« 上一頁繼續 »
SHERMAN'S AGREEMENT WITH JOHNSTON. 753 subject to the future action of the Congress | ginia to röassemble at Richmond; he of the United States, and in the mean time
was not aware that President Linto be used solely to maintain peace and order within the borders of the States respec. coln's authorization of it had been tively,
rëcalled and the permission annulled. "3d. The recognition, by the Executive of the United States, of the several State
And he—neither cherishing nor afGovernments, on their officers and Legisla | fecting decided anti-Slavery convictures taking the oath prescribed by the Cou
tions—unquestionably believed and stitution of the United States; and, when conflicting State Governments have resulted
felt that his arrangement with Johnfrom the war, the legitimacy of all shall be ston was one that ought to be, and submitted to the Supreme Court of the Uni
probably would be, accepted at Washted States.
" 4th. The rëestablishment of all Federal | ington; whither he immediately disconrts in the several States, with powers as patched it by Maj. Hitchcock, of his defined by the Constitution and the laws of Congress.
staff. • "5th. The people and inhabitants of all He had very gravely miscalculaStates to be guaranteed, so far as the Executive can, their political rights and franchises,
ted. There were many in the North as well as their rights of person and prop- who had deemed Grant quite too erty, as defined by the Constitution of the
generous in fixing the terms of Lee's United States and of the States respectively.
capitulation; but their hesitating uternment of the United States not to disturb terances had been drowned in the any of the people, by reason of the late war,
general burst of gladness and thanksso long as they live in peace and quiet, and abstain from acts of armed hostility, and giving over the virtual collapse of the obey the laws in existence at the place of Rebellion. That other Rebel chiefs their residence. “7th. In general terms, it is announced
—now that their ablest commander that the war is to cease; a general amnesty, and most formidable army had surso far as the Executive of the United States rendered-should exact and secure can command, on condition of the disbandment of the Confederate armies, the distri
better terms than were accorded to bution of arms and the resumption of peace Lee, was not imagined, even prior ful pursuits by officers and men hitherto
to Lincoln's assassination : after that composing said armies. Not being fully empowered by our respective principals to hideous crime, the bare suggestion of fulfill these terms, we individually and offi- such concession seemed intolerable. cially pledge ourselves to promptly obtain authority, and will endeavor to carry out
Hence, when his agreement reached "S the above programme.
Washington, it was—in strict accord"W.'T. SHERMAN, Maj.-General "Commanding Army of the U. s. in North Carolina
ance with the views and feelings of “J. E. Johnston, General, the great body of those who had * Commanding Confederate States Army in North Carolina"
heartily sustained the Government Gen. Sherman had already re- through the War-rejected by the ceived" with horror the tidings of new President and his Cabinet, with President Lincoln's assassination ; | the hearty concurrence of Gen. Grant, but he had not adequately realized for reasons unofficially, but by authe effect of that atrocious deed on thority, set forth as follows: the temper and spirit of the loyal
"1st. It was an exercise of authority not
vested in Gen, Sherman, and, on its face, millions and their rulers. This state shows that both he and Johnston knew that ment is made in explanation simply. Gen. Sherman had no authority to enter into He had seen Gen. Weitzel's permis
any such arrangements.
"2d. It was a practical acknowledgment sion to the Rebel Legislature of Vir- of the Rebel Government. * April 17.
16 April 21. VOL. 1.-48.
“8d. It undertook to rëestablish Rebel , commanders to be ready to resume State governments that had been over
i | the offensive at noon on the 26th. thrown at the sacrifice of many thousand on loyal lives and immense treasure, and placed Grant reached Raleigh on the 25th arms and munitions of war in the hands of when another invitation to a conferRebels at their respective capitals, which might be used, so soon as the armies of the ence was received from Johnston by United States were disbanded, and used to Sherman, who referred it to his suconquer and subdue loyal States. “4th. By the restoration of Rebel au
perior. Grant declined to relieve thority in their respective States, they Sherman from command, as he was would be enabled to rëestablish Slavery.
authorized to do, and urged him to " 5th. It might furnish a ground of responsibility on the part of the Federal Gov
meet Johnston as requested; so the ernment to pay the Rebel debt, and cer 26th was appointed for their third tainly subjects loyal citizens of Rebel States
and final interview; at which Johnto debts contracted by Rebels in the name of the State.
ston's army was surrendered on the " 6th. It puts in dispute the existence of terms already accorded to Lee's. The loyal State governments, and the new State of West Virginia, which had been recog
agreement was signed by Sherman nized by every department of the United and Johnston, but indorsed, States Government.
“Approved : U. S. Grant, Lieut.-General:" “7th. It practically abolished confiscation laws, and relieved Rebels of every de- and thus passed out of existence the gree, who had slaughtered our people, from
second army of the Confederacy. all pains and penalties for their crimes.
“8th. It gave terms that had been deliberately, repeatedly, and solemnly, rejected. The surrender to Gen. Canby of by President Lincoln, and better terms than
Gen. Taylor's Rebel forces in Alathe Rebels had ever asked in their most prosperous condition.
bama was effected at Citronelle, May "9th. It formed no basis of true and last
4, as the result of negotiations coming peace, but relieved Rebels from the presence of our victorious armies, and left them
menced April 19. More words were in a condition to renew their efforts to over- used; but the terms were essentially throw the United States Government and
the same as had been accorded to subdue the loyal States whenever their strength was recruited and any opportu-Lee and Johnston, with this addinity should offer.”
tion: Gen, Grant was sent post-haste to “Transportation and subsistence to be Raleigh to announce the rejection of
men, after surrender, to the nearest practithe Sherman-Johnston programme, | cable point to their homes." and to direct an immediate and gene
| Com. Farrand, at the same time ral resumption of hostilities. On
and on the same terms, surrendered reaching Morehead City,' he dis
to Rear-Admiral Thatcher the twelve patched the decision of the Govern
Rebel gunboats blockaded in the ment to Sherman at Raleigh, who
Tombigbee river, with 20 officers instantly transmitted its purport to and 110 others. Johnston, adding a notification that the truce would close 48 hours after Mr. Jefferson Davis, with his staff the receipt hereof at the Rebel lines, and civilian associates, having jourwith a demand that Johnston's army neyed by rail from Richmond to Danbe forthwith surrendered on the iden- ville," he there halted, and set up his tical terms accorded by Grant to Lee. Government; issuing thence a stirHe at once directed his subordinate ring proclamation, designed to in10 April 23. » April 3.
1 April 5.