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Nowel, &c. That the children of usurers, drunkards, and such ELIZA

BETH. ungodly parents, ought not to be baptized. And, lastly, that praying by a form is blasphemous."

Being committed for these scandalous doctrines, they promised to recant, and were enlarged upon giving bond. But it was not long before they made an ill use of their liberty, broke out into farther excesses, and perverted more proselytes. Their principal followers were Saxio Billet, gentleman ; Daniel Studley, girdler; and Robert Bowler, fishmonger. These, with Barrow and Greenwood, were committed to the Fleet in the year 1588. During their confinement Cartwright had a conference with them. For Barrow, it seems, had declared

: that he had neither writ, nor done any thing, but what he could justify by Cartwright's principles. What the result of this conference was is not known: but when archbishop Whitgift, and Dr. Ravis, his chaplain, desired Cartwright to engage in a second conference, he would by no means agree to it: upon

which Barrow fell into a strain of expostulation, and complained of his being deserted: that he had taken his grounds from Cartwright: and that those tenets which brought him to prison, were nothing but conclusions drawn from Cartwright's premises.

Barrow, Greenwood, and the three others above-mentioned, were indicted at the Old Bailey, for writing and publishing several seditious books, tending to the slander of the queen and state. The indictment was grounded upon the 23 Eliz. cap. 1. They were all brought in guilty, and had judgment to suffer as felons. Before the execution, Dr. Andrews, afterwards bishop of March 21,

A.D. 1592-3. Ely; Dr. Parry, afterwards bishop of Worcester; Dr. Bisse, archdeacon of Taunton, and Dr. White, residentiary of St. Paul's, were sent to Barrow, to exhort him to a recantation. After they had discoursed with him some time, he told them, “they were not the men he most disliked in the present differ

For though,” says he, “ you are mistaken, yet you think yourselves in the right, and walk up to that light God has given you. But I cannot but complain of Mr. Cartwright and his brethren, by whose books we have been taught your calling is antichristian." Upon this Dr. White told him, “That those callings which he reproached as antichristian, had been approved by archbishop Cranmer, bishop Ridley, and several others of eminent piety, who were martyrs for their religion in



Hist. Pres. lib. 9.

A.D. 1593.



WHIT- queen Mary's reign.” Barrow replied, “ Most true it is, that

Abp. Cant. they and others were martyrs in queen Mary’s days: but these

holy bands of mine,” says he, shaking his fetters, “are much

more glorious than any of theirs; because they had the mark Heylin,

of antichrist in their hands." In short, these learned men
were not so successful as to make an impression upon the
prisoners, or to recover them from their heterodoxies. On
the last of March, Barrow and Greenwood were brought to

Tyburn in a cart, and carried back to Newgate ; but proving They are incorrigible, both under menacing and mercy, they were exeexecuted.

cuted on the 6th of April following. The other three were
reprieved, being looked on as criminals of a more pardonable

About this time, John Penry, a nonconformist minister,
Penry, a

was indicted for publishing scandalous writings against the formist orders of the Church, and against the queen. To describe the minister, indicted for temper of this man, and his dangerous tenets, I shall give the writings.

reader part of the two indictments found against him. The
The matter first indictment sets forth, That “ Quidam J. P. nuper de
charged London clericus, Deum præ oculis suis non habens, &c. apud
against him
in the first Edinburgh. infra regnum Scotia, advisate et cum malitiosa

intentione contra dominam reginam, et felonice ut felo dictæ
dominæ reginæ devisavit, et scripsit quasdam falsas, seditiosas,
et scandalosas materias in defamationem dictæ dominæ reginæ
nunc, et ad instigationem, suscitationem, et motionem rebel-
lionis et insurrectionis infra hoc regnum Angliæ in his Angli-
canis verbis sequentibus inter alia, viz. The last days of your
reign (regnum dictæ dominæ innuendo) are turned rather
against Christ Jesus and his Gospel, than to the maintenance
of the same; and I have great cause of complaint, madam,
(dictam dominam reginam innuendo), nay, the Lord and his
Church hath cause to complain of your government (guber-
nationem dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo), not so much for
any outward injury, as I, or any other of your subjects have
received, as because we your subjects this day are not per-
mitted to serve God under your government (gubernationem
dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo), according to his word, but
are sold to be bond-slaves, not only to our affections, to do
what we will, so that we keep ourselves within the compass
established civil laws (leges dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo),
but also to be servants to the man of sin, and his ordinances.
And it is not the force which we seem to fear, that will come


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upon us, for the Lord may destroy both you (dictam domi- ELIZAnam reginam innuendo) for denying, and us for slack seeking of his will, by strangers ; I come unto you with it, if you will hear it, that our case may be eased ; if not, that yet posterity may know that you have been dealt with', and that this age may see that there is no great expectation to be looked for at your hands. (manus dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo.) And, amongst the rest of the princes under the Gospel, that have been drawn to oppose themselves against the Gospel, you (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) must think yourself to be one, for until you see this, madam (dictam dominam reginam innuendo), you see not yourself, and they are but sycophants and flatterers whosoever tell you otherwise. Your standing is and hath been by the Gospel, it is little or smally beholden unto you, for any thing that appeareth the practice of your government (gubernationem dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) 639. sheweth, that, if you could have ruled without the Gospel, it would have been to be feared whether the Gospel should be established or not; for, now that you are established on your throne, and that by the Gospel, you (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) have suffered the Gospel to reach no farther than the end of your sceptre, (sceptrum dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) limited unto it; and briefly, madam, you (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) may well see the foundation of England rooted up, but this cause (causam dicti J. P. et aliorum schismaticorum et sectariorum infra hoc regnum Angliæ innuendo) will you never see suppressed ; and now whereas we should have your help, (auxilium dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) both to join ourselves to the true Church, and to reject the false, and all the ordinances thereof, we are in your kingdom (regnum dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) permitted to do neither, but accounted seditious men, if we affirm either one or the other of the former points. And therefore, madam, you (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) are not so much an adversary to us poor men, as unto Christ Jesus, and the wealth of his kingdom ; and but, madam, (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) yet thus much we must needs say, that in all likelihood, if the days of your sister, queen Mary, and her persecution, had continued to this day, this Church of God in England had been


1“ Dealt with,” here signifies reprimanded. The Quakers of the present day use the phrase in the same sense.


fol. 352.

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WHIT- far more flourishing than at this day it is. And now, madam,

, Abp. Cant. (dictam dominam reginam innuendo) your majesty may consider

what good the Church of God hath gotten at your hands, (manus dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) even outward peace, with the absence of Christ Jesus, and his ordinances, otherwise as great troubles likely to come as ever were in the days of your sister.”

The second indictment sets forth, that the same “ J. P. Entries,

nuper de London, clericus, primo die Martii, anno regni dominæ Elizabeth, Dei gratia, tricesimo tertio extra hoc regnum Angliæ, et extra dominationem dictæ dominæ reginæ, viz., apud Edinborough infra regnum Scotiæ advisate et cum malitijsa intentione devisavit, et scripsit, quasdam falsas, seditiosas et scandalosas materias in defamationem dictæ dominæ reginæ, et ad suscitationem et motionem rebellionis, &c., in his Anglicanis verbis sequent. inter alia, videlicet, What has England answered ? Surely with an impudent forehead she hath said, “I will not come near the Holy One; and as for the building of his house, I will not so much as lift up a finger towards that work,—nay, I will continue the desolations thereof. And if any man speaketh a word in behalf of this house, or bewaileth the misery of it, I will account him an enemy to my State. As for the Gospel, and ministry of it, I have already received all the Gospels, and all the ministries that I mean to receive. I have received a reading Gospel, and a reading ministry; a pompous Gospel, and a pompous ministry; a Gospel and a ministry that strengtheneth the hands of the wicked in his iniquity; a Gospel and a ministry that will stoop to me, and be at my beck, either to speak or to be mute, when I shall think good. Briefly, I have received a Gospel and ministry that will never trouble my conscience with the sight of my sins, which is all the Gospels and all the ministries that I mean to receive. And I will make a sure hand that the Lord's house, if I can choose, shall be no otherwise edified than by the hands of such men as bring unto me the aforesaid Gospel and the aforesaid ministry. And as for the general State, either of the magistracy, of the ministry, or of the common people, (magistrat. ministros, et populum hujus regni Angliæ innuendo) behold, nothing else but a multitude of conspirators against God, against the truth, against the building of his house, against his saints and children, and consequently against the wealth of their own souls, and public


peace and tranquillity of this whole kingdom. And you shall ELIZAfind amongst this crew (innuendo archiepiscopos, episcopos, et ministros ecclesiæ hujus regni Angliæ per authoritatem regiam, et leges et statuta ejusdem regni, infra hoc regnum manutent.) nothing else but a troop of bloody soul-murderers, sacrilegious Church-robbers, and such as made themselves fat with the blood of men's souls, and the utter ruin of the Church; and it is now grown, and hath been of long time a common practice of these godless men, (magistrat. et judices infra hoc regnum Angliæ, per dictam dominam reginam assignat. et manutent. innuendo) to make of the statutes ordained for the maintenance of religion, and common quietness, a pit wherein to catch the peaceable of the land (hoc regnum Angliæ innuendo). And because our council (concilium privat. dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) may be truly said to delight in this injury and violent oppression of God's saints and ministers; therefore, whensoever the Lord shall come to search for the sins of England with lights, as Zephaniah saith, he will surely visit our council (dictum concilium dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) with a heavy plague, because they are undoubtedly frozen in their dregs, and persuade their own hearts that the Lord will do neither good nor evil in the defence of his messengers and children; and then they shall feel what it is to wink at (much more to procure) the oppression of the Church of Christ. I (dictum J. P. innuendo) will not in this place charge our council (dictum concilium dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) with that which followeth in Jeremy, upon the place before alleged, namely, that they execute no judgment,-—no, not the judgment of the fatherless ; but this I will say, that they cannot possibly deal truly in the matter of justice between man and man, insomuch as they bend all their forces to bereave Christ Jesus of that right which he hath in the government of the Church ; the which ungodly and wicked course as they (dictum consilium dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) have held on ever since the beginning of her majesty's reign, (regimen dictæ dominæ reginæ innuendo) so at this day they have taken greater boldness, and grown more rebellious against the Lord and his Entries, cause, than ever they were.' Ad magnum scandalum et defa- 35 Eliz. mationem dictæ dominæ reginæ, subversionem legum hujus Placita Coregni Angliæ, &c.”

By the heat of this expostulation, the reader may judge of Regis.


Rot3. inter

ronæ in Banco

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