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PAYNE'S MURDEROUS ASSAULT ON GOV. SEWARD. 749
plot; which at first contemplated Secretary ; then confined to his bed primarily the capture and forcible by very serious injuries received when abduction of the President-a scheme recently thrown from his carriagewhich of course involved a proba- his horses having taken fright and bility, but not a certainty, of feloni- run away. The colored porter deous bloodshed. Booth was simply clined to let him go unasked up to one of the many badly educated, the Secretary's sick room; but the loose-living young men infesting the stranger rushed by him and up stairs purlieus of our great cities, who, re- to the third story :: making his way garding Slavery as the chief bulwark readily to the door of the sufferer's of their own claim to birthright in a chamber, where he was confronted by superior caste, and the Federal Con- Gov. S.'s son Frederick, who barred stitution as established expressly and his way; when he drew and presentmainly to sustain and buttress Slave- ed a pistol, which snapped; wherery, could never comprehend that any upon he struck Frederick twice over political action adverse to whatever the head with it, fracturing his skull exactions and pretensions of the and felling him to the floor in utter Slave Power could possibly be other insensibility. The noise of this enthan unjustly aggressive and trea- counter brought from the sick room sonable. Few of this class were radi- Miss Fannie Seward, the Secretary's cally Disunionists; they sympathized only daughter, by whom the villain with the Rebellion, not because it instantly rushed, and, throwing himaimed at a division of the Republic, self on the bed, inflicted, with a but because it was impelled by devo- bowie-knife, three heavy stabs aimed tion to Slavery; and was thus hal- at the throat of his intended victim; lowed, in their view, as a laudable who, instinctively divining the assaseffort, however irregular, to achieve sin's purpose, had raised himself on and firmly secure the chief end of his left elbow, and offered all the reboth the Constitution and the Union. sistance compatible with his slender There is no particle of evidence that frame and crippled condition - he Booth, or any of his fellow conspira- having had his right arm broken tors, had been in any wise offended and his lower jaw fractured when by, or that they cherished any feeling thrown from his carriage. The of aversion to the President, save as wounds thus inflicted on his face the 'head center' of resistance to the and neck were terrible, but, because Slaveholders' Rebellion.
of his resistance, not fatal; and, beAlmost at the identical moment of fore a fourth blow could take effect, Booth's entry into the theater, a stran- the assassin was grasped by an invager, afterward identified as Lewis lid soldier named Robinson, who was Payne Powell, son of a Florida cler- in attendance as a nurse; whom he gyman, but generally known to his savagely assaulted and wounded with intimates as Payne, presented him- his bloody weapon, but did not sucself at the door of Secretary Seward's ceed in mastering. Gov. Seward, house on President Square, where he meanwhile, exerting his remaining claimed to be charged with an errand strength, succeeded in rolling off the from his physician, Dr. Verdi, to the farther side of the bed; while Miss
pe who, instroat of his heavy staba
Seward shrieked 'murder' from the ments to severity or bitterness on the window and the porter ran into the part of the loyal, had ever found utstreet crying for help. The assassin, terance through his lips. Inflexibly aware that another moment's delay resolved that the Rebellion should must seal his doom, now broke from be put down, he was equally deterthe soldier's grasp, and rushed to es- mined that its upholders, having subcape; meeting at the head of the mitted to the Nation's authority, first flight of stairs Maj. Augustus should experience to the utmost the Seward, another son of the Secretary, Nation's magnanimity. Such was whom he struck with his dagger; be- the palpable drift of his speech, deing next confronted, just below, by livered two nights prior to his death, Mr. Hansell, one of the Secretary's as of all his prior inculcations. And attendants, whom he stabbed in the now, the butchery of this gentle, forback; thus clearing his way to the bearing spirit, by the hand, hardly street, where he mounted a horse he | less blundering than bloody, of a prohad left there, and rode rapidly off Rebel assassin, incited a fierce, agounheeded.
nized, frantic yell for retaliation, that, The quiet accession to the Presi- for the moment, could only be braved dency of Vice-President Johnson at the cost of great personal obloquy the funeral honors to the good, be- and sacrifice; and the appearance of loved President, so suddenly snatched an official proclamation,' signed by away at the moment when long years the new President, and counterof trial and disaster had at length signed by William Hunter, as acting been crowned by a fullness of triumph Secretary of State, charging that the and gladness rarely paralleled—the appalling crime of Booth and his asslow and long dubious recovery of sociates had been the stricken Secretary and his self
“incited, concerted, and procured by and
between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, devoted son—the flight, pursuit, and
Va., and Jacob Thompson, Clement 0. capture of Booth, so severely wound Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Sanders, ed by his captors that he died a few
| W. C. Cleary, and other Rebels and traitors
against the Government of the United hours afterward-the arraignment, States, harbored in Canada," trial, and conviction before a military and offering a reward of $100,000 court of Payne and several of their for the arrest of Davis, and of $25,000 fellow-conspirators or accomplices— to $10,000 each for the other persons may here be hurriedly passed over, thus denounced, was widely hailed as non-essential to this history. Not as justifying the suspicions already so the burst of unmeasured, indignant current, and rendering the Confedewrath, the passionate grief, the fierce rates as a body morally guilty of the cry for vengeance, which the crime murder of Mr. Lincoln, and justly of the assassins very generally in- liable thereforto condign punishment. cited. Mr. Lincoln was widely known as radically, immovably averse Gen. Lee had only assumed to snr. to aught that savored of severity in render the army under his immediate dealing with the defeated insurgents. command; though he manifestly No “railing accusations, no incite- realized that this capitulation was
5 May 2.
con Lee had only.
STONEMAN'S RAID TO SALISBURY, N. c. 751 conclusive, and showed it when he | This force was charged by our said, in parting, to his soldiers, “We cavalry, and instantly routed: all its have gone through the War together.” guns being taken, with 1,364 prisoHe did not overrate its decisive im- ners. The remainder were chased portance.
several miles until utterly dispersed. Before returning to Sherman, Vast magazines of ammunition and whom we left at Goldsboro', facing dépôts of provisions, clothing, mediJohnston, who was at Smithfield, cines, &c., were found in Salisbury north of him, covering Raleigh-we and destroyed, with 10,000 small must glance at an effective blow dealt arms, 4 cotton factories, 7,000 bales at the scanty resources remaining to of cotton, the railroads, &c., &c. the Confederacy by Thomas's cavalry, After spending two days in this work, dispatched, under Stoneman, from Stoneman returned thence by SlaEast Tennessee.
tersville, N. C., to Jonesboro','' East Gen. Stoneman, after his return to Tennessee; in defiance of Sherman's Knoxville from his successful Winter urgent orders to remain in North expedition into south-western Vir- Carolina, and afford him that aid ginia, was directed' to make a fresh which his weakness in cavalry readvance with his cavalry, south-west-quired. ward into South Carolina, in aid of Sherman remained quiescent at Sherman's movement through that Goldsboro', rëclothing and rëfitting State. Before he had started, how his army, until electrified” by the ever, Sherman had made such pro- news of Grant's successes at Five gress as not to need his assistance; Forks, with the resulting captures of so Grant directed him to advance Petersburg and Richmond. He now almost eastward, destroying the Vir- impelled a determined advance" ginia and Tennessee railroad, so against Johnston, who, with 40,000 nearly to Lynchburg as might be. men, still lay at Smithfield; which Moving eastward to Boone, N. C., was entered, at 10 A. M. next day, by he there turned northward down the our 14th corps, supported by the valley of New river to Wytheville, 20th: Johnston, burning the bridge Va.; whence he swept down the over the Neuse, retreating on Raleigh railroad, disabling it almost to Lynch- without a struggle; and, having the burg; then turning nearly south, and use of the railroad, which he destroystriking the North Carolina railroad ed behind him, was thus able to keep between Danville and Greensboro'; out of the way. But the news of destroying some dépôts of supplies, Lee's surrender, here received, caused and taking 400 prisoners. Evading Sherman to drop his trains, and push Greensboro', he moved thence south- on through Raleigh " in a heavy westward on Salisbury—a Rebel rain; his right wing following Johnprison-camp—which was defended ston's line of retreat by Hillsboro' at Grant's creek, 10 miles out, by toward Greensboro', while his left 3,000 Rebels under Gen. W. M. Gar- took a more southerly route by Pittsdiner, with 14 guns directed by Col. boro' and Ashboro', in anticipation (formerly Lt.-General) Pemberton. of Johnston's following the railroad Feb. I. March 20. April 12. 10 April 18. "April 6. 3 April 10. April 13. south-westward from Greensborough | North Carolina the damages they would to Salisbury, and all wore pressing sustain by the march of this army through to Salisbury; and all were pressing S
central or western parts of the State. keenly forward, intent on a battle or "I am, with respect, your obedient a capitulation by the enemy, when servant, W. T. Suerman, Maj.-Gen.” he received from his outposts the fol- Our forces were now halted; but no lowing overture:
response from Johnston was received "HEADQ'RS IN THE FIELD, April 14, 1865. next day; though Maj. McCoy, of “Major-General W. T. Sherman, Command Sherman's staff, remained with Kil.
ing United States Forces : “ GENERAL--The results of the recent
recent patrick in the advance to receive one. campaigns in Virginia have changed the re-Gen. Sherman had already written lative military condition of the belligerents. I to the War Department, on the reI am therefore induced to address you, in this form, the inquiry whether, in order to ceipt of Johnston's overture: stop the further effusion of blood and de- | “I send copies of a correspondence begun vastation of property, you are willing to with Gen. Johnston, which I think will be make a temporary suspension of active op- followed by terms of capitulation. I will erations, and to communicate to Lt.-Gen. accept the same terms as Gen. Grant gave Grant, commanding the armies of the United Gen. Lee, and be careful not to complicate States, the request that he will take like any points of civil policy." action in regard to other armies, the object being to permit the civil authorities to enter Late on the 16th, Gen. Sherman into the needful arrangements to terminate received, through Kilpatrick, a mesthe existing war.
"I have the honor to be very respect-sage from Wade Hampton, stating fully, your obedient servant,
that Johnston desired a meeting at "J. E. Johnston, General.” |
10 a. M. next day at Durham's staThe prompt response was as fol- tion; which was promptly accorded;
Sherman only changing the time to "HEADQ’rs Mil. Div. Of The Miss., 12 m. IN THE FIELD, Raleigh, N. O., S.
The meeting took place accordingApril 14, 1865. “Gen. J. E. Jonnston, Commanding Con- | ly; and was adjourned over to next federate Army:
day-Johnston requiring and urging “GENERAL-I have this moment received your communication of this date. I am
conditions of general pacification fully empowered to arrange with you any
which Sherman felt that he had no terms for the suspension of further hostili
| power to guarantee. Finally, howties as between the armies commanded by you and those commanded by myself, and
ever, at the second meeting, his scruwill be willing to confer with you to that ples were overcome; and he was perend. I will limit the advance of my main suaded to sign the following : column to-morrow to Morrisville, and the cavalry to the University, and expect that Memorandum or Basis of Agreement. you will also maintain the present position “1st. The contending armies now in the of your forces until each has notice of a field to maintain the status quo until nofailure to agree.
tice is given by the commanding General of “That a basis of action may be had, I any one to his opponent, and reasonable nindertake to abide by the same terms and time, say forty-eight hours, allowed. conditions as were made by Gens. Grant | “2d. The Confederate armies now in exand Lee at Appomattox Court House, on istence to be disbanded and conducted to the 9th instant, relative to our two armies; their several State capitals, there to deposit and, furthermore, to obtain from Gen. Grant their arms and public property in the State an order to suspend the movements of any arsenal; and each officer and man to exetroops from the direction of Virginia. Gen. cute and file an agreement to cease from Stoneman is under my command, and my acts of war, and to abide the action of both order will suspend any devastation or de- State and Federal authorities. The number struction contemplated by him. I will add of arnus and munitions of war to be reported that I really desire to save the people of I to the chief of ordnance at Washington city,