« 上一頁繼續 »
batteries and boats kept up their | repairing roads and rebuilding the thunders, fairly silencing the Rebel bridge over Duck river at Columbia; guns, and compelling their infantry which place Gen. B. himself left with to take post farther and farther back, his rear division on the 2d of April; in order to be out of the reach of our reaching Savannah with his advance shells; and all through the night, at division, Gen. Nelson's, on the evenintervals of 10 to 15 minutes, the ing of the 5th : the remaining digunboats continued to send their visions were strung along the road compliments into the Rebel lines, as from Columbia at intervals of six if the pouring rain which fell at mid- miles. A halt to rest on reaching night might not suffice to break the the Tennessee was generally expectslumbers of the weary thousands whoed; but, on the morning of the 6th, had lain down on their arms wher- ominous and persistent reports of ever night found them, to gather musketry as well as cannon in the strength and refreshment for the in- direction of Pittsburg Landing disevitable struggle of the morrow. pelled this illusion. Buell hastened
Before seeking his couch in the to Gen. Grant's headquarters, only to little church at Shiloh, the surviving learn that he had just started on a Rebel leader dispatched a messenger steamboat for the Landing; having to Corinth with this exhilarating dis- left orders for Gen. Nelson, with patch for Richmond :
Buell's advance, to push on up the “BATTLE-FIELD or Shilon, ) right bank of the river, leaving his “ Via Corinth and Chattanooga,
cannon, because of the badness of “ April 6th, 1862.) “Gen. S. COOPER, Adjutant-General:
the roads, to be taken by steamboats. “We have this morning attacked the Though it was still believed at Saenemy in strong position in front of Pitts
vannah that there was nothing going burg; and, after a severe battle of ten hours, thanks to Almighty God, gained a on above more serious than an affair complete victory, driving the enemy from of outposts, Gen. Buell sent orders every position.
“ The loss on both sides is heavy, includ- to his rear divisions to hurry forward, ing our commander-in-chief, Gen. Albert and, taking a steamboat, proceeded Sidney Johnston, who fell gallantly leading to the Landing: where the multiplihis troops into the thickest of the fight. “G. T. BEAUREGARD,
city and constant increase of strag“General Commanding.” glers soon convinced him that the Maj.-Gen. Buell's long-expected matter in hand was urgent and im• Army of the Ohio' had been de | portant." Finding Gen. Grant at layed on its march from Nashville, the Landing, he requested the disSECOND DAY'S FIGIT AT PITTSBURG LANDING. 67 patch of steamers to Savannah, for | later, on boats which had been pressGen. Crittenden's, his 2d division, ed into service as they successively while he landed to take part in the reached Savannah. The residue of fray.
6 His official report says:
Savannah to bring up Gen. Crittenden's division "As we proceeded up the river, groups of
which had arrived during the morning, and then soldiers were seen on the west bank; and it soon
went ashore with him. The throng of disorbecamo evident that they were stragglers from ganized and demoralized troops increased con. the engaged army. The groups increased in
tinually by fresh fugitives from the battle, which size and frequency, until, as we approached the steadily drew nearer the Landing; and with Landing, they numbered whole companies, and
these were intermingled great numbers of teams, almost regiments; and at the Landing the banks all striving to get as near as possible to the swarmed with a confused mass of men of vari- / river. With few exceptions, all efforts to form ous regiments. There could not have been less the troops and move them forward to the fight than 4,000 or 5,000. Late in the day, it became utterly failed. In the mean time, the enemy had much greater. Finding Gen. Grant at the made such progress again-t our troops, that his Landing, I requested him to send steamers to artillery and musketry began to play into the vital spot of the position, and some persons to the fact that some officers, non-commissioned were killed on the bank, at the very Landing." officers, and men, abandoned their colors, early in * He says:
Buell's army was too far behind on Gen. Nelson, starting at 1:30, ar- the Columbia road to be even hoped rived at 5 P. M. Opposite the Landing for. Two brigades of Wood's diviwith his leading (Col. Ammen's) bri- sion arrived, however, just at the gade, which was immediately crossed close of the battle. and formed in line, under a fire of The fighting rëopened along the Rebel artillery, on the right of Web- whole line at daylight of the 7th, and ster's guns. Ammen's men were just under conditions bravely altered from able to put in an appearance before those of the day preceding. The dark, firing a few volleys and repuls- / arrival of part of Buell's and all Lew. ing a Rebel charge on their guns at Wallace's commands had brought to 6.1 P. M., when the enemy desisted the field not less than 25,000 troops; and withdrew. By 7, the whole di- fresh, so far as fighting was convision was over, and soon in position; cerned, for this day's action; while lying down on their arms, under or- Beauregard, whose men, throughout ders from Buell to advance and at the 6th, had been on foot 16 hours, tack at early daylight; which were and fighting most of the time had implicitly obeyed.
barely 3,000 left of his reserve whereCrittenden's division reached Sa- with to match them. His force had vannah at nightfall of Sunday, and been fearfully reduced by the casualwas forwarded by steamboats direct- ties of battle, and scarcely less by ly to the Landing; where it was skulking, or scattering in quest of rapidly debarked and formed on the plunder-faults common to all raw right of Nelson.
troops, but of which he complains Buell's next division, Gen. A. Mc- in his report as though they were D. McCook, was 12 miles from Sa- novel and amazing." He had hithvannah when it received orders, erto been buoyed up, or at least had which it made haste to obey, arriving buoyed up the spirits of his soldiers, at Savannah at 7 to 8 P. M. ; but, by expectations and assurances that finding there no boats ready for its Gens. Price and Van Dorn, with service, McCook routed up the cap- some 30,000 men from across the tains of the boats lying at the dock, Mississippi, were close at hand, and and embarked Rousseau's brigade, would reach him in time for this with which he reached the Landing day's battle. But they did not come, at 54 A. M.; his other brigades, Cols. and Buell did. The hot fire of musGibson and Kirk, arriving some time ketry and artillery poured in upon
the first day, to pillage the captured encamp"From this agreeable duty [of praising the ments; others retired shamefully from the field meritorious), I turn to one in the highest degreo on both days, while the thunder of cannon and unpleasant--one due, however, to the brave men the roar and rattle of musketry told them that under me, as a contrast to the behavior of most | their brothers were being slaughtered by the of the army who fought so heroically. I allude | fresh legions of the enemy."
his entire front before sunrise, gave | tured by a charge of Col. Buckley's him ample assurance of this; while 5th Kentucky; while McClernand's his soldiers, exhausted and stiffened headquarters were retaken by Rousby yesterday's protracted eíforts, and seau, who, impetuously pursuing chilled, like ours, by the rain of the across a level field, opened too wide intervening night, stood to their arms a gap between his right and Gen. firmly, but without alacrity or enthu- Crittenden's division, which was filled siasm.
by Col. Willich's regiment advancing, Nelson had quietly aroused his under a deadly fire of shell, shot, and men at 4 A. M.; and he advanced in musketry, to its support; rushing up parade order at 54; soon concentrat- for a bayonet-charge to within 200 ing upon himself the fire of half the yards of the enemy's line, when the Rebel army. Not having received latter gave way, and the regiment his artillery, his infantry, annoyed was deployed in line of battle to give by two Rebel batteries, began, at 74, them a hastening volley. Disordered to give ground; when, on applying by bad management, which brought to Gen. Buell, the battery of Capt. its skirmishers under a fire of our Mendenhall, and at 9 that of Capt. own regiments on either side, Col. Terrill—both regulars—were sent to Willich's 32d Indiana hastily fell his support, and the Rebel batteries back; but was soon reformed and in front thereby silenced. Meantime, deployed, advancing with the entire the Rebel concentration upon this division until the retreat of the division was continued; but its beha- enemy was decided. vior was splendid, especially that of Lew. Wallace, on our extreme Ammen's brigade, admirably han- right, with Sherman and McClerdled by its chief; while that of Ha- nand between him and Buell's divigen, on the right, maintained its po- sions, had likewise opened fire at daysition with equal gallantry. The loss light, dismounting a gun of the Rebel by this division of 739 out of 4,541— battery before him. Throwing formore than half of it in Hagen's bri- ward his right, by Gen. Grant's pergade-attests the tenacity of the sonal direction, until his line, which Rebel resistance this day.
had been parallel, formed a right Crittenden's and McCook's divi- angle with the river, he advanced sions were engaged later, but not less en échelon, preceded by skirmishers, earnestly. Advancing across a ra- across a ravine to the opposite bluff, vine, McCook’s right and center were where he waited for Sherman to immediately attacked in force; but come up; and meantime, finding his the steady valor of Rousseau's bri- right secured by a swamp, attempted gade prevailed, and their assailants, to turn the enemy's left, which was recoiling, were pursued nearly a mile; thereupon heavily röenforced, being when they were röenforced and ral- effectively cannonaded by the batlied among the tents whence McCler- teries of Thompson and Thurber. nand's left had been so hurriedly An attempt was made to capture driven the previous morning. Two Thurber's battery by a dash of cavof his guns, being now turned against alry, which was easily defeated by us by the enemy, were finally cap- the skirmishers of the 8th Missouri; BEAU REGARD RETREATS FROM PITTSBURG LANDING. 69
when the battery was charged by in- | thing before them. At 4 P. M., our fantry; who were easily repelled by soldiers held the original front line Col. Morgan L. Smith's brigade. whence we had been so hurriedly
Meantime, Gen. Sherman, who had driven 34 hours before; and the whole waited for the sound of Buell's Rebel army was retreating, unpurguns upon the main Corinth road, sued, on Corinth." Gen. Sherman, advanced at 8 A. M., steadily and with two brigades and the cavalry, slowly, under fire, until he reached went out a few miles next morning the point where the Corinth road on the Corinth road, and had a smart crosses the line of McClernand's skirmish with a small Rebel force, abandoned camps, and saw Willich's mainly of cavalry, which he repulsregiment, on his right, fighting gal- ed, destroying a camp, and capturlantly for the possession of a pointing a hospital, wherein he found 280 of timber some 500 yards east of Confederate and 50 Union wounded; Shiloh church. Hence the Rebel returning with the former to his army could be seen re-forming its camp near Shiloh next morning. lines to the southward, with a bat
| Beauregard, in his official report, tery by the church, and another near
states that his effective force had now the Hamburg road, pouring grape been reduced, “ from exhaustion and and canister into any column of our other causes, from 40,000 to less than troops that advanced upon that green
20,000 men;" and adds : point of timber whence Willich's
“Hour by hour opposed to an enemy regiment had just been repulsed, but constantly röenforced, our ranks were perinto which one of McCook's brigades
ceptibly thinned under the increasing,
withering fire of the enemy; and, by 12 m. (Rousseau's) was now advancing. (of the second day), 18 hours of hard fightDirecting the fire of two 24-pound ing had sensibly exhausted a large number; howitzers of McAllister's battery
my last reserves had necessarily been dis
posed of; and the enemy was evidently reupon the Rebel guns, Sherman form ceiving fresh rëenforcements after each ed his two brigades (David Stuart's, repulse; accordingly, about 1 P. M., I deter
mined to withdraw from so unequal a connow commanded by Col. T. Kilby | flict; securing such of the results of the vicSmith, and Col. Buckland's) to ad- tory of the day before as were practicable.” vance in line with Rousseau; which This is pretty fair, but not strictly they did superbly, sweeping every accordant with the dispatch which
6* * An Impressed New-Yorker” says: retreating, between our division and the inain
"No heroism of officers or men could avail to body; but no reply was made to them, as this stay the advance of the Federal troops. At 3 would have betrayed our position. We passed P.M., the Confederates decided on a retreat to on with little opposition or loss, and by 5 o'clock Corinth; and Gen. Breckinridge, strengthened had reached a point one and a half miles nearer by three regiments of cavalry-Forrest's. Corinth than the point of attack Sabbath mornAdams's, and the Texas Rangers, raising his ef- ing. Up to this time, the pursuit seemed feeble, fective forca to 12,000 men-received orders to and the Confederates were surprised that the protect the rear. By 4 P, 21., the Confederates victorious Federals made no more of their adwere in full retreat. The main body of the vantage. Nor is it yet understood why the purarmy passed sileatly and swiftly along the road suit was not pressed. A rapid and persistent toward Corinth; our division bringing up the pursuit would have created a complete rout of rear, determined to make a desperate stand if the now broken, weary, and dispirited Rebels. pursued. At this time, the Union forces might Two hours more of such fighting as Buell's fresh have closed in upon our retreating columns and men could have made would have demoralized cut off Breckinridge's division, and perhaps cap- 1 and destroyed Beauregard's army. For somo tured it. A Federal battery threw some shells, reason, this was not done; and night closed the as a feeler, across the road on which we were | battle.”
he, after sending back from Monterey | his army." Gen. Grant, writing on a request to Gen. Grant for permis- the 9th, gives his losses approxision to send a mounted party to the mately at 1,500 killed and 3,500 battle-field under a flag of truce to wounded, and says nothing of a loss bury his dead, and being answered of prisoners, of whom about 2,200 that, owing to the warmth of the effectives were marched off the field weather, they had already been with Prentiss, with possibly 200 or buried, transmitted to Richmond, 300 more of our wounded of Sunday. namely:
A later and more circumstantial “ Corinth, Tuesday, April 8th, 1862.
statement summed up our losses as “To the Secretary of War, Richmond: 1,735 killed, 7,882 wounded, 3,956
“We have gained a great and glorious prisoners : total, 13.573. Recurring victory. Eight to ten thousand prisoners, and 36 pieces of cannon. Buell renforced to the reports of subordinates—all Grant, and we retired to our intrenchments we have we find their losses stated at Corinth, which we can hold. Loss los follows. heavy on both sides. BEAUREGARD."
Beauregard officially reports his loss in this battle at 1,728 killed,
4th Division-Gen. Hurlbut... 813 1.449223 1.985 8,012 wounded, 957 missing: total, 10,699, or a little more than one
Total..... .............. 1,123 ,573 1,916 8,609 fourth of the admitted strength of Add to these our loss in prisoners,
Killed. Woun'd. Missing. Total 8d Division-Gen.W. H. L.Wal
lace (2 regt's not reported)... 226 1.033 1.164 2.423
5th Division-Gen. Sherman... 813
66 These cannon were unquestionably taken next Rebel Governor of the State, and whoso on Sunday; but how many of them were re- official report of the second day's fight contains tained on Monday and carried off in the retreat, the following: does not appear. It is not probable that Beau “ Having suffered from loss of blood and inregard returned to Corinth with so many or so
tense pain, I placed the regiment under the comeffective guns as he had taken thence when he
mand of Lt.-Col. S. E. Hunter, and rode over
to the hospital to get relief. After having my advanced.
wound dressed, I was about lying down, in 67 Beauregard's official report enumerates,
order to take a little rest, when a general stam
pede began of wagons, ambulances, and men. among the casualties on his side, in addition to
I mounted my horse immediately, and rode after the loss of their commander-in-chief, Albert S. the disgraceful refugees. I succeeded in putting Johnston, that Hon. Geo. W. Johnson, “ Provi. a stop to the stampede, and placed cavalry in sional Governor of Kentucky," was killed on the rear, with orders to cut down all who atMonday, having had his horse shot under him
tempted to pass. Here I met an aid of Gen.
Bragg, who ordered me to rally all the strag. on Sunday; Brig.-Gen. Gladding, of Withers's
glers and form them in line. This I did. After corps, was mortally wounded; that Gen. Bragg forming a battalion, Lieut.-Col. Barrow, comhad two horses shot under him; Gen. Hardee manding the 11th Louisiana, came to me with was slightly wounded, his coat cut with balls, I the remnant of his regiment, and placed and his horse disabled; that Gen. Breckinridge
himself and regiment under my com
mand. This force, together with the remnants was twice struck by spent balls; that Gen.
of two Alabama and one Tennessee regiment, Cheatham was slightly wounded and had three
made a large body of men, who stood firm in horses shot under him; that Brig.-Gens. Clark, | front of the hospitals, ready to receive the adBowen, and B. R. Johnson were severely | vancing column of the enemy. wounded; and that Gen. Hindman had his horse
“While rallying the stragglers, I came across shot under him and was severely injured by his
two batteries that had lost all their commis
sioned officers. These I took possession of, fall. (He was hoisted ten feet into the air by the
sent for ammunition, supplied them with men explosion of a shiell, which tore his horse to | from my command, and sent ono of them to shreds, and was himself supposed to be killed; Gen. Beauregard. This battery fired the but he rose at once to his feet and called for
last shots against the enemy. The other batanother horse.] Several Colonels were killed,
tery, and the forces under my command, held
their position in the very face of the enemy, and many more severely wounded; among them, until ordered to be retired by command of Gen. Henry W. Allen, 4th Louisiana, who was chosen | Bragg."