... . 207, 275

— of Quebec r. Atty. Gen. of Canada 352
— v. Tomline ... .... 352

Ballagh v. Royal Mutual Fire Ins... 266
Bankers Case..................... 52
Bartemeyer v. Iowa................ 234
Barther. Chevalier...... . . . . . . . . . | 12
Beard v. Steele.................... 315
Bedard, in re..................... 331
Beer Co. v. Massachusetts..... 234, 243
Bell v. Corporation de Quebec...... 143
Bishop of Natal................. 26, 52
Bourgoin v. La Cie du Ch. de F. M.
0. & O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Bouvier, in re..................... 372
Brown v. Curate, &c., of Montreal. 230
Brown v. Maryland............ 134, 357
Bryne, ex parte................... 2-5
Burdett v. Abbott................. 74
Buron v. Denman................. 50
Cameron v. Kyte.................. 47
Campbell v. Hall............... 26, 52
Canterbury v. Queen.............. 48
Carter v. Murcot.................. 167
Centre Wellington Election........ 3.19
Chaudière Gold Mining Co. &
Desbarats...................... 315
§o B. and Q. R. R. Co. v. Iowa 233
Church v. Middlemiss............ ... 317
Churchward v. The Queen.......... 48
Chy Lung v. Freeman et al........ 137

Citizens Ins. Co. & Parsons 237, 269, 288
City of Fredericton v. Queen... 123, 281
City of Montreal & Devlin.......... 347
City of New York" v. Miln...........

Clemens v. Bemer.................
Col. Bank of Australasia v. Willan. 346
Commonwealth v. Hawes......... ... 373
Cooey & Municipality of Brome.... 362
Cook v. Pennsylvania............. 134, 137

Corp. of St. Roch v. Dion.......... 122
Corse v. Corse..................... 187
Coté r. Watson.................... 175
Cowan v. Wright.................. 247
Crandall v. Nevada........ . . . . . . .
Credit Foncier of England v. Elec.
Amy ........................... 343
Credit Valley R. R. Co. v. Great
Western R. R. Co........ - - - - - - - - 237
Cushing v. Dupuy.............. 177, 342
Cuvillier r. Aylwin................ 342
Cuvillier v. Dupuy................ 342
Damon's Appeal............ . . . . . . 178
Dansereau, er parte........ . . . . . . . 108
Davenport v. Regina.............. . 52
Dawkins v. Paulet................. 50
Dear v. Western Assurance Co..... 266
Denton v. Daley................. 54, 124
Direct U. S. Cable Co. v. Anglo
Am. Tel. Co................ 156, 157
Dixon p London Small Arms Co... 182
Dixon et al. v. Snetsinger. . . . . . . . . . . 167
Dobie & Board of Temporalities Fund,
&c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Dow v. Black.................. 139, 339
Doyle v. Falconer.................. 73
Doyle v. Continental Ins. Co........ 233
Ducat v. Chicago.......... 3.14
Duncan, ex parte.... . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.19
Easton's Case...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Eduljee Byramjee, er parte........ 34

Eliza Keith v. The Langshaw...... 144

European and N. A. R. R. Co. v.
Thomas...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Evans et al. v. Hudon et al........ 141
Fabrigas v. Mostyn . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43, 46
Fairbain, ex parte........ . . . . . . . . . 229
Falkland Islands Co. r. The Queen... 343
Fe others v. The Queen........ ..49, 182
Fenton v. Hampton....... . . . . . . . . . 73
Fletcher v. Rhode Island........... 233
Foster v. Davenport.... . . . . . . . . . . . 139
138

Foster v. Wardens of New Orleans..

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Gage v. Bates.................... . 167 | McCready v. Virginia. ............. 166
Gay v. Baltimore................. 358 || McCulloch v. Maryland.140,141,279, 360
George v. The Queen............. . 342 . Moffat v. Roddy................. . 168
Gibbons v. Ogden.............. 134, 139 || Monk & Atty. Gen. Ouimet........ 51
Gidley v. Lord Palmerston.. ... 48 || Moon v. Duddon.................. 61
Goodhue, in re.................... 239 Morin v. Corp., &c., of St. Gabriel.. 122
Gouinlock v. Manf. and Mer. M. F. Morin v. Lefèvre et al.............. 167
Ins. Co...... ... - - - - - - - - - - - ..... 232 || Morris Ranger v. City of N. O...... 226
Grand Trunk Ry. Co., and Credit Mowat v. McFee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Valley Ry. Co., &c.............. 337 || Munn v. Illinois............... 232, 244
Griffith, in re . ......... ......... 310 || Murray v. Charleston.............. 349
Hall v. De Cuir................... 137 || Musgrave v. Pulido................ 45
Hamilton v. Beauchêne............ 112 | New Orleans v. United States...... 246
11art et Corp. Missisquoi........... 123 Niagara Election Case, in re.... 120, 318
Harvey v. Lord Aylmer............ 42 | Normand et al. v. The St. L. Steam
Henderson et al. v. Mayor of N. Y. 136 Nav. Co.................... 143, 317
Henley & Co., in re................ 181 | Norris v. City of Boston............ 136
Henson v. Lott.................... 226 | Oliva v. Boissonneault......... . . . . 142
Herbert v. Purchas................ 342 | Quimetr. Gray................... 379
Hill & Bigge et al...........42, 45, 46 Pacific Ins. Co. v. Soule............ 214
Howe Machine Co. v. Walker....... 315 Packet Co. v. St. Louis............ 358

Huffman, re........... - - - - - - - - - - - - 175
Huntly v. Luscombe............... 190
Inman SS. Co. v. Tinker.......... 135
Insurance Co. v. Morse............ 348

Irvine & Mayor, &c., of Iberville. ... 225
Johnston v. St. Andrew’s Church... 340
Johnstone v. Sutton........ . . . . . .

Joly et al. & Macdonald
Kıliam, re er parte........ . . -
Kielley v. Carson et al.......... -
King v. Russell.... . . . ........... 141
Kinnear et al. r. Robinson......... 357
Kirk v. The Queen................ 48
Kirtland v. Hotchkiss............. 316
Lacroix v. Delisle.................. 111
Lambkin v. South Eastern R. R. Co. 344
Lumirande, ex parte........... . . . . 365
Landers v. Woodsworth............ 73
Langan, ex parte. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Langlois v. Valin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.18
Lawless v. Sullivan...... - - - - - - - - - 225
Loach v. Money.................... 50
Lenoir v. Ritchie.... 58, 61, 97, 110, 375
Leprohon v. City of Ottawa........ 140
Letellier's Case...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Levesque & City of Montreal....... 227
License Cases................ . . . . . 233
License Tax Cases............. 204, 123
Loan Association v. Topeka........ 227
Lottawana, In the.... ........... 316
Loughborough v. Blake............ 214
Low v. Routledge...... . . . . . . . .
Lyon v. Fishmongers’ Co..........
achine Co. v. Gage.... . . . . . . . . . . -
Malcom v. O'Dea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mallette v. City Montreal
Mayor, &c., of Fredericion and The
lleen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 194
McAlinon v. Pine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
McBean v. Carlisle et al............ 142
McClanagan & St. Ann’s M. B.
Society. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242

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PAGE
Regina v. Burch................. ... 51
v. College of Phys. & Surgs..... 329
– v. Chandler............... 174, 240
— v. Lawrence ................... 192
– ". Lake ....................... 191
– v. Peters....................... 143
". Roddy. .............. ...... 189
— v. Justices of Kings Co.. 121, 123, 230
v. Taylor............ ... ... 125, 215
Rex v. Myers..................... 190
Reynolds v. The United States...... 188
Renaud et al., er parte............ 325
Richer v. Voyer................... 347
Ritchie v. Lenoir.................. 375
Robertson, ex parte ............... 343
Robertson v. Dumaresq....... ... .. 48
Robertson v. Queen ............... 121
Robertson v. Steadman ............ 158
Rohl v. United States........... ... 356
Ross v. City of Montreal ........... 171
Rosenbaum, ea parte.............. 371
Sauvageau & Gauthier ............ 344
Savage v. Deacon ................. II 2
School Trustees v. Grainger et al... 328
Schrimpton v. Leigh .............. 133
Severn c. The Queen..... 125, 274, 292
Siennott v. Davenport.............. 139
Slavin v. Corp. of Orillia .......... 246
Smiles v. Bedford et al............. 183
Smith v. Com. Union Ins. Co.. 304, 312
Smith v. Maryland................ 166
Smith, James, ex parte, et al....... 319
State Freight Tax................. 226
State Railroad Tax Cases.......... 226
State Tax on Foreign Bonds........ 225
Speaker of Legis. Assem. of Victoria
v. Glass......................... 72

PAGE
Stanton v. Home Ins. Co.......... 345
Steadman v. Robertson et al... 165, 351
Steamship Co. v. Port Wardens, &c. 138
Stockdale v. Hansard......... 3, 74
Stoughton v. Baker................ 167
Sturges v. Crowninshields..... .... 178
Tandy v. Westmoreland........... 43
Taylor v. Porter.................. 310
Terraz, Alexander................ . 372
Thomas v. Queen................. 53
Théberge v. Landry........... - 341
Thurlow v. Massachusetts ......... 233
Tobin v. Queen ............. -

Union St. Jacques & Belisle... 177,
239, 293, 311
United States v. Steffens. . . ....... 130
United States v. Halliday.......... 202
Valin v. Langlois ... 125, 311, 333, 362
Veasie v. Moor .................. . 139
Veazie Bank v. Fenno........... . 214
Ward v. Maryland............ 230, 359
Warden v. Bailey................. 50

Wason Msg. Co. v. Ch. de Fer de
Lévis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 237
Webster v. Power................. 343
Welton v. State of Missouri ........ 135
Western Assurance Co. v. Johnston. 280
Willett v. De Grosbois............. 363
Wilson, in re..................... 373
Winslow Case ........... . 371
Woodruff v. Parham .............. 225
Woodruff v. Trapnall.............. 172
Wooley v. §: Gen. of Victoria.... 353
Worms, Charles, in re............. 369

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