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maner monev was destroyed. both State and The roar of an immense conflagration


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leading to Manchester anu te oppusno ouvi of the James, were also fired, and were soon silent, his bands were vocal far into wrapped in faines. "Morning broke upon a scene such as

the night, treating our friends behind

e ngau, those wlio witnessed it can never forget. I the opposite intrenchments with va

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737 riations and iterations of “Hail Co- in front were so intricate, and the lumbia,''Yankee Doodle,' and 'The ground was known to be so studded Star-Spangled Banner,' in utter dis- with torpedoes, that it was not till regard of Shakspeare's dictum aver after broad daylight that our soldiers ring a natural antagonism between went forward--Draper's Black briTreason and Melody. No one on our gade in advance-over a road strewn side seems to have suspected that the with all manner of abandoned muRebel soldiery were even then steal- nitions and amid a perpetual roar of thily withdrawing from their works bursting shells. But the position of in our front, preparatory to hastening each of the abundant torpedoes after their comrades who had already planted by the Rebels was indicated, filed hurriedly and dolefully out of for their own safety, by a little red the opposite portals of Richmond. flag, which, in the hurry of their de

At length, our musicians having parture, they had failed to remove: played the soldiers to sleep, had so there were few, if any, casualties. themselves sunk also to rest, when, The Rebel defenses appeared to about 2 A. M.,“ Weitzel, still alert, have been, while manned, almost imwas startled by the sound of explo- pregnable. Two separate lines of sions. They were fewer, nearer, and abatis, three lines of rifle-pits and heavier, than the dull, continuous earth-works-the first and second booming of cannon in the south, connected by regular lines of redans which had been audible throughout —with a fort or very strong earththe previous morning; and they evi- work on every elevation—such were dently claimed instant attention. Lt. a part of the impediments which had J. L. Depeyster, of his staff, having so long kept our soldiers out of Richascended the signal tower, 70 feet mond. If one of these lines had been high, at headquarters, reported, on carried, it was completely commandhis return, that he had seen a great ed by that next behind it; so that light in the direction of Richmond, our loss 'while holding it must have but could not determine whether that been ten to one; while to advance city was or was not on fire. Efforts and storm the next barrier must, for were now made to capture a Rebel the moment, have involved still picket; and, about 3 A. M., one was greater prodigality of life. Yet these clutched; who, in response to inqui- works our troops had lain down the ries, said he belonged to the 37th Vir- previous night expecting to assail at ginia artillery, but could tell neither daybreak in the morning. where his regiment nor its comman- At 6 A. M., Gen. Weitzel and staff, der then was. Gen. G. F. Shepley, having already cleared the exterior Weitzel's chief of staff, at once infer- defenses, riding rapidly past our still red that the Rebels were evacuating advancing column, entered the imRichmond—a conjecture which was mediate suburbs of the burning city, verified at 34, by the report of a de amid a constant roar of exploding serter; and at 4, a negro drove into shells and falling walls, and were reour lines in a buggy, who confirmed ceived with shouts of welcome and the statement. Yet the Rebel works exultation from thousands of (mainly)

30 Monday, April 3. VOL. 1.–47

ight yet wax Depeyster of time of

negro throats. The last of the Rebel | sible; but not till it had burned out soldiers had departed, or were just go- the very heart of Richmond, including. Majs. A. H. Stevens, 4th Mass., ing its great warehouses, the postand E. Graves, of Weitzel's staff, had office, the treasury, the principal already hoisted two cavalry guidons banks, newspaper offices, &c. The over the imposing Capitol of Vir- losses of private property by the conginia, wherein the Confederate Con- flagration must have amounted to gress had, since July, 1861, held its many millions of dollars, since a full sittings; but these, being scarcely third of the city was destroyed. Libby visible from beneath, were now sup- prison, Castle Thunder, and the Tredplanted by a real American flag, for- egar Iron-works, were unharmed. merly belonging to the 12th Maine, Though most of the Confederate which had floated over the St. Charles, stores had been burned, the spoils at New Orleans, when that hotel was were considerable. They included Gen. Butler's headquarters. Gen. 1,000 prisoners, beside 5,000 sick and Shepley had long since expressed a wounded left in the hospitals, over hope that it might yet waveover Rich- 500 guns, at least 5,000 small arms, 30 mond; whereupon, Lt. Depeyster locomotives, 300 cars, &c., &c. Lack had asked and obtained permission to of time or of fuel doubtless prevented raise it there, should opportunity be the loading of these cars with muniafforded; and now, having brought tions and provisions, and taking them it hither on purpose, it was run up along with the fugitive host. on a flag-staff rising from the Capitol, and saluted with enthusiastic huzzas Before noon of that day, the news from the excited thousands below. of Richmond's fall had been flashed

Jefferson Davis had left at 10 P. M. across the loyal States, and it was of Sunday. Nearly all the Rebel soon confirmed by telegrams from officials, including their members of President Lincoln, then at City Point, Congress, had also taken their leave; and from the Secretary of War at as had William Smith, Rebel Gov- Washington. At once, all public offiernor of Virginia, and most of his ces were closed, all business suspendsatellites. There was no shadow of ed by that great majority who proresistance offered to our occupation; foundly rejoiced in the National tri. and there is no room for doubt that umph, so long, so anxiously awaited a large majority of all who remained —which had seemed so often just at in Richmond heartily welcomed our hand, and the next moment farther army as deliverers. Probably some. off than ever-so intensely longed for cheered and shouted who would have by the Millions who had for years done it with more heart and a better been constrained to endure the taunts grace if our soldiers had been brought of Northern sympathizers with the in as prisoners of war.

Rebels, and the heart-sickness of The city was of course placed un- hope deferred. These instantly and der military rule: Gen. G. F. Shep- undoubtingly comprehended that the ley being appointed Governor; Lt. fall of Richmond was a death-blow Col. Manning, Provost-Marshal. The to the Rebellion, and rejoiced over it fire was extinguished so soon as pos- I accordingly. In New York, an im.

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